Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
.
.
Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Andrea Rossi

    Genevieve Lagrange:
    The final destination in which the 1 MW plant has been put in operation has not been disclosed, for obvious reasons.
    It will be disclosed after the completion of the tests on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Genevieve Lagrange

    Dear Andrea:
    Has the location in which the 1 MW plant is in operation been published somewhere ?
    Thanks,
    Genevieve

  • Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Gli auguri più cari da Giannino di Udine e rammenta che finito un anno di prove nella pianta dobbiamo festeggiare !!!
    Best wishes from Giannino of Udine ( Italy) and remember that after the end of the tests we have to celebrate !

  • Physican

    DR.Andrea,
    You should relax physically and mentally. Both physical and emotional stress can do you great harm. About the powerful pain killers, they’re a double edge sword, be really careful. Many celebs lives were cut short for abusing those. Some nice soups and alot of rest are your best medicines.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    The surgeon prescribed to me very powerful pain killers.
    With the help of the Team I have to go in the reactors container now and again.
    Anyway is not a big deal, within a couple of days the situation should be normalized.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, I’m no Doctor, but my guess is the bed is for you to relax your body, until you fully recover.
    You are certainly are not going to move into the Container.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Anyway my team brings me on the stretcher bed to the plant where I have to watch and listen to her, so I can work even if I can’t move the abdomen.

    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes until the pain is over and I can move.
    Just a couple of dsys the surgeon said, not a big issue.
    For me would be far more pdinful stay away from my plant.
    Warm Regards
    A. R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Sorry to hear about the hernia — I hope you have a speedy recovery! Will you now sleep in the container?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    By the way: today I had a surgery for a hernia due to physical stress.
    Tomorrow I return to the plant in full. After the surgery in hospital we put a bed in the container of the computers and the Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Frank Acland:
    Yes, the Hot Cat test will continue as scheduled.
    The 1 MW E-Cat is stable with no major problems
    Warm Regards
    Andrea
    (2,20 pm of July 20)

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I recall that you were doing a 1-year test of the Hot Cat in your container. Is that test continuing following the changes you are making to the Hot Cat?

    How does the 1MW plant behave right now?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    I am working on it. Data will be done when the R&D will have been completed.
    100% ssm is impossible for safety reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Marco Serra

    Hi Andrea,
    What was the result of the “revolution” in the HotCat you mentioned 4 days ago, the one that should improve the ssm a lot ?
    Is it already completed ?
    Are there any data already available ?
    If not, how long will it take to complete the new setup ? And how long for the data to be available ?

    SSM is my obsession. Do you think it is theoretically possible to make a Cat that persist in ssm ? Or at least that ssm was >95% of the operation time ? (No crystal ball allowed here, just pure speculative unbinding thoughts)

    God bless you

    Marco

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    for comments on this blog published in other posts
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I always do what my attorneys suggest me to do. Got the impression that to get counsel from Wikipedia upon legal issues is not on the manual of the wise enterpreneur.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    From Wikipedia on NDAs – an element of the agreement:

    “the disclosure period – information not disclosed during the disclosure period (e.g., one year after the date of the NDA) is not deemed confidential;”

    A disclosure period that is forever would be unusual. It might not be enforceable.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is an easy application and absorption refrigeration processes are well known and reliable.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the 1MW plant test proves to be a success, how suitable do you think it would be for cooling using an absorption refrigeration process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, but NDAs do not work as you say. Once estabilished that nothing from a meeting can be disclosed, this is valid for ever, UNLESS there is written a precise time of expiration.
    I cannot add information to the issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “…with AIRBUS and BOEING , ‘The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.”

    Non Disclosure Agreements are contracts and as such they have a limited time period, typically one year. So your NDA with those organizations have most likely expired. Can you reveal any more details of those discussions?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    When I met them they were not our competitors, yet and they were well interested to know our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • AlbertN

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    On June 24, 2015 I asked you this question:

    ‘Have you or I/H ever been in contact with Airbus or one of it’s subsidiaries?’

    Your reply was ‘We do not talk with our competitors’.

    Yesterday you mention that 2-3 years ago you had contact with AIRBUS and BOEING , ‘The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.’

    Your answers seem to be in conflict. Can you clarify?

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N

  • Roby Carter

    Mark Saker:
    Our Andrea Rossi is working too hard and is too worried to have in mind movies. But I think you are doing well, the life of Andrea Rossi is worth a movie, whatever the results and “F9”.
    Roby Carter

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Honestly: I have to think only to work in my plant.
    We are making a revolution in the Hot Cat, due to data we are getting during the experiment on course. If all goes as I hope, the ssm is going to be very improved. Today we stopped the Hot Cat to make substantial changes. Stable and as usual the 1 MW E-Cat.
    As for movies, when I am very tired I see ” The Concert” and at the end of it I feel better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    I’ve gone ahead and worked out the casting for the film that will eventually be created on your lifestory.

