United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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21,025 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Mario Menichella

    Dear Andrea,
    my congratulations for the “Ballerina concerto”, which I appreciated in a special way due to my physical background. In my view, it is the best conclusion of a cycle of about 14 years of your experiments / refinements / efforts of various type, which would deserve a major public recognition (I mean not only by Brian…).

    I have read your blog since 2011, but in the last 12 months you still gave with generosity in terms of time and committement so many answers that probably I missed some of them. So I beg your pardon if my following question has already been posted before by others (may be not).

    I read in the Appendix of your paper with Gullstrom (July 2017) that in the ractor (at the time a QuarkX prototype) that the ractor contained LiAlH4. As I imagine that you need to vacuum the tube and it is not clear to me how you can insert a powder in an evacuated tube, I imagined that the presence of LiAlH4 was a Gullstrom’s hypothesis and not an “official” info you was giving to him/us.

    So, my question is: (1) in such old paper, did you officially – I mean as Andrea Rossi – (a) say that in the QuarkX you tested there is LiAl4 or (b) is it only a Gullstrom’s hypothesis? And (2), if you can say it or at least let us imagine in some way, is the LiAlH4 present also in your marvelous E-Cat SK, being apparently, to our old aficionados, a quite similar reactor (except for the nice “dancing”, hehe)? :-)

    Thank you in advance for your answers, and my best wishes for your work and health!

    Mario

  • Lib

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Did you have a reaction from any potential buyer after the presentation of your product?Any new customer approached you after the launch?
    You said that you would publish the number of new contracts or customers on your site, but you didn’t. Why not? Could you number to us the amount of new customers you have so far?
    Could you tell us from which countries the customers are contacting you from?

    Kind Regards,

    Lib

  • Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    theoretically, using a bit of your technology would be possible to realize a simple 1 or 2 kW stove, with a COP limited to about 1.5 with none, or a simplified control panel? a such appliance would be a great improvement in reducing CO2 emissions and energy bill.
    Please, answer if theoretically this would be possible, independently if you are not interested in.

  • Sven

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    For several years your partner in Sweden has been Hydrofusion.
    Is this still the case?
    If not, who is the new contact?

    Best regards
    Sven

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mylan:
    This will depend on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alexandra:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    The answer is:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alexandra

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have appreciated very much today the website
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and I have gone through all the links of the menu that appears at the beginning of it.
    I think that you launched well the Ecat SK, also considering which is now your selected target.
    Very strong theoretical support, very convincing demonstration, notwithstanding the problem of your voice, that anyway has been artificially improved in the edited links on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Curiosity: are you making contracts stimulated from the presentation?
    Please take care of your health,
    Alexandra

  • Mylan

    Dear Andrea,
    you wrote Aftenposten that you expect SK heat to be 50% cheaper than any other heat source. I thought that you would guarantee only 20%. Does that mean that you guarantee 20% but expect savings to be higher? Or do you mean that you could reach 50% in the future?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the warning to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    It is, because our Clients like not to be harassed, at least for the time being. Otherwise they would not ask for an NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    It seems that all your customers will be subject to a non-disclosure clause, like the current client of whom we know nothing.
    How is this compatible with a rapid diffusion of the reactor to the market?

    Regards,

    Michel

  • Hi folks:

    The following links are very much off-topic – having nothing at all to do with LENR – but they do have direct relevance to some postings here about one year ago regarding Bitcoin and other crypto-currencies. By all means take a look at these links, regarding two entirely different cases, if you find the topic of interest.

    https://coingape.com/crypto-mining-host-giga-watt-files-bankruptcy/

    https://globalnews.ca/news/4914774/quadrigacx-creditor-protection-crypto-exchange/

    Rodney.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes, if the air is directly used to heat the room the COP of the cooling system heat recovery is the same of the solar panels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    To get domestic we need more time, but I know the feeling!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,
    I stay with my foot on the ground……(in Italy) November/Dicember….ENI GAS bill….750 euri…….
    for to heat my home (160 mq – condensing boiler e radiant pannels ).
    I want “ballerina” in my home….I sleep with her and I will take care of her as if it were my daughter.

    Saluti speciali dal Lago!!!

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    would you like to tell us what is being cooled by the cooling system?

    I find it intriguing that you count it for heat production. To heat a building or a greenhouse, that is certainly relevant. But to heat a liquid through a heat exchanger, the heat from the cooling system will not really be useful.

    Not that I see a problem there, because inverters of solar panels also achieve efficiencies of 98% at best.

    But I would like your vision on that.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I don’t think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pietro:
    It is a known technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I stick with the calculations made on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rod Walton

    Update: Power Engineering February 5th 2019: “Utlities braved historic cold to keep power on in the Midwest”
    Rod Walton

  • Dear Dr Rossi

    I am still a little confused on the COP of the system when you have more than one reactor. From what I have gathered is that one controller can operate up to 10 ecat reactors. If we assume the power consumption is 0 watts or very close to it for the reactors and the controller consumes approx 380watts, does this mean that 10 Ecat units each producing 20Kw giving a total of 200Kw and one controller is the COP of the total system now 200/0.38 = 526.

