Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
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Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Sarah Huskey

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you making other patents, after the US Patent that has been assigned to Leonardo Corporation?
    Thank you,
    Sarah Huskey

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Thank you! Likewise to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    If the results of the tests on course in the factory of the Customer, in Marh we will start the commercial program. To answer to you we’ll need a far more precise and detailed request. Please send detailed data to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ivan Idso

    Dr. Rossi,

    I want to ask my utility company to consider purchasing steam through your PPA. This would be used for district heating in our city of 100,000 people. Is there an amount that is paid upfront or would they just need to sign a contract and pay for the steam delivered? Do you have an idea on when this would be available?

    Thank you!
    Ivan Idso

  • toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Bravo !! for your trademarks approuval.

    The photos are superb!!

    I wish you all the best !

    Warm regards.

    Toussaint françois

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I would say yes, and we learnt much about new mterials to be used instead.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding repairs you have had to make on your reactors again, are they mainly connected with materials degradation caused by long-term heat exposure?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    in Brussels we talk about cold fusion!!

    ON ENDLESS ENERGY
    Friday 2 October 12.30-2.00PM Lunch Talk
    An express trip with our speaker, during your lunch break. Simple lunch provided.

    Mats Lewan brings to Brussels the remarkable story of an almost impossible invention that could change the world: Cold Fusion. This unparalleled energy source promises inexpensive, clean, and virtually limitless energy. Yet, it is as promising as the concept has been controversial. A dividing force within the scientific community and the media, Cold Fusion captivates even the most skeptic out there. Too good to be true?

    Book here (Registration required)
    Members FREE / Non-Members 10€ on the door
    NB: Places are limited.
    http://fullcircle.eu/events/mats-lewan/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    The tests should end by February 2016, so long no major delays are caused by malfunctions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you know now the date that ends the current test

    of the 1 MW E-Cat ?

    Kind regards.

    Toussaint François

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your sustain: this patent is the result of a work of ours based also on the sustain of you all.
    About your question: I suppose so. It is obvious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that everybody understood the importance if the fact that your US Patent gives evidence that the experts of the US Government have peer reviewed for more than three years and published as an allowed patent your technology related to the E-Cat?
    Godspeed with our sustain!
    Anonymous

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you had to activate the small E-Cats that are standing by as a backup if the 250 kW units are offline for an extended time yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Orsobubu (is that your name ? Koen is mine)

    You’re right about the craziness.
    Fortunately, I have the ability to go deep into various forms of madness and then return without shame or resentment.
    No side of the medal is mine. This makes life not easy, but interesting.

    Andrea replied that he has faith in God. As an approximation of God I also have confidence in the truth.

    Andrea, I’m sure you’ve never have written one lie here on J.O.N.P. This is very important.

    I think it is a good exercise to consider our own truth as madness. Some consider truth as a weakness. I think they are the lowest kind. But we can also learn from them. A compass that would indicate the south, as well indicates where north is. We just need to add the smiley.

    Seriously, Our Consciousness is collective. We should be getting off to wealth and power to be regarded as the highest good. The capitalist and the communist both make only a part of the truth. The capitalist has a part of the drive, but his target is pointless, and the communist has a portion of the target, lacking the drive. Separately, they are meaningless.

    you wrote:
    “men genetically developed along millions of years in perfect harmony with nature and among their own kind”.
    Help me by saying what time that was. I can not remember.
    Although I hope that it will ever come. (Which will feel very much as “the retirement of God”)

    about:
    “What should be saying the part of mankind killed, tortured, mutilated, enslaved, raped, ruined, etc etc etc as a result of your very personal vision of evolution?…and survival of the fittest. A paradise.”
    I’m sorry about that, and I regularly pray that every human being would not go through that. But apparently that’s not possible yet. I have the ideas but not the power nor size to do anything against it. Perhaps if our collective thoughts can tune in that, we do ever get the power to do something about it.

    Kind Regards
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    3
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sven Liedholm:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea.

