Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
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Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    Fantastic. I’m sure our Readers too will take advantage of your gift to us. This said, there is no way to feel the spirit of the Taj Mahal without going there physically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you have a reasonably fast Internet connection and computer you may be be able to leave (figuratively) your shipping container and re-visit the Taj Mahal here: http://www.airpano.com/ . Just type ‘Taj Mahal’ (or ‘Italy’ etc) at the top of the page in the Search field and enjoy. While it’s not quite like being there it’s not too bad IMO.

    Regards,
    Peter Metz

  • Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations with the patent. I also admire the fact that you did dare to not just install an ordinary 1 MW plant, but to install in parallel 4*250kWatt units, and this proves that you take every opportunity to try to improve your product. Not to mention, of course, the revolutionary hot E-cat X. I wish you all success with it. (F9)

    Kind Regards,

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve Kirkland:
    Thanks, but the skeptics are useful for evolution. They too have a duty, albeit sometimes written on an agenda.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steve Kirkland

    There once was a Cat from Lugano
    Who dared take on the Status Quo

    His skeptics scoffed at “Cold Fusion”
    and his arrogant delusion,

    “twas promptly ridiculed all the way to the Banco!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    Doubtless the patent discloses important information that surely will help experts of the art to replicate the effect, as already has been done.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Suhas R from India:
    Thank you, Suhas from India: I will never forget the effect made on me by the Taj Mahal, when I visited it: I consider it the most beautiful building of the world, of all the times. Everybody should visit that magnificence, at least once in the life. No photography can render the sensation it gives to the visitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find easier other comments published in these days on this blog, but in other posts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mikea:
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande ( di UDIN):
    He,he,he…of course, the encouragement from people like you is important for our team.
    Thank you and
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Important to receive this comment from you!
    Thank you,
    Andrea

  • Andrea Rossi

    David Schwartz:
    I am just working and learning from my ( many) mistakes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Suhas R from India

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Congratulations and Celebrations
    Wishing You Great Success
    With Warm Regards
    Suhas R

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Happy Birthday !!!
    Surely the patent helps with the IP.
    The E-Cat X is in construction ( after the 2 former have been burnt) and by the end of this week it should be ready for the go. We all hope it will hit the road, I mean go on the shelves. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for the precise citation of Mark 11.24

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for the smart citation from Thomas Edison I totally agree upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto M.:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is more complex. The procedure to arrive to the concession of a patent is very complex and implies a long and detailed exchange of remarks and further informations respectively between the examiners and the inventor with his attorneys. The procedure is lasted almost 3 years, between the date of the application and the date of the publication of the granted version of the patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    My very warm congratulations with you long wanted US Patent!
    Finally they recognized the value of what you are doing and progress is not being delayed by IP issues. Just one question, if I may ask: Do you believe that replication of the Rossi effect by others can now easier be done, so science will kick in?
    Keep them running!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    The issue you raised is contingent to another patent we are working upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In order to approve your patent application, did the patent examiner(s) need to:

    1. Witness a working E-Cat
    2. See data from a working E-Cat
    3. Both

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  • RobertoM

    Congratulations Andrea !! The revolution is even closer !!! Best Regards

  • Thomas Edison once said” people that fail did not realise how close they where to success before they gave up”. I am so glad you did not give up Mr Rossi

  • Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations for the patent.
    My heart is full of joy for the good news. It’s the best gift I’ve received for my birthday (yesterday).
    Is the patent enough for you to feel safe about your IP ?

    What about ECat-X? Is the new Madame ready to “heat” the road ?

    God bless you

    Marco

    PS. Coincidence, Mark 11.24 is one of my favourite verse too.

  • David Schwartz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am stunned from the intelligence of your patent strategy, really worth of a Napoleon, as D.Travchenko said; now, having, as you say, more than 60 other patents on course of application for upgradings you are going to make the life for your competitors very hard. Congratulations, you are a Master.
    David

  • Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Congratulations for your granted patent and your immense work.

    In this patent (§ 33), you state that « nickel acts a catalyst for the reaction, and is not itself a reagent ».

