United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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21,372 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    CC
    He,he,he,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I love your answer of yesterday to Enea Romagnoli!
    Cheers
    CC

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    While we all are very interested in your other major development projects, we also want to hear how the sale of heat is developing.
    1. Can you characterize the progress in production/sales in one word?
    2. Would you appreciate if we would help you to interest potential customers?
    3. About PV and turbine: which of the two, do you guess, will generate electricity most efficiently?
    4. Do you still research generating electricity directly by the E-cat (which you have indicated could be as much as 10% of the total output energy, in the past)?
    Thanks for answering our continuous questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    V.V.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • V.V.

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is your work to deliver the Ecat SK to Clients going on regularly?
    V.V.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    I cannot answer about the names of our actual or potential Clients, therefore I cannot answer to your question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think b).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    a) premature
    b) maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    He,he,he…
    The loudest the rock and troll, the highest the fear of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    a) premature
    b) maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    sorry, in my previous post one line was missing in question a):

    a) given the total eCat radiated power of 22 KW, how much in percentage is in the UV band (below 400 nm), how much in the IR band(above 700 nm) and how much in between (visible light spectrum) ?

    b) can you tell us if a direct electrical generation prototype available by the end of this year is a reasonable goal ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  • Enea Romagnoli

    In Italia i trolls sono più che mai scatenati, ho trovato queste bellissime parole del Papa, che penso ti possano aiutare un po’.

    In Italy the trolls are more than ever unleashed, I found these beautiful words of the Pope, which I think can help you a little.

    PAPA FRANCESCO
    UDIENZA GENERALE
    Piazza San Pietro
    Mercoledì, 16 novembre 2016
    36. Sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste
    Cari fratelli e sorelle, buongiorno!
    Dedichiamo la catechesi di oggi a un’opera di misericordia che tutti conosciamo molto bene, ma che forse non mettiamo in pratica come dovremmo: sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste. Siamo tutti molto bravi nell’identificare una presenza che può dare fastidio: succede quando incontriamo qualcuno per la strada, o quando riceviamo una telefonata… Subito pensiamo: “Per quanto tempo dovrò sentire le lamentele, le chiacchiere, le richieste o le vanterie di questa persona?”. Succede anche, a volte, che le persone fastidiose sono quelle più vicine a noi: tra i parenti c’è sempre qualcuno; sul posto di lavoro non mancano; e neppure nel tempo libero ne siamo esenti. Che cosa dobbiamo fare con le persone moleste? Ma anche noi tante volte siamo molesti agli altri. Perché tra le opere di misericordia è stata inserita anche questa? Sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste?

    POPE FRANCIS
    GENERAL AUDIENCE
    Saint Peter’s Square
    Wednesday, 16 November 2016
    36. Bearing wrongs patiently
    Dear Brothers and Sisters, Good morning!
    We dedicate today’s catechesis to a work of mercy that we all know very well, but that perhaps we do not put into practice as we should: bearing wrongs patiently. We are all very good at identifying something that can be bothersome: it happens when we encounter someone on the street, or when we receive a phone call…. We immediately think: “How long will I have to listen to this person’s complaints, gossip, requests or boastings? It also happens, at times, that the bothersome people are those who are closest to us. There is always someone among our relatives; the workplace is not without them; not even in our free time are we spared. What are we supposed to do with people who annoy us? But often we also annoy others. Why was this also added among the works of mercy? Bear wrongs patiently.

  • Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    a couple of questions, if you can answer:

    a) given the total eCat radiated power of 22 KW, how much in percentage is in the UV band (700 nm) and how much in between (visible light spectrum) ?

    b) can you tell us if a direct electrical generation prototype available by the end of this year is a reasonable goal ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think will come on the market first from Leonardo Corp:

    a) an E-Cat able to generate electricity from a turbine?
    b) an E-Cat able to generate electricity from a PV cell?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Can you confirm Swedish Vattenfall is one of the customers you are talking to?

    As Dutch NUON is just overtaken by them its interesting. Also Netherlands is in the news for its policy of abandoning decommissioning all houses from natural gas in the near future , E-Cat can fill the empty vacuum.

    https://coldfusionnow.org/swedish-district-heat-is-a-perfect-fit-for-cold-fusion/

    A Swedish group is backing the installation, as a proof of commercial principal, in cooperation with some Swedish energy company. They are inviting applications from one and all.

