Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

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by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
.
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Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

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1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Ecco Liberation

    Dr. Rossi,
    Given that according to the 2014 Lugano report by Levi and colleagues (“TPR2”) the E-Cat tested operated for a prolonged period of time at 1400°C, could you explain without entering into too much detail why the E-Cat X requires new materials?
    Thanks, EL

  • Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz
    1400 C

  • Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It’s very encouraging to hear that the E-Cat X is operating so well (so far) and that the numbers are “stunning.” Can you tell us at what temperature range the E-Cat X is running (or intended to be running)?

    Thanks,

    Peter Metz

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The list of spare parts for industrial plants is similar to any energy generator, apart the charges,
    About the domestics our policy will be change the whole E-Cat and fix it or recharge it in our nearest agency.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Dear Dr Rossi

    I have been thinking about maintance issues with the Ecat’s. What sort of consumables would an Ecat require such as nickel, hydrogen gas/pellets etc and what sort of volumes per year it take of these consumables to run a 1mw Ecat 24 hour/day 365 days/year.

    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    You mean recurring issues that trouble us: yes, some.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alfonso Troisi

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I was wondering.

    Is there a problem or a few problems that keep coming back on the 1 mw plant, that have you worried and/or occupied trying to find a final solution?

    Thank you to all of you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tuder:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • tuder

    Dear dr. Rossi,
    I have been fiddling around with technology diffusion models for some time and I have used one of them to try to project the diffusion of a LENR reactor in United States in the market of service buildings from 2017 to 2050.
    The parameters input into the model (similar to the SolarDS developed by NREL) were based on the historical diffusion of other decentralized energy technologies and I assumed a linear decrease of payback (one of the inputs) from 5 years from 2017 to 2 years to 2050. Obviously, if the business model will be based on energy performance contracts (where there won’t be any capital expenditure on the part of the customer) then there will need to be a different diffusion model.
    For the market potential I have used the IEA data that goes up to 2050.
    The results indicate that a LENR reactor – IF IT HAS THE SAME DIFFUSION PARAMETERS OF OTHER TECHNOLOGIES (which I doubt because the diffusion would be much faster) – can reach 15% of the market by 2030 (260 TWh heat) and 50% by 2050. Technology diffusion takes time but I bet that in this case the speed could be unprecedented.
    Good luck!
    Tuder

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you, interesting all the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Not new, but still good!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Paul Calvo

    Please disregard … that last post I see now it was dated JAN 4, 2014 ))

    to good to be true ) — I can not remember hearing about this

    http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2014/01/04/doe-mentions-technology-behind-the-home-nuclear-reactor-in-funding-opportunity/

    Paul Calvo

  • Paul Calvo

    Dr Rossi – Big development here, DOE Mentions LENR Technology Behind The Home Nuclear Reactor

    http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2014/01/04/doe-mentions-technology-behind-the-home-nuclear-reactor-in-funding-opportunity/

    Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eriberto:
    No, it is not true. As a matter of fact, I do not even know who they are.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in the other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Eriberto

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    There are persistent rumors in some blog, started during the ICCF of Padua, that you gave the license to sell the E-Cats to a company of Padua named Tsem.
    Is this true?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    i don’t remember if it was asked but…

    The charge of the 250Kw module, relatively to the patented version (supposedly in the 3-10Kw range), is:

    1) Same shape as the patent, but bigger, and if so in what dimensions? (longer, thicker, larger, all of them)
    2) Same size of the patented version, but multiple instances, with some arrangement (e.g. a plane with rows and columns of wafers or multiple planes)
    3) 25 or so E-Cats in a bigger case, with or without inner pipes, with or without indipendent resistors and controls
    4) None of the above, namely a more complex arrangement

    Regards,
    Marco.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    That technology is very interesting.
    Maybe it will be possible to couple with it the E-Cats, why not? Provided the E-Cats will work properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Rossi,
    I notice a lot of work on Super Critical Co2 turbines with a multi-megwatt genset by 2019, these should work well with the Ecat unless the Ecatx is doing something different.

    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I already bet all the money I have.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read the comments published today in the other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Now, at 01.42 a.m. where we are the situation is:
    1 MW E-Cat: stable, in ssm
    E-Cat X: working. This time resists, the new material we made seems to have resolved the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Maybe they are right: at this stage I cannot exclude they are. Time is gentleman, we’ll listen from him the truth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of the sceptics that continue to say the E-Cat will not work?
    From Russia, with love,
    DT

  • Curiosone

    Hi, Andrea Rossi:
    Can we have an update?

  • JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    How much would you bet on the fact that the E-Cat will enter in the stage of massive production?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Obviously the domestic version of the E-Cat X is not fit for turbines, for obvious dimensional reasons.
    Modular multiplication of E-Cat X units can reach the necessary power, though, provided it works: it is too soon to say if it works reliably or not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are well.

