United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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14,298 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Mine wish too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Svein Henrik

    To K-H Malmqvist and Readers.
    The problems you describe regarding the postponed response from a Stirling engine is not present in a Stirling-electric-drive-train. Such a solution is the most favorable way to use a Sterling engine in a vehicle. This will probably give the lowest weight and highest reliability to the vehicle.
    The Sterling engine doesn’t need to be larger than an average of the energy need in normal drive. Output of 20 kWh for a Tesla are enough. (As A.R. confirm the COP of the E-cat QX)
    The engine is charging the batteries continuously if they are lower than, may be 85-90% of fully loaded. The Stirling engine is running by a constant speed when charging.
    A response delay of 20 second or one minute, by a start now or then, are negligible according to power reserves in the batteries, good for ½ an hour normal drive without charging.

    Best regards Svein Henrik.

  • Albert Ellul

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    November is here and another year of progress is coming to an end. Hopefully this month will be a milestone in more ways than one; sigma 5 will most probably be reached, and the live demo of the E-Cat QX will show the world your ‘new fire’ in action.

    My wish is to see a roll out of the E-Cat QX selling like hot cakes all around the world.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear r Rossi:
    Here they say you are right and your effect is real:
    Proceedings of the 17th Meeting of Japan CF Research Society JCF17
    March 19-20, 2017
    National Institute of Technology, Tokyo College
    Japan CF-Research Society
    Edited by Shinya Narita

    http://jcfrs.org/file/jcf17-proceedings.pdf

  • Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    More stuff about stirlings. If the working gas is hydrogen the efficiency will be higher than for helium. However hydrogen has a habit to escape into metal and that is not good for stirling cylinders (but essential for LENR).
    Thus, I think, most of the stirling designs use helium.

    However the manufacturer Inresol uses nitrogen as the working gas and dry lubrication. In case you need to refill the stirling, Inresol has made a nitrogen extractor that extracts nitrogen from the air (air consists of 78% nitrogen).

    My friend that worked for United Stirling in the 80’s said that there was a demand for cars of a max time of 20 sec from you pressed the start button until you could drive away. Due to this very fast heating and different temperature expansion coefficients of the pipes containing the gas and the metal of the cylinder wall, there was an endurance problem.

    Tip: When starting a stirling don’t apply full heat from the beginning.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You may be a little confused, reading the title of the article (at least I am):
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171030112247.htm
    But you may have interest in the article. I am not sure what influence deuterium may have on your E-cat QX.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De meo:
    Thank you for the information. By the way, our patent has been granted also in Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hermesatar:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- thank you
    4- many thanks!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The description of the protocol will be explained at the beginning of the test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that the demo will include a configuration of 3 Ecat reactor units, each, I assume, have a nominal thermal output of 20W.

    1. Will you be monitoring the average input power going to the single controller unit?
    2. Can you command the Ecat ensemble to run at a different output level, say, 3x15W, 3x20W and 3x25W?
    3. Can you individually control each Ecat reactor (i.e., turn it off and on)?
    4. If so to #3, can you run with all three reactors active, two reactors active, 1 reactor active, and all reactors inactive?
    5. Will you be also measuring the fluid flow by periodically collecting and weighing it?

    If you can measure the total input power consumed as you vary reactor output, then it is reasonable to estimate the effective COP of each reactor without directly measuring the power input to a reactor. Thoughts?

  • 1) I live in Sweden with cold, snowy weather where most part of the electric bill goes to heating homes. Have you consider heating homes with your E-Cat QX?

    2) Could you please record your streaming demonstration and put it up on YouTube?
    so people who cannot see the demonstration live can view it later?

    3) Follow this link to see how many KW is needed to drive a car at a certain speed. Figure 7: http://www.solarjourneyusa.com/EVdistanceAnalysis5.php

    4) Good Luck with your demonstration!

  • Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi, Dr Rossi:
    Another important replication of your patent.
    Leading the Japanese Gvt NEDO project on anomalous heat effect of nano-metal and hydrogen gas interaction
    Akito Takahashi Akira Kitamura

    Goal: To confirm non-chemical (namely nuclear origin-like) high energy-density heat genration by nano-metal and hydrogen gas inetraction at elevated temperature and to extend R&D program for new hydrogen energy devices.

    https://www.researchgate.net/project/Leading-the-Japanese-Gvt-NEDO-project-on-anomalous-heat-effect-of-nano-metal-and-hydrogen-gas-interaction

    Heat evolution from silica-supported nano-composite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gas

    Conference Paper · November 2017
    Akito Takahashi
    Technova Inc , Tokyo · Thermal Energy Technology Group
    Nuclear Physics, Accelerator Physics, Experimental Physics
    PhD

    Abstract
    Hydrogen isotope absorption characteristics of nanoparticles supported by silica, Pd/SiO2 (“PSf1”) and CuNi10/SiO2 (“CNS3”), have been examined. Large absorption energy (1.3±0.3 eV/Pd) with large apparent loading ratio (LM = 2.6) was observed in the initial phase of the D-PSf1#1 run with D2 at room temperature, which could be ascribed to reduction of PdO and hydrogen absorption by Pd nanoparticles. To reduce the NiO in the CNS3 sample, heating up to around 200 °C was necessary. The excess heat was observed in the elevated temperature phases of the runs with CNS3, while no excess heat was observed with PSf1. Taking also into account the experimental results obtained previously for other samples, we can conclude that the excess heat is observed only in the elevated temperature phases of the runs with binary nanocomposite samples, but not with single-element nanoparticles. In the H-CNS3#2 run, the excess heat amounts to 200 eV/Ni or more than 0.9 keV/H without detectable dose rate of hard radiations, which cannot be explained by any chemical process. Index Terms − Silica supported nanoparticles, Cu⋅Ni/SiO2, Pd/SiO2, hydrogen gas absorption, excess power, 200 eV/Ni, 0.9 keV/H.
    Discover the world’s research

    Heat evolution from silica-supported nano-composite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gas (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320741361_Heat_evolution_from_silica-supported_nano-composite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gas [accessed Nov 01 2017].
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320741361_Heat_evolution_from_silica-supported_nano-composite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gas

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    To be honest, none of them has efficiency above the efficiency of the Carnot cycle, once we test them carefully, but the COP of the E-Cat X can make the difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    😂

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- 3
    4- 40
    5- the location of the demo will be disclosed several days before it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    We are all awaiting the demonstration of the E-cat QX at the end of November.
    Can you perhaps reveal some details like:
    1. Is the preparation for the demonstration ready and tested?
    2. Are you going to demonstrate a cluster of QuarkX’s?
    3. How many QuarkX’s will the cluster contain?
    4. Roughly how many invitees will there be?
    5. When will you demonstrate it in Sweden?
    I wish you and your team a huge success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist,

    Do you also have information about the efficiency of these engines?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Erika:
    Thank you from me and the Great Team that works with me,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Erika

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I wish you the success you merit for the presentation of end November.
    We of the silent majority are crossing fingers for you!
    Godspeed,
    Erika

  • Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    While waiting for the E-CatQX heat demonstration, here is some stirling history.
    The modern Stirling Engine was developed by Philips in Holland during the 1950’s and 1960’s. The design was then bought and further developed by United Stirling in Sweden. The smaller stirling was put in an Opel (GM) test car and the bigger one in a Volvo Truck. A friend of mine used to work for United Stirling in the late 70’s early 80’s and has driven the Opel. I talked to him the other day and he remenbered that there was a small delay when hitting the throttle until you got the power, like a turbo lag.
    United Stirling ceased to exist and the small stirling design was sold to Solo Kleinmotoren in Germany. The big stirling was developed to a submarine engine by Kockums.

    Some years ago the swedish company Cleanergy bought back the small stirling design from Solo.

    A couple of former stirling developers at Kockums/SAAB Defence started the company Ripasso and got the license for the bigger Stirling for non military applications.

