Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

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by
Khokon Hossen
Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
E-mail: khokon.pme@gmail.com
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Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs), that were introduced by R. Santonico and R. Cardarelli in 1981, are gas ionization chambers made with resistive electrodes separated by precision spacers.
Typical gas gap range from a few hundred micrometers to several millimeters wide.
Timing Resistive Plate Chambers (tRPCs) were introduced in 2000 by P.Fonte, A.Smirnitsky and M.C.S Williams and has, since then, reached Time Resolutions better than 50 ps (σ) with efficiencies above 99% for Minimum Ionizing Particle (MIP).
In this research work, we describe the main features of gas detectors and the different types of RPCs and their properties.
We describe a cheap and easy to built sealed tRPCs and we explain how we have built it.
We describe the main results we have got operating the sealed tRPCs built in the laboratory.

848 comments to Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mary Whitherspoon:
    I am waiting peer reviewing from a Professor I sent it to and, possibly, his important co-authoring. So far I think the paper is not ready for publication. It is incomplete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, I have reasons to hope this, due to many factors that are maturing in this period of tests and R&D. Obviously, to be precise now I would need the well known crystal ball, but Amazon is very disappointing on it. Let’s wait and see which facts will be produced by facts. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R,

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have reason to believe that safety certification for a domestic E-Cat will not take many years?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for the link, a parallel with Tesla honours the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Paul Calvo

    6 ways the Rossi eCat will change the energy landscape
    the article is about Tesla but it applies to the eCat

    http://inhabitat.com/6-ways-the-tesla-powerwall-is-changing-the-energy-landscape/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Every particular of the E-Cat is the result of a long series of corrections coming from thousands of tests that allowed the evolution that carried to the present industrial plant and the domestic version under R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Mary Whitherspoon

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You recently said a new theoretical paper of yours was going to be published: can you confirm when?
    Mary

  • Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I think it is indeed possible to replicate with the information contained in the Lugano Report and other documents. I think this is because in one sense the Ni-LiAlH4 version of the Rossi Effect is highly flexible when it comes to fuel preparation, reactor design, type of electrical input, etc. Parkhomov and Jiang seem to have strayed far from the dogbone design and still obtained massive excess heat. But in another sense, for some replicators, the E-Cat is stubborn and mysterious. Even when sticking close to the Lugano setup, they produce only a small amount of excess heat. There are parameters we simply do not understand. So I agree with you that the E-Cat is complicated. I’m glad you have been able to figure it out.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Siesse:
    Same answer as to James Rovnak. Maybe some Reader can appreciate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I tried to read, but is a nonsense to me. Probably I am too ignorant to understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raphael Teller:
    1- I am aware of the fact that in the University of Uppsala and in the University of Bologna are on course experiments to replicate the effect measured in Lugano. I am not aware of their results, because I am not in contact with them, but I assume if they will get results they will publish them in the proper channels.
    2- In Lugano they had access to all the information that they published in the report in October 2014; I did not give information on what we deem confidential intellectual property. As I always said, the E-Cat is a much more complex thing than it appears to be. Nevertheless, as Dr Parkhomov, Prof. Jiang et Al. have given evidence of, using the information contained in the Lugano Report and in my patent applications a replication of the Effect appears to be not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • James Rovnak

    Andrea are you familiar with this site:

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/prvky/prvkyang.htm

    I looked at it a little today. Speaks much of the heavens, but interesting never the less. Energies far above the Hot E-Cat. Do you see anything of interest there, I know you look far out also for some lessons on construction of the elements.