    Thank you

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you be willing to cooperate with the following:
    Assume the readers of ECW will hire an attorney who should ask of some customers of you the input energy and output energy over a period of an E-Cat plant in operation. The attorney keeps the names of your customers secret and he is free to pick some of your customers from a list, of customers that have agreed with you to cooperate with the attorney. You will show the attorney that picklist. To persuade customers to cooperate, you may offer them a reduction in price for the delivered heat during the first year or so.
    In this way the performance is verified by an independent body and the NDA is not violated (customer has agreed with it). The readers of ECW will provide you an official certificate that we have verified the performance of your Ecat with regards to COP. That should boost the sales, we expect, and we have our long wanted official verification of your LENR technology. Then the Era of the New Fire has finally begun.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  • Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    From your description, it seems that the ECat is similar to the old fashioned neons: a starter (the control panel), a resistor (actually a reactance in the case of the neon) in series and a plasma.

    Have you tried to study the well known (i think) physics of an old fashioned neon to see if it fits for the ECat? This because modern energy saving light bulbs, pre-LED, have substituted starter and reactance with a switching circuit, much more efficient. Could this be the key to increase the efficiency of the ECat driver? What do you think?

    Reactive regards,
    Marco.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hi Andrea:

    OK. So an E-Cat SK reactor operating in SSM consumes a microscopically small quantity of continuous electric power?

    Am I right in assuming that to start up an E-Cat SK from cold requires more electric input than SSM? And that this start up amount is trivial where a reactor operates in SSM pretty much continuously 350 days of the year?

    Thank you.

    Rodney.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Let me repeat: I stick on what I wrote on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    You are absolutely not irritating, why should you be ?
    I am delighted to answer the questions of our Readers.
    The number you calculated is what I call SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Hi Andrea:

    At risk of becoming irritating – I hope I am not, I certainly do not mean to be:

    I now see – sorry, silly me – that the current moving from the control panel to the reactor must be 0.0032 amps. So the watts consumed by the reactor must be just 0.0008, as the presentation had pointed out.

    Since the reactor’s heat output is 21,942 watts, the CoP of the reactor itself must be 27.4 million, before any adjustment for the length of time spent in SSM.

    Have I gotten it right this time?

    And clarification of the definition of SSM would be much appreciated.

    Thank you for your patience with me about this.

    27.4 million kindest regards.

    Rodney.

  • Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Some people ask for details about the reactor’s COP.
    Your calculations are clearly readable, but I made a brief summary as I have understood.
    The reactor without plasma has infinite electrical resistance, it is an open circuit.
    When there is the plasma, its resistance becomes almost zero, a negligible value.
    When the reactor is operating, a very low current of 3.2 mA passes, and there is almost no electrical consumption in the reactor.
    In fact, with a very low current in a resistance tending to zero, the consumption is practically nothing.
    The only measurable consumption is in the electrical resistance put in series with the reactor (78 ohms), that is 0.0008 W.
    The necessity of this resistance is to limit the current when there is the plasma, otherwise, there would be a short-circuit.

    This fact shows that in reality, the reactor alone has an incredibly own high COP, not even measurable, since in input it consumes almost nothing, while in output it supplies kW of power.
    In such circumstances, the reactor is in self-sustaining mode.
    Am I correct?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Please watch the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    In the menu that will appear initially, please choose the link of the calculations and go to the calculation of the COP.
    You will find there a detailed answer to your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Very nice, thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I honestly think that in all the links published on http://www.ecarskdemo.com I released all the non confidential information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    1) UPPER LEFT is not the controller input Voltage, it is the ECAT SK input Voltage ( 250 mV ). The controller input Voltage is the one indicated by the Amperometer/Voltmeter in the UPPER CENTER frame, where are indicated 20 A and 19 V ( by default you read the A, while the V appear when you can see the operator that presses a switch )
    2) the spectrometer indicates the wavelength of the photons in function of their intensity: in the Cartesian axis system you can read along the x axis the wavelength and along the y axis you can read the density
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    I stick with my calculations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan Gilburt:
    We will give the data that will be possible to make public: as you correctly write, without releasing confidential information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    It is extremely important , because it makes a trigger effect. I explained this in the par. 3 and 4, that are strictly bound in the paper published on Researchgate. Now its link is in the menu of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • “Andrea Rossi
    February 4, 2019 at 9:33 AM

    The Ecat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.”
    = = = = = = = =
    Hi Andrea:

    Now I see I am confused again.

    I had imagined that SSM was defined as periods during which the **reactor** did not need any electric power, and continued to generate heat without it.

    I thought that when the reactor was not in SSM it needed electic current in order to continue to function as intended.

    Your post above seems to suggest otherwise. And may also contradict much of the contents of a message I had posted earlier today.

    Clarification about the meaning of ‘self-sustaining mode’ would be helpful to me. Thank you.

