United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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26,083 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    I found your articles most interesting especially the scientific issues (1) Obviously this is your major interest in the LENR process which is mine also. The other two groups you refer to are for me and as you imply less important i.e. group (2) speculative questions driven by curiosity which could be considered as an unnecessary distraction to an important project but which I find of equal interest and group (3) those readers not involved in research who are understandably impatient to get the technology out because of its extreme importance in providing cheap, clean, safe energy. It is each of these groups that I find refreshing in the annals of scientific research and technology. I have mentioned this many times before regarding the fact that science and technology is not a subject for the chosen few but merely involves a curious human mind of which many people possess and you have to accept each aspect as we all function on our own unique wavelength of thinking. I am one that would never use the word ‘we’ when referring to a phenomena whether it be understood or not understood because we each have our own individual thoughts and ideas i.e. a none understanding in one department does not necessarily include all, otherwise the individual human mind would be considered useless. This for me is the strength of the JONP as it represents an open channel for discussions to take place between academic minds and those of lay persons but I do understand your concerns.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  • Frank Acland

    @Chuck Davis

    I think the question about running the SKL for a long time is in response to people who will claim that the E-Cat SKL has a hidden battery inside it, so it is nothing special.

    If it can run for longer at a given power than is possible with the best battery, this may address this claim.

    Best regards, Frank Acland

  • Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    It seems to me that it would be only necessary to operate the Ecat at the maximum output until it reaches steady state to estabilish the power density. It is not going to change over time.
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I still do not understand the sense of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It is not possible.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have developed the E-Cat SK maximising heat output, you have taken the E-Cat SK and developed the E-Cat SKL from this targeting electrical output minimising the heat, is it theoretically possible to develop another E-Cat variant where you maximise Ultra Violet light output with minimal heat.

    Whether this is worthwhile pursuing would also depend on the market, UV is widely used for disinfecting water supplies for example.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    OxiCool uses only pure water as refrigerant to cool homes.
    Uses heat and only 1/10th the amount of electricity.
    https://techxplore.com/news/2020-01-oxicool-pure-refrigerant-cool-homes.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter

    Best regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  • Jane

    Dr Rossi:
    If the Ecat SK Leonardo will work, it will stop the wars caused by the quest for oil, which is equal to say that it will stop all the wars around.
    God bless the work of your team,
    Jane

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You asked for a clarification on “2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?”

    I understand the question to be how long of a run time is necessary to distinguish SKL’s source of power from chemical compared to nuclear. Reference my previous postings on Ragone plots. I suspect at approximately several hundred Watts of electrical power output, it will take days of continuous operation to distinguish the source of energy, assuming the mass of the SKL.

  • Andrea Rossi

    OPlasmaFan:
    1 what you can see is shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    2 sorry, I do not understand clearly the question. Can you kindly rephrase it ?
    3 yes
    4 it depends on many factors
    5 confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    They go together, each one is part of the other.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    CC
    Robots
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which technology will be used for the soldering of the components of the Ecat SK Leonardo in the industrial production phase ?

  • Anonymous

    Which is the percentage of time you dedicate to the theoretical issues vs the experimental activity ?

  • PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) Can you see plasma sheathes or double layers in the ballerina of the E-Cat SKL?

    2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?

    3) Are you in negotiation with a major company with experience in manufacturing to produce large numbers of E-Cat SKL units?

    4) If you believe the electrical output could end up being 70%, what percentage of the output do you believe will be in the form of visible light?

    5) Does whatever process that produces anomalous energy output (heat, light, electrical output) take place within the area of the ballerina or also in other portions of the internal volume of the reactor?

    Thank you.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    This:
    http://isinn.jinr.ru/past-isinns/isinn-22/progr-27_05_2014/schaeffer.pdf
    Suggested by a mamber of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Curiosity: are you reading a paper right today? If yes, which one?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight. We have resoved the issue of the cooling system and, by the way, heat is an asset, not a liability in most of cases. The former generations of Ecat made heat alone…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I agree with you.
    Only, I am more optimistic about the industrialization of the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Information about the testing will be given at the presentation.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I hope those data will be conrirmed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    1 so far, I can say noo
    2 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sture Andreasson

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    1 will the February presentation be delayed?
    2 will the manufacturing be made also in SwedenP
    Best regards,
    Sture Andreasson

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have published an electrical efficiency of between 70% and 80%.
    Personally I find that there is a very important difference between these two figures when it comes to performance.
    Can you specify which parameters depend on the variation in efficiency, environmental conditions: temperature pressure, power demand, etc?
    I look forward to your presentation
    All my support to your entire team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has any pre-test examination by the testing authority started?

