United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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22,450 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Robbie

    Dear Andrea:
    I like your answer to Anonymous.
    Cheers
    Robbie

  • Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, ho aspettato qualche giorno (in modo da far passare la buriana della presentazione dell’SK) per confidarle tutta la mia preoccupazione per la sua salute.
    Non le nascondo che durante lo streaming, ascoltando il suo modo sofferente di parlare e tossire, ad un certo punto non riuscivo più a concentrarmi su quel gioiello del nuovo reattore di sua invenzione.
    La prego di trovare dieci minuti di tempo e dare un’occhiata a questo link https://22passi.blogspot.com/2017/01/considerazioni-personale-su.html nella speranza che possa esserle utile e convinto come sono che il mondo abbia tanto bisogno di geniali visionari come Lei ancora per molti anni.
    Consideri questa mail strettamente riservata e personale.
    Cordiali Saluti
    Vincenzo Bonomo

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information. I agree on the fact that all the energy sources have to be integrated and therefore their anti-pollution systems have to be unrestlessly improved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We do not need them now. We surely will make new demonstrations when we will have new products, like, for example gas turbines fueled by Ecats. But we need more time, even if now we found the right turbine to couple with the Ecat SK. The third parties now and in future will be our Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Will you make more public demonstration or tests made by independent parties?

  • Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering, February 12 2019: “Coal fired power: enhancing wet-limestone scrubbers efficiency”: despite retirements, a large number of coal fired power plants remain in operation worldwide, therefore the FGD system remain an important anti-pollution system.
    Rod Walton

  • Herbert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Probably not everybody has absorbed the greatness of what happened on January 31st: LENR are no more an issue in discussion between sceptics and enthusiasts around prototypes , LENR now are in the real market, even limited to the industrial environment, but now we have factories that buy and use heat made by LENR.
    Thank you for your work.
    Godspeed,
    Herbert

  • Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I don’t speak Russian, so I asked to a Russian friend of mine ( Dr Vitaly Uzikov ) to write for me a 20 lines synopsis of the video.
    He told me it is a report of the presentation I made of the Ecat SK on January 31st ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ); the journalist that made this report, Mr Igor Danailov, is a mainstream Russian journalist. He says I am looking for a strong partner for the diffusion of our technology also in Russia and this is true, because Russia is one of the Countries where our patent has been granted and my effect has been repeatedly replicated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    George Prazak:
    1- our primary reaches so high temperatures, that we can deliver any temperature a secondary needs
    2- 1 kWh = 3412.14 BTU
    Thank you for your kind wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • George Prazak

    DR Rossi,
    1- What is the temperature that the Ecat SK can deliver to the secondary of a heat exchanger?
    2- how to convert 1 kWh into BTUs ?
    May the Good Lord forever bless you and your dedicated Team,
    George Prazak

  • Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    the following was posted on ECatWorld. Is this valid or is this an example of what you have warned about this morning?

    my best,

    Buck

    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/2019/02/11/andrea-rossi-proposed-collaboration-with-russia-video/

  • Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Elena:
    Thank you for your concern:
    My voice is improving, my health is doing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    No.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    It’s good to see that the EcatSK is now in production and customers are signing up to obtain heat at reduced prices. Is the factory that is fabricating the EcatSKs the same factory that produced the ECAT units that were used in the 1 MW Doral demonstration? Continued success and provide any delivery numbers when you feel you can.

  • Elena Sironi

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    How are your voice and your health?
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I enjoyed the great presentation, but I was moved to see how hardly your work has consumed you during the last year: please take care of yourself.
    Elena

  • Dear Andrea,
    about your warning of today February 11, 2019 at 3:56 AM.
    I think you should have at least specify the address of official Leonardo Corporate site, that I think is
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Right?
    I think you shoud urgently update the site ecat.com removing old devices (maybe obsolete?) from “products” section and in main section. The only mention about the E-Cat SK is about the recent presentation of 31/01/2019.
    In my modest opinion this is no good. And also, less important but not negligible, the site ecat.com need a deep graphic restyling

    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sandra:
    I agree. I added the theoretical possibility that the Casimir could be effective in particular conditions, but it is weak.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    In your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think that the paragraph 1, about the casimir effect, is the less convincing, while the paragraphs 2,3,4 are intertwined , the 3 deriving from the 2 and reinforced by the 4 and corroborated by the experiment with the Ecat SK. Do you agree?
    Best Regards,
    Sandra