    Jim

    Just thought you might comment.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thanks, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raphael Teller

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read that a journal of Norway has reported an interview with Prof. Bo Hoistad, who said his group has replicated the Rossi Effect in their laboratory of Uppsala, after the test made on your reactor in Lugano. Thay have made a their own reactor, based on the information they got in Lugano, and replicated the effect. Questions:
    1- are you aware of that?
    2- did they have enough information in Lugano to copy exactly your reactor and your charge?
    Cheers,
    Raphael

  • Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    good idea: the leftovers to the viruses!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • KD

    Nero wrote.
    >>>>I am waiting for THENEWFIRE<<<<
    But The New Fire have to be started.
    Instead of matches, Mr. Rossi is using cheese, which energise mouse and mouse energise the cat.:)

    KD

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert Curto

    Dr.Rossi, your response to Pietro F. June 21 at 7:56A is well said, and of course 100% true.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    We are invincible!
    (he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    Of course! Nero has updated his high temperature experimentalism, I had to understand it before!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Nero

    I also don’t care of what skeptics think… I am thinking for submitting to US patent office… and… I don’t use matches, I am waiting for THENEWFIRE… 😉 Auguri! Nero

  • Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s been a rough day.
    Thank you for the laugh. :)
    —————————————-
    Your response to Bro Keeper-
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).

    Warm Regards.
    Dan C.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bro Keeper:
    I will propose to go on with the same charge if the data will allow it.
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    If the Industrial test ends positive and no recharging of the fuel has occurred, do you intend to continue running the 1MW plant from its original fuel to its undetermined exhaustion or will you recharge it with fresh fuel?
    (I sent a virus to temporarily disable your “F” keys.) :)
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Franco Occhipinti:
    I think Umberto Eco is right. I have seen persons that, as you write, have no education at all in any matter polemize with Professors and teach to them how a measurement has to be done, not to mention the clownesque theories that deal with elementary particles as if they were balls of a pin-ball. I have seen persons without elementary mathematical bases polemize with a Nobel Prize laureate, lecturing him in a matter for which he got the Nobel Prize; internet has been a very important revolution, with enormous positive consequences, but this is a negative “counterindication”: the fact that an imbecile, without studying, let alone working, can write stupidities on a matter that most of the readers do not know and consequently make for himself a qualification of expert of that matter, polemizing with Professors even if he knows absolutely nothing of that matter. LENR, with their appearent simplicity, attract many of these clowns. The best thing to do is just ignore them, also because they count nothing, tactically and strategically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I read “Il nome della Rosa ( The name of the Rose, in the English edition) many times. It is a masterpiece of the contemporary literature.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    When we will put for sale the small units ( easy to buy for anybody) ) we will produce them with an economy scale that will make pointless the reverse enginering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ing. Franco Occhipinti

    Dr Rossi:
    I recently read an article of Umberto Eco, the author of “Il nome della Rosa”, saying that in the internet, by the blogs, the imbecile of the village ( lo scemo del villaggio in Italian) becomes a Master of Life: I am thinking to all the guys that, having zero education in Physics criticize University Professors that wrote, for example, the Lugano Report. What do you think of the words of Prof Umberto Eco ? By the way: he is Prof of Semiotics in the University of Bologna.
    Thank you if you answer,
    F. Occhipinti

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Sorry, I did not mean you should help your competition, I just take it for granted once you put your E-Cat on the market it will be reversed engineered and the competition will start. Do you think it will be reversed engineered? If yes, how fast do you think it will happen after E-Cat is on the market?

  • Andrea Rossi

    John Mc Cormick:
    I saw many reports of replications. I am delighted of this.
    Thank you for your kind comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I understand that in your DNA there are incendiary legacies, but:
    1- this blog has more than 23 000 comments and at least 5 000 of them are dedicated to tests we made, blind or not, in 4 years
    2- we are in the industrial phase, wherein we do not anymore care of demonstrations on prototypes, but of an industrial plant that is operating in the factory of a Customer of us
    3- the last of our problems is what sceptics think of us; the first of our problems is what Customers think of us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s. Beware the matches!

  • Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the links and for the wishes, that I send back likewise, for Father’s Day!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Kenko 1:
    They are well didtinguished issues. The testing time will not be extended.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    It is not true that I described the so called Rossi Effect as you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    You have recently described the so-called Rossi effect as more like popcorn popping than charcoal burning. You have also demonstrated your commitment to developing technology utilizing the so called Rossi effect to succeed in the marketplace. Consequently you have focused your efforts on producing a steady and continuous source of heat. Information on these efforts must remain confidential. I am curious however, about whether you have learned anything from observing the uncontrolled popcorn aspect of the so called Rossi effect before developing control apparatus, that you can share with your readers.