    Bearing in mind that your contract for the 1MW plant allows for a ‘down time’ of 50 days, could you please tell us how much ‘down time’ has been used up from the start time of 20 February 2015 to the 19 September 2015? Is it;

    1) less than but equal to 24 hours?

    2) greater than 24 hours but less than or equal to 7 days?

    3) greater than 7 days but less than or equal to 4 weeks?

    4) greater than 4 weeks?

    Thank you for your time to answer.

    Best wishes to you and your wonderful team.

    Jean Pierre

  • Sven Liedholm

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your important US Patent. It is not just a patent: it is a peer reviewed publication that can be considered in the highest echelons of science.
    Sven

  • Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Thank you for your consideration, but I stick on F9. Nevertheless, I strongly sympathize with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • John

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Perhaps your scientifically rigorous and empirical mind would scoff at the notion, but I will say this anyway: After a positive first half of the 1 MW test, the E-Cat is now without a doubt–without a reasonable doubt–a “commercializable” reality. The how and when of the nitty-gritty optimizations and product timeline may still be unknowns, but after functioning satisfactorily for more than half a year it would be very hard indeed to fathom of a hitherto unforeseen ‘fundamental’ problem with the core techonology itself (i.e., one that didn’t come down to an in principle fixable engineering fault). The E-Cat future IS going to happen, whether it’s next year or five years from now. Let’s pray for a continued F9 > 0.

    Best,

    -John

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandwalle:
    In God we trust.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I like your good faith and the candor with which you consider Marx, but History has given evidence that the Stalins have been produced by Marx and that no communist Country exited positively from that experience. History for Phylosophy is like experimental Physics for theoretical Physics. You can write all the theories you want, but only experiments can prove if a theory is right or wrong. History is experienced philosophy and the historical experience of the philosophy related to the Marxism ( which implies the communism) has been catastrophic. It is too easy, and without any experiental proof, to say that should Trotzky have prevailed upon Stalin ( as you appear to suggest) the “real communism” generated by the “permanent revolution” would have been better. You know, Orsobubu: should I have 6 balls I could be a pin ball, but, as a matter of fact, it is not so.
    Obviously, your ideas are welcome, because purported with sincere enthusiasm, but I had to say that I do not agree with this part of your comment. This said, we must also put in evidence that also the capitalistic philosophy has made disasters, but at least it leaves individuals free to apply their will to give their contribution IF THEY REALLY WANT. Not so in a communist dictatorship: remember that communism implies the dictatorship of the working class, which is an oxymoron ( or, in laylanguage, a ball) because by definition a dictatorship can only be exercised by one or several individuals, not by hundred millions persons.
    Our Pope Francis is working in a direction that I share: make capitalism more responsible toward People. To make this is necessary a capitalism mediated by the control of the State. This is very difficult, but is the aim we have to point to, I think. For example, I dream a world with less finance and more industries, and the E-Cat ( F9) has also this goal to pursue. Finance produces richness for few, but not jobs, industries produce really shared richness, through good jobs. It is not a case that the Romans ( they were not stupid) associated to the finance the word “speculation” which derives from “speculum” ( mirror), referring to two mirrors that produce fake images if they look each other: industry produces real things and real work. Work in harmony in a state that controls the distribution of the richness made by the work of everybody, stimulated by the competition: this is possible, because reconciliates the natural greed of humans with their social needs.
    I return in the plant,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • orsobubu

    Koen Vandewalle said:

    It is also clear that people often forget the lessons of history or refuse to learn from it, and for that reason the scientists and technicians always remain of even greater importance. Even more than the urge to become richer and more prosperous, it is the destructive and self-destructive nature of man that forces science to create evolution. If all people live in peace with each other and all live in harmony with nature, then there would be less need for science, and there would also exist less evolution. Without evolution, there exists no survival.

