Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
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Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Judy sheckter

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the E-Cat X able also to sustain the lights of an apartment or a house?
    Cheers,
    Judy

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    this time I send a funny link .

    Cold Fusion – LENR The E-Cat Causes Confusion

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YItISGUFt4Q

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    COP higher? yes ( F9); something else beyond heat? Possibly ( F9); better performance? yes ( F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Since the E-Cat X testing is going well, might we pester you for some tentative hint about what makes it distinctive and/or fit for different applications? Are you seeing direct electricity production? Just better performance /COP? Something else?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ted Johnston:
    Yes, also to me it has been very emotional and inspiring. Now I have to merit it industrially.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    John:
    The E-Cat X is very, very promising and it is going so well, that I have also better understood from her some theoretical explications.
    About theories: yesterday the CERN of Geneva has published on “Physical Review Letters” an important article regarding an anomalous effect discovered by the Large Hadrons Collider in the experiment LHCb on course since 2011 under the direction of Prof. Luigi Campana ( Director of the Frascati Laboratories of the INFN, Italy). The announcement is related to the fact that B mesons have an anomalous tendency to decay into tau leptons instead of into muons, in which they are supposed to decay along the Standard Model: if the Higgs turns out to be different , after it decays, from what we expect, it is sign the Standard Model has failed us; this anomalous effect could therefore open the gate to new Physics and maybe to new information indirectly introducing possible better theoretical explications of LENR, even if they cannot be directly connected with the high energy effects inside the LHC.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De meo:
    Thanks: we are working on the preparation of the industrial production (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    Thank you. Now our trademark is protected also in the USA ( in Europe it was already).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Giuliano Bettini

    Caro Andrea,
    vivissimi complimenti! Io non sono esperto, e quindi non apprezzo le conseguenze, ma leggere assieme “United States of America” e “E-Cat The New Fire” è impressionante.
    “E-Cat The New Fire” Trademark Registered to Leonardo Corp.
    http://tsdr.uspto.gov/documentviewer?caseId=sn85791265&docId=ORC20150908002807#docIndex=0&page=1
    Congratulations! I’m no expert, so I do not appreciate the consequences, but read together “United States of America” and “E-Cat The New Fire” is impressive.
    Giuliano Bettini.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    Here is the allowing of the trademark E-Cat New Fire in the USA! When will we see it physically in circulation in the various countries of the world ?

    http://tsdr.uspto.gov/documentviewer?caseId=sn85791265&docId=ORC20150908002807#docIndex=0&page=1

  • Congratulations on your US Trademark. Make sure you have a Canadian Trademark as well. Ask your patent lawyer why that is very very important.

  • John

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Can you give us an update on the initial performance of the new E-Cat X?

    Best Regards,

    John

  • Ted Johnston

    Dr. Andrea Rossi,
    I saw your US patent with the seal of the United States Seal: to see your patent with the seal of the United States Eagle is very impressive!
    It means the great People of the USA that allows and protects your invention.
    Godspeed,
    Ted Johnston

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, I don’t think E-Cat will need Storage Batteries.
    However you and your Readers may want to read about them.
    Google:
    GE SIGNS LARGEST BATTERY STORAGE DEAL
    Robert Curto
    FT. Lauderdale, Florida

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    hello Dr. Rossi, have you seen this video?

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=26&v=YIdQ9v9GM9o

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodrigo Bradamante:
    Thank you for your opinion related to the Italian version of “An Impossible Invention” of the scientific journalist Mats Lewan. By the way: he is a scientific journalist with an Engineering degree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Copernico:
    Thank you, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Donald Chandler:
    Thank you for the interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    In Italy they say: ” IN BOCCA AL LUPO” ( I spare you the alternative goliardic version of it, that implies anatomic focus on whales).
    Excellent the translation of Prof. Alex Passi. A pleasant reading.
    As I already said of the original English version, my opinion of your book is: this book is sincere, honest and based upon your solid engineering background.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • To all readers of JONP,
    I’m happy to announce that the Italian edition of An Impossible Invention — Un’invenzione impossible — is finally out. I’m particularly satisfied since the story is closely related to Italy to which I have personal connections, my wife being Italian.
    A great thanks to Alex Passi who has made the translation, and who preferred not to be compensated but instead asked me to donate part of the sales revenue to scientific research, which I will do. What research that will receive the donation is still to be defined.

    The book, which is based on the second edition of the English version, is available as paperback at Amazon and at Create Space, and as e-book in Kindle format at Amazon. An e-book in Epub format (for other ebook readers, iPad and iPhone) will be available at An Impossible Invention — shop.

