Cold nuclear fusion

by E.N. Tsyganov
(UA9 collaboration) University of Texas Southwestern
Medical Center at Dallas, Texas, USA

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Abstract
Recent accelerator experiments on fusion of various elements have clearly demonstrated that the effective cross-sections of these reactions depend on what material the target particle is placed in. In these experiments, there was a significant increase in the probability of interaction when target nuclei are imbedded in a conducting crystal or are a part of it. These experiments open a new perspective on the problem of so-called cold nuclear fusion.

PACS.: 25.45 – deuterium induced reactions
Submitted to Physics of Atomic Nuclei/Yadernaya Fizika in Russian

Introduction
Experiments of Fleischmann and Pons made about 20 years ago [1], raised the question about the possibility of nuclear DD fusion at room temperature. Conflicting results of numerous experiments that followed, dampened the initial euphoria, and the scientific community quickly came to common belief, that the results of [1] are erroneous. One of the convincing arguments of skeptics was the lack in these experiments of evidence of nuclear decay products. It was assumed that “if there are no neutrons, therefore is no fusion.” However, quite a large international group of physicists, currently a total of about 100-150 people, continues to work in this direction. To date, these enthusiasts have accumulated considerable experience in the field. The leading group of physicists working in this direction, in our opinion, is the group led by Dr. M. McKubre [2]. Interesting results were also obtained in the group of Dr. Y. Arata [3]. Despite some setbacks with the repeatability of results, these researchers still believe in the existence of the effect of cold fusion, even though they do not fully understand its nature.  Some time ago we proposed a possible mechanism to explain the results of cold fusion of deuterium [4]. This work considered a possible mechanism of acceleration of deuterium contaminant atoms in the crystals through the interaction of atoms with long-wavelength lattice vibrations in deformed parts of the crystal. Estimates have shown that even if a very small portion of the impurity atoms (~105) get involved in this process and acquires a few keV energy, this will be sufficient to describe the energy released in experiments [2].  This work also hypothesized that the lifetime of the intermediate nucleus increases with decreasing energy of its excitation, so that so-called “radiation-less cooling” of the excited nucleus becomes possible. In [5], we set out a more detailed examination of the process.  Quite recently, a sharp increase of the probability of fusion of various elements was found in accelerator experiments for the cases when the target particles are either imbedded in a metal crystal or are a part of the conducting crystal. These experiments compel us to look afresh on the problem of cold fusion.

Recent experiments on fusion of elements on accelerators
For atom-atom collisions the expression of the probability of penetration through a Coulomb barrier for bare nuclei should be modified, because atomic electrons screen the repulsion effect of nuclear charge. Such a modification for the isolated atom collisions has been performed in H.J. Assenbaum and others [6] using static Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The experimental results that shed further light on this problem were obtained in relatively recent works C. Rolfs [7] and K. Czerski [8]. Review of earlier studies on this subject is contained in the work of L. Bogdanova [9]. In these studies a somewhat unusual phenomenon was observed: the sub-barrier fusion cross sections of elements depend strongly on the physical state of the matter in which these processes are taking place. Figure 1 (left) shows the experimental data [8], demonstrating the dependence of the astrophysical factor S(E) for the fusion of elements of sub-threshold nuclear reaction on the aggregate state of the matter that contains the target nucleus 7Li. The same figure (right) presents similar data [7] for the DD reaction, when the target nucleus was embedded in a zirconium crystal. It must be noted that the physical nature of the phenomenon of increasing cross synthesis of elements in the case where this process occurs in the conductor crystal lattice is still not completely clear.

Figure 1. Up – experimental data [8], showing the energy dependence of the S-factor for sub-threshold nuclear reaction on the aggregate state of matter that contains the nucleus 7Li.  Down – the similar data [7] for the reaction of DD, when the target nucleus is placed in a crystal of zirconium. The data are well described by the introduction of the screening potential of about 300 eV.