    Rodney.

  • Raphael

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I found in its menu a link to the 437.2 signature of the spectrometer, but confronting it with the spectrometer record, it appears it is not a main peak. Why, then is it so important?
    Congratulations for the new format of http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    The menu with the links edited to facilitate the access to all the most important issues is very useful and well done. Your voice has been artificially made louder, so now it is more easy to listen.
    Take care of your health, Andrea.
    Godspeed
    Raphael

  • Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Congratulations on creating what should be a groundbreaking energy producing system.

    Now that the E-Cat-SKs are going to generate heat for commercial customers would it be possible for you to publish on your web site the total E-CAT-SK energy (KWH) that all your customers receive and are billed for after each month of operation?

    This single number would give a very good indication of how the E-Cat SK is doing in the marketplace, hopefully, without releasing confidential information.

    Best Regards

    Dan Galburt

  • Hi Andrea:

    In the 31 January video, the CoP was conservatively calculated as 57.7. In a commercial presentation it is important that the seller not overstate his case, so in my opinion it was entirely appropriate that you take this conservative approach.

    However, another statistic which may be almost as interesting as the one you presented – indeed, perhaps even more so – is the CoP of the reactor itself. The control panel, while an essential component of the E-Cat SK, is not an integral part of the mechanism by which the reactor generates heat.

    You mentioned that the heat output of the E-Cat SK’s reactor was 21,942 watts. You also mentioned that the voltage of the power fed to the reactor was 250 millivolts. If the information is not confidential, it would be really interesting to know how many Amps are applied to the reactor when it is not in self-sustain mode, and what percentage of the time, on average, the reactor spends in self-sustain mode. With these two data points it would be possible to calculate the CoP of just the reactor itself.

    If I am not mistaken, if the above data were available, the CoP of the reactor could be calculated as follows:

    CoP = (21,942 ÷ (0.25 x Ar)) ÷ (1 – SSMf) , where

    21,942 is the reactor’s watts of heat output
    0.25 is the voltage of the power fed into the reactor
    Ar is the Amps of the current fed into the reactor
    SSMf is the factor for the proportion of the time the reactor functions is self-sustain mode

    Regarding SSMf, if the reactor is in self-sustain mode for 40% of the time SSMf would be 0.4.

    Taking some arbitrary figures as an example, if the reactor’s current is one amp, and the unit averages self-sustain mode for 40% of the time, then the CoP *** of the reactor *** could be calculated as follows:

    CoP = (21,942 ÷ (0.25 x 1)) ÷ (1 – 0.4) = 146,280

    Now, that 146,280 number is just an example. But if the number were to come out merely a little in excess of 10,000 that would be quite impressive. And a little better, I think, than the results of those struggling to achieve ‘hot fusion’ (!)

    Is the number for the reactor’s CoP – whatever it actually turns out to be – something that people following the LENR story would find of interest?

    With ≈146,280 kind regards,

    Rodney.

  • Hello.
    Can you explain to a person that is not an engineer what does it means in the video:
    1) the controller input voltage (upper left)
    2) the spectrometer input (down left)

    Thanks,
    Bye Luca

  • Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Whoa! “The E-Cat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable” is a huge revelation from what we are accustomed too. It has been understood up to this time the control system was required to excite and maintain the E-Cat at a certain level of operation with periodic excitation intervals. Now it is always in Self-Sustained Mode, meaning (at least to me) it does not require the control system to maintain its ‘on’ or operational mode. The only limited conclusion I can imagine now for the control system’s use is to either keep the E-Cat from running away or to shut it down when required or both. Could you share any other information without violating confidentiality to help clarify this new paradigm? Thank you!
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  • Dear Andrea,
    There exists a well-known James Bond song “You only live twice”, performed by Nancy Sinatra. I notice, that if one substitutes “LENR” for “love” in the lyrics, one gets something:

    You only live twice, or so it seems.
    One life for yourself, and one for your dreams.
    You drift through the years and life seems tame.
    Till one dream appears and LENR is its name.
    And LENR is a stranger who’ll beckon you on.
    Don’t think of the danger or the stranger is gone.
    This dream is for you, so pay the price.
    Make one dream come true, you only live twice.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XgFtQPgHyek

    regards, /pekka

  • Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Lotr Mileikowsky kindly sent you a very important story “As US Freezes, This Is Where Europeans Can’t Afford To Heat Their Homes” on pressclub.world ( https://www.pressclub.world/2019/02/03/where-europeans-cant-afford-to-heat-their-homes/ ).

    I happened to click on “Science” to see what stories they covered, and had a very pleasant surprise to see their lead article!

    https://www.pressclub.world/category/science/
    “Worldwide introduction of the E-Cat SK today at 9:00 AM Eastern Time”

    Enjoy you reading,
    Congratulatory Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

    “Worldwide introduction of the E-Cat SK today at 9:00 AM Eastern Time”

  • Andrea Rossi

    The Ecat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    You are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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