    Thanks again and happy Father’s Day.

    Bob

  • kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    With the addition of Hot-cats to your customers reactor “mix”, will the testing time be extended? Or will the testing phase remain on the original schedule?

    Yours,
    Kenko1

  • James Rovnak

    At last great news for father’s day from Lugano report team!

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1788-Bo-H%C3%B8istad-three-independent-replication-experiments-showed-the-wanted-excess-en/?postID=5564#post5564

    Jim

    PS Not much longer now till well desirved Nobel, even more important helping Holy Father solve World’s Energy Crisis

    Back in 2011 they were mostly right & with music no less!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mu_iwdjf1gI

    Jim again thank you Andrea! especially on this Father’s day!

  • John Mc Cormick

    Dr Rossi:
    More replications of your effecrt have been made: the Lugano report has been confirmed by new replications made in Sweden. Are you aware of this?
    Godspeed,
    John Mc Cormick

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    When we will have finished the R&D work with the Hot Cat I will be able to give an answer. So far too many points have to be tested.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You state that theHot Cat will probably form the base of the domestic E-Cat. Is this because:

    a) It has a superior COP to the low temperature Ecat
    b) It is more suited to electricity generation than the LT Ecat
    c) It is more suited to domestic heating needs than the LT Ecat
    d) Something else (if so, what?)

    Many Thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Nero

    Positive or negative… Two points of view… Industrial and commercial: Ok for Nda or end of the test… Customer pays only if he does money… Scientific: a week-end blind test is sufficient to confirme the Rossi effect to a team of skeptic and no scientists… I am wrong? Best Regards, Nero (Wolfe)

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Our strategy is the only possible one, based on the necessity to have consolidated results of the industrial operation of out first industrial plant put at work in the factory of a Customer and on the necessity to defend the IP to allow serious investments necessary for an actual massive production. You say that 4 years have been spent from the first public demonstration: right, and 4 years are nothing respect what can be expected for the development of a revolutionary technology in this field, which is so difficult. Think to the Hot Fusion prototypes, funded with tenths of billions of dollars since 50 years ago and still not productive and make a comparision. To talk is easy. To work and get results is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Peter Frost:
    Thank you.
    Will be important also the results that we will have from the Hot Cat , that will have worked for 1 year 24/7: it is probably the core of what will be the domestic unit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    After the final results will have been obtained, if they will be positive, we will give information also about the commercial strategy, that will depend on the results .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your comment. I cannot give related information in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    You know, in this moment I am focused on the present work. For the future ( unless Amazon delivers the long due crystal ball) we prefer to wait for the final results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Obviously, this is not possible.
    My time is totally absorbed by the work I am doing, and it is totally senseless to make what you propose while the tests on a real plant supplied by a Customer, making real work and therefore giving real results, not laboratory results, are on course. A latere, we are testing a Hot Cat that will be the core of the small or domestic unit.
    The work you are proposing now belongs to our past. At the end of the tests on course we will not publish a laboratory experiment, but the consolidated characteristics and the performance of an industrial plant, positive or negative as they might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Pietro F.

    Buongiorno Andrea,

    giornalmente fedele alla consultazione del suo journal, oggi, mi domandavo se la sua strategia sia la migliore. Sono passati più di 4 anni dalla presentazione di Bologna e, credo, più di 7 anni dalla scoperta del fenomeno, e la previsione sono almeno altri 4/5 anni prima che il fenomeno sia veramente accettato dal mondo scentifico. Allora a quando la Gloria?

    Le auguro una bella giornata e spero abbia vinto a tennis.

    faithful to daily consultation of “journal”, today, I was wondering if his strategy is best. It’s been more than 4 years after the introduction of Bologna and, I think, more than 7 years since the discovery of the phenomenon, and forecasting are at least another 4-5 years before the phenomenon is truly accepted by the world scentifico. So long as the Glory?

    I have a nice day and I hope to have won in court.

    Pietro F.

  • Peter Frost

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I totally share your strategy: first, complete the test and R&D with the plant sold to the Customer, then make the massive production.
    Godspeed,
    Peter.

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