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    For a series of reasons only the core of 1 sq cm can be used to be safe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    WARNING TO THE READERS:
    THERE IS A COMPANY THAT IS PROPOSING IN THE INTERNET TO INVEST IN THE ECAT TECHNOLOGY.
    THE NAMES THIS COMPANY USES IS “E-CAT TECHNOLOGY” AND “E-CAT TECH”.
    PLEASE BE ADVISED THAT THEY ARE NOT OUR LICENSEES, THEY ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FROM US TO MAKE ANY KIND OF INVESTMENTS COLLECTION ON OUR BEHALF AND THAT OUR ATTORNEYS HAVE ALREADY TAKEN ACTION AGAINST THESE PERSONS. I WANT TO STATE CLEARLY THAT LEONARDO CORPORATION WILL NEVER ALLOW THIS COMPANY, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, TO SELL OUR PRODUCTS ( NAMELY, THE ECAT ) IN ANY FORM AND WILL NEVER AUTHORIZE THEM TO SELL OUR SERVICES.
    PLEASE BE ADVISED.
    I AGAIN ENCOURAGE TO INFORM US OF ANY SIMILAR OFFER YOU RECEIVE FROM ANYBODY AND NOT TO PAY MONEY TO ANYBODY BEFORE HAVING OUR CONFIRMATION OF THE LEGITIMACY OF THE OFFER.
    WARM REGARDS
    DR ANDREA ROSSI, CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  • Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea
    That understanding put forward by Patty and confirmed as correct by yourself could confirm something I have considered with regards the energy produced by electrical charge. This involves transitions i.e. negatives becoming neutrals or a volume of mass becoming more of a size of mass i.e. a reduction of a volume. Positives and negatives are comprised of the same material. The length of the wave is different but the waves are comprised of the same substance. They could be considered to be interchangeable. However when a positive short wave neutralizes a negative long wave there is a gain on the positive and a loss on the negative with regards a volume and size interaction so as to create a neutral. Negative is always at the event horizon with regards the interaction i.e. exterior to the positive. Virtual particles take up space but when they annihilate the the negative implodes and the positive explodes so as to become neutrals. It is during this interchange that the particles becomes neutrals and the exterior of the negatives produce an active event horizon producing an added amount of energy. Caused by exterior neutrinos being dragged in to fill the void and consequently creating an added source of energy. That is if there is no such thing as empty space. This theory I have considered for some time but not considered its implications with regards virtual particles and their annihilation. Just something I think could be worth considering. Regards Eric Ashworth

  • Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I read your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and at chapter 3 I have had a great emotion, because in january 8 2015 I wrote something about the e-cat phenomena that far recall in part your most recent study upon the physics of the e-cat.
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=866&cpage=9#comment-1045537
    I remember that I made also some considerations upon the time, and we found also this factor in your paper.
    God bless you

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Please clarify. If the plasma temperature is 8,111K with an emissivity of 0.9 and the effective plasma shape from your presentation was a length of 1.1cm and a diameter of 0.3cm (this was on the presentation), the effective area is about 1.04 cm squared and the computed radiative power would be 26.17kW. However, if you state the real effective area is 330cm squared, then the computed radiative power will be about 8.6MW. (Thermal Model of a horizontal cylinder in a 20C ambient surrounding, radiative only).

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lil Grissom:
    I don’t think so, but I know it has not passed unobserved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Lil Grissom

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you know that your paper ‘Ecat SK and long range particle interactions’ is the most read theoretical physics article in the world after January 24th, when it has been published on Researchgate?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Patty:
    Yes, you have understood correctly: to stay in the safe side, we calculated only the very small part wherein the density of the plasma is at its maximum.
    There I think it happens the effect I described in par 3 of my paper: if curious, this is the link:
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Interesting.
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Markus:
    The author of both the sketch of the puppets and the song is Thomas Floreck, from New Jersey.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Markus

    Congratulations for the website
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    In the menu there are also the very funny spots with the puppets and the final song: who made them? Very funny.
    Cheers
    Markus

  • Dear Andrea,
    Or you could add fluorescent glass (the same what exists in fluorescent lamps) to turn the UV into visible photons and then use ordinary silicon PV. That might give better efficiency than illuminating silicon-PV with UV directly. The silicon-PV should be cooled by the heat transfer fluid because at high temperature its efficiency goes down. If cool enough fluid is not available, one can use gallium-arsenide instead of silicon, because it tolerates warm temperature better. GaAs is more expensive than Si, but I don’t know how much.
    regards, /pekka

  • Patty

    I understand that you calculated the power radiated from 1 square centimeter of the plasma and, to be conservative, you have not calculated the power radiated from the remaininf 329 square centimeters of the plasma surface: did I understand well?

