Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

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by
Khokon Hossen
Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
E-mail: khokon.pme@gmail.com
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Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs), that were introduced by R. Santonico and R. Cardarelli in 1981, are gas ionization chambers made with resistive electrodes separated by precision spacers.
Typical gas gap range from a few hundred micrometers to several millimeters wide.
Timing Resistive Plate Chambers (tRPCs) were introduced in 2000 by P.Fonte, A.Smirnitsky and M.C.S Williams and has, since then, reached Time Resolutions better than 50 ps (σ) with efficiencies above 99% for Minimum Ionizing Particle (MIP).
In this research work, we describe the main features of gas detectors and the different types of RPCs and their properties.
We describe a cheap and easy to built sealed tRPCs and we explain how we have built it.
We describe the main results we have got operating the sealed tRPCs built in the laboratory.

844 comments to Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    We agree with you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Itali R.:
    What really interests our Customer is that the E-Cat increases his profit.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I suppose that representatives of the customer come often to find you in the container to see how things are going.
    Can you tell us what is their attitude? Are they happy and excited?
    Are they aware that the Customer name will be written in the story books?
    Kind Regars,
    Italo R.

  • BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    You have often mentioned, as to Mose Rochlin, the E-Cat will be affordable enough to limit competition. With the advent of partnering with other manufacturers to produce massive parts and assembled E-Cats; it appears you and Industrial Heat aim to not only generate substantial revenues from volume sales of affordable E-Cats for everyone but to help in alleviating this world from pollution, poverty and greed. (Assuming a positive plant outcome)

    If true will IH plan to provide discounted E-Cats to charitable and missionary organizations providing affordable heat, electricity and clean water to the less fortunate world communities or be directly involved?

    What an opportunity IH has to be a spearhead for this brave new world.

    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your care, but the horse is harnessed and now has to pull.
    I am doing my job at the best of my possibilities and the Team of Industrial Heat is doing the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mose Rochlin:
    Not yet, but it will be a price that will make pointless the reverse engineering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I send this message only to warn you upon being too much burdened by your exhaustive work.
    Please, take it easy and care of yourself.

    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    No, the Customer is just using the E-Cat instead of other systems.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Yes: now at 6.30 a.m. of Saturday we have ssm
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Marco Serra

    Dr. Andrea

    I’ve noticed that since now, every time you were asked to report how was She working, you stated She was in ssm. Statistically reasoning this would mean that there are a great predominance of ssm states.
    Does the ssm extend more than 50% of the operating time ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  • Paul

    Andrea,

    Is your customer producing more product than he/she produced the same time last year?

    If so, can his market absorb the increased inventory?

    Paul

  • Andrea Rossi

    Juana Balaam:
    I am interacting with the reviewer, there are many errors, there is still much work of calculations to do on it, the math is not simple, but we got time. For example now ( 10 p.m. of Saturday July 10) I am working on it, this night inside the computers container will go with it, if She will be good.
    If we do not resolve the many open problems, it will be scratched. It will not be time lost, because the study made for it is useful. Very.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Merle Eastling

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of the last news of the Grexit?

  • Mose Rochlin

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you give an idea of the price of the domestic E-Cat?
    Thank you!

  • Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    From all the world I suggest to write an email to info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I will forward the request to the proper Licensee at the due moment.
    Obviously the registration is free and the order will become binding only after the product will be available, a formal order will have been signed on a contract and the terms of the contract will have been respected. Before that, no money will change hands.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Juana Balaam

    Dear Andrea:
    At which point is your theoretical paper you said was under peer reviewing?
    Thanks for your great work,
    Juana

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    AR

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: It was great to hear you say the next industrial E-cat will be sold into the competitive energy market. (F9) Congratulations. Just like the home E-Cat, I assume there is a long list of corporations willing and able to purchase, is this assumption correct?

  • Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Same as yesterday.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Ceramic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan
    Inside the computers container we have the climatization system.
    Inside the reactors container is like a sauna.
    The noise is not an issue.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  • Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If I understand well you spend most of the day and of the night in the container of the 1 MW E-Cat in which also the H-cat is being tested. Is it right? I am admired! But what is the temperature and the noise in that place?

    Best regards, Bruno Galvan

  • DTravchenko

    Dr Rossi:
    Who wants to register himself in the waiting list to buy an E-Cat as soon as it is produced in series, what has to do?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  • JCRenoir

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    How is going the 1MW E-Cat today?

  • Curiosone

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The external surfave of the Hot Cat that will be the core of the domestic version will be made by steel or by ceramic?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jovan Suyama:
    We are working on it, also with the Hot Cat we are testing here in the computers container. We want to obtain real results, trying every possible combination. We have theoretical bases, but not yet an acceptable result. So far the E-Cat is ready only to supply heat, by which, obviously, it is possible to make electricity by the Carnot Cycle with the industrial plants, while for the small units we must find a direct way, which is not easy if substantial efficiency is searched for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Carbonelle:
    After the test on course by means of the 1 MW E-Cat supplied to the first Customer of Industrial Heat, the plants will be sold to the Customers no longer under a “test” formula, but with normal sales contracts, provided the tests on course will have given positive results enough to allow us to consider the technology consolidated. This result has not been achieved, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Pierre Carbonnelle

    Mr Rossi,

    could you tell us if / when do you expect a test with a second customer to start ? I was told that several candidates are lined up.

    Thanks in advance,
    PC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Twyla Karasek:
    Thanks to you, for your so kind words! I totally agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Twyla Karasek

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your enduring work with your E-Cat: it seems to me that your team of Industrial Heat and you are working together as the musicians of “The Concert”.
    Thank you for the great work od you all,
    Twyla

  • Jovan Suyama

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Any progress in the direct production of electric energy from the E-Cat?
    Cheers,
    Jovan Suyama

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fermina Lemaster:
    I am perfectly well, yes, that is the shift.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Very interesting, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Shon Lennart:
    Now it’s 1.25 p.m. of July 9th.
    The 1MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable. The Hot Cat too. I must say tht in this period She is not generating troubles. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • A. Bhatt

    Hi Andrea,

    Clearly, you are extremely busy but it’s nice to see some developments in quantum computing. Here is a link to an article if you have a second. Thought you might enjoy it.

    http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/d-wave-smashes-quantum-computing-record-1000-qubit-system-1508387

    Best,
    A. Bhatt

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jerry Sanders:
    3.5 kW
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Shon Lennart

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give an update when you read this message?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    My ignorance is far bigger than yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Our Licensees publish directly what they deem opportune.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Fermina Lemaster

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Andrea, still working 16 hours per day, from 6.30 p.m. to 10.30 a.m.? How is your health ? Rumors say not very good. Take some day off!
    Thank you for what you are doing,
    F.M.

  • Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    You said:
    “The Intellectual Property is of Leonardo Corp. We licensed its industrial and/or commercial rights to the Licensees for specific Territories.”
    Can you give a list of your Licensees for their Territories?
    God bless you

    Marco

  • Jerry Sanders

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you say which is the max power of the Hot Cat you are testing in the computers container?

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I struggled through this with what I hope is a glimmer of understanding, and seek your opinion as to the nature of thermal resonance discussed. Does this paper represent that the amount of energy equal to 3 kVA (arbitrary, likely it is a fraction of this) is a threshold of energy that results in a change of probability that the coulomb barrier may be violated? If so, it seems that the motion that creates this resonance is due to the amount of thermal energy applied rather that a specific resonant frequency in the manner that the energy is transferred to the lattice of crystal. Please, dear friend, is this understanding correct or incorrect in your opinion? I place my ignorance before you for your opinion.

    Thank you,

    Tom

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.01650

    Title of document: Thermal Resonance Fusion
    arxiv.org.1507.01650v1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Your comments have been spammed and I have not been able to recover them.
    Please send them again, possibly from another mail address.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paula Wisinski:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Renè Dubas

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The Hot Cat that you are testing and that will be the core of the domestic E-Cat will have the external surface made by Alumina, as the Lugano prototype, or by steel?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Renè

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- The final manufacturing, after the outsourced parts will have been collected, will be made in due places, under due supervision to help to control that the IP conservation procedures are respected. At least until the massive production will devoid of importance the reverse engineering.
    2- No, the manufacturing will also be made by the manufacturing Licencees: obviously the confidentiality of the secret parts will be maintained. We have studied together a procedure for this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. When you talk about outsourcing, does this mean that companies around the world will be making parts for the E-Cat plants, and shipping them to your own factory for assembly into plants?

    2. Will you be the sole manufacturer of the reactors and fuel because of the industrial secrets involved?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Paula Wisinski

    Dr Rossi:
    You said that you will participate to the manufacturing strategy policy making: will you do the same for the commercial strategy?
    Cheers,
    Paul

  • Andrea Rossi

    Popi:
    Absolutely not.
    To share our Intellectual Property with Competitors, directly or indirectly, would be a mistake that would compromise our global strategy, that has been agreed upon with our great Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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