Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

.

by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
.
S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
.
.
Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

.

1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    There are a number of bloggers that claim they have spoken to scientific experts who have visited your test site and have verified that you have a working device which produces excess energy. Have you allowed viewers inside your facilities that can talk expertly to the existence of such a device?
    Hopeful regards.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the very interesting thread.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I send you a link to read some articles about the history of cold fusion since 1989.

    http://www.archiviolastampa.it/

    Just put in the line of cold fusion research .

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, I am sending a positive article that talks about you. Expectations towards your discovery are many.

    Neues zum E-Cat: Rossi erhält US-Patent
    Andreas von Rétyi

    http://info.kopp-verlag.de/neue-weltbilder/neue-wissenschaften/andreas-von-r-tyi/neues-zum-e-cat-rossi-erhaelt-us-patent.html

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, you wrote that the failure is in some peripheral component.
    Sure, it’s a hassle, but it would be worse if the fault was inside the reactors.
    After all, a peripheral component is of normal use in industries that deal with heat, and should therefore be easy to repair it or intervene to improve its reliability.

    What is inside the reactor is not a normal thing. A failure in the reactor would certainly be an important failure, also to understand what happened and repair it. But in cases like these, I think that you have planned to insert the spare reactor to save time and restore the functionality of the plant.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    I stay 16 hours per day in a plant with a very high nervous tension: whatever food I eat I burn it fast and after few minutes I do not even remember what I have eaten.
    But it all is worth (F9).
    Besides: American food is not junk, here you can find all the good food you want, either in the supermarkets or in the reataurants. Just to restore the truth. Obviously, if you want junk food, you find also it, as anywhere else.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • KD

    Drew G.
    If you think Mr.Rossi need to look visibly (but not be healthy) better, he need to eat American junk food.:)
    Or may be I am wrong and Italian food give better results.:)

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eva Schumpeter:
    Thank you for the interesting link fom Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Eva Schumpeter

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your US patent is observed also in Germany:
    http://info.kopp-verlag.de/neue-weltbilder/neue-wissenschaften/andreas-von-r-tyi/neues-zum-e-cat-rossi-erhaelt-us-patent.html
    From Germany, with love
    Eva

  • Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Peripherals, and thank you for your encouragement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Drew G

    Dr. Rossi:

    Several times you have mentioned that one of the reactors was down and undergoing repair. Has there ever been a failure requiring repair of the reactor core itself or have the repairs been to the peripherals? I understand if you choose not to answer. Continue with the good work and your latest picture appears to show a weight loss since earlier pictures. Eat more good Italian food to build a little reserve and stay healthy.

    Drew

  • Andrea Rossi

    Geroge Ljbse:
    You bet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Herbert Rummen:
    I agree with you abut the magnificence of the photos made with the Hubble observatory by NASA: astronomy is a wonderful science, in my next life I will try to be an astronomer: we can learn much from astronomy.
    To find a relationship between those images and LENR is like to search a correspondence between orangutans and bananas, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Herbert Rummen

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you see the last series of NASA photos in ” The Universe as you never saw it” ?
    Do you think those images can suggest something related to what happens in LENR?
    Thank you for your fantastic work: your US Patent is more than merited, after your enormous work.
    Ciao,
    Herbert

  • George Ljbse

    Dear Andrea:
    The photo published on Ecatworld showing you with your US patent is inspiring.
    We gave it to you, now you give us jobs.
    Cheers,
    George

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the publication.
    Tha flag has been donated to me from my Friend Thomas Darden, Pres. and CEO of Industrial Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing the photo with you and the patent! ( http://www.e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/IMG_6549.jpg ) Can you say how you managed to obtain the flag behind you in the photo?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    1- USA
    2- yes
    3- confidential in positive or in negative
    4- of course, and I want to disclose it to you, confidentially: it is the crystal ball
    Thanks to you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    The revolution has been made by the CERN, not by me: when an elementary particle decays in something different from what was expected, the Standard Model is put in discussion. I just have taken advice of it, but more measurements have to be made before the results communicated by CERN will be confirmed: I don’t think they reached the five sigma status yet.
    Guglinski has always been welcome in this blog to publish his ideas and theory, even if I do not consider them right. I spammed his comments not when he explained his ideas, but when he insulted Professors that have a much stronger preparation than he has in theoretical Physics. You can say what you want and even if I do not agree with you I will fight to allow you to explain your ideas, so far you do not insult Professors that simply disagree with you, whatever the strength of their reasons. This is valid for everybody that wants to participate to this blog: ideas always welcome, insults never.
    For example, I do not agree with many of the ideas you propose here, but , as you knw, I never have spammed a comment of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • orsobubu