  • Eric Ashworth

    Daniel,
    An interesting debate between Rodney and Orsobubu and your response. I think as Rodney and Orsobubu point out in contrasting ways with regards the E-Cat technology , I feel that this is not a major problem to deal with at this time of introducing this technology. We must consider a third factor which is difficult to understand without actually being involved with a new technology that involves understanding how energy interacts without producing a product with a situation that is able to demonstrate a complex mystery. Yes both Rodney and Orsobubu have valid points of view with regards world politics and industrial competitiveness but this is not the reason why LENRs are shunned by the establishment and a consequential knock on effect by research establishments that are one step beneath their partners in charge. What is missing in the big picture with regards this newly discovered cheap, clean source of energy is the silence from the people who control propaganda at the highest level and why this should be?. From my own personal experience I believe it to be the technology and the understanding of it, when projected into an understanding of energy interaction that then becomes the crux to the problem. Basically it’s about how positive and negative structures interact to form a life sustaining neutral. Also it can refer to human evolution and its necessary interaction within a chain of events that requires a degree of understanding with intelligence able to project and understand cycles of evolution. Intuition represents the only form of real intelligence, reading from books and repeating format represents a good memory. Both are essential for a planet to evolve onto a higher level. Regards Eric Ashworth

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    A “Black Body” is a hypothetical absorber and radiator of energy, with no reflecting power. It radiates at all frequencies with a spectral energy distribution dependent on its temperature in Kelvin. Our calculation is focused only in 1 cm^2 where the plasma has the max density, while the plasma has a surface of about 330 cm^2, so to measure the power we consider only 1/330 of the plasma surface focusing conservatively only where there is the max density and the max absolute temperature. As you can see, the spectrum is more complex.
    Obviously it radiates only at the frequencies with a spectral energy distribution corresponding to the temperature in K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Interesting, but still too green.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,
    Concerning how to make electricity using PV. Since the SK makes UV, in theory the most well suited would be a high-bandgap semiconductor like silicon carbide. But probably such PV devices don’t exist in the market, because thus far there hasn’t been a need to convert UV into electricity. In principle it’s the reverse of a blue LED, which does exist in the market.
    regards, /pekka

  • Daniel De Caluwé

    @Orsobubu,

    What I liked about the second last message of Rodney Nicholson is that he emphasized that, especially for energy intensive companies, a 20% reduction in energy cost could make the difference between surviving or losing the (according to me exaggerated but very realistic) economical competition battle between companies. I think what he wrote is very realistic and true, but I agree with you that the fierce competition in the world economy in fact is ‘a nightmare’ and ‘a grim perspective for workers’, like you wrote in your reaction.

    I’m certainly not a (hard) capitalist, but also not a Bolshevist (although we have to come up (and protect) for the poor/weak people and countries, in a co-operative and solidary way, I don’t like the (extreme) Bolshevist ‘struggle/battle of the classes’ against each other, nor in the ‘dictatorship of the working class’, that created a horrible society (with dictators like Stalin) in the former Sovjet Union, but I do think that our world economy is too competitive, and should be more co-operative. I agree with you that the situation of the present world economy, with its exaggerated competition, creates a ‘nightmare’ and a ‘grim perspective’ for many countries and most people, and therefore I would prefer a more co-operative world, with less exploitation and, for instance, also less (political and economical) refugees. If I reflect on it, many problems are caused by the exaggerated competition (and lack of co-operation) in our present world-economy. So, for instance, political refugees are caused by the pernicious/nefarious geopolitics of the superpowers (US, Russia and China), that, as permanent members with veto’s, dominate the UN Security Council with their veto’s, to maintain their egoistic geopolitical agenda, like we have seen in the Second Gulf War (in Irak in 2003, for which the US was responsible) and the recent conflict in Syria (were Russia supports Assad). These conflicts, caused by the battle of the superpowers for (economical) supremacy, that also divides the world and the nations against each other (think f.i. of the present conflict in Jemen), caused many refugees fleeing to Europe. And my reaction as a European is that I want a better world for everybody on this planet, and therefore we need a co-operative world economy, based on human rights for everybody (so that nobody is exploited), with a working class protected by a more powerful ILO (International Labour Organisation, that is the part of the UN that is necessary to protect the rights of working class people everywhere), and even a more co-operative and democratic UN (a more democratic UN Security Council without veto’s for permanent members, but with special majorities (like 2/3 or 3/4) for important decisions). In this 21th century, also the beginning of the ‘Aquarian Age’;-), we need a better working, more democratic (no veto’s but special majorities) and more powerful UN to resolve world wide problems like exaggerated competition and pernicious/nefarious geopolitics, with all their bad consequences. In name of all who suffer, we need a more co-operative world, with a co-operative world economy, serving all people in every country, worldwide. And of course, the UN also needs to organize information campaigns to counter overpopulation.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    in the eCat SK demonstration, the radiometric spectrum showed energy output at wavelengths of about 450(nm?) or shorter wavelengths. Blackbody radiation would typically extend into the longer wavelengths? Is this an instrument limitation (radiometer was not sensitive to longer wavelengths, or optical filtering was used) or is the actual output spectrum only at wavelengths of 450nm or shorter?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Luz Grinberg:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Luz Grinberg