    Now tell me, can you think of a better person than Bill Nighy!

    http://www.billnighy.info/

    I wonder if he can pull off the accent successfully :)

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ernest Nelson:
    Yes, I read the link sent to us from Ing. Michelangelo De Meo. Interesting and important. By the way: it is not “my” work, it is the work of all my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ernest Nelson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Another replication of the Rossi Effect has ben done in Russia, in the laboratory of a Moscow University. The replications are becoming countless and they bring evidence important for your work.
    Bravo!
    Cheers,
    Ernest

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The coolant of the reactors is the water that the E-Cat turns into steam.
    The air conditioned in the computers container has nothing to do with the reactors: it cools down the humans inside, not the E-Cats!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information, I wait for a detailed report, then.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • James Rovnak

    Andrea interesting comment today by me356 at lenrforum of interest to both of us.

    “What we have seen is that either with stainless steel fuel container or without it can work.

    I am in contact with Songsheng, his opinion is that direct stimulation is not necessary. He thinks that EM field created by rapid change of the voltage level is the reason for triggering LENR.
    Also he described me, that initial process took him approx. 18 hours, then excess heat was observed. Mostly our experiments are not running so long.
    Post was edited 1 time, last by “me356” (3 hours ago).
    David Nygren likes this.”

  • AlbertN

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Concerning your meeting with BOEING and AIRBUS a few years ago, was there any serious interest on their part?

    I know that you cannot get into particulars but what CAN you tell us. I would guess that their ‘vision’ for this technology is not in accordance with yours.

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,

    Do you need coolant to enable long ssm of the Hot-Cat ?
    Eventually alternating parts that have to be cooled ?
    I dare to ask because you always state that you have airconditioning in the container you work in.
    When it is hot enough, the E-cat and the Hot-cat are both useless or even contraproductive for direct electricity production.

    If this comment is useless, then that can be usefull. (=SHIFT+F9) which means that you can be sure you have to do something else.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    To be more precise: the patent application of BOEING is based on the hot fusion system whose R&D is on course in the USA by the DOE, the name of the concern is NIF and the realization is of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It is based on the implosion caused by series of lasers on a pellet of condensed hydrogen. In a nutshell, the explosion caused by multiple lasers focused on the same target makes the recoil energy compress the core of the hydrogen pallet ( the target) to values of pressure able to make the fusion . The hydrogen of the pallet is a mixture of the isotopes deuterium and tritium. As a matter of fact, this patent application is based upon a phenomenon that has been supposed, but never obtained, so far,albeit funded by billions of dollars. Nevertheless, I insist: this animation around the fusion possible applications has been triggered by the apparently successful work of us, or at least this is my opinion, that, obviously, can be wrong (F9).
    By the way: the more I try to find the inventive content of this application, the more I get confused, since the mechanism has been invented by the LLNL, the Jet has ben invented 60 years ago…
    This looks to me more as an assembly of inventions fished from prior art, than an invention: with all the reverence due to BOEING.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alexvs

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:

    Ho letto il documento da Boeing e posso dirvi che non ha niente a fare con Ecat, sia freddo oppure caldo.
    I read the BOEING patent and I say it has nothing to do with the E-Cat and the Hot Cat.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gianino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thank you for the interesting information. This is the answer of BOEING to AIRBUS. Maybe a coincidence that I had important meetings with both 2-3 years ago in the USA and in Italy. As I said, our work has triggered the giants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Swedo:
    1- no, we are making the R&D of the Hot Cat inside our containers area and this R&D is not finalized to this Customer
    2- anyway, it is for thermal energy, but we are also experimenting direct energy production
    3- I suppose so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    The sound is the same. We measure the ssm from the gauges.
    Thank you for the blessing: we need it!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    Has the ssm its proper sound ? Or do you recognize it by the zero value of any gauge ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  • swedo

    Hi,

    – Is the customer interested in the hotcat as well, I am asking since you are working on it in the factory of the customer?
    – If yes on the previous question, is that for thermal energy or electricity?
    – Is the customer interested in buying more 1-MW plants, if the 1 year test goes well?

    Thank you for your time

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Now it is 10.05 p.m. and I am inside the plant: She’s stable in ssm.
    The Hot Cat too.
    No major problems today. I am studying.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the Plant performing at this moment? Also, the Hot Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal Of Nuclear Physics the paper “Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion”, by Prof. UVS Seshavatharam and Prof. S. Lakshminarayana (Dept of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, India).
    JoNP

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments of today published in posts different from this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I cannot enter in a discussion on this issue, because it could involve data I cannot disclose. I leave to the Readers any related discussion. My article is still under reviewing and, as I already said, if I will not have a final positive reviewing I will scratch it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alexvs

    And what is your own opinion about?
    Have you reviewed the article before publication?

    Greetings

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I find it a very interesting article. Good approach. It explains the isotopic Ni shifts but not the absence of Cu nor the enrichement of Ni62..

    At fusion of Hydrogen (Protium) with Nickel only isotopes Ni62 and Ni64 (exoenergies 6.1222 and 7.4539 MeV respectively) could be involved in a total exoenergetic reaction. Both isotopes constitute hardly 4,5% of natural nickel. For other isotopes the reaction is endoenergetic i.e. the excitation energy is higher than reaction energy. Ni58 the most abundant isotope (68%) presents the worst ratio, 6.0779 MeV against 3.4184 MeV.

    Considering the natural isotopic composition of nickel an isotopic shift can be expected resulting in long term reactions induced by any of proposed methods but that would not explain the enrichement in Ni62. Just the contrary.

    Greetings

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