    To have the product of years of your work examined in detail, scrutinised, questioned, sometimes having to amend supporting documents to the format and detail the authority requires, the authority with their own internal discussions and meetings that you will not be party to, taking whatever time that they feel they need to take, having to add supplementary information asked for by the authority that you may or may not see as being essential, generally doing whatever it takes to satisfy the authority without giving away proprietary information, and all this often before they will decide to examine the equipment or allow a test to proceed.

    A very nerve-wracking stressful experience, but worth it to get to where you want to be, I hope all proceeds well.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Aleksei Savchenko

    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.
    Nice and very emotional demand for those, who was never engaged in developments especially referring to breakthrough. Andrea many times mentioned, that “we are proceed through unknown territories so, surprises, negative or positive as they might be, are always possible”.
    In defense of Andrea I can ask everyone (including me). What have I done to promote development and help Rossi? Maybe he spends a lot of money on research taken from the taxpayers of my country? For comparison, take the same ITER program, which has pumped hundreds of billions of dollars from the budgets of many countries over 50 years. By the way, its current status can be viewed on https://tnenergy.livejournal.com/147900.html (you can see only pictures – it is enough for understanding). And they plan to complete its industrial implementation only at the end of this century. Here is a feeding trough for scientists. We need to find a likeness of Greta Tuborg and launch it with a call to clean the world from unscrupulous scientists.
    Please, be patient and wait. To my mind Andrea could show to us only intermediate results (presentation) with output electricity in February, and then, no rush, bring everything to a commercial product.

  • Aleksei Savchenko

    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    That is not the fact as ECat cube is complicated system producing not only electricity, but also heat. Concerning heat. Have you ever stood by an open oven heated above 1000 degrees? It is ECat cube. And if it will be 100 ECat cubes? The electric pipes from Cu or Al melted at below temperatures as well as most wire insulation. We need cooling systems.
    Concerning electricity. The output electricity should be standard – 220V and 50 hertz, so we need a system for converting direct current into alternating current and a transformer. And all these electric elements are situated inside a well-heated cube. Do you imagine this? Plus control devices.
    Of cause, all this will be modified by Andrea and his team but not in a short time as 23 researchers, as he mentioned in the blog is not enough on the stage of industrial-scale developments. To my mind just now he can put his ECat device, even the old version on a balloon to heat the air and make non-stop flights for advertising purposes.
    In the future he will certainly achieve all that you require of him now, but give him time and do not disturb with unnecessary questions.

  • Aleksei Savchenko

    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    The first question is simpler as it refers only to the scientific ECat issues and be in the frame of the scientific Journal. Unfortunately most of readers do not specify the unclear scientific issues. I think this comes from a lot of respect for Rossi. I also respect him and his promotion of LENR all over the world without spending our money. But I also believe that as a scientist, he himself is interested in the search of truth.
    Concerning his published papers I can only mention positive and controversial aspects.
    a) Positive aspects. Five versions of ECat device already exist and Andrea describe the theory for only one an old Lugano tested version and did not pretend to be a theory of all other LENR effects, as well as of the other ECat versions. For that type of device they (with coauthor Norman Cook) done this theoretical work more or less accurate based only on the isotopic changes of LiAlH4-Ni fuel (transformation Li7 through Be to He as well as Ni60 through Cu to Ni62. As rightly noted Alexander Prosvirnov – the creator of the website http://www.lenr.seplm.ru (to my mind, the best site in the world by its informational content), “now the number of theories and their authors (including me) is already more than a hundred, and they can’t stand each other strongly (excluding me). As an example, we do not know the physical mechanism of gravitation, but we use it well in our life. Though, on the other side we cannot create flying vehicles based on antigravity phenomena.
    b) Controversial aspects. We do not sure that in other experiments the final isotopic content was the same (including novel ECat version producing electricity), consequently the theory