Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism

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by
retired, author of the Quantum Ring Theory
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In the book Quantum Ring Theory I had proposed a double-field model for elementary particles (composed by two concentric fields), therefore a field model fundamentally different of the mono-field model considered in the Quantum Electrodynamics  (QED).
The inner field, named principal field Sp, gyrates and induces the outer field, named secondary field Sn.  In the book, published in 2006, it was considered that the outer field Sn gyrates.
In this model, the outer field Sn is responsible for the electric charge of the particles as the electron, the proton, etc.
Later in 2010 I changed the  double-field model, by considering that the outer field Sn does not gyrates.  However, in 2014, after a long discussion with the reader Mr.Joe in the Comments of the Journal of Nuclear Physics, he drew our attention to two key points:
1. An outer field Sn induced by the rotation of an inner field Sp must have rotation.
2. A mono-field model violates the monopolar nature of the electric charge in the even-even nuclei with Z=N, because they have null magnetic moment, but as all the nuclei have rotation then the even-even nuclei with Z=N would have to have non-null magnetic moment (because the rotation of the positive charge of the proton would have to induce a magnetic moment). Therefore QED violates the monopolar nature of the electric charge in the case of the even-even nuclei with Z=N.
3. A double-field model in which the outer field Sn gyrates would have to induce a magnetic field in the case of even-even nuclei with Z=N, if we consider the field Sn in the classical sense of Euclidian space.  But the space considered in Quantum Ring Theory is not Euclidian, in order that the rotation of the field Sn never induces magnetic fields, and this is the reason why the even-even nuclei with Z=N have null magnetic moment.
Here we will analyse these questions in details.
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535 comments to Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism

• Andrea Rossi

To the Readers of the JoNP:
We received the USPTO action against our patent application. The action is negative and we have 60 days to make our counter- considerations. Our patent attorney is working on it, because we think our application is worth a defense.
Any consideration is premature, being on course our due action.
Andrea Rossi

• Carlo Marcena

Ni-255: Thanks, Andrea.
CM

• Andrea Rossi

Carlo Marcena:
I can answer to you: Nickel 255 is a particular Ni powder produced by Vale ( Brasil). The index defines the granulometry around 1 micron. I too have tested it.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Hank Mills:
I cannot give this information.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Carlo Marcena

To Michelangelo De Meo: NI-255. Do you know what is this 255 about?
CM

• Hank Mills

Dear Andrea,

A reactor operating for a year without refueling would be phenomenol. How many grams of fuel are in each reactor?

Sincerely,
Hank

• Andrea Rossi

Achi:
I read an interesting article on Europhysicsnews ( vol 45, #4, pp 16-19) regarding this issue: ” The Earth Magnetic Field”, by Henri Claude Nataf, CNRS Research Director at ISTerre in Grenoble, France.
Maybe you can be interested to it.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Ing. Michelangelo D Meo:
Thank you for the important information.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• ing. Michelangelo De Meo

Three researchers are working in Acton, Massachussets (USA): Jeff Driscoll, Andrew Anselmo and Brian Ahern sealed two alumina tubes with Ni-255.

Both tubes contained 1.0 grams of Ni-255. The second tube also had 0.1 grams of NaAlH2. This compound liquefies at a lower temperature than LiAlH4.

The tubes are mounted side by side in a tube furnace with a 30mm ID. Thermocouples (K) mounted on the outside will give continuous reading similar to a DTA system. They will be able to detect phase changes by differentiating the TC output.

They hope to run on Sunday.

If will see something interesting, will load a third tube with 0.1 grams of LiAlD4. That could result in a BANG!

