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Stability of light nuclei

by
Wladimir Guglinski
retired, author of the Quantum Ring Theory
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Abstract
Dr. Wilfried Nörtershäuser of the Helmhotz Center for Heavy Ion Research at the University in Mainz says on the 2009 experiment which had detected a neutron halo in 4Be11 with distance 7fm from the cluster:
“By studing neutron halos, scientists hope to gain further understanding of the forces within the atomic nucleus that bind atoms together, taking into account the fact that the degree of displacement of halo neutrons from the atomic nuclear core is incompatible with the concepts of classical nuclear physics”[ 2 ]
In the case of 4Be11, the halo neutron and the nuclear core are separated by the distance of 7fm, and so such isotope represents the experimental proof that the cohesion of nucleons within the light isotopes cannot be promoted by the strong nuclear force.
Such experimental discovery published in 2009 had been predicted years ago, because according to the new nuclear model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory, published in 2006, the cohesion of the nucleons within the light nuclei is not caused by the strong nuclear force.
Here in this paper the new nuclear model is submitted to a scrutinity so that to verify whether from its structure it’s possible to explain the stability of the light nuclei and to reproduce the nuclear properties as nuclear spins, electric quadrupole moments, and magnetic moments. Nuclear magnetic moments are calculated from two different and independent methods.  In the second, named “method of equilibrium between nucleons”, it’s presented the Lagrangian for nuclei with Z < 8.  The results obtained from them agree each other, and are corroborated by nuclear spins and electric quadrupole moments suplied by nuclear tables.
In this Part One are presented calculations on magnetic moments for the isotopes of lithium, beryllium, and boron. In the next paper Part Two will be exhibited  calculations for carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.  In the paper Part Three the author will exhibit calculations for electric quadrupole moments.
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484 comments to Stability of light nuclei

  • Mr Rossi, e-cat= beating the obscurantism of the privileged
    John

  • Bhagirath Joshi

    Dear WG:

    This may be late to comment, but I had sent email to Mr. Wilfried in July this year. He never replied.

    here is the excerpt.

    Dear Professor Dr. Wilfried Nortershäuser:

    I was wondering if you have Charge distribution study on Be-9. I saw the
    http://phys.org/news/2012-04-magic-shell-beryllium-isotopes-invalidated.html and the picture there of.

    Do you have data on stable isotopes of elements e.g Gold – 197.

    The picture looks like it is a snapshot of Be-12 , ‘t – few nano seconds’ before forming B-12 by Beta – emission.

    I will appreciate this greatly.

    Bhagirath Joshi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brian:
    You are right, but still we like to study all the possibilities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brian

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are well. I am wondering if it might make more sense for you to collaborate with a third party that specializes in electricity generation rather than trying to handle it yourselves. I understand that you have smart people working for you but there are other smart people who have spent their entire careers working on electricity generation and may have already overcome many of the hurdles that you are struggling with.

    Brian

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chris Johnson:
    We contacted all, but so far all we have are proposals of concepts to be developed, patents, ideas etc. We need a solid product that we can buy and test. We did not yet have a real offer, so far, for an existing and working real product. If somebody has it, please send an offer ( not a phylosophical concept otr a petent pending) to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    with price, delivery term. We are not interested to theories, concepts to be developed and patents without a real product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Chris Johnson

    Have you looked at the Stirling Engine from Dean Kamen / Deka Research in Manchestre, NH? Kamen is the inventor of the Segway and the “Luke Arm” ( http://www.dekaresearch.com/deka_arm.shtml ) among other things. He is always working to create technology that can make a huge impact on the world. His Stirling system produces electricity and fresh water, using any burnable fuel as a heat source. See http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2008/04/04/big-problem-neat-solution.html for an instance where it has been used for fresh water and electricity in two remote villages.

    He has been perfecting Stirling technology for over 10 years and thinks that he can get down to a cost of $1 per electric watt in mass production. The prototypes are much more expensive, but perhaps you could have some sort of cooperative development agreement.