The phenomenon is apparently due to the strong anisotropy of the electrical fields of the crystal lattice in the presence of free conduction electrons. Data for zirconium crystals for the DD reactions can be well described by the introduction of the screening potential of about 300 eV. It is natural to assume that the corresponding distance between of two atoms of deuterium in these circumstances is less than the molecular size of deuterium. In the case of the screening potential of 300 eV, the distance of convergence of deuterium atoms is ~510ˆ12 m, which is about an order of magnitude smaller than the size of a molecule of deuterium, where the screening potential is 27 eV. As it turned out, the reaction rate for DD fusion in these conditions is quite sufficient to describe the experimental results of McKubre and others [2]. Below we present the calculation of the rate process similar to the mu-catalysis where, instead of the exchange interaction by the muon, the factor of bringing together two deuterons is the effect of conduction electrons and the lattice of the crystal.

Calculation of the DD fusion rate for “Metal-Crystal” catalysis
The expression for the cross section of synthesis in the collision of two nuclei can be written as

where for the DD fusion

Here the energy E is shown in keV in the center of mass. S(E) astrophysical factor (at low energies it can be considered constant), the factor 1/E reflects de Broglie dependence of cross section on energy. The main energy dependence of the fusion is contained in an expression

that determines the probability of penetration of the deuteron through the Coulomb barrier. From the above expressions, it is evident that in the case of DD collisions and in the case of DDμcatalysis, the physics of the processes is the same. We use this fact to determine the probability of DD fusion in the case of the “metal-crystalline” DD-catalysis.  In the case of DDμ- catalysis the size of the muon deuterium molecules (ion+) is ~5×10ˆ13m. Deuterium nuclei approach such a distance at a kinetic energy ~3 keV. Using the expression (1), we found that the ratio of σ(3.0 keV)/σ(0.3 keV) = 1.05×10ˆ16. It should be noted that for the free deuterium molecule this ratio [ σ(3.0keV)/σ(0.03keV)] is about 10ˆ73.  Experimental estimations of the fusion rate for the (DDμ)+ case presented in the paper by Hale [10]:

Thus, we obtain for the “metal-crystalline” catalysis DD fusion rate (for zirconium case):

Is this enough to explain the experiments on cold fusion? We suppose that a screening potential for palladium is about the same as for zirconium. 1 cmˆ3 (12.6 g) of palladium contains 6.0210ˆ23(12.6/106.4) = 0.710ˆ23 atoms. Fraction of crystalline cells with dual (or more) the number of deuterium atoms at a ratio of D: Pd ~1:1 is the case in the experiments [2] ~0.25 (e.g., for Poisson distribution). Crystal cell containing deuterium atoms 0 or 1, in the sense of a fusion reaction, we consider as “passive”. Thus, the number of “active” deuterium cells in 1 cmˆ3 of palladium is equal to 1.810ˆ22. In this case, in a 1 cmˆ3 of palladium the reaction rate will be

this corresponds to the energy release of about 3 kW. This is quite sufficient to explain the results of McKubre group [2]. Most promising version for practical applications would be Platinum (Pt) crystals, where the screening potential for d(d,p)t fusion at room temperature is about 675 eV [11]. In this case, DD fusion rate would be:

The problem of “nonradiative” release of nuclear fusion energy
As we have already noted, the virtual absence of conventional nuclear decay products of the compound nucleus was widely regarded as one of the paradoxes of DD fusion with the formation of 4He in the experiments [2]. We proposed the explanation of this paradox in [4]. We believe that after penetration through the Coulomb barrier at low energies and the materialization of the two deuterons in a potential well, these deuterons retain their identity for some time. This time defines the frequency of further nuclear reactions. Figure 2 schematically illustrates the mechanism of this process. After penetration into the compound nucleus at a very low energy, the deuterons happen to be in a quasi-stabile state seating in the opposite potential wells. In principle, this system is a dual “electromagnetic-nuclear” oscillator. In this oscillator the total kinetic energy of the deuteron turns into potential energy of the oscillator, and vice versa. In the case of very low-energy, the amplitude of oscillations is small, and the reactions with nucleon exchange are suppressed.