• Andrea Rossi

Achi:
No, it has nothing to do.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Achi

Mr. Rossi,
I apologize if this question has already been asked, but do you believe that the process that heats the earth’s core and forms the earth’s magnetic field to be a variation of the Rossi Effect?
Thanks – Achi

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
Very important, because statistically gives the safety performance of more than 100 modules.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Timcelyn:
It is quite difficult to foresee the future, but I do not see the point of it. I do not see any advantage in making bigger reactors respect putting smaller modules in parallel. Not even in terms of space.
Thank you for your constant attention,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• timycelyn1

Dear Andrea,
like many others, I am hopefully following and watching the progress of your team at this critical time, and can only wish for the very best outcome to your current work, with the 1MW unit. In your recent reply to Mike L you explained that you could go beyond 1MW by adding additional parallel 10kW units, to make (in future) a unit with output power >1MW.
Having followed your progress carefully since 2011, I have read your explanation of how the difficulty of running a reactor increases rapidly (exponentially?) with size, and you would much prefer to work with 100 cats than 10 tigers!
My question is, do you see this as a long term fact of life? Will devices using this technology – say in 20 years – still be based around arrays of ~10kW units? Can you imagine any possibility of a further breakthrough that will ease this module size restriction, taming the tiger?

With very best wishes

Tim

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

How important is the performance of your 1MW plant year-long run for the certifications of the domestic E-Cats?

Many thanks,

Frank Acland

• Andrea Rossi

Jackie:
The product is close to be ready, the mass production line is organized. From the granting of the certification to the start of the production my guess is that it will be matter of months, not of years. But this is my guess and the output also depends on the behaviour during this year of the 1 MW plant, whose modules are , essentially even if not totally, made by means of the same reactors that will make work the small units.
I must remind you that the final results of the test on course could be positive, but it could also turn out to be negative. It is always better first do things, eventually talk about them. In Italy we have a saying: ” Non vendere la pelle dell’orso prima di averlo preso” ( “Don’t sell the fur of the bear before getting him”).
Warm regards,
A.R.

• jackie

Dear Mr. Rossi if you were given safety certification now for your small domestic E-cat, how long would it take you to put it on to the market?
Best wishes

• Andrea Rossi

Peter Metz:
We charged for 1 year, supposedly. I say supposedly because we have not experience about this and based the calculation on theory. Therefore we are not sure how much the charge will last. I think at least 1 year, but I will be sure of this after 350 days of operation.
Your question regarding the different behaviour of every single E-Cat respect the others is very interesting, but, as you correctly say, it is too soon to know, even if we have already collected many data also related to this issue. The results, obviously, will be communicated when the test will have been completed.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Mike L:
1- The control system has been entirely designed, manufactured and programmed by our electronic engineers, because it contains information that we prefer not to deliver to a supplier. I cannot give you information about it, but it is very complex and sophisticated, because the central computer has to armonize the computers of every single module. It has nothing to do with existing systems, bacause the characteristics of the E-Cat are unique.
2- I cannot give information regarding the IO
3- We think that we will be able easily to put the E-Cats 1 MW in parallel to reach higher power
4- I don’t see why our technology could impact negatively your industry !
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Mike L

Dear Andrea,

I have followed your story for years, and am very excited with your progress. Congratulations!

I am curious to know what control system you are using if you can disclose this information? Is the basic process control similar to that of a once through steam generator, or do you have a steam drum? How many Inputs and Outputs (IO) are there for the 1MW plant? Is the eventual plan to scale up the 1MW plant to a larger capacity, or will additional capacity come from parallel 1MW modules?

I work in the process automation industry, so am very interested in how your technology will impact my industry both positively and negatively.

Regards,

Mike Lieberg

• PeterMetz

Dear Andrea Rossi,

You mention that you hope the fuel will last 1 year. When you charged the E-Cats, for how long did you charge them for?

Also since there are 100 E-Cats in 1MW plant, this provides a wonderful opportunity to compare the performance and operation of the E-Cats. Assuming they are all the same, how closely would you say they are they performing so far? (It may be too early to ask this question–my apologies if so.)

Sincerely,
Peter Metz

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
1- here are two persons fix plus me. They work 8 -10 hours per day, I prefer to stay here 16-18 hours per day. When necessary we call reinforces.
2- none, the control system will make it all, but will be necessary the presence in the factory of a specialist certified by us.
3- no and I hope the charge will last 1 year.
Warm Regards
A.R.

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

A few questions if you don’t mind.