    Early on, when you started the E-Cat X, you indicated that it was *not* being adapted for production of steam for turning electric turbines. It sounds like now it is going to be adapted for this purpose, though I may have misunderstood. Has the data you’ve gathered changed your mind about its efficacy or use?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Thank you, we’ll see…but we surely will not be mature for cars by 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Paul

    Hi Dr Rossi, this is a sign of the times, Oslo will ban all cars from the city by 2019,
    so to will LENR be introduced.

    http://futurism.com/links/norways-capital-city-oslo-to-ban-all-cars-by-2019/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Theoretical issues are still pending and I am working on them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Charlie Sutherland

    Andrea,

    I haven’t bothered you in a while. I was waiting for new information to shake out before joining in. However, I may have missed some things.
    Lundin and Lidgren claim they use a resonance wave and you are using a square wave to agitate your recipe. What gives, and how do they know what you are doing?

    Charlie

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The space in the container of this first industrial plant ha been made much larger than necessary because in fact inside this container there are 2 plants of 1 MW each, one for reserve; besides, here are spaces for to allow to work in it to make operations that are not necessary when the technology will have been consolidated; the real volume occupied bya 1 MW generator is m 2 of height, m 2 of length and m 1 of width, as you can see for a total of 4 cubic meters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Rossi
    Will the ECAT’s have a larger power density in the near future, e.g. the current 1Mw unit fits into a 40foot container will you be able to increase the output in the same size. I have taken on board your advise and steam generation and am now looking at hot oil up to 320 degrees celsuis using a heat exchange turbogen OCR generator 19% efficency from Italy coupled with a Theromax heat exchange absorption chiller COP 1.36.

    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Will Hurley:
    Thank you, I know this device, but I can assure you that with the stethoscope I have an immediate and direct information about many particulars, due to my experience.
    The method you propose is obviously more precise and sophysticated. Also a physician uses a stethoscope for a first sight immediate information, then uses much more precise and sophysticated instrumentation for deeper information. It’s similar, I think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hurley

    Mr. Rossi,

    Here is a link to ultrasonic listening devise. Good for finding leaks and asset condition monitoring or listening to the ecat purr.

    http://www.sdthearmore.com/

    Thank you
    Will Hurley

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    To be studied.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This might be a break through paper:

    http://goo.gl/5Pml0E

    Kind regards.

    Toussaint françois

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    It is unthinkable to put steam generators in a condominium. Steam generators demand certified operators 24/7.
    When we think to domestic E-Cat we surely are not thinking to steam generators.
    As a heating medium in a household can be used air or liquid water. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Rossi,
    Having a chat today with a college about using the ecat in commerical buildings using trigeneration he made a comment that I would like to share. In Australia at least there seems to be a relucantance to use steam in building applications due to insurance companies in Australia deeming steam as a hazard.
    My question is will there be a safety system built into the ECAT that if high pressure steam is released within the system (e.g. a valve blows or a pipe explodes) that the ECAT will shut down automatically by sensing the sudden drop in pressure. I know it is not an exciting question but I wish to get my head around the practical implimentation of the ECAT technology into commerical and industrial settings.

    Thankyou for your patients

  • Dear KD,
    Most commerical buildings in Australia have plantrooms on the roof mainly because cooling need large volumes of air due to cooling towers and are open to the atmosphere, I would like to be using the ECAT in high temp mode and more than likely be using trigeneration systems. The ECAT will produce steam which will drive a steam turbine and than the waste steam will be used to drive an absorption chiller with the waste heat from the chiller to supply hotwater to the base building. To try to keep the steam lines short we will need to be close to the chiller which will on the roof of the building. It must be remembered that we have very large cooling loads in Australia as summers are hot and long and winter is short.
    In an industrial use the ECAT would more than likely be installed on the ground floor but thank you for your suggestion

  • KD

    Mr. manuel cilia
    Don’t you think that the heating unit (like E-cat) might work better if it is mounted on the ground level and not on roof of the building?.
    Hot water will always go up and cool will go down. To pump hot water or air down need more energy to use.
    Different story is with cooling system.
    KD

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    About ten tonns, distributed upon 30 sq m
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Rossi, I have more of a mundane question about the 1Mw reactor. I was curious how much it would weighed, most of the plantrooms in multistorey buildings are on the roof and a container can be lifted onto the plantroom as the building is being built. it is more of a practical question, also so I warn the structural engineers
    thankyou

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    I am sure you will get more of these messages today:
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/10/06/louis-dechario-of-us-naval-sea-systems-command-navsea-on-replicating-pons-and-fleischmann/
    I am very interested in your comment!
    Thank you, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko, Maira:
    He,he,he,he,he..
    But attention: it contains a mistake, which is the reference to our now defunkt Greek competitor that has nothing to do with us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hurley:
    The Customer will run the plant with his own operators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hurley

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    After the run is completed in Feb. and assuming it is positive, will operations be handed over to the customer or will you contract the O&M with your people to run it?

    thank you
    Will Hurley

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