Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
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Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,176 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hurley:
    You are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hurley

    Mr. Rossi,

    This is a good comparison;

    In the field of physics, scientists use a scale of “sigma” to determine the certainty of an observation. Before a discovery can be declared, it needs to be shown to reach a level of five sigma, which represents about one chance in 3.5 million that the observation is the result of random fluctuation. Recent discoveries like the Higgs Boson and the detection of gravitational waves both reached a 5-sigma level of certainty.

    The Universe may NOT be expanding at an accelerated rate; http://newatlas.com/universe-expansion-not-accelerating/46078/
    Reduced to 3-Sigma, maybe

    God Speed
    Hurley

  • Andrea Rossi

    Richard J. Pollack:
    Thank you for your interesting insight: of course there is a strong analogy between Physics and Music.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea,

    Since you have mentioned in the past that, besides being a hard
    working engineer, you are a musician and often find inspiration or
    solutions to problems in dreams… I thought I would share a recent
    dream with you.

    As a music/science person I have always recognized the profound link
    between concepts of music and physics. Everything is related to time,
    frequency, amplitude.

    Something I very much enjoy is teaching piano lessons to young
    students. A fascinating thing about “jazzy” chords that sound so
    soothing, mellow, and beautiful… is that they have very dissonant,
    harsh notes hidden in them. For example, within an F Maj7 chord the
    notes E and F are close together, and like two school boys fighting,
    are harsh and irritating when played by themselves.

    Here’s is an example from physics page:
    http://www.phy.mtu.edu/~suits/beatdemo.mp3 [1]

    Some nice charts here also: http://www.phy.mtu.edu/~suits/beats.html
    [2]

    So, my dream was that I was teaching “Jazzy Chords” and somehow they
    were affecting electrical systems. It was a persistent dream with
    variations (as with music) but I woke up thinking… Hmmm, in an
    LENR device, instead of “tuning” for a perfect sweet spot to excite
    metal lattice structure with electric current, magnetism, radio
    frequency, even acoustic energy… more than one signal, perhaps
    several… would create complex, chaotic “jazzy chords” that might
    better “excite the system”.

    Barbershop quartet singers and listeners often speak of notes (higher
    and lower) that occur because of “interaction among the singers”,
    making a quartet sound like a quintet. The interacting “new note” can
    even be louder/stronger than any of it’s contributing voices.
    Sometimes it is interaction of not the fundamental frequency but the
    “overtones/harmonics”.

    Something to ponder as you “watch your pets” late at night. With your
    stethoscope, you can hear them “sing”.

    Richard J. Pollack

  • Andrea Rossi

    Olov:
    All the decisions of the CEO of Leonardo Corporation are taken in harmony with the ownership. The common interest is to put as soon as possible a product , but not before it has all the reliability and the certifications that are necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Olov

    I understand you now have learned a lot and want to use that for the next generation of e cats, but will you have another long test with the new generation? Is it okey for the owner trust to wait another year before the major sales starts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    He,he,he..I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Charlie Sutherland

    You have probably heard this before, but it seems appropriate now:

    “Non Illegitimous Carborundum”

    Don’t let the Bastards wear you down!

    Hang in there, Andrea.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso Troisi Lopez:
    Thank you for your empathy, but it is not so.
    Thank you for your very appreciated encouragement,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alfonso Troisi Lopez

    Hello Mr. Rossi,

    Following through your comments it seems to me that the quantity of problems to the 1 mw plant have considerably diminished in the last 2 months. Is that so (and I hope so)?

    Thank you for your wonderful work.

    Kind Regards,

    Alfonso

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini,
    Wishes traded from the Team and Her,
    A.R.

  • Giovanni Guerrini

    Dear Andrea,
    Merry Christmas to you, your family,your team and to “her”.

    Giovanni Guerrini

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • toussaint

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    Can I post you this video that might interest you :

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMs_zPyqxMc

    Kind regards.

    Toussaint françois

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hurley:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Hurley

    Mr. Rossi,

    I look forward to reading your blog every morning but I may have missed this topic.
    Of the issues you have had to address during this run, what percentage are from;
    1. Leaks
    2. Electrical Hardware (loose wire and such)
    3. Software or controls
    4. other (pushed wrong button HA)

    Have you developed or do you foresee a Programmable Logic Controller (Triconex)that controls with an algorithm that automatically shuts off/controls each unit rather that reacts to temperature changes.

    God Speed
    Hurley

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    It is the work of all the Team.
    Thank you from all of us for your kind attention.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The interview of Engineer Fluvio FABIANI gives a picture of your incredible work !

    You bring the futur closer to us!

    I hope one day you will write a book .

    Thank you

    Kind regards.

    Toussaint françois

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Dr Rossi
    I thought you my find this interesting, it looks like a cheap way to store heat in very large quanities.
    http://reneweconomy.com.au/2015/sandy-solution-for-renewable-energy-storage-63185
    One problem I see for the Ecats is that for you to achieve high COP’s you must run at high to very high temp, the downfall is when we try to generate electricity using ORC generators and Supercrictal CO2 machine which do not like heat above 300 degree celcius, the working oils required are very toxic and flammable.
    This type of heat storage might enable us to run the Ecats at their highest COP then allow us to take much lower temperature from the heat storage. Steam generation for electricity is good for very large systems >100MW but for smaller systems 20MW and under the maintance, servicing and increased danger costs outway the benefits.
    It is just a thought

  • Andrea Rossi

    David:
    This is a comment for you sent to our email address from
    Brent Whipple ( bachbudnb@gmail.com )
    David:
    This link below is an answer to your question regarding Locality in Physics.
    This link to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:
    http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/bell-theorem/
    is a good start: it is related to the theorem of John Stuart Bell et Al. which has estabilished non-Locality.
    Bell, Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (1935) assumed that certain aspects od Quantum Fields seemed to predict non-Locality-abiding effects.
    Brent

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Our work could give a contribution, F9, but problems are much wider than its reach.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr. Rossi,
    we hope that your invention will bring peace in the world, many countries are fighting for the provisioning of oil, see the recent case of Paris. Imagine….
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRhq-yO1KN8

  • Andrea Rossi

    David:
    “Locality” is related to elementary particles. It says that E.P. can affect each other through influences travelling at a speed that must be less or equal to c.
    Locality is supposed to be respected in this specific Universe. Exotic theories suppose that Locality is not respected in case of more Universes are interconnected by sort of “Warm Holes”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • David

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you know what is “Locality” in physics? I have not been able to find it in search engines
    Thanks,
    David

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ecco liberation
    Read carefully the Lugano Report: 1400 has been the max limit. A complete different thing is maintain this T constantly. Besides,there are other issues I can’t disclose.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

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