Fig. 2. Schematic illustration of the mechanism of the nuclear decay frequency dependence on the compound nucleus 4He* excitation energy for the merging deuterons is presented. The diagram illustrates the shape of the potential well of the compound nucleus. The edges of the potential well are defined by the strong interaction, the dependence at short distances  Coulomb repulsion.

The lifetime of the excited 4He* nucleus can be considered in the formalism of the usual radioactive decay. In this case,


Here ν is the decay frequency, i.e., the reciprocal of the decay time τ. According to our hypothesis, the decay rate is a function of excitation energy of the compound nucleus E. Approximating with the first two terms of the polynomial expansion, we have:

Here ν° is the decay frequency at asymptotically low excitation energy. According to quantum-mechanical considerations, the wave functions of deuterons do not completely disappear with decreasing energy, as illustrated by the introduction of the term ν°. The second term of the expansion describes the linear dependence of the frequency decay on the excitation energy. The characteristic nuclear frequency is usually about 10ˆ22  sˆ-1. In fusion reaction D+D4He there is a broad resonance at an energy around 8 MeV. Simple estimates by the width of the resonance and the uncertainty relation gives a lifetime of the intermediate state of about 0.810ˆ22 s. The “nuclear” reaction rate falls approximately linearly with decreasing energy. Apparently, a group of McKubre [2] operates in an effective energy range below 2 keV in the c.m.s. Thus, in these experiments, the excitation energy is at least 4×10ˆ3 times less than in the resonance region. We assume that the rate of nuclear decay is that many times smaller. The corresponding lifetime is less than 0.3×10ˆ18 s. This fall in the nuclear reaction rate has little effect on the ratio of output decay channels of the compound nucleus, but down to a certain limit. This limit is about 6 keV. A compound nucleus at this energy is no longer an isolated system, since virtual photons from the 4He* can reach to the nearest electron and carry the excitation energy of the compound nucleus. The total angular momentum carried by the virtual photons can be zero, so this process is not prohibited. For the distance to the nearest electron, we chose the radius of the electrons in the helium atom (3.1×10ˆ11 m). From the uncertainty relations, duration of this process is about 10ˆ-19 seconds. In the case of “metal-crystalline” catalysis the distance to the nearest electrons can be significantly less and the process of dissipation of energy will go faster. It is assumed that after an exchange of multiple virtual photons with the electrons of the environment the relatively small excitation energy of compound nucleus 4He* vanishes, and the frequency of the compound nucleus decaying with the emission of nucleons will be determined only by the term ν°. For convenience, we assume that this value is no more than 10ˆ12-10ˆ14 per second. In this case, the serial exchange of virtual photons with the electrons of the environment in a time of about 10ˆ-16 will lead to the loss of ~4 MeV from the compound nucleus (after which decays with emission of nucleons are energetically forbidden), and then additional exchange will lead to the loss of all of the free energy of the compound nucleus (24 MeV) and finally the nucleus will be in the 4He ground state.  The energy dissipation mechanism of the compound nucleus 4He* with virtual photons, discussed above, naturally raises the question of the electromagnetic-nuclear structure of the excited compound nucleus.

Fig. 3. Possible energy diagram of the excited 4He* nucleus is presented.

Figure 3 represents a possible energy structure of the excited 4He* nucleus and changes of its spatial configuration in the process of releasing of excitation energy. Investigation of this process might be useful to study the quark-gluon dynamics and the structure of the nucleus.

Discussion
Perhaps, in this long-standing history of cold fusion, finally the mystery of this curious and enigmatic phenomenon is gradually being opened. Besides possible benefits that the practical application of this discovery will bring, the scientific community should take into account the sociological lessons that we have gained during such a long ordeal of rejection of this brilliant, though largely accidental, scientific discovery. We would like to express the special appreciation to the scientists that actively resisted the negative verdict imposed about twenty years ago on this topic by the vast majority of nuclear physicists.