    Read more here: http://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/09/07/the-italian-edition-uninvenzione-impossible-is-finally-out/

  • Giovanni Copernico

    I read the Italian version “Una invenzione impossibile” of the book of Mats Lewan: fantastic, a real page turner! Very courageous too: for the first time somebody has explained the thrilling action of Emilio Spaziante in the right light. Bravissimo Mats Lewan !!!
    Giovanni Copernico

  • Rodrigo Bradamante

    Ho letto il libro in Italiano di Mats Lewan, “Un’invenzione Impossibile”: lo consiglio a tutti gli interessati del settore, perchè è un’intelligentissima disamina della storia di Andrea Rossi e delle LENR in generale. Un piccolo capolavoro, si legge d’un fiato.
    Giovanni Copernico

  • Andrea Rossi

    Andreas Marine:
    Thank you: I am working hard on it…The E-Cat X is very promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Bulgari:
    Yes, I saw, congratulations to Mats Lewan for the success of his book.
    Thank you for the link to the book presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mable Rycaczewski:
    Extremely promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hattie Koester:
    Interesting, thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Melani Ing.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Now at 10.30 a.m. of Monday September 07 ( Labor Day in the USA: greetings to all the workers of the USA!) the situation is:
    1 MW E-Cat: stable and well, all data normal
    E-Cat X: is in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jody West:
    This version of the seal dates from August 26 2003. It is a federal eagle astride a shield with the USA flag, clutching a laurel and arrows: the eagle represents the spirit of the USA and is a legacy of the Roman Empire, the laurel symbolizes the prize to the inventor, the arrows symbolize the enforcing of the respect of the patent by the US Government.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Loria Ciccolini

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Can you give us an update of the 1 MW plant and the E-Cat X?
    Cheers,
    Loria

  • Melani Ing

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulationsfor your terrific US patent.

  • Mable Rykaczewski

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is going the E-Cat X?

  • Giovanni Bulgari

    Dott. Andrea Rossi:
    Have you been informed that has been published the Italian translation of “An Impossible Invention” of Mats Lewan?
    Here is the link:
    http://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/09/07/the-italian-edition-uninvenzione-impossibile-is-finally-out/
    Era ora!
    Ciao, Andrea
    Giovanni Bulgari

  • Andreas Marine

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your US Patent is very well done. I was sure you could never have a patent allowed from the USPTO, but you did it.
    Now we wait for the next big move: the E-Cats off the shelves.
    Godspeed,
    Andreas

  • Hattie Koester

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Did you see this article in a German magazine?
    http://www.everyday-feng-shui.de/feng-shui-news/andrea-rossi-erhaelt-us-patent-fuer-e-cat/
    Congratulations,
    H.K.

  • Jody West

    Dear Andrea:
    I saw the seal of the USPTO on the cover of your patent published in the blog ecat-thenewfire.com
    It is very intriguing: since every seal has a meaning, do you know the meaning of the seal of the USPTO? It is an eagle that has in the right hand a laurel and in the left leg arrows.
    Cheers,
    Jody

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian,
    I cannot answer to this issue, because it is connected to a patent in preparation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sebastian

    Dear Andrea,

    Was your big realization in Lugano that you could reuse ash from your reactors as a new fuel input, and the high proportion of 62Ni in that new fuel would make your e-cat more efficient?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- I do not know yet
    2- We are working on it: maybe tonight
    3- Most probably by 2016
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the nice suggestion: we take notice of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,

    1) Will it be possible to build the 250kw E-Cat X version too?
    2) Is the E-Cat X test to resume today or Monday?
    3) Any chance at all that the certification (with = +1) will complete before 12/31/15?

    Thank you!
    Tom

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    May I suggest “magnifiCat” for new name for E-CatX ?

    Mag·nif·i·cat
    maɡˈnifiˌkät,mänˈyifi-/
    _noun_
    a canticle used in Christian liturgy, especially at vespers and
    evensong, the text being the hymn of the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:46–55)

    Best regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the readers:
    Please go to
    http://rossilivecat.com/all.html
    to find today’s comments published on this blog, but in other posts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Yes and yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Louis Duvalier:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Louis Duvalier

