On the comparison of metals, heavy and toxics elements in waste petroleum of Egypt and Kuwait

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by
N.A.Mansour
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University
Zagazig, P.O.Box 44519, Egypt
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Nabil M.Hassan
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University
Zagazig, P.O.Box 44519, Egypt
Department of NORM Regulation, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS)
P.O.Box 114, Yusong, Daejeon 305-338, Republic of Korea
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S.A.Abd Elaal
Central Lab. for Elemental and Isotopic Analysis, Nuclear Research Centre
EAEA, Egypt
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M.Fayez-Hassan
Department of Experimental Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Research Centre
EAEA, Egypt
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Mohamed Saad Seoud
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University
Zagazig, P.O.Box 44519, Egypt
Calibration and Radiation Dosimetry Division, Radiation Protection Department
Ministry of Health, Kuwait
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Abstract
Petroleum waste of scale, sludge and sand that maintained various level of naturally occurring radioactive materials could also contain heavy and toxic elements which cause hazardous pollution to human health and the environment so that determination of these elements in waste petroleum samples are important to refineries, industrial processes, waste disposal and transports.
Thus, the present work will focus on the evaluation the concentrations of metals, heavy and toxics elements in waste petroleum samples from petroleum companies located in Egypt and Kuwait using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Techniques.
6 samples of scale, sludge and sand were collected, 3 samples from Kuwait petroleum companies and 3 samples from Egypt as well.
More than 17 elements of metals, heavy elements and toxic metals of (Si, Cu, Al, S, K, Ca, Na, Mn, Fe, Zn, Pb, As, Br, Sr, Rh, Ba and Ti) were detected in the selected samples with various values.
All the studied samples had high concentrations of Fe, K, Ca, S and Si rather than the other elements.
The concentration of Iron in Egyptian samples was higher than in Kuwait samples whilst silicon and potassium were greater in Kuwait samples.
All the other elements were almost same in Egyptian and Kuwait samples.
Furthermore, the toxic element of barium was detected in Egyptian samples with high concentration but it was not detected in Kuwait samples (XRF).
The two measurement methods show good agreement, No significant differences.
The obtained results imply that the petroleum wastes need more monitoring in order to minimize the environmental pollution.
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8 comments to On the comparison of metals, heavy and toxics elements in waste petroleum of Egypt and Kuwait

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ruclimb:
    Our products will not have any particular maintenance issue, nor our prototypes and products made so far had any particular maintenance issue. The maintenance of our products is not more complicated that the maintenance of a normal heat production system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ruclimb

    Hi Dr. Rossi
    I’m writing from Italy

    Buongiorno Dr. Rossi. Volevo porre un quesito. Mettendo da parte la questione della causa legale presso la corte americana, ho letto alcuni commenti in una pagina facebook o un blog che parlavano di problemi di manutenzione legati all’ecat. Ma è realmente così? Lo chiedo perché sono molti anni che seguo gli sviluppi di questo faticoso lavoro a cavallo tra invenzione e ricerca – che trovo tra l’altro interessantissimo e rivoluzionario – quindi vorrei capirci qualcosa di più e se davvero questi commenti sono da prendere in considerazione, poiché Lei e, a quel tempo, il Prof. Focardi non avevate mai posto questo problema. Mi spiacerebbe che rumors ostili mettano in cattiva luce i suoi sforzi.
    Sarebbe possibile avere delucidazioni?
    Grazie.
    Graziano Ruggiero

    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS:
    Do your E-Cats have maintenance problems?
    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jouni Toumela:
    Thank you for the info
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Jouni Tuomela

    Dear Andrea
    Please do read the interesting article about using some frequencies of light to convert CO2 to something!

    “It worked and the chemical reaction transformed the CO2 into two reduced forms of carbon, formate and formamides (two kinds of solar fuel) and in the process cleaning the air.
    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-scientist-trigger-artificial-photosynthesis-air.html#jCp

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    He,he,he…I see what I can do!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ivan Idso

    Dr Rossi,

    Sorry to hear about your surgery. but perhaps if you are under anesthesia again you will get another revelation!

    Ivan Idso

  • Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    We’ll talk about this when we’ll make the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • domenico canino

    dear Andrea
    your experiment with Gullstrom of march 7 2017 published on Arxiv is incredible. If true and reliable, bring all of us in a new scientific Era. Thank to your work, a LENR collective consciousness is NOW unrestrainable.

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