    Excuse me, dear Koen, but this sounds absolutely crazy to me. You are looking only at your side of the medal. What should be saying the part of mankind killed, tortured, mutilated, enslaved, raped, ruined, etc etc etc as a result of your very personal vision of evolution? using the same criteria, then we should say that Hitler and Stalin were benefactors, because a part of their people enjoyed immensely the results of “social evolution” during their regimes, when there were certainly plenty of all of those ingredients you’ve listed: scientists, technicians, rich and prosperous people, destructive and self-destructive men, war, destruction of nature and survival of the fittest. A paradise.

    And again, the thesis of the destructive nature of man is crazy to me, since men genetically developed along millions of years in perfect harmony with nature and among their own kind. You’re confusing reality with fantasy, thinking that consciousness creates reality (a religious-derived falsehood that would philosophically lead you directly to solipsism), while it is the opposite, it is the external reality that creates consciousness. You think it’s the spiritual nature of man to create the scientific and technical evolution, while it is the opposite, it is the evolution of the relations of production that shapes human nature. I’m confident that, with progress, mankind will learn to reconcile the extreme productivity permitted by future techniques with the harmonious relationship with the universe inherited from his primordial nature. You should better to concentrate on the dialectical struggle for revolution in production relations instead of locking you into a cage of idealistic metaphysics. Marx taught us to be men, not mice.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,
    what do you really believe in ? If I may ask.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your philosophycal insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tommaso Di Pietro:
    Positive with the potential risk to become negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tommaso di pietro

    Dear dott Rossi,
    Should the test of the 1 MW E-Cat end today, would it be positive or negative?

    Thanks

  • Koen Vandewalle

    It is quite sympathetic magic that worldwide so many highly qualified and talented scientists collaborate on the theory surrounding the processes in the E-Cat. Not everyone for the money, I believe.

    Despite the many negative news that is heard everywhere, yet it appears that man will probably be able to, if really urgent and necessary, to solve his problems. I’m confident, God had an intention with Andrea Rossi. So for me, no more F9 but just enough time to finish the job.

    It is also clear that people often forget the lessons of history or refuse to learn from it, and for that reason the scientists and technicians always remain of even greater importance. Even more than the urge to become richer and more prosperous, it is the destructive and self-destructive nature of man that forces science to create evolution. If all people live in peace with each other and all live in harmony with nature, then there would be less need for science, and there would also exist less evolution. Without evolution, there exists no survival.

    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Very interesting information, our Russian colleagues are working seriously.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    a new seminar of State organized in Russia.

    Russian physics seminar “Cold fusion and fireball” in the People’s Friendship University will be held on Thursday, September 24th, 2015 at 16:00 in the hall number 1

    http://lenr.seplm.ru/seminary/vserossiiskii-fizicheskii-seminar-kholodnyi-yadernyi-sintez-i-sharovaya-molniya-v-rudn-sostoitsya-v-chetverg-24-sentyabrya-2015-g-v-1600-v-zale-1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    I send a video explaining simply the LENR, although it is not correct the issue of electron capture.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=60&v=DjpdZFkV2_w

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    One of the goals of the R&D here is also to analyse the behavior of the charge in the one-year term. At the end of the test we’ll have final ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    This will not depend on me, but on the Customer, who is the owner of the concern wherein the 1 MW E-Cat is operating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    will you invite someone among your estimators to visit the 1 MW plant at the end of the test?
    Someone writing here? Me? No…(I have tried)

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Considering an E-Cat similar to those used in the Lugano report, will this reactor tend to stop running when the nickel inside turns to be more and more in the form of Ni-62 ?

    Best wishes

  • Albert Ellul

    In reply to the comment by Alexus:
    Alexvs

    September 17th, 2015 at 5:54 AM
    Dear Mr. Rossi
    Is it fair answering to people who booked for E-Cats years ago, as you have done?
    Sorry for them.
    ——————–

    I have been following Ing. Rossi for years. In my opinion he has been very ethical and sincere about his work and the promised sale of the e-Cat if successful(=F9.) Considering that his technology is an emerging and game-changing one, much of his work was kept under wraps to protect his discovery/invention.