    Best Regards
    Chris

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen: yes, correct. I want to add that we are not interested to proposals of concepts or patents to be developed: we need a device ready to be tested immediately.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Piero:
    Yes, is going well, but it is soon to talk about it. We are at the beginning of a long path. The production of the plants in the USA is started too: all the next plants will be entirely made in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Piero

    Dear Andrea, a rumor has spread that the first us plant is up and running. Can you confirm that? Thanks. All the best

  • Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You wrote “Please send your proposals for Stirling Engines to be coupled with the E-Cats (power 5 kW and 10 kW).” I assume that the 5 or 10 kW refers to the thermal output power of the E-cat, not the mechanical output power of the Stirling engine which is lower by factor 3 or more. Correct?
    best regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brian:
    Thank you for the condolences, really appreciated from Professor Focardi’ s Family and from me.
    As soon as the visits to the plant working in the USA we will gie due communication. Things are going very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brian

    Mr. Rossi

    My condolences on the loss of your friend.

    I was wondering if you could give us any additional information on the 1MW E-Cat that was sent to your customer this spring. Is it up and running? Is there a timeline for when it will be available for limited-access viewing?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers expert in Sterling Engine or manufacturers of Sterling Engines:
    Please send your proposals for Sterling Engines to be coupled with the E-Cats ( power 5 kW and 10 kW).
    The best offers will be bought for testing.
    Ask more details to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Attention of Dr Andrea Rossi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear ing. Rossi, congratulations for the excellent recent interview! I have great confidence in you!
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9zR9GbqK11M

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Luca Salvarani:
    Our USA Partner is enthusiast of the E-Cats and is making all the necessary endeavours to develope this technology and all the possible applications at the maximum possible level. Obviously I will fight standing by him.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Luca Salvarani

    Caro Andrea,

    Sono molto molto preoccupato perchè a quanto sembra, e come temevo, non hai più il controllo della tecnologia che hai crato. Mi riesce davvero difficile credere che “il tuo partner industriale condivida la tua stessa filosofia” .. dato che difficilmente una società quotata perseguirebbe una politica come la tua, ossia massimizzare i volumi riducendo i prezzi in modo da spiazzare la concorrenza. Questa è certamente la politica migliore per la gente comune come me, ma per un investitore professionale credo sarebbe più conveniente vendere l’e-cat solo alle utilities e a caro prezzo: in pratica i prezzi energetici non diminuirebbero e la compagnia si dividerebbe i profitti con le utilities che non solo non sparirebbero ma resterebbero profittevoli… Temo che tu sia stato costretto, a causa del potere monopolistico dello stato di rilasciare autorizzazioni e certificazioni e suo piacimento, a non sviluppare pienamente e fin da subito la tua tecnologia per non spiazzare definitivamente le utilities o le compagnie oil and gas e ovviamente anche i loro azionisti e creditori..: per esempio tempo fa scrivevi che ti era stato consigliato di lasciar perdere il mercato delle auto e dei trasporti in generale… Credi che potremo davvero avere l’e-cat domestico che produce calore e elettricità? Secondo me è quella la vera rivoluzione! Tutto il resto sarebbe solo una diversa redistribuzione degli utili tra le utilities e il tuo partner, senza alcun vero beneficio per l’utente… Mi auguro che tu rimanga il più possibile coinvolto in questa tecnologia fino al suo successo definitivo, poi potrai riposare…. -)

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you! Yes, now back to make a tremendous amount of work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations to you and Prof. Sergio Focardi on the release of the Third Party Report.

    Many thanks to the Report Authors who performed all the tests, made the measurements and did the analysis.

    Soon, this process will be known as a normal (not “anomalous”) form of heat energy production.

    Maybe, you can even enjoy a vacation for a day or two!

    But then, back to work!

    Keep on keeping on!

    Joseph Fine

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you ,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Albert Einstein: “There is a driving force stronger than steam, electricity and atomic energy: the will.”
    Now also add the E-Cat and Andrea Rossi!
    Congratulations engineer, awaits the Nobel Prize for Physics!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Thorbjorn :
    I am honoured: this Report is the result of twenty years of hard work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Thorbjörn

    Congratulations from Sweden!
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.3913

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    In my last comment, I wanted to know why 2He4 spins at all, since the intrinsic spins of its deuterons cancel. (In QRT, all the nucleons orbit about 2He4 because 2He4 carries them in its fluxes as it spins on its central axis.)

