Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
.
.
Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr. Rossi,
    I send you this pdf: very interesting.

    Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Phenomena and Potential Applications
    Louis F. DeChiaro, Ph.D. Physicist September 23, 2015

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Attachment/386-IEEE-brief-DeChiaro-9-2015-pdf/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Franz Warrenger:
    I’d like to give the samples to the same Swedish laboratories that made the analysis of the ashes of Lugano, which already know the issue and can make a comparative analysis too. Obviously this will not be a third party analysis, but a private analysis funded by us to better understand our product. The results will remain confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Franz Warrenger

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you already decide who will make the analysis of the ashes after the end of the test?
    Thank you,
    Franz

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you fiìor this very interesting link from the Russian scientists; the Parkhomov work is very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr. Rossi, it has been published an interesting paper by Parkhomv and other scientists .

    Results of Analyses of the Isotopic and Elemental Composition of NickelHydrogen Fuel Reactors

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bz7lTfqkED9WWDFpQm5NazhNQVU/view?pli=1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Winnie Best:
    Thank you, very kind: thanks also from my Team.
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Joeann:
    1 MW E-Cat: substantially stable, some minor leakage to fix.
    E-Cat X: resolved the problem of the new material, made the new material, now we can make the new E-Cat X.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joeann

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Can you give an update as of today?

  • Winnie Best

    Dear Andrea:
    Infinite congratulations for your so hard work, because it is so important for all of us. You have enemies, but believe me, they are nothing compared to the innumerable persons that are crossing the fingers hoping you will succeed.
    May the “Force” be with you, Andrea.
    Winnie

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ruth Mcfarland:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ruth Mcfarland

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your fantastic patent granted by the USPTO: this is a milestone.
    Regards
    Ruth

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sergej:
    Thank you for your encouragement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sergej Jr

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your US patent, the first patent awarded in the USA for an apparatus in this field that really can operate, without theoretical BS as happened in all the applications we saw before this masterpiece of you. Now there is real intellactual property and surely real investments, now, will allow you to manufacture in mass your creature.
    Bravo!
    Cheers,
    Sergej

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Mr. Rossi, please read this article and think how you were smart!! They spend billions of dollars to make energy and they have not been able to make with billions what you made with your money.

    http://fortune.com/2015/09/28/jeff-bezos-peter-thiel-fusion/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr. Rossi,
    I am sending links I think are interesting.

    A prominent North Carolina investor is backing a new kind of fusion that operates at much lower temperatures than thought possible, which would make it easier to commercialize. So far the early results show promise.
    Tom Darden, founder and CEO of Cherokee Investment Partners
    Courtesy of Cherokee Investment Partners
    http://fortune.com/2015/09/27/ceo-cherokee-investment-partners-low-energy-nuclear-reaction/

    Brief Introduction to Cold Fusion
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=16&v=HjvL4zNLOGw

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Mao:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr . Rossi,
    I send an interesting article.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B

    http://www.coldfusion-power.com/uploads/7/3/6/7/7367632/1-s2.0-s0168583x1500052x-main-nimb.pdf

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    The E-Cats will be encased inside the apparatuses they will have to supply the heat to. Such apparatuses will respect all the requirements of the safety certifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When you start the commercialization of your E-CATS, will these reactors be sold with and inside some kind of containment housing for liability reasons ?

    Best wishes

  • Andrea Rossi

    Irwin Travis:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Irwin Travis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the great US patent you achieved: I read it yesterday and I am impressed. Now you have an intellectual property certified by the Government of the USA and this will help the development of the E-Cat to make it work in every house.
    Godspeed, Andrea

  • Andrea Rossi

    Willis Wiley:
    Now at 08.57 p.m. the 1 MW E-Cat is working stable. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Charles Synaca:
    Of course. Failures are are the food of successful outputs. I am extremely optimist about the E-Cat X.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Charles Synaca

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After the failure of yesterday of the E-Cat X are you still optimist about it?

  • Willis Wiley

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Can you update us about what happened today with your 1 MW plant?
    Thyank you,
    WW

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think she will continue to operate here, because we are making all the necessary reparations. Obviously this issue will be decided in collaboration between the Customer, IH and Leonardo Corporation on the base of the situation at the end of the test period. In a nutshell: if a new Corvette is produced every year, this does not mean that the Corvette of the year before has to be retired, if it goes well and respects the EPA requirements!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the plant you are currently working with has a positive outcome in the test period, will it stay working at the customer’s factory? Or maybe get an upgrade based on what you have learned during the test?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Surely this long and thoroughly test has taught us many things and gave us many informations. For obvious reasons I cannot disclose particulars that also will substantiate new patents.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote that “we are continuing to record corrections to be make in the next plants to improve the technology.”