Acknowledgements
The author thanks Prof. S.B. Dabagov, Dr. M. McKubre, Dr. F. Tanzela, Dr. V.A. Kuzmin, Prof. L.N. Bogdanova and Prof. T.V. Tetereva for help and valuable discussions. The author is grateful to Prof. V.G. Kadyshevsky, Prof. V.A. Rubakov, Prof. S.S. Gershtein, Prof. V.V. Belyaev, Prof. N.E. Tyurin, Prof. V.L. Aksenov, Prof. V.M. Samsonov, Prof. I.M. Gramenitsky, Prof. A.G. Olshevsky, Prof. V.G. Baryshevsky for their help and useful advice. I am grateful to Dr. VM. Golovatyuk, Prof. M.D. Bavizhev, Dr. N.I. Zimin, Prof. A.M. Taratin for their continued support. I am also grateful to Prof. A. Tollestrup, Prof. U. Amaldi, Prof. W. Scandale, Prof. A. Seiden, Prof. R. Carrigan, Prof. A. Korol, Prof. J. Hauptmann, Prof. V. Guidi, Prof. F. Sauli, Prof. G. Mitselmakher, Prof. A. Takahashi, and Prof. X. Artru for stimulating feedback. Continued support in this process was provided with my colleagues and the leadership of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, and I am especially grateful to Prof. R. Parkey, Prof. N. Rofsky, Prof. J. Anderson and Prof. G. Arbique. I express special thanks to my wife, N.A. Tsyganova for her stimulating ideas and uncompromising support.

References
1. M. Fleischmann, S. Pons, M. W. Anderson, L. J. Li, M. Hawkins, J. Electro anal. Chem. 287, 293 (1990).
2. M. C. H. McKubre, F. Tanzella, P. Tripodi, and P. Haglestein, In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cold Fusion. 2000, Lerici (La Spezia), Ed. F. Scaramuzzi, (Italian Physical Society, Bologna, Italy, 2001), p 3; M. C. H. McKubre, In Condensed Matter Nuclear Science: Proceedings Of The 10th International Conference On Cold Fusion;  Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 21-29 August, 2003, Ed by P. L. Hagelstein and S. R. Chubb, (World Sci., Singapore, 2006). M. C. H. McKubre, “Review of experimental measurements involving dd reactions”, Presented at the Short Course on LENR for ICCF-10, August 25, 2003.
3. Y. Arata, Y. Zhang, “The special report on research project for creation of new energy”, J. High Temp. Soc. (1) (2008).
4. E. Tsyganov, in Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 2010, Vol. 73, No. 12, pp. 1981–1989. Original Russian text published in Yadernaya Fizika, 2010, Vol. 73, No. 12, pp. 2036–2044.
5. E.N. Tsyganov, “The mechanism of DD fusion in crystals”, submitted to IL NUOVO CIMENTO 34 (4-5) (2011), in Proceedings of the International Conference Channeling 2010 in Ferrara, Italy, October 3-8 2010.
6. H.J. Assenbaum, K. Langanke and C. Rolfs, Z. Phys. A – Atomic Nuclei 327, p. 461-468 (1987).
7. C. Rolfs, “Enhanced Electron Screening in Metals: A Plasma of the Poor Man”, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2006.
8. A. Huke, K. Czerski, P. Heide, G. Ruprecht, N. Targosz, and W. Zebrowski, “Enhancement of deuteron-fusion reactions in metals and experimental implications”, PHYSICAL REVIEW C 78, 015803 (2008).
9. L.N. Bogdanova, Proceedings of International Conference on Muon Catalyzed Fusion and Related Topics, Dubna, June 18–21, 2007, published by JINR, E4, 15-2008-70, p. 285-293
10. G.M. Hale, “Nuclear physics of the muon catalyzed d+d reactions”, Muon Catalyzed Fusion 5/6 (1990/91) p. 227-232.
11. F. Raiola (for the LUNA Collaboration), B. Burchard, Z. Fulop, et al., J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys.31, 1141 (2005); Eur. Phys. J. A 27, s01, 79 (2006).