    Why Sweden? The answer is very clear. Sweden is one of the many countries that has district heat.
    District heat is generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating. The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass. Although heat-only boiler stations, utilizing geothermal heating and central solar heating are also used, as well as nuclear power.
    District heating plants provide higher efficiencies and better pollution control than localized boilers. According to some research, district heating with combined heat and power (CHPDH) is the cheapest method of cutting carbon emissions, and has one of the lowest carbon footprints of all fossil generation plants.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- make electric energy for any purpese it is necessary to
    2- yes
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Margaret:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Margaret

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you making another patent for the direct production of electric energy from the Ecat?
    Thank you,
    Margaret

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You are now doing R & D for direct power generation from the E-Cat.
    1 – Can you tell us what is the purpose of this research? An autonomous E-Cat? Sell ​​electricity? Use the E-Cat in transport? ….
    2 – are you continuing The R & D of the E-Cat- gas turbine?
    I share your point of view, R & D never stops. Otherwise it is the safe death of the company.
    I support the entire research team.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    on Power Engineering March 5 2019: “Gaining popularity is the use of film-forming substances (FFS), for universal corrosion protection.
    Best regards,
    Rod Walton

  • Andrea Rossi

    Branivoj:
    Thank you for the information, I was not aware of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Augustine:
    It was absolutely unexpected, also considering the very high level of the publications on Researchgate, that collects the contributions from the highest scientific echelons of the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Augustine

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you know that your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 14 000 full readings in 40 days ? This is the most read paper in the history of Researchgate.
    What is impressive is also the diffusion in the world of the readers. Unbelievable.
    Godspeed,
    Augustine

  • Branivoj

    Dear Dottore Rossi,

    Are you using this discovery for new type of PV or thermal production of electricity?

    https://phys.org/news/2019-03-chirality-yields-colossal-photocurrent.html#jCp

  • Andrea Rossi

    Joe Maccini:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe that using an Ecat to heat air in a chamber with a vertical condensing flue through which the heated air would rise and condense the water vapor could be a solution to water shortage.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • Joe Maccini

    When the Ecat will produce directly current maybe your technology could be useful to Tesla,
    Regards,
    Joe Maccini

  • Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • arjen

    It’s a huge (growing) market for using ECAT. I suggest to contact some of the big leaders in the industry.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steam_reforming

    Industrial reforming[edit]
    Steam reforming of natural gas is the most common method of producing commercial bulk hydrogen at about 95% of the world production[4][5] of 500 billion m3 in 1998.[6] Hydrogen is used in the industrial synthesis of ammonia and other chemicals.[7] At high temperatures (700 – 1100 °C) and in the presence of a metal-based catalyst (nickel), steam reacts with methane to yield carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

    The United States produces nine million tons of hydrogen per year, mostly with steam reforming of natural gas. The worldwide ammonia production, using hydrogen derived from steam reforming, was 144 million metric tonnes in 2014.[9]

    kind regards Arjen

  • Steven N. Karels

    Pekka Janhunen,

    My math error. I did the inversion incorrectly. 1m^2/13.5 = 0.07m^2.

    Yes, at 300 Sun level illumination, the photovoltaic will need active cooling but the heat could be output for the normal commercial application or otherwise dissipated.

    I choose a sphere as an example of the smallest volume possible for the required area.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dirk Boon:
    The Ecat makes heat. I am not expert of hydrogen production, but if it takes heat at competitive price, the Ecat sure can talk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dirk Boon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am following your progress 8 years since.
    Is it possible to produce hydrogen with the Ecat? In the Netherlands we need to produce hydrogen.
    Dirk Boon

  • Dear Steven N. Karels,
    I did not quite understand your figure 13.5 square metres. As I see it, the situation is the following. You have 22 kW radiative power. One sun is 1 kW/m^2. Hence, with one sun illumination level, one would need 22 m^2 of PV area. But with 300 sun illumination level, one needs only 0.07 m^2 area. It is the area of a sphere whose diameter is 15 cm. Which is about right to enclose the ballerina.

    As a technical detail, it is not necessary to surround the source from all sides by PVs, because one can use mirrors, just like one uses mirrors in lamp design. If other area of the enclosure are reflecting (mirror or painted white), photons gather on the only dark area, which is the PV part. This assuming, of course, that the paint or mirror is able to reflect the relevant wavelength. The wavelength is either the raw UV, or if fluorescent materials are used to downconvert photons as is customary in fluorescent lamps, it is some longer, optical wavelength.