    All the best,
    Joe

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in May 16th, 2013 at 12:39 AM
    Wladimir,

    What makes 2He4 spin on its central axis? (2He4 has no intrinsic spin.)

    RESPONSE:
    I did not understand your question.

    Perhaps you want to know what put 2He4 in the center of nuclei.
    The answer is easy: as 2He4 induces the two fluxes n(o)-up and n(o)-down, one at the right and the other at the left, the 2He4 occupies the center of nuclei.
    And therefore the central z-axis crosses the center of the 2He4

    regards
    wlad

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    What makes 2He4 spin on its central axis? (2He4 has no intrinsic spin.)

    All the best,
    Joe

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in May 14th, 2013 at 8:11 PM
    Wladimir,

    Are the following events in the right order as per QRT:

    A particle’s

    1) intrinsic spin
    induces
    2) gravitational fluxes n(o),
    which induce
    3) an electric and magnetic field,
    which induces
    4) an intrinsic magnetic moment.

    RESPONSE:
    basically yes, for micro-phenomena.

    In macro-phenomena the flux n(o) is induced by the orbits of electrons in the atoms.
    This is shown in the page 181 of my book QRT.

    Fig. 2.1 shows a loadstone.
    The sequence of Fig. 2.2, 2.3, 2,4, 2,5, 3.3, 3,4 , 3,5 , 3.8, 3.11 show how the macro-electromagnetic fields are created.

    The orbits of the outer electrons of the iron atoms get allignment, and such alignment induces fluxes n(o) in the same direction.
    The flux n(o) induces motion of the electric particles e(+) and e(-) of the ether, which spins (aligned along the flux n(o) ) captures magnetic particles m(+) and m(-), so yielding macroscopic magnetic fields (the poles S and N of the loadstone).

    regards
    WLAD

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dr Joseph Fine:
    For now I cannot add further information about the Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Joe:
    I cannot enter information about the theoretical issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dr Renato Estri:
    Perfect. You got exactly the core of the issue.
    Thank you. To the readers: please read carefully this comment of Dr Estri: it explains exactly in a short matrix the COP issue.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • renatoestri

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I try to give a contribute to the debated COP matter about the
    Tiger-Activator new configuration.

    Should this table resume in numbers the correct interpretation
    of your answers ?

    % Time / COP / Energy In / Energy Out
    65% / 200 / Zero / 100KWh
    35% / =1 / 100kWh / 100kWh

    Thank you very much in advance
    renatoestri

  • Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In an earlier comment relating to the Tiger prototype, you said the volume of a 100 kW module is 0.2 m^3 (cubic meters). This was much smaller than I anticipated. (Previously, a 1 MW system was about 3.0 m^3.)

    1) Is each 100 kW module made up of smaller 10 kW or 1 kW Cat and Mouse modules? For example, is it made up of ten 10 kW modules or one hundred 1 kW modules? Or is it a single 100 kW system? And is the total number of activator/Mice equal the total number of Cats? Or are there more mice than Cats due to their smaller size?

    2) Since a 10 kW Cat module (or set of 1 kW modules) is also accompanied by a mouse activator (or set of activators), does each 10 kW module (or set of 1-kW modules) have its own mouse or a set of mice? Or does a 100 kW module have a population of one-hundred 1-kW activators/(mice), ten, larger, 10 kW activators? Or, a giant 100 kW mouse? ( EEK !! )

    3) Since activator ‘mice’ make their own heat contribution, as do the cats, if total mouse power rating is equal to total cat power rating, is the total heat output of a module made up of 35% of the mouse power and 65% of the cat power? That is the easiest to understand. (Unless it is wrong.)

    4) If a given module (e.g. 100 kW) is made up of ten 10 kW, five 20 kW etc. or some other set of submodules, is it possible for all the heat contribution to come simultaneously from only the mice or from only the cats? Is that something to worry about?

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

    PS My best wishes to the 13-year old girl who understands this.

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    Are the following events in the right order as per QRT:

    A particle’s

    1) intrinsic spin
    induces
    2) gravitational fluxes n(o),
    which induce
    3) an electric and magnetic field,
    which induces
    4) an intrinsic magnetic moment.

    All the best,
    Joe

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