by E.N. Tsyganov
(UA9 collaboration) University of Texas Southwestern
Medical Center at Dallas, Texas, USA

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3,496 comments to Cold nuclear fusion

  • Giovanni

    Dear Ing Rossi
    hurry up! Capri needs you
    http://ildemocratico.com/2011/12/10/fusione-fredda-esclusivo-ecco-come-salvare-lisola-di-capri-con-le-cat/

    Beautyful Capri….!!!!
    Best regards
    Giovanni

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Tim Harrell:
    As soon as we will be ready to sell the domestic E-Cats you will receive our offer, with the price etc: at that point you will be free to confirm your order or cancel the pre-order.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tim Harrell

    Looking forward to when my order status has changed from ‘accepted’ to ‘SHIPPED’!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Giovanni:
    Thank you and Wishes to you.
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Pietro F.:
    Not yet. We are still working on it with the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Pietro F.

    Buongiorno sig. Rossi,
    le scrivo per avere aggiornamenti sul primo impianto venduto, é entrato in funzione?
    Ne approfitto per augurarle buone feste!

  • Giovanni

    Dear Rossi
    yes, Italy and ALL THE WORLD need your technology…. please we urge a final proof that your technolgy works…. please let your last customer go public AS SOON AS POSSIBLE….!!!!! I think a public witness of that kind will change immediately the world’s attitude for its future. From an economic and environmental point of view.
    Many whishes for an happy Christmas and a New e-cat Year and Era..!!!

    Giovanni

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Italo:
    Your pre-order has been accepted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Francesco Toro:
    Wishes heartly exchanced!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Francesco Toro

    ***This is the moment in which we have to think what we can do for Italy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.***
    Thank you for your sensitivity … I had no doubts.
    I would like to send best wishes for a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.
    FT

  • Italo

    Dear Ing Rossi, some days ago me too have made a pre-order for one 10kW E-Cat.
    Kind regard,
    Italo Romano

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Roger Oesterling:
    It depends on which kind of production you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Giancarlo:
    Without investments you can develope nothing. Without Intellectual Property nobody invests seriously.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear David O’ Beagàin:
    Your pre-order has been accepted,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dan:
    I am working 16 hours per day, giving to my job the 100% of my skills.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Carlo Tabanelli:
    I am not able to answer and I hate speculations, since I believe that we must put our efforts in real work, which means industrial production, not financial parasitic speculations. Anyway, we use a tiny amount of metal, so that I do not think our work will make changements in the quotation of Nickel as a commodity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Francesco Toro:
    This is the moment in which we have to think what we can do for Italy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Charlie Sutherland:
    Your pre-order has been accepted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Guido Chiostri,
    I understand, we will make what we can, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Guido Chiostri

    Gentile Ingegner Rossi,
    seguo ormai da tempo la sua vicenda ed è inutile che le nasconda che sono impaziente come credo molti altri , di apprendere , per un legittimo spirito di conoscenza e non per sterile curiosità, qualche elemento in più circa il principio di funzionamento dell’ e-cat . Spero anche che quanto prima si possa pervenire ad una piena accettazione di tale tecnologia da parte del mondo scientifico e dell’opinione pubblica . Capisco bene le sue ragioni di riservatezza in mancanza ( per ora ) di un brevetto che operi a livello mondiale e la sua priorità di seguire la produzione e la commercializzazione del dispositivo. Mi permetto tuttavia di chiederle una previsione sia pure di larga massima circa i tempi che saranno necessari ( mesi? anni? ) per addivenire ai risultati di cui sopra . Mi permetto anche di suggerirle di trovare con uno dei suoi clienti un accordo in base al quale tale cliente si impegni a rendere pubblico l’acquisto delle-cat e le relative modalità di impiego. Le inevitabili seccature potrebbero essere compensate da un idoneo sconto , ma si immagini le ricadute pubblicitarie per la sua azienda e per quella del cliente stesso.