    We, the watchers of the e-Cat story, have been patient and understanding and I am very hopeful of a successful outcome that will create a new energy paradigm across the globe.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Albert Ellul

    Thank you Ing. Rossi for your informative and promising reply. It looks like you have made great inroads into harnessing the Rossi effect. I also hail Professor Focardi who I’m sure must be helping you from where he is now.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Please read the answer I gave to Alexvs several minutes ago. Speecifically: I hope yes and I have reasons to be optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jim Westmoreland:
    Thank you, I will pass it on to my patent attorneys!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Albert Ellul

    Dear Ing. Rossi,

    Two days ago you posted the following reply to someone’s question:

    “Leonardo Corp is preparing a very strong and important action in Europe, concerning the manufacturing and the sales of the E-Cat. F9.”

    Could this mean that we shall have the opportunity to heat our homes with the domestic version of the e-Cat this coming winter? Last winter we had the coldest winter ever in Malta. It even snowed a bit on new year’s eve, an event never seen before.

  • Jim Westmoreland

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am an expert of patents, being professionally involved in the IP of the big company I work for. I made an exam your US Patent and it is a masterpiece: straight to the point, without useless theoretical bumps, gives a broad and substantial coverage to your IP. Congratulations to you and your patent attorneys.
    Godspeed!
    Jim

  • Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    What counts is the work to arrive to the global distribution of the product. At that point we will do what will be necessary for what concerns the opportune information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Drew G

    Dr. Rossi:

    Your accomplishments have been receiving increased attention in many technical publications, articles and on-line websites and blogs. Have you been contacted recently by any of the major media outlets such as broadcast and cable TV (i.e. CBS, NBC, ABC, Fox News, CNN, MSNBC etc.)to discuss your work? Also have you been contacted by any of the major news media publications such as the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Associated press, Reuters etc. or US radio talk show hosts to discuss your accomplishments? Many of your followers have contacted these media outlets detailing your work but it appears this information has been ignored or there is a fear to bring your achievements to the attention of the general public.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brandon Hurd:
    I remember when I was in prison and was listening the television news inside my cell ( 4 meters x 2 with 6 persons inside), listening that I was accused of tremendous crimes I never made ( eventually I have been cleared ” because the facts did not exist”, as the prosecutor himself wrote); imagine: you are closed in a prison and you listen at the television that you are accused of things you never committed and that you don’t even know exactly what they mean ; you listen that all your industries have been seized, closed , all your banks asked back all the money immediately, all your money seized and you can do nothing to react and fight because you are closed and insulated inside a prison for years, while in the meantime your industries go bankrupcy and you lose all what has been built through 3 generations from your family; imagine your wife asks diverce and your sons want not to see you again after what they learnt from mass media about you; imagine all your industries go bankrupt as a consequence of banks loans retrieve and of the fact that all your customers take advantage of your situation not paying what they owe you ( and later you will be convicted for these bankrupcies, so that the term you served in prison will have been justified); you know how I could survive all this and came out of this stronger? Asking God: ” OK, you are testing me: now, what can I do for you?”. As a matter of fact, whatever we do, we are born in this word starting from nothing, there is nothing special if we return to be nothing: that’s just an “epochè” that allows us to be reborn.
    Thank you for your kind words, but Nelson Mandela is infinitely bigger than I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brandon Hurd

    Thank-you so much, Vessela Nikolova, for publishing this: http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/when-faith-helps/

    What an amazing story of belief, perseverance and triumph over adversity. Dr Rossi, you are the most inspirational person alive today. In my opinion, yours is the power to inspire in many ways similar to the way Nelson Mandela did in his lifetime.

    I myself am a Christian and I have always believed the old saying: “through faith, all things are possible.” You have proved it!

    Not just with blind faith though. The bible also says: “Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.” This you have also done… to the very highest standard.

    Congratulations on your patent and God bless you Dr. Rossi.

    Regards
    Brandon Hurd
    Cape Town, South Africa

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I cannot answer either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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