    On the other hand, in the Lugano report, the ash analysis reveals that Ni-58 is turned into Ni-62.

    Does it mean that nickel, as a catalyst, still undergoes some transmutations ?

    Many thanks

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Congratulations to you and your team on great patent/trade secret strategy, not only are you a great inventor, you are a great entrepreneur!

  • Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Con tanta tenerezza e gioia ed infinita simpatia mi sembra che anch’io faccia parte della squadra che amorevolmente ogni qualtanto venga citata per le 16 ore giornaliere che Vi proponete all’interno dello stabilimento . Rammentate comunque , non siete i soli , anch’io ho lavorato per più di 60 anni per 12 ore al giorno senza festività . Ancora felicitazioni per il successo di qualche Brevetto che Vi è stato accettato . FORZA ! Ciao Andrea e squadra . Giannino di Udin .

  • mikea

    Congratulations Andrea. May God bless you more. Thank you for giving me hope for the future of humanity.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Yahoo! You returned to write to us! Do it permanently!
    The only real communism is in the work of a team, like ours, that operates in harmony to make a product that can be useful to mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Your questions are related to further patent applications we are working upon related to the upgrade of the technology.
    Every patent is part of the global IP of our concern and, while the patent disclosures have to be elaborated by means of an immense work with our attorneys, such work is continuing for many other issues that will be disclosed in the next patent applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We are still in the middle of a tempestous ocean. A lot of work has still to be done to arrive to see the earth.
    Thank you anyway for your wish.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    This is just an enormous work made by a team of dedicated persons who believe in what they are doing. St Mark Evangelist wrote ” when you pray God for something, be sure that you will get it, and you will have it”: I pray everytime I wake up to be able to help to make of the E-Cat something really useful for them who need help. The merit of our achievements is not mine, but of our great team and from the help that God knows from where arrives in the most difficult moments of our work and that arrived in all the most terrible moments of my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    The monsters are still there, but we are not impressed: too much work to do to find the time to be impressed by the monsters.
    Thanks from the Crew and “Commodore” ( he,he,he)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    John:
    This patent is part of the IP and many other patent applications are incoming. I am working on 64 patent applications right now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Thank you, now we have to work to turn all this into jobs and products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robin Wyrick:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    In the patent we have disclosed all the issues related to the specific system and apparatus.
    More patents are in preparation related to other issues. I will answer to questions related to what has been disclosed, not obviously to issues that are subject of further patents concerning the upgrade of the invention.
    For this reason you will find the possible answers. Give me some minute, I have an urgency inside the plant right now ( 08.35 p.m. of August 25th).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • orsobubu

    Yahoo! This is a very complex machine! My strongest congratulations, Andrea, you are at the top of the world! As usual, I cannot establish if this capitalistic achievement of yours is another step closer or farther from communism in perspective… Anyway I expect great developments from the hard work of your team and your investors! Thank you all!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Nicola:
    Thanks from al of us of the Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof Christos Stremmenos:
    Obviously I am honoured to receive this comment from a scientist that has worked with Prof Focardi and has been among the most important pioneers of this science.
    God bless you, dear Prof. Christos Stremmenos!
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  • Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you, Tom! Likewise to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Curbina:
    Absolutely, you will be part of. Contact us as soon as you read that we have started the production (F9).
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Hawthorne:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    Thanks, too kind!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Kevin Hawthorne

    Congratulations on the e-cat patent!

  • Dear Mr. Rossi:

    What can I say that has not been already said about the milestone that is being granted a patent in the USA. My Congratulations, you know you have the support from all over the world, I’m a Chilean follower of the LENR Saga and as closely as possible paying attention to your developments since February 2011, so in many ways this recognition from an official source is a huge achievement of which I ask you permission to feel part of.

    My Best Regards!!

    Camilo Urbina, From Arica, Chile.

  • Tom Conover

    Congratulazioni , Andrea ! Possa tu vivere a lungo e prosperare gentile signore!

    Tom

  • Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Obtaining a U.S. Patent is a major accomplishment.
    Congratulations!
    Wishing you continued success.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

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