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    the website http://www.ecatskdemo.com as it is now is very well done. The subdivision in links to the main highlights is very useful, as well as the link to your theoretical publication on Researchgate. Very well done, congrats to the guys that did it. Also the problem of your voice has been remarkably improved.
    Thanks for all your work and thank you for not forgetting us, the household Ecat followers,
    Luz

  • Italo R.

    To Michel:
    The explanation is simple: since the plasma is an electrical conductor with almost zero electrical resistance, the electric current that flows through it (3.2 mA) causes in it a practically null voltage drop.
    So the reactor alone consumes negligible energy.
    This is the reason why only the power absorbed by the resistance (0.8 mW) is used in the calculations.
    The COP value of the reactor alone is therefore incredibly high, not even measurable.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Hi Orsobubu:

    Regarding your: February 7, 2019 at 7:34 PM:

    “ …….. Now, his post looks to me as a realistic picture of a nightmare (!), a grim perspective for workers, for managers, for industrialists, for US economy, for LENR, for Rossi, in short, for everything we love.

    “Rodney, I hope you’ll add a final chapter on possible future adoption of new, more advanced production systems getting rid of Capital and Money, possibly linking this revolution to the New Fire Age.

    “And don’t forget to specify that all energy forms must be integrated.”
    = = = = = = = = = = =
    Thank you for the kind words. At the risk of taking up an unreasonable amount of space on this blog, this is categorically to be my final post here on the subject of economics! Please feel free to delete this if you wish, Andrea. Please reply to this if you wish, Orsobubu, but if you do, I shall not respond. I will leave you the fun of administering a ‘parting shot’.

    Since you decided to share with the good people here the nature of the project I am presently working on, it seems only fair that I let them know that you are involved in a project to republish the entire writings of Karl Marx.

    I have explained to you what a sad waste of resources that will represent. Not only a waste of the paper (and the trees) it will have to be printed on, but also of the, hopefully, intelligent manpower and other resources involved, which could have been devoted to doing something productive instead.

    As for the nightmare you refer to, the only people who might find ‘capitalism’ a nightmare are the owners of businesses producing poor quality products and/or carelessly wasting resources in producing them. For everyone else, on a scale ranging from nightmare to utopia, capitalism rates much, much closer to utopia. This is true especially in the case of consumers, and we are all consumers. When free markets are allowed to flourish, truly massive improvements in living standards are enjoyed by the overwhelming majority of the population. In contrast, wherever socialism is inflicted on people, living standards do not rise, they fall. Often PRECIPITOUSLY.

    A sample among more prominent recent examples of this include the nations of Eastern Europe where many considered it preferable to be shot dead climbing the Berlin Wall rather than to continue living in East Germany.

    Or take Zimbabwe, once one of the more economically successful countries in Africa and a net exporter of food, where today more than 90% of the population (some estimates say 96%) are subsistence farmers while the country has become a net importer of food. (And where the government’s marxist statisticians hilariously classify subsistence farmers as ’employed’!) Have you not asked yourself why it is all the migrants currently trying to exit Africa are taking the highly risky trip across the Mediterranean to capitalist Europe, rather than simply taking the safer land route to marxist utopia Zimbabwe?