    Of course there are many other manufacturers for smaller stirlings as has been mentioned in the blog.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Yes, I know the issue.
    It is possible, but there are very high stakes to overcome to get the permissions.
    I am open, though.
    By the way: our patent has been granted also in Australia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you. Very interesting replication. By the way: our patent has been granted also in Russia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hi Andrea, near where I live in Australia there has been a 150 MW coal fired power station that has recently been shut down and further away a 2 GW coal fired power station shut down. Both these assetskoomi have all the boilers , turbines , transformers and all other infrastructure already in place yet are both close to worthless due to the view on coal here in Australia. My question is such – would the Ecat be able to be used to retro fit disused coal powered power plants ? If so wouldn’t these be 2 examples of being able to purchase potentially very valuable assets for next to nothing and 1) make a large profit selling electricity 2) end all speculation on your technology 3) provide a great service to the environment and local business prior to expanding internationally. Surely this situation is not unique to Australia. All the best
    L

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Important confirmation of the replication made in Russia by Dr Parkhomov and Dr Lebedev:

    NICKEL-HYDROGEN REACTORS: HEAT GENERATION, ISOTOPIC AND ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF FUEL
    Alexander G. Parkhomov, Sergey N. Zabavin, Timur R. Timerbulatov Experimental-design laboratory “K.I.T.” Moscow 121108, Russian Federation alexparh@mail.ru, sergeyzabavin@gmail.com, konfi1@konfi.ru Kirill A. Alabin, Stepan N. Andreev Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.gpi.ru Moscow 119991, Russian Federation alabin.kirill@gmail.com, naukagpi@yandex.ru, Alexander G. Sobolev Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.lebedev.ru Moscow 119991, Russian Federation asob09@gmail.com

    Abstract. At the interaction of hydrogen with a number of metals, including Nickel, are observed not only mechanical and chemical changes, but also such extraordinary phenomena as the anomalously large heat generation and the change in isotopic and elemental composition. An overview of experiments that explore these phenomena is presented. Also the results of analysis of the isotopic and elemental composition of the fuel and substances near the active zone of nickel-hydrogen reactors before and after work with the production of excess energy to 790 MJ are presented. Reliable changes in the isotopic composition of nickel and lithium are not detected. A significant increase in the concentration of impurities of a number of nuclides discovered, not only in fuel but also in structural elements adjacent to the active zones of reactors. Keywords: hydrogen, nickel, heat generation, isotopic composition, radiation UDC 53.043 Bibliography – 30 references Received 19.06.2017 RENSIT, 2017, 9(1):74-93 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2017.09.074

    11. CONCLUSION Numerous experiments conducted in different laboratories, confirm the allocation in Nickel-hydrogen systems, thermal energy, many times exceeding the heat dissipation possible in chemical processes. The level of accumulated empirical knowledge in this area allows us to reflect on the transition from experimental models to a variety of practical applications, extremely efficient and environmentally friendly technologies. In the course of processes in nickel-hydrogen systems, the changes of the elemental and isotopic composition of matter are detected. This indicates that an anomalously high heat generation in these systems is probably related to transformations at the nuclear level. The fact that such transformations occur at very low nuclear standards, temperatures, and the lack of hard nuclear radiations and radioactivity, indicates the need to look for unusual approaches to explain the detected effects. The problem is that the explanation is not confined to finding ways of overcoming the Coulomb barrier to the close approach and merging of the nuclei [13]. The most mysterious is the absence (or very small intensity) of nuclear radiation in the process of cold transmutations and education only isotopes that do not exhibit radioactivity. 1. The isotopic and elemental composition of the substance in four nickel-hydrogen reactors of various designs with an excess energy output from 100 to 790 MJ has been analyzed. Not only the changes in fuel, but also the materials adjacent to the active zone have been investigated. In addition, the composition of the substance accumulating in the cavity of the reactor near the active zone has been studied. 2. There were no significant changes in the isotopic composition of nickel and lithium, except for the analysis of the fuel of the AP2 reactor at Uppsala University (Sweden). 3. A significant increase in the concentration of impurities of a number of nuclides has been detected not only in fuel, but also in structural elements adjacent to the active zones of the reactors. In addition to tungsten and rhenium, the appearance of which can be explained by migration from the heater coil, the content of boron increased greatly, as well as nuclides with atomic masses of 43-53, 64-83, 107-130, 198-208. 4. In the substance that was found in the cavity of the reactor near the active zone, in addition to tungsten, a lot of iron, sodium, potassium, nickel, silicon, calcium, scandium and a number of other elements accumulated.

    http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/200/9(1)74-93e.pdf

  • Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Will any of your team/employees be present at the demonstration? It would be great to see some of their hard work recognised as well as your own.

  • Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    i was not aware of the Saab steam motor. I heard something about the Cyclone motor, but i never thought of them thoroughly…
    But now i see a good application for the Ecat QX for direct use in automotive industry…
    Just try to find a steam powered old Saab and substitute the burner with an Ecat QX…

    Regards, Marco.

  • WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems that, over the past year, you’ve made a fair number of improvements in the area of E-Cat control. I realize your current plans are to build assemblies of small E-Cats (the Quark) to give you scaleability for very large systems, but I was wondering if there is anything in what you’ve learned during the past year that could be applied towards revisiting (from a controllability and COP point of view) larger E-Cat devices– for instance, 100W or 1KW devices?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Sorry, but we are making an R&D on the Stirling engines that is too premature for what you say.
    The scope of the demo is to introduce the E-Cat QX as a heat maker, not to show particular applications that at the moment are not ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The pre-order list is always open. I repeat that a pre-order is free, does not bind who makes it in any way. He can cancel when he wants and he is free to refuse our offer when it will be made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    I have understood nothing. What the heck does mean your comment? In past I read better from you.
    I think the “secret ingredients” at the origin of your comment are not secret enough to disallow me to invite you to drink responsibly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Having followed your work since 2011, I have paid close attention to all the details. Today, I shall reveal to ALL the World the secret Ingredients of the QX fuel.

    Here goes:
    The secret Ingredients of the QX fuel are REDACTED, REDACTED and REDACTED. And further more, the element REDACTED is infused into the fuel to provide enhanced stability and performance. For further information, you can email me at REDACTED or call me on my direct line 1-xxx-xxx-xxxx.

    I’ve been assured that once posted on the internet that this information is forever for everyone to see. So what do you say to that Dr. Rossi?

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  • eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    After the demonstration, are you going to accept pre-orders just like you did years ago for the basic E-cat?
    Wondering regards.

  • Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    As your demonstration now are approaching and you have expressed interest in Stirling engines, why not invite two or three of the most interesting manufacturers to this event?
    The Sterling engines on the marked today are not designed for a vehicle marked. They are far too heavy. Engines for use in airplanes or for use in ship/powerplants, have a total different power/weight ratio.
    It may be possible to produce a Sterling engine for vehicle marked to ¼ of the weight of the units of today. The cost of the material may be significantly higher, but the production processes may not be more expensive. A higher price will quickly be saved through the operating expenses.
    The Sterling engine with a generator is, due to its low noise and very small vibrations, superb in combination with the possibilities of energy storage in batteries to suit all types of vehicles.
    Being on your presentation may surely be triggering of the creativity to a Sterling engine designer.
    If the room space is limited, why not extend the demonstration with a day 2, specially for OEM’s, also in other fields where you see possibilities?
    The OEM’s may then work in parallel with your work for the automated production of the QX and a far larger marked will then be ready for the “kittens” when born.
    All the best for an important event within the next 30 days! Regards: Svein Henrik.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    I think you’re better off with an open flow of ambient air, possibly supplemented by vapor or steam to achieve better reception of the IR spectrum.

    The problem of cooling, combined with the simultaneous heating and cooling of one and the same mass of gases, makes it difficult, heavy and expensive to develop large powers with stirling machines.

    I think it’s best to start the heating only after the compression phase, which may even be cooled by atomizing cold water. During the compression phase I would isolate the heat source. Or make the heat exchanger as small as possible, and during the heated expansion I would make the surface as big as possible. Hence my previous suggestion to work with plungers that can be pushed very quickly into the medium to be heated, altered with cavities of the same volume.

    This will be a multi-million R & D project. Also to material properties and durability. I will not build a working prototype in my basement.

    I do not think there is any similarity already. We could only develop it with electrical heating elements, apart from the E-Cat QX. But a heavy electric, thermal engine, with a return of 30% seems to me a stupid invention.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    To be taken in consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, probably you have already read the following post on ECW:

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/10/29/engineering-and-marketing-issues-for-commercializing-the-e-cat-qx-michael-lammert/

    What do you think?

    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    “Decade” is 10 days: in this case means between the 20 and the 30 of November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No, I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are going very well and we are very close to the Sigma 5 level.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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