    Cordiali saluti e buon lavoro

  • Mr. Rossi,

    I would like to have my name placed on your 10kw pre-order list.

    Thanks,

    Charlie Sutherland

  • Francesco Toro

    Dear Ing. Rossi
    S.O.S.
    The recent financial maneuver has drastically reduced the financial resources of the Italians, with long-term negative consequences. The Italian industrial fabric, due to the transfer of many factories abroad and the shutdown of other, it is reducing gradually and progressively are decreasing jobs. In this dreadful context I please expedite as much as possible your studies and industrialize your invention, so that all citizens can use it, without distinction of class. The cost of bills greatly affect poor households, not to mention the gasoline. The rich currency traffickers if they can afford, even more so because they were not particularly impressed by the Finance Act, others no! I think that your invention is a resource that should absolutely be financed by the Government that would welcome you with open arms … There is much needed innovation … instead of doing this, even this Government only thinks to taxing workers and retirees.
    Warm Regards
    FT

  • Carlo Tabanelli

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    Do you consider a good idea to invest now in Nickel?

  • Dan

    Dear Mr. Rossi, we all are so hopefull, please don’t betray us…

  • Forza Andrea ! secondo la tradizione irlandese, in Irlanda non ci sarebbero più serpenti da quando San Patrizio li cacciò in mare. San Patrizio piace molto l’E-Cat. Nollaig Shona Duit, Merry Christmas ! please add me to your pre-order list. David Ó.

  • Dear Dr. Rossi
    thank you for your kind reply.

    I understand the delicate matter of IP, but you know that time factor is crucial for we all.
    Last century quantum mechanics took many decades for produce the first personal computer, we hope story will not repeat.
    I’m speaking to the philosopher now: dont’t you think that patent could never come due to deficiency of details and so the world will loose a great opportunity of wealth and knowledge for an indefinite time?
    At this point, perhaps fame and money for your invention should be granted forever if your strategy surprisingly turn in a complete free collaboration with scientific community.
    But obviously you just must have evaluated your possibilities and choosen the right one so I don’t think to merit another your reply.

    Thank you anyway

  • Roger Oesterling

    Mr Rossi,

    Congratulations on your accomplishments with the 1 MW E-Cat system.

    If a 1+ MW E-Cat system (54 E-Cats) is configured to have 9 parallel subsystems with 6 E-Cats each connected in series. Would the intake water pump capacity of each parallel subsystem be 1500 kg/hr?

    Best Regards,
    Roger Oesterling

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear eCatNow:
    We are working on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,

    You said last week that one of your 1MW ecat customers was happy to be publicly identified once your attorneys had looked at things.”We wait to have completed the contractual procedure through the attorneys, then we will give communication. It will be in the North East of the USA, where I have been in these days.”

    How hopeful are you that some sort of ecat manufacturing or engineering can begin in Massachusetts and can this customer be identified yet?

    Many thanks,

    eCatNow!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Bellato Enzo:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Caro Andrea Rossi. Vorrei se possibile un indirizzo al quale mandare un elaborato per l’installazione futura dell’E-cat domestico. Ancora complimenti Enzo Bellato

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Giancarlo,
    As I have explained many times, we use Ni enriched of 62 and 64 Ni, which are the sole to react, and 63 and 65 Cu are stable. Our process has been developed upon a theory that became stronger in time, based on the results of the thousands of our tests we made with our apparatuses. At this point we have a solid theory which is leading our R&D, making progress by the day. The problem is that the theory leads directly to the industrial confidential IP and since we have not a granted petent we deem opportune not to disclose the theory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Costas Maimaris:
    Accepted,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Costas Maimaris

    Dear Andreas,
    Please register me in the 10kw preorder list.
    All the best to You
    Costas

  • Dear Dr. Rossi,

    reading on the free encyclopedia about the item “energy catalyzer” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_Catalyzer) the following arguments are reported (paragraph “Evaluation of the device”):

    “…the 10% copper in the spent fuel strangely having the same isotopic ratios as natural copper, and the lack of any unstable copper isotope in the spent fuel as if the reactor only produced stable isotopes.”