    Or take Cuba, where those able to, have fled the country to live, most often, in the United States, and have no desire to return (providing a broad hint you would do well to take note of, in my opinion).

    Or most recently there is, of course, Venezuela where the socialist policies of Chavez and Maduro have transformed the country from being one of the most prosperous in a generally poor South America, to a level at which several million have already had to flee, to any country other than Venezuela, to avoid starvation. Given the views you hold, has it never occurred to you to spend some time figuring out why it is all the emigrants from Latin America are moving in hordes north to the United States, not south to Maduro’s marxist paradise?

    As I may have said to you before, Mr. Orsobubu, I am surprised you seem unable to process all this evidence staring you in the face. Whenever the economic system you say you prefer is introduced, poverty rapidly follows. And the reasons for this are not rocket science, but I am not going to take up yet more blog space elaborating about it here.

    Regarding your comments about money and capital: you would win a Nobel Prize if you could find a way to run a prosperous economy either: A) without a medium of exchange, which is money’s principal function. The alternative, barter, has never been celebrated on account of its convenience. Or, B) without capital. Capital is used in large amounts in all types of economies, including marxist ones. Even some animals use it: apes, for example, fashion small tree limbs to use to extract termites from their mounds for food; some dolphin species spend time finding sponges to use them when they need them to protect their noses when scrounging for food just below the sea bed; and of course almost all birds, and many squirrels and other animals, devote considerable resources to building nests or digging burrows – the human equivalent of the capital stock of housing.

    But most important regarding capital: since the level of living standards depends on the quantity of useful output created, improvement in living standards is impossible without adding to the stock of capital, with which additional output can be produced.

    Finally, in a market economy all forms of energy become integrated automatically.

    Beyond the above I will not comment further. But both Mr. Orsobubu and Mr. Rossi are on my list to receive a free copy, when it gets published, of what I am currently working on. But that is not likely to happen very soon.

    And now I shall return to my cave trying to remember that I have given an undertaking not to be induced into wasting any more space discussing the economy here, no matter the provocation!

    Rodney.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    The plasma is a conductor. As you have seen in the video, the plasma has not gaps along the circuit. When you have a circuit whose sole load is a resistance, if you measure the resistance , by means of an Ohm-meter and the voltage across the resistance, you obtain by the equation of Ohm the current of the circuit ( whole of it ). Since the plasma, as we said, is a conductor, the current of the circuit is the same across the whole circuit.
    Therefore when you obtain with the equations of Ohm:
    1- V/R = A
    2- A x V = W
    1 and 2 are valid across the whole circuit.
    Anyway: you have in the video the calculations both of the COP with E2 and E1 + E2, so you can choose what you prefer, just consider that E1 pays in full for itself, because its heat is not dissipated, but recovered almost in full, either to make heat for the room or to preheat the secondary circuit. So, choose the solution you prefer. This is why I put both the calculations.
    By the way, if you have the patience, after digesting the video of January 31st, to watch also the video of the demo made with the E-Cat QX in Stockhom on November 24th 2017, this issue has been detailed making a comparative analysis with a dummy ( go to http://www.ecat.com and choose the link to the video of the November 24 Stockholm Demo ).
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Could you clarify the E2 calculation:

    If i understand well, the 250mV are not the input voltage of the reactor, but the voltage accross a shunt resistor (78 Ohms). The video indicates the input power of the reactor is 800µW, in fact it is the power dissipated by the resistor.

    I agree the oscilloscope shows the input current, but to be rigorous it misses the voltage at the entrance of the reactor.
    As an exemple, if the input voltage of the reactor is 1KV, then the true input power is 1000 x 0.25/78 = 3W, despit you still have 800µW on the resistor.

    Regards,

    Michel

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Surely I have it in mind, we will not betray the idea of the househod applications.
    Production of heat is at this point easy: the Ecat should be a 20 kW module as you saw her in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Production of lectricity is much more complicated, because the direct production from the “ballerina” is still not reliable and efficient, the Seebeck effect could be a way, as well as the photovoltaic effect, it will be a matter of efficiency. Probably their evolution will improve their efficiency, mainly for the P.V.
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I’m sure you already have in mind the home Ecat. I’m sure you will launch it as soon as the induatrial applications wil have matured enough experience to alow it.
    Can you antivipate if:
    1- it will make only heat or also electricity?
    2- if also electricity, with which system?
    3- for example: thermoelectric by the Seebeck effect?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

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