    It sounds from this that during this long testing period you have learned important information about the plant you have designed. Probably it is too late to change a great deal about the plant while it is running — how different in design and materials will the next generation of the industrial plant be compared to the current model

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof. Neri Accornero:
    I answer here also to the question you sent me now by email because it has been lost in the spam:
    Question: which will be the power of the industrial modules?
    Answer: basically 250 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    We have assessed this issue
    Warm Regards
    AR

  • domenico canino

    dear andrea,
    all people asking you to make it fast; (F9)i think about money: are you in the financial condition to start mass production of e cats? It is not a joke.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    In this period I am intensively studying ” Quantum Theory of Tunnelling” of Prof. Mohsen Razavy ( University of Alberta, Canada), published in 2003 by World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore.
    Is is a text I stupidly discovered only recently, even if it has been published twelve years ago and it is of paramount importance under the theoretical point of view, along with “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Norman Cook and “Nuclear Models” of Greiner- Maruhn. It is a text of 570 pages, that have to be studied, each of them, line by line, with a complete and exhaustive bibliography. A not easy, monumental, foundamental work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Arthur Walker:
    Now it’s 09.45 inside the computers container, on Thursday Sept 24: situation stable, for the 1 MW E-Cat, even if we are continuing to record corrections to be make in the next plants to improve the technology; the E-Cat X is continuing to be very promising, but we need another couple of weeks to begin to have some consistent ideas about its reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof. Neri Accornero:
    1- First and foremost: what I said is: if , and only if, the results of the tests on course, which contractually are foreseen to be ended by February 20- 28, will give positive results, all the organization of Leonardo Corporation to make the investments necessary for the massive industrialization will be started: the plans are ready already, all the necessary contacts have been duly prepared, the due diligence on the suppliers for the outsourcing has already been made, but, this said, it is now impossible to know how much time will be necessary to be actually ready for a massive production, while the commercialization of the 1 MW plants will have a faster track, for obvious reasons. Anyway, the time scheduling for the deliveries of the 1 MW plants, for which Leonardo Corp has already an enormous portfolio of pre-orders in the whole world, is impossible at this time. I want to be clear on this, to avoid misunderstandings. About the existing laws and the authorizations: obviously the E-Cats will have to respect all the laws and the bourocratic issues involved, as any other competitive technology.
    2- Yes
    3- See the point 1 above: to answer to this question I really need a crystal ball; one thing I can say: Leonardo Corp. is working and will work to initiate the commercialization as soon as possible. My dream is within 2016, but between dreams and reality there is an ocean of objective obstacles to cross, included the permissions issues you cited in 1.
    We have been able to overcome many very difficult issues ( as for examples the patent granted by the USPTO), and I think that we will overcome all the next obstacles as well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof. Neri Accornero

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    As you know, in many European Countries there are rules for the use of heaters or electricity producing units with a power above 10 kW.
    I am asking you:
    1
    How do you reconcile this with your industrialization strategy, provided the final results of the tests on course will be positive?
    2
    Does the intellectual property of the E-Cat belong to Leonardo Corporation, who has licensed for it all the existing licensees?
    3
    When do you think the massive distribution and commercialization of the E-Cat will begin, provided the tests on course will end positively by the end of February 2016, as you and we all hope?
    Cheers,
    Prof. Neri Accornero, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy

  • Arthur Walker

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give us an update about your operation in the 1 MW plant and the E-Cat X?
    Cheers,
    Arthur

  • Anonimous

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you tell us which books are you presently reading now during the long nights inside the computer container, when you have not troubles with the plant?
    Thank you,
    Anonymous

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dennis Drumheller:
    Thank you for your kind and permanent attention.
    You are free to use our trade mark on your book, provided you write below it , wherever you publish it in the book, “the Trademark of the E-Cat, published by courtesy of Leonardo Corporation”.
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information and the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    it has been published your interview that will be shown at the conference in Terni ( Italy ) on October 3.
    Interview with Rossi… on the road: A preview
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/interview-with-andrea-rossi-preview/

  • Dennis Drumheller

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I have been following and supporting your work since 2011 when E_Cat World started. I am very excited with for you and wish you the very best!

    I share your work with others, believers and disbelievers alike. I am writing a primer for the layman titled “The New Fire”. I’m not a writer, but a R&D Sr. Software Engineer with an electronics background. I have developed R&D presentations and training materials. I have a writer that reviews my work and provides comments and encouragement.

    E-Cat, LENR+, and LENR coupled with their evolution is a lot to digest and complex. I think I have a simplified it… hopefully. I just want to spread the word!

    E-Cat World is the primary source of information as well as the Journal of Nuclear Physics and your website for your biography. You remind me of the Wright Brothers – powered and controlled flight is possible.

    I would like to use your Trademark of the cat on my book cover? It would really be an honor.

    I can submit my book (MS Word) to you for review if needed before you make a decision, just tell me where to send it.

    Respectfully,
    Dennis Drumheller

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Interesting, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello doctor Rossi,
    I am forwarding an interesting article.

    Small-scale nuclear fusion could become a new source of energy – Press release from the University of Gothenburg. (Leif Holmlid and Sveinn Ólafsson)

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/2049-Press-release-from-the-University-of-Gothenburg-Leif-Holmlid-and-Sveinn-%C3%93lafsson/?postID=7737#post7737

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Huskey:
    Yes: 64 patents are pending, but I think we will arrive to about 150 patents pending within one year, due to the ones I am working upon, obviously all related to the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Now it’s 08.10 of Wednesday September 23 inside the computer container.
    The 1 MW E-Cat is stable, the E-Cat X is very promising. We are working hard on it; it is very important that we make it fit to be totally and exhaustively covered by the US Patent that has been granted to us: for us it is now like a commercial requirement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Is your new baby the E-CAT X still running well ?

    I hope that one day you will write a book of this fantastic saga.

    Kind regards,

    Toussaint françois

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