1. How many members of your team, beside yourself, are assigned full time to manage the production of the 1MW plant?

2. If the plant passes the year-long test, how many people will be required to manage the plant?

3. Have any of the reactors in the plant received a replacement charge so far?

Many thanks,

Frank Acland

• Andrea Rossi

Gaby De Wilde:
Thank you for the information and the link.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• gaby de wilde

Hello Andrea Rossi,

I would like to point your curiosity at the [forgotten] Nitinol engine ( memory metal / Nickel-titanium )

It could be interesting as such engines run amazingly efficient even on small heat gradients. The original idea [back in the days] was to use waste heat as a source.

The video here gives some historic perspective.

http://blog.go-here.nl/8652

Hope this helps!

Good luck!

• Andrea Rossi

Karl Poehlmann:
Sorry, the comment of yours has been lost in the spam, but let me resume its core you described in your email:
you are informing us that California Resources Corporation (CRC) uses a huge amount of steam for its steam flooding to get oil from sands.
You suggest us to verify if this activity can get advantage from the use of E-Cats.
I do not know this particular technology, but if it needs steam and if our test on the 1 MW E-Cat will be successful, our technology can be convenient for any industrial activity that uses steam.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Marc Ellenbroek:
1- I stay here 16-18 hours per day, so there is time for everything, also because I am focused exclusively on this.
2- Of course! My Team’s work is now is necessary because this period of R&D and tests is aimed to make the plant reliable with a control system that allows operators with a certified preparation able to menage it.
This is the first plant and we have to learn many things; after one year of operation we will have consolidated the reliability of our 1 MW plants.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
Yes, it happened twice, so far. Luckily, I sleep in a motel not far from the plant and at 2 or 3 a.m. there is no traffic.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Marc Ellenbroek

Dear Andrea,

When I read that you work nearly day and night in the office container next to your plant and also spend quite some time in the E-cat container, while enjoying the infant sounds or your new born baby, I wonder where you can find the time to also develop the E-cat, the Hot-cat and the domestic E-cat further?
Also, if you need to spend so much time on your plant, do you still believe we will ever have a plant which will be reliable enough so that it can run without your constant attention?
Nevertheless, I hope you will succeed and wish all the luck and success with your plant.

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

Have you ever been woken up in the middle of the night to come back to the factory to deal with a problem with the plant?

Kind regards,

Frank Acland

• Andrea Rossi

Marco:
These data will be published after the end of the R&D on course.
Warm Regards
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Bernie Koppenhofer:
Sorry I cannot give this information.
Warm Regards
A.R.

• Bernie Koppenhofer

Dr. Rossi: You stated your contract states the reactor must run 355 days out of 400, leaving 45 days for “down” time. Could you tell us how many “down days” you have used to this point. Thanks.

• Marco

Dear Andrea,

could you tell us what kind of evolution have you performed on the hot cat? COP? Stability?

• Andrea Rossi

Curiosone:
Yes, I saw it, I had been informed immediately, made a complaint and the announcement has been deleted.
I remind to our Readers that any offer of domestic or small E-Cat or Hot Cat can only be a fraud, because we do not sell them. When they will be put for sale we will make official announcement, obviously.
Therefore DO NOT GIVE MONEY TO ANYBODY PROMISES YOU OUR APPARATUS. Anybody can ask us information on this matter writing to
info@leonardocorp1996.com
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

D. Travchenko:
Yes, I know, I have been informed of this also from an important Italian blogger. Obviously I can do nothing about this; I can just invite our Readers to check with me if the interview is genuine if they find around some interview in which some of my fellows or myself say strange or anomalous things.
Thank you for the information,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Andrea Rossi
March 8th, 2015 at 8:40 AM

Good luck for your book; obviously I have to remind that from my point of view the E-Cat has absolutely nothing to do with your theory; thak you anyway for the kind attention you always reserved to our work.
This said, again, Good Luck!
Warm Regards,
A.R
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Dear Andrea,

actally the book The Evolution of Physics – The duel Newton vx Descartes has nothjng to do with aetheric questions.