    Dear Andrea:
    I am reading about your endeavors since January 2011 and here is a resume from which everybody will get an idea about your credibility and the credibility of the skeptopaths:
    April 2009: Andrea Rossi publishes the application of his Italian patent for the Rossi Process.
    The skeptopaths ( from now on ” S.”) say it is worth nothing and never will be granted.
    2009: the Italian patent of Rossi is granted.
    Jan 2011: Prof. Sergio Focardi and Dr Andrea Rossi announce the LENR Rossi Process and the E-Cat in a historic demonstration in Bologna, attended by Prof from all the world.
    The S. say they all are nuts and bring out the history of the troubled past of Andrea Rossi, put in jail for crimes for which he has been totally acquitted; eventually it will be known that the general that had made Rossi arrested has been put in jail for 4 years for corruption: his name is Emilio Spaziante and he has been arrested from his own colleagues that have discovered that he used to spend for his personal expenses 3 million euros per year. If you go to Wikipedia to read his biography, he is presented like a sort of a hero.
    2011
    Rossi announces he is manufacturing a 1 MW plant: the S. say he is nuts and liar.
    Nov 2011: the 1 MW plant is tested in Bologna.
    2012: the S. continue to say Rossi is nuts and liar, Rossi continues to make demonstrations with scientists from all the world, like Pierre Clauzon ( hot fusionist from the Caradache project and scientist of the Commissariat pour L’Energie Atomique of Paris), Jacques Dufour ( Commissariat pour l’Energie Atomique, Paris), Sven Kullander ( University of Uppsala, Chairman of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Sweden), and many, many others of the same level.
    The S. say all them are nuts, “manipulated” by Rossi. Note: we are talking of prof. of Physics with decades of experience in R&D, most of them having, as well as Prof Focardi, served for long time in the CERN facility.
    The S. say ” Rossi will never make a third party test and repeat the slogan ” the USPTO will never grant a patent to Rossi.
    The S., also, assure that no serious scientific publication will publish the results claimed by Rossi.
    2013: Rossi allows a first third independent party test in Ferrara on April. The results are published on Arxiv. The third independent party was made by Prof experts in LENR from the Universities of Stockolm, Uppsala and Bologna.
    The S. publish that the plants of Rossi did not receive the safety certification: 1 day after Rossi publishes the safety certification released by SGS.
    The S. publish that the Italian patent is not of Rossi, but of some mr Cappiello: it will turn out that they had hacked the data base of the Italian patent office in this sense,: eventually the data base has been repristinated and made clear that the patent belongs to Andrea Rossi, inventor.
    2013: the S. say that nobody will invest on Rossi and that his IP is void
    2013 Rossi makes a big contract with Industrial Heat
    2014 A second independent party test is made by the same group of Prof of the first ITP test, after the experience of the test made one year before, to remake the measurements taking advice of all the experience made during the first test. The results are published by the scientific magazine of Elforsk and by the University of Bologna.
    The S. say they all are nuts and that the Rossi effect does not exist, to the point that the USPTO, the sole really serious patent office of the world, will never approve the patent of Rossi.
    The S. declare nobody will ever be able to replicate the Rossi Effect
    2014: The Russian scientist Dr Alexander Parkhomov, expert of nuclear plants, replicates repeatedly the Rossi Effect, followed by scientists of tha Atomic Institute of China.
    2015:
    A scientific investigative journalist discovers that the most vociferous S., pretending to be scientific journalists or bloggers, are in fact partners of a well known competitor of Rossi ( Lattice LLC , the Widom .Larsen LENR company that has never made anything working and bases its theory on the so called “electron capture”, which is simply a big stupidity, totally groundless).
    Relentless,the S. say no serious concern will invest in LENR after the work of Andrea Rossi.
    2015: CERN, Lockeed Martin, MIT, Boeing, Airbus, Bill Gates, Japan Government, NRL, Volvo, etc etc start a R&D on LENR, after the work of the team of Andrea Rossi: before their work LENR had been simply forgotten, if not worse.
    The S. say that the new 1 MW plant made by Rossi for IH is not existent, and only exists the scrap recycled of the 2011 1 MW plant coming from Italy.
    February 2015: the new 1 MW plant manufactured in the factory of IH is put in operation in the factory of a customer of IH. The photos of the plant in construction are published on
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Rossi repeatedly says that the results of this plant can be either positive or negative and that only a 1 year test will allow final considerations.
    January- February 2015:the S. triumphally declare that from the acts in their possess the USPTO will never allow the patent of Andrea Rossi. A “guru” declares also that never a publication of Andrea Rossi will be published after peer reviewing.
    August 25th 2015: The USPTO publishes the approval of the US Patent of Andrea Rossi. A patent granted by the USPTO is a peer reviewed publication, by far the most difficult to achieve, because, while a publication on a scientific magazine is only a peer reviewed approval for publication, a USPTO patent publication, besides approving after the peer reviewing of experts of the matter, grants the protection, after such reviewing, of the Government of the USA of the related intellectual property, as correctly wrote in a recent comment a reader of this blog.
    2016: the S. foresee Rossi will never manufacture the E-Cats: I already prepared the money to buy one.
    Godspeed, Andrea Rossi.
    Louis Duvalier

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