United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

Read the whole US Patent
Download the ZIP file of US Patent

40,785 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    After the convincing demo made in Stockholm in front of the highest echelons of the scientific world, still your effect is controversial. Why so?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- yes
    2- not yet
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    1- Is still under certification process the domestic Ecat?
    2- If yes, do you have any feedback?
    3- How much will be its price/kW?
    Thank you,
    Chuck Davis

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- any
    2- seconds plus the obvious transitory of the T curve
    3- depends on the model. If it is a 1 kW module, it will be 1 kWh/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Toby Saquero:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Donny:
    It cannot modulate the single module. It can only switch on/off any module.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ken

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your patent been granted also in Brazil?

  • Donny

    Dear Andrea,
    Is the control system of the Ecat QX able to modulate the power of any single module, or it can only switch on and off single modules separately?

  • Toby Salquero

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Could hospitals be customers for the Ecat? They use heat and steam for many purposes, from heating to sterilization etc etc
    Godspeed,
    Toby

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that you can control the thermal output of a single eCat reactor module…

    1. Over what range of thermal output can you effect control? (e.g. 25% to 110%)?
    2. If you turn off an individual module, i.e., 0% thermal output, while adjacent modules are running, how long does it take for the turned off module to become fully functioning after being commanded to turn on, (seconds, milliseconds, minutes)?
    3. What is the maximum percentage of nominal output that a module may be continuously operated at (e.g., 150%), assuming operating temperature range was maintained?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The control system can turn on and off the single modules. You are right, my answer was not complete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Frank Acland asked you if the power of a plant can be modulated, you answered that it is possible by means of the control system: so the control system can modulate the single modules?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- you do it through the control system
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Will it be possible to operate an E-Cat plant at a fraction of its maximum rating, for example operate a 1 MW plant at 500 kW?
    2) If yes, would you do so by turning off some of the modules during the plant’s operation?
    3) Will it be possible to add modules to an existing plant after it is installed, in order to increase power, for example make a 1 MW plant into a 1.5 MW plant?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ingmar:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    I am really curious to follow the developments in the sector of the Supercritical CO2 and surely interested in its industrial applications.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lawana Turnbill:
    On the Physics of the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Lawana Turnbill

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does your technology consist more on the physics of the reactor or on the electronics of the control system?

  • Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea,
    Your focus on presenting a heat producing industrialized Ecat QX within this year is ambitious and the best choice you now may take. I understand you also are exploring future steps to produce electricity.
    The Supercritical CO2 turbines seems now to be closer to commercialization.
    These will perform the highest thermal efficiency and power density of thermal-to-electric generators. The possibilities of a high turbine inlet-temperature from the Ecat makes possibilities for up to 50% higher thermal efficiency than in a steam Rankine generator.
    Do you study the possibilities to combine Ecat and S-CO2 turbines?
    Best Regards,
    Svein Henrik.

  • Ingmar

    Congratulations for the convincing Ecat demonstration of November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Are you still thinking to manufacture the Ecat also in Sweden?
    Good luck,
    Ingmar

  • Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Good question: yes, we are dealing seriously with this issue with a specialist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hello Andrea,

    Much is being written about power generation being vulnerable to internet-based hacking which could disrupt or destroy operations of power generators. Does the E-cat have any online based control? Has your team considered internet-based threats to the operation of the E-cat?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- contain ( he,he,he)
    2- yes: it is the body of the plant
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- no: the safety certification imposes that a module is automatically turned off if any of its parts is opened or disconnected. To enter the container is safe also when the plant is in operation
    6- to be defined
    7- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lucien:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- I hope within this year
    2- same as above
    3- basic module
    4- more or less yes
    5- modules can be combined to reach any power
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    When do you plan to present products to potential customers and the public ready for industrial production?
    When will the product be ready or when the plant is ready for operation?

    Do you plan to publish specifications in the near future to use E-Cate in new projects? Or is it a distant prospect?

    At the first stage there will be one, basic, model or several?

    I correctly imagine that the robotic line will produce ready-made modules, and then workers will collect the unit in a container?
    Or will the robots collect only the “heart”, and the module will be collected manually?