The scientists and the people in general suppose that along the 4 centuries of the development of Physics the scientists have used the Newtonian quantitative method.

However,
in the book it is shown that the development actually occurred by alternation between the Newtonian quantitative method and the qualitative method of Descartes.

For instance, the discoveries made by Bohr were made by the use of the Descartes method. And while Einstein used both the methods, Heisenberg used only the Newtonian method (that’s why the Standard Nuclear Physics was develooped from the Newtonian quantitative method only), and this is the reason why the nuclear theorists have failled in the development of the theory.

The book also shows that the development of Physics has 5 Stages. And nowadeyas we are in the 4th stage.
The 5th Stage will begin in the next upcoing years.

The eCat is mentioned only in the last chapter of the book, but it actually has nothing to do with the subject of the book, since the eCat is an experimental discovery, while the book deals with theoretical discoveries.

The questions regarding cold fusion have connection with the subject of the book only when we consider the cold fusion from the theoretical aspect: the theory for the explanation of the phenomenon.

regards

• DTravchenko

Dear Andrea Rossi:
I have been informed that strange interviews made by you and members of your team, like Eng. Fabiani, are proposed to some blogs. The language and the contents of the interviews are stupid and surely fake. Just beware of this. Now that all the attempts to destroy your work have failed, your enemies are trying the dirt play.
Warm Regards,
D.T.

• JCRenoir

Bert Abbing:
Thank you for your comment, precise and to the point. I heard you and your group are from CERN: can you confirm?
Cheers,
JCR

• Curiosone

Yesterday appeared on E-Bay a Hot Cat for sale at 900 \$: I suppose is a fraud, just want to inform you.
W.G.

• Andrea Rossi

Monash J:
You are right.
Of course we can control things remotely, and this will surely be useful when we will have many plants working with a consolidated technology. But in this situation we cannot rely on remote control, because if it is necessary an immediate intervention we must be here. To activate the remote control is simple thing, but in this specific situation it is not much of use.
Thank you for your kind attention.
Warm regards,
A.R.

• Monash j

Andrea
SCADA simply gives you the pleasure of controlling things remotely, you still are the pilot. I guess, “to be there ” immediately is necessary for plant number 1,however after this you will need SCADA AND RTU for plant number 2,3,4…or clone Andrea Rossi 1,2,3,4….which is improbable.

• Andrea Rossi

Monash J:
Because if something goes wrong SCADA and RTU cannot substitute the intervention of my Team and me and anything can happen anytime. Is like to ask to the teams of Formula 1 why instead of the pilots they don’t put robots to drive the race cars. Interventions must be immediate and competent, sometimes also creative, since this is the first plant in real operation of this kind ever installed.
Encrypted Regards,
A.R.

• Monash j

Andrea
Why don’t you have SCADA and RTU relaying the encrypted information to your headquarters, instead of staying in the contener 18 hr a day?

• Andrea Rossi

Good luck for your book; obviously I have to remind you that from my point of view the E-Cat has absolutely nothing to do with your theory; thank you anyway for the kind attention you always reserved to our work.
This said, again, Good Luck!
Warm Regards,
A.R.

March 6th, 2015 at 7:47 AM

To the readers of the JoNP:

My book “The The Evolution of Physics: From Newton to Rossi’s eCat” is available as ebook in the Amazon.com:

http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00UDU8978

Regards,

• Andrea Rossi

Again Marco Serra:
But I want to add that Alexander Parkhomov has made a highly professional work, due to his strong experience in the field of nuclear engineering: the difference that made succesful his replication is in the high level of professionality, even if he has used very simple things, not sophisticated instruments: you can compare his work to the Jazz of Louis Armstong: very simple, but made masterpieces thanks to his top level professionality in music. You can make with few simple notes a masterpiece like ” When the Saints go marching in”, but you must be a real Master in music and, in his case, in trumpet technique. Professionality cannot be improvised. It is not a matter of funds, it is a matter of knowledge and experience of hard work and this is the background of a scientist like Parkhomov. And is the background Russian scientists are normally grown up in.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Sterling Allan: