Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

.
by
Khokon Hossen
Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
E-mail: khokon.pme@gmail.com
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Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs), that were introduced by R. Santonico and R. Cardarelli in 1981, are gas ionization chambers made with resistive electrodes separated by precision spacers.
Typical gas gap range from a few hundred micrometers to several millimeters wide.
Timing Resistive Plate Chambers (tRPCs) were introduced in 2000 by P.Fonte, A.Smirnitsky and M.C.S Williams and has, since then, reached Time Resolutions better than 50 ps (σ) with efficiencies above 99% for Minimum Ionizing Particle (MIP).
In this research work, we describe the main features of gas detectors and the different types of RPCs and their properties.
We describe a cheap and easy to built sealed tRPCs and we explain how we have built it.
We describe the main results we have got operating the sealed tRPCs built in the laboratory.

844 comments to Analysis of the performances of sealed timing resistive plate chambers

  • eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that you must be continually running ash assays for technical information to aid your product development. This is a relatively inexpensive procedure and can be outsourced to many different established measurement sources. Most importantly, since you can run your devices at different input powers,fuel mixtures and at different temperatures, the ash from these experiments can reveal the processes which produce the best results. My question is, ” Did these results assist you in the development of the Ecatx? ”
    Curious regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    memories of the interview to the Nobel laureate Brian Josephson ? A great satisfaction: his compliments.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G8eIhth8Iw8

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information. Yes, our work has moved the mountains, I agree with you. I think this is a positive legacy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, it seems that the Japanese government will fund research on LENR with an amount of $ 27000000.
    Source site NEDO Japanese. It appears your work is moving the mountains !!!
    http://www.nedo.go.jp/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lucy Ebner:
    Yes, you are right. An USPTO allowed patent is a peer reviewed publication at any effect.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Lucy Ebner

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your achievement of the US Patent: now nobody will be able to say that you did not yet make a peer reviewed paper: a patent granted by the USPTO is, by definition, a peer reviewed publication.
    Chers,
    Lucy

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link from the University of Missouri. Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    hello Dr. Rossi what you think of the results obtained by the University of Missouri ?

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bz7lTfqkED9Wa1dqb2c5eWI0U0k/view?pli=1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    Did you read this article? It has been among the first to break the news of the patent.

    http://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/08/25/rossi-has-been-granted-us-patent-on-the-e-cat/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    I love the version of the patent that you have linked, with the USPTO seal on it!
    To see the future I need that cristal ball that Amazon still is not delivering. It competes with the E-Cats as for the availability off the shelf ! ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    Your patent has been granted by the USA: great, congratulations. Great achievement.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link. I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , did you read the heat generation above break-even from laser-induced fusion in ultra-dense deuterium?
    what do you think about it?
    http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/adva/5/8/10.1063/1.4928572

    VI. CONCLUSIONS
    The laser-induced nuclear fusion process in ultra-dense deuterium D(0) gives a heating power
    at least a factor of 2 larger than the laser power into the apparatus, thus clearly above break-even.
    This is found with 100-200 mJ laser pulse-energy into the apparatus. No heating is used in the system,
    to minimize problems with heat transfer and gas transport. This gives sub-optimal conditions,
    and the number of MeV particles (and thus their energy) created in the fusion process is a factor of
    10 below previous more optimized conditions. Several factors lead to lower measured heat than the
    true value, and the results found are thus lower limits to the real performance. With the optimum
    source conditions used previously, a gain of 20 is likely also for longer periods.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information, but I do not think that political support will be of any help for the LENR. The only real support can come exclusively from the diffusion of the E-Cats in the market. All the rest will be vain chattering, ending up with the usual sceptic mumbojumbo. As you see I never react, anymore, to all the stupidities around, not to lose precious time to make a product ready for a massive market. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, we inform you that on August 7 was asked the Italian University and Research Minister Stefania Giannini, why not respond to the numerous queries made ​​on LENR? She said it will be activated immediately .
    The question is at minute 13:50.

    https://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/450195/filodiretto-con-il-ministro-stefania-giannini

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you: this confirms what I said of the President Barak Obama. Surely the E-Cats, if the tests on course will be positive, will help his policy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , new Russian scientists are replicating the effect Rossi . What do you think about it?

    ”Looks like another replication effort. claims COP>3 at 1347C. Another claim is that excess heat can be obtained at lower temps (800-900C) using thin-wall reactor (0.2 mm) comparing to thick-wall reactor. The mode of thermogeneration for the reactor with thick walls can be initialized at the temperature of 1350 C.”

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/08/01/new-russian-parkhomove-cat-replication-claim-cop-over-3-at-1347c/

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, President Obama these will take a serious position on global warming. And ‘ the time of’ Hot cat!!

    CLIMATE CHANGE
    AND PRESIDENT OBAMA’S ACTION PLAN
    THE UNITED STATES IS LEADING GLOBAL EFFORTS TO ADDRESS THE THREAT OF CLIMATE CHANGE. PRESIDENT OBAMA IS TAKING THE BIGGEST STEP YET TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE BY FINALIZING AMERICA’S CLEAN POWER PLAN, WHICH SETS THE FIRST-EVER CARBON POLLUTION STANDARDS FOR POWER PLANTS.

    https://www.whitehouse.gov//climate-change

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , please read this article about a jet ski that makes 500 km with one liter of water !

    http://www.tzetze.it/redazione/2015/07/500_km_con_un_litro_dacqua_ecco_la_moto_dei_miracoli/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for your information. Obviously this service is proposed in full respect of the existing licences and with specific agreements with the Licensees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Paul Calvo

    Dr Rossi: on the official site of Leonardo Coprporation ( http://www.leonardocorp1996.com) has been published what follows:

    Leonardo Corporation now offers ECAT Heat Energy as a separate product solution. * The ECAT plants are owned and operated by Leonardo Corporation while installed in the customers facilities or at a location in the vicinity of the customers facilities depending on local needs and infrastructure.

    ecat.com/ecat-products/ecat-energy

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you very much for this important information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , from Russia still good news .

    Report of New Successful Parkhomov/E-Cat Replication from Moscow

    “After three attempts to launch completes the rapid destruction of the cell by uncontrolled overheating, June 19, 2015 have achieved stable operation with the release of excess energy. More than an hour at a temperature of about 1100 ° C 2100 W of heat allocated with the input electric power of about 850 watts.”
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/07/13/report-of-new-successful-e-cat-replication-from-moscow/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Let alone the catastrophysms; do you remember the “experts” that in the seventies said gurulike that ” within 30 years the oil reserves of the world, at present pace ( the pace of 1978!) will be completely exhausted” ?
    Speaking seriously: the world does not need the E-Cat to survive, obviously, but it is true that the E-Cat, if works well, which is exactly what we are testing, can be very useful to the mankind.
    This is why I am working 16 hours per day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you, I am very glad of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • JCRenoir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    United Airlines has said in a press conference that their airoplanes will use also a fuel made by wastes: it seems your patent of 1978, now expired, has been proved valid technologically speaking.
    Comments?
    JCR

  • Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    According to a presentation by Prof. Valentina Zharkova of Northumbria University, at a meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society, we are approximately 15+ years before a Solar Minimum or ‘Maunder Minimum’. While, admittedly, that still falls under the category of Climate Change, if that turns out to be true, the demand for E-Cats should become “astronomical”.

    http://www.ras.org.uk/news-and-press/2680-irregular-heartbeat-of-the-sun-driven-by-double-dynamo

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/11733369/Earth-heading-for-mini-ice-age-within-15-years.html

    Do you think you and your team can get the industrialization ramped up sufficiently in the next 10-15 years to deal with this possibility?

    To paraphrase a scene from the movie Total Recall: “Rossi, Start the Reactors, Free Earth!”

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Thank you for your insight: I will take advantage of it to find a substitute to the crystal ball never delivered to me from Amazon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Let us maintain our feet planted firmly to the ground and answer practically: I want to see the E-Cats make heat in all the world and this will be the first wave ( F9). This in homes and industries.
    The second wave will produce electric power. After this, will see in the crystal ball. Our weapon will be the competitiveness (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Paul

    Andrea,

    I believe your crystal ball is 10 microns in diameter, has a face centered cube lattice structure, and is made of Nickel.

    Great wisdom will be derived by observing this crystal ball when it is in an excited (and hydrogenated) state.

    Paul

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you describe what your overall goal is for E-Cat technology? What is it you would most like to see happen as a result of your work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I am well, hope the same for you!
    I have not the data necessary to build an opinion structured upon serious information at the base of how much money can be put in military chapters and how much in Astronomy and its applications.
    About the application of LENR to space vehicles it could be an interesting issue. Experimentation will be made, I think, soon by NASA; for sure they will use our prototypes in their labs when ( and if) the Cats will miew from the scaffolds the distributors ( F9). The big advantage in their applications is that, in unmanned apparatuses, they can make experiments without fear of bad consequences if the results are not good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • orsobubu

    Hi Andrea, how are you?

    On Wednesday the New Horizons probe (at a price tag of 700 million $, a modest price in my opinion) will flyby Pluto, after a nine-years voyage that will not be possible to repeat for decades at least. In the images taken these days, still a lot farther than the close-up that will be reached on Wednesday, the geology of the planet looks absolutely stunning, very rich with never seen before mysterious complex features.

    http://www.space.com/29910-pluto-geologic-features-new-horizons-photo.html

    But in this article and in the comments:

    http://www.space.com/29912-pluto-dark-spots-final-photo.html

    you can read the frustration of readers (shared by me) suddenly learning that the probe will shot the best photos only over a fraction of the planetary surface, totally missing the most interesting parts, that we’ll never see again.

    I know your fascination for space exploration and astronomy. What are your feelings thinking about the fact that NASA and other space agencies obviously could “easily” plan an orbital mission instead of a flyby one, with an extra price of 200 million $, but they couldn’t because of the the real billions are spent in military technology?

    And, what are your feelings thinking that “A Pluto or Neptune orbiter could reach orbit in about 16 years according to one design but the main problem right now is a shortage to of Pu-238 to power the numerous RTGs these probes to the outer planets would need. The US is going to restart the production it will be a painfully small amount produced yearly”?

    And please, tell me that your Cat could make something about this comment!!! > “In order to orbit Pluto a spacecraft has to slow down substantially from its 30,000 mph approach speed, and that takes a lot of fuel, which greatly increases the mass of the spacecraft, meaning still more fuel needed. I don’t believe that another $200 million would come even close to paying for that. Someone with more knowledge than me could easily come up with the multiplier for each added pound sent to Pluto – a pretty big number, I think.”

    sighhh :( help, Andrea

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    How can I use the crystall ball if I didn’t receive it yet ???
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Using your Amazon crystal ball, do you foresee some day where eCat experiments will be commonplace in high school physics laboratories? A tub of weighed water, an ammeter and a stopwatch?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pippo Cavalieri:
    It is absolutely NOT impossible that the manufacturing will be made ALSO in Italy, where I already have acquaintances with persons and factories with strong experience in mass production of items with affinity with what we want to do in Europe as Leonardo Corporation. Obviously, assuming the results of the tests on course will end up with positive numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Walter Davenport:
    I follow with attention all the experiments on course and a team of us is replicating all the experiments that are published, under my direction; I am not eager to comment the work of our competitors. The best thing I saw so far is the apparatus of Brian Ahern, I didn’t see anything else, so far, able to compete with us in future. Obviously, I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Pippo Cavalieri

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is it impossible that the production of the E-Cat will also be made in Italy ?
    Pippo

  • Walter Davenport

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has been recently published some new experiment of your competitors that you deem able to compete with the E-Cat?
    Walter Davenport

  • Andrea Rossi

    Merle Eastling:
    I think at last good sense prevailed and a solution has ben found without any “Grexit”: Grece’s culture is the pillar Europe has been built upon. A temporary economical crisis cannot cancel 25 hundred years of History.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Feank Acland:
    1- Yes
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Does the Customer see the the effects already of the E-Cat plant in his monthly energy bills?

    2. If yes, does he seem happy with what he sees so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • James Rovnak

    Andrea some interesting work by Martin Gibson on LENR theory that may have some more insight to Norman Cooks work?

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/619914789427392513

    Jim

    Interesting. Also like Vessela’ blog on Noman’s book!

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/619914789427392513

    Lots for me to catch up on is my take.

    Have a nice day andrea
    Jim

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