    The facts reported don’t match at all with the declarations of Prof. Focardi who talks about the exact contrary.
    Well, if bad informations are written on Wikipedia I think they must to be correct soon.

    …it’s a hard battle!
    Thank you sincerely for your work.

    Giancarlo

    I

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Gherardo:
    Thank you for all and strong wishes for Christmas,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gherardo

    Dott Rossi,
    Lei ha dato il via al festival degli auguri e tra i tanti mi sono piaciuti quelli che le ha fatto Pietro F chiamandola “persona giusta” a cui mi unisco estendendoli a collaboratori, famiglia e amici del JONP.

    Purtroppo non mi posso unire alla richiesta dell’e-cat da 10 KW perche’ ho un riscaldamento condominiale da 770 KW termici, quasi come il suo container, ma a 2M $ è fuori da ogni ipotesi. Aspettiamo che il costo porti ad un break even di 5 anni equivalenti a 250.000 € di gas + 50.000 di caldaia.
    Considero per il container un costo all inclusive di 300K € = 400K $ sui 5 anni necessario per andare sul mercato di massa.
    Spero lo possa raggiungere presto, sia industrializzando la produzione sia eliminando l’alimentazione esterna. Un’altra chicca sarebbe portare il refill da 6 mesi ad un anno.

    Buon Natale, Gherardo

    PS: Merry Christmas to all our english speaking friends too.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Petri:
    Accepted,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Petri

    Ok – Fair enough Rossi.. Put me also to your ECat PreOrder list :)

  • Andrea Rossi

    Caro Alex G:
    Grazie infinite, sono onorato dalla Sua attenzione. Ricambio di cuore gli auguri.
    Andrea Rossi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Pietro F.:
    We are working also in Italy, and we will continue to do this. I know it’s important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Praos:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ecat-ering

    La ringrazio del chiarimento in italiano, in quanto io usando il traduttore automatico avevo paura di aver scritto qualche cavolata ed aver tradotto qualche cavolata.
    Rinnovo gli auguri a voi tutti e buon lavoro.

  • Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    I have some general ideas about stabilization and control of H/Ni reaction, but I’d like to make it confidental. Would you kindly give me your private e-mail?
    Predrag Raos, Croatia

  • Pietro F.

    Sono mesi che la seguo, la considero una persona giusta, spero che l’Italia possa contare anche su di lei in questi giorni terribili.

  • Alex G

    Non sono un chimico, fisico o ingegnere, ma un semplice operaio. Sono qui solo per congratularmi con Lei Ing. Rossi e darLe il mio appoggio morale, voglio essere fiducioso, che in questa pazza e iniqua umanità e in questo periodo di profonda crisi globale, ci sia davvero una speranza per la gente, per il popolo… che questo capitalismo sfrenato,questo monopolio dell’energia e quest’oligarchia dei potenti finisca una volta per tutte… Non molli!… Le faccio i più sentiti Auguri di Natale e di un Felice Anno Nuovo (in tutti i sensi)e ovviamente di un futuro radioso. Alex

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear E-Catering,
    Ho solo approfittato dell’occasione che Lei, un amico, mi ha dato per fare gli auguri non solo a Lei ed agli amici, ma anche ( ovviamente con ironia) anche ai nemici. Rinnovo a Lei ad ai Suoi cari i più cordiali, ed esclusivi auguri,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Ecat-ering

    Mi scusi ing. Rossi ma non ho capito questa frase : “( I am so good: Merry Christmas and lucky New Year also to Puppet-Snakes and to their Puppetteers!)”

  • Ing. B.L.

    Dear Ing. Rossi,

    Thanks for the good wishes, Merry Christmas and happy 2012 to you too!

    B.L.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear E-Catering:
    Have a Merry Christmas and a lucky 2012 you too, as well as all the Readers of this Journal ( I am so good: Merry Christmas and lucky New Year also to Puppet-Snakes and to their Puppetteers!)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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