    The installation of 1 mW will consist of standard modules, the user can order the installation of 500, 800, 1200 or 1500 kW?

    Thank you.
    I wish you successes, at this very important stage!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  • Lucien

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The video I found on youtube of the November 24 Stockholm demo of the Ecat QX has turned me from sceptic into a person convinced that your work is serious.
    Licien

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the information about the container. A few more questions:

    1) What is the purpose of the container?
    2) Is the container considered part of the industrial plant — in other words, when a customer buys a plant is the container included in the cost?
    3) Can one view the plant in operation through a window in the container?
    4) Can one view the plant in operation via a camera inside the container?
    5) Will the plant shut down automatically if the container is opened when the E-Cat is in operation?
    6) What is the minimum size of industrial plant that can be ordered?
    7) Will the size of the container depend on the power rating of the plant?

    Thank you!

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- not yet
    2- yes
    3- it makes transportation easier, surely it is not the miss universe of the solutions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I will give this information when the numbers will have been consolidated. They are not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good question.
    We resolved the old problem of the transitories and now the switch on and switch off are rapid enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    When you stop the E-Cat do the transmutations stop instantly or do these reactions stop gradually which could cause overheating in case of problems?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  • Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I hope all is going well as you move towards your goal and am wondering if you can provide an update on a piece of information you previously shared regarding the control module.

    Previously, which now seems like a hundred Ecat upgrades ago, you shared that the control module used to control just 1 or upto 100 single Qx reactor modules would consume about 20W, that the control module’s power consumption was effectively
    independent of the number of reactors under its control.

    Now the Qx reactor modules and the controller module has been materially enhanced/upgraded. Now, 13 Qx reactors have been set into a 1kW array with its own control module. Does the rule you previously shared still hold? Does the upgraded control module still only draw about 20W, independent of the number of reactor modules within the array?

    My best to you and your team,

    Buck

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that the plant is inside a container.

    1) Can you say what the size of the container will be?
    2) Is the container required (for industrial certification purposes)?
    3) Would a shipping container be preferred?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You should consider a visual indicator to show the install unit is powered up, whether it is operating correctly, if it is communication with the central control system, etc. Other data such as model an serial may be engraved or stenciled.

    Other operating data such as model (selfsustaining, etc.), internal temperature, % fuel remaining, diagnostics, etc. May be communicated electronically to the Central Control.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    No. Anything necessary while the plant is in operation can be done from outside the container of the Ecat modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will all the control systems of each module of the Ecat QX be assembles in the same control panel of a 1 MW plant?

  • Anonymous

    Is it possible to operate an Ecat plant from remote using a cloud?

  • Gloria

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it necessary for a human enter the container of a plant while the Ecat is operating?
    Thank you,
    Gloria

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- yes
    2- > 6
    3- the combinations can be modified
    4- about 30- 35 C degrees
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Since, as I understand it, you now have an encapsulated 1kW thermal output module which you can connect in parallel to produce a 1 MW thermal output system. Is this correct?

    2. I also understand that each 1kW unit has its own control system. Have you been able to estimate the average effective COP of a 1kW module?

    3. I also understand that the grid pattern for a 1MW thermal output system would be four racks (or two racks with front and back insertions) with each rack containing 25 modules horizontally and 10 modules vertically (e.g. x, y). Is this correct? (Four surfaces with each surface supporting 250 modules).

    4. At full output power, what will be the environment between the racks? Specifically, will humans be able to access the modules for replacement purposes without shutting down the entire system? If so, what temperature range would such maintenance personnel experience?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fausto:
    All the modules are assembled in frames along vertical axes ( y ) and horizontal axes ( x ). Therefore every module is characterized by its coordinates x and y.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Fausto

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About your answer to Steven N. Karels: what do you mean “by x,y”?

  • Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand you have a huge radiation intensity in very small surfaces: is this a difficulty you are coping with regarding the heat exchangers for the SK??

  • Andrea Rossi

    Craig:
    A specialist ( a pretty good one ) made it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>