    It may also be possible to integrate the fluorescent material with the PV. In this case the internal mirrors must be able to reflect the raw UV wavelengths.

    At 300 suns level, the PV part must be cooled to keep it in its operative range. If the PV is silicon, its efficiency drops rather rapidly with temperature. If it’s SiC or GaAs, for example, then it tolerates somewhat higher temperature without losing efficiency. In GaAs at least, there is also some nonlinear effect which raises the efficiency at high illumination levels, relative to the 1 sun illumination level.
    best regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Veronica Naggia:
    Thank you for citing this work I made with LTI for the US Army between the years 1998 and 2000.
    The matter of the fact is that we obtained high efficiency with a prototype I made with my hands, therefore very expensive. The most difficult part was the directional fusion of the BiTe alloy doped with antimony to make the positive and selenium to make the negative poles. When we passed from the prototype to an attempt of industrialized production, the efficiency has fallen too low. Think that to meke the directional fusion of the materials to make 1 kW of power it was necessary to me one month of work.
    For this reason it has not been an industrial success, albeit it has been a successful experiment under a scientific point of view.

  • Andrea Rossi

    George N.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because I never comment the work of our competitors. Iunderstand this is a tautology, but this is what it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight and information. I am learning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof Cristos Stremmenos:
    What a pleasure to here from you!
    Thank you for your insight and for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions, but the R&D is one branch, commercial is another, manufacturing is another, all make a synergy, they do not overlap.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Connie Patrick:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Connie Patrick

    2017 presentation of the Ecat QX, 2019 presentation and commercialization of the Ecat SK, 2019 R&D to invent a new cell to make direct electricity…Andrea, you are unique in the world.
    Godspeed,
    Connie

  • Fox

    Dear Andrea
    When you say “We are a high-tech company. Research and development can never stop “, you run the risk of making a very serious mistake in which inventors and talented designers are easily caught.
    A product is not just about invention and design but also about industrialization and marketing, and often these last two (less glorious voices) are more important than the first two for economic and commercial success.
    The inventor / designer who has just completed a product sees better than anyone else the limits and defects and easily launches into a work of improvement and development without end. Often this is wrong because at some point it is necessary to stop and devote oneself to industrialization and marketing that can hide problems that often the pure designer does not imagine: problems of realization, of people, financial problems, image problems, legal problems, etc …. Surely the E-cat SK will highlight some problems (I hope small and not important) that you will know only when hundreds or thousands of plants will be in operation and therefore now production-sales and assistance must have priority.
    We want you to succeed but we also want this success, as soon as possible, to be a success for all of humanity.
    With love

  • Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    Grabat batteries are far superior to the Tesla battery packs as you can see googling:
    Future batteries coming soon: charge in seconds, last months and power over the air
    They are already in production and expected to be available this year.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • Cristos Stremmenos

    Dear Andrea,
    about
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2019/03/03/rossi-working-on-direct-electricity-production-from-the-e-cat-via-photovoltaics
    I want to congratulate with your intuition: I watched very attentively
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and read very attentively
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that, being the Ballerina’s T much lower that the T of the sun, commercial P.V. cells cannot work, because they are sensible to solar spectrum that is filtered by ozone, therefore with UV strongly reduced. An invention of specific cells was necessary!
    I wish you the continuation of your good work,
    Cristos Stremmenos

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Reviewing recent developments in photovoltaic cell technology, there is a German firm that reports a concentrated photovoltaic design at an illumination level of about 300 suns and an efficiency of about 44%. Assuming such a concentrated photovoltaic cell could be designed for the eCat-SK output spectrum (notably in the UV area), then what size would a 22kW thermal output plant be and how much electricity would it produce?

    With a 44% efficiency of light-to-electrical power and with the eCat-SK output of 22kW, then the electrical output would be about 9.7kW.

    To achieve 300 sun level illumination, the photovoltaic surface would be about 13.5 meters squared. It this were configured as a sphere, then the radius of the sphere would be about 1 meter. So roughly something like a 10 foot on a side cube would be about right. Thoughts?

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Why don’t you publish and comment in this blog also the work of your competitors?

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