    Andrea, I was surprised by your remark that the Standard Model could have failed us, and about the possible need for a new physics. I was surprised because you’re really in a permanent state of (r)evolution. The bloodiest (and amusing) battle fought on this blog in the past years was between Guglinsky, Joe, JR and yourself about the explanation of the Rossi-effect/LENR, if they could be part of the Standard Model or require a different explanation (with all the linked “political issues” concerning the scientific establishment). Guglinsky, just after bringing back last March a discussion on this topic with Brian Josephson, has no longer appeared here with his vigorous and controversial posts. In October 2014 you and him had the most heated discussions, he – on the one hand – arguing that the Modern Physics is actually a scientific fraud, you – on the other – looking to theoretically reconcile the results of Lugano tests with the Standard Model. Since then, you occasionally have nevertheless expressed some doubts, above all on the Higgs boson recent experimental results: if you can, let me know if you still think scientists should be stick to better understand the Standard Model, or if you are considering the possibility that Guglinsky had perhaps grasped something.

  • Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team on obtaining the U.S. Patent.

    1. Can you tell us the country where the materials lab is located?

    2. Have you developed any new tools for use in building or testing e-cats for which you plan to seek patents?

    3. If so, do any of your new tools employ nanotechnology?

    4. Can you tell us of any tools you wish you had in order to further your work on the e-cat technology that you do not have because the tool does not yet exist?

    Thanks again for all of the information you have provided to your readers.

    Bob

  • Andrea Rossi

    Elda Gonzalez:
    Yes. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Troy:
    Your comment is shaky, because it does not give numbers and references to take it seriously in consideration. You say you found an excess of tonns of copper: have you the slightest idea what this would mean in terms of energy generated, considering 25 MWh/g? If you can, go through real numbers and probably you will discover that you just have been cheated from the Ni suppliers who gave you an alloy instead of the supposed purity raw material. Let alone LENR.
    This said, I thank you for your kind wishes to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Troy

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Congratulations on the patents – we’re all looking forward to the results and it’s fascinating to see the momentum building.

    I wanted to share experiences which really made your approach resonate on first reading.

    I was involved in an medium size operation which refined nickel/copper matte in to nickel, copper and a precious metals concentrate which was PGM (mainly Pt and Pd) based. Two curious features of the operation were unexplained:
    1) The nickel/copper ratio in the final product was always lower than predicted by about 2%
    2) The operation was remarkably energy efficient despite the equipment being old and not perfectly maintained

    While 1) was blamed on the suppliers and 2) was taken as a credit for the operations team, I think it may better explained by LENR. After some years of operation there were literally thousands of tonnes of excess copper stockpiles around the site.

    I thought it was interesting that this occurred possibly during phase transition or liquid phase, in the presence of PGMs but no Lithium – maybe there are multiple reactions?

    It seems there are a number of opportunities to “persuade” the H to fuse into the metal matrix – phase transition, direct EM radiation, kinteic/piezo electric, magnetic fields, catalysts, etc. Do you have any thoughts at to whether it’s permutations of all these approaches which effects best, or whether some work better than others? It a force or tuning/harmony which will provide the best results?

    Best wishes for success…

  • Elda Gonzalez

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw the ribbon-cover of your patent from the US patent office: I really understand your emotion when you received it. Observing your path: you got third party independent tests, then you made an important international contract, then you got a US patent with a very broad IP covering, then you got the allowance of the E-Cat trademark…the Rossi-tank is covering all the bases necessary to advance toward the global matket, am I correct?
    Cheers!

  • Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    He,he,he..maybe you are right! I noticed some digging around in these days, who knows? Now, about midnight, all well inside the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    You have mentioned the three entities: you/IH, ERV and the customer, monitoring the plants data and input/output power with their independent instruments. A fourth entity has yet to be mentioned. It is the local electric utility company with their preinstalled meters. My question is has the electric utility been aware with what you are providing for the customer? Are you and the customer keeping them in the loop about the 1MW plant? If not I can understand their puzzlement as to how the customer is still able to produce with a drastic reduction in their electrical consumption. Perhaps they are digging around the perimeter looking for the bypass feed. :)
    Best Regards,
    BroKeeper

  • Andrea Rossi

    Barry Goldwater:
    Yes, when my Attorneys called me and told me they received the communication that our patent had been allowed, it has been a tremendous emotion. We worked a thousand hours or so on it during the three years and six months of examination by the USPTO, from Feb 2012 through Aug 2015. I wanted it. I wanted it. I wanted it. Today I received from the USPTO the original official copy of the patent, with the cover with the ribbon of the United States Patent Office. Looking at this cover I think ” The great People of the USA has granted me this patent”. This mesmerizes me when I look at this cover, and charges me of energy finalized to make jobs. That’s what I have to do to merit it.
    All right, let’s put down at work: now, at 09.13 p.m. of Sept 10 I am inside the computers container, looking at the cover of ribbon of the USPTO, while the plant is well and stable.
    F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    ERV, in contracts, means ” Expert Responsible for Validation” and is chosen in agreement between the counterparts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Yes, that is one of the issues to be analyzed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Do the results from the E-Cat X tend to verify the p+Li7 fusion reaction as discussed in the Cook-Rossi paper as being the primary source of energy?

    Thanks.

    Hank Mills

  • Barry Goldwater

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read today your US Patent and I could understand from it how genial is your invention. I imagine that for you it has been a big emotion when you received the advice of the allowing of this historic patent: can you describe?
    A former skeptical and now sustainer: Barry Goldwater

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Could you define ERV in this context?

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De Vries:
    I think it is already duly covered, but this matter will be better analyzed by my attorneys.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The ERV data have not to be compared to any other data and will be the only one deemed valid, independently from any other data recorded by anybody.
    The ERV delivers periodically reports about the data collected in the due period. Obviously we compare our data with the data communicated by the ERV.
    I can say that, so far, the data recorded from us are substantially consistent with the data of the ERV and that the differences are within the error margin of the instrumentation. The Customer makes independently his measurements, because he is not interested to the ERV, he just wants to measure how much thermal energy we deliver ( he just reads his gauges) and at the end of each month he sends us a report with the indication of how many kWh have been delivered. Also in this case, the data so far are reasonably consistent, with small differences that can be attributable to the error margin of the instrumentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Will the IP for the E-Cat X be covered with the previously planned set of 65 patents or will a new set of patents be required to cover the E-Cat X IP (F9)?

    Best regards

    Hugh DeVries

  • Sebastian

    Andrea,

    Have you seen the isotopic results from Songsheng Jiang?

    3% decrease in Li6/Li7 ratio!

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/09/10/isotopic-analysis-of-fuel-and-ash-after-72-hour-experiment-songsheng-jiang/

    Warm Regards

  • Italo R.

    I suppose that the data collected on the 1 MW plant by the Referee Company will be compared with yours and with those obtained by the Customer:
    1 – in real time, and/or
    2 – at the end of the day, and/or
    3 – at the end of each month, and/or
    4 – obviously at the end of test.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Werner:
    I will give data only after the end of the preliminar R&D.
    Certainly we are working on it, but I do not know with which results, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    By all of them. The Referee with his instrumentation, our team with our instrumentation, the Customer with his gauges.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Werner

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    So maybe the E-Cat X will produce light! Fantastic (I know, F9).

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the 1.5 million data points per month measured by your own team, the customer, or the referee? Also, how is the 1 MW plant acting today?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Kenko:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Judy Sheckter:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • kenko1

    TYVM for the reply. I look foreward to viewing some of the in the future.

    kenko1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    Everything is recorded on the many cameras in the factory. Many photos are taken. One point five million data points per month are collected from the measurement system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • kenko1

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    Is there anyone filming the events and evolution of the e-cat for some kind of documentary once the e-cat is selling to the public?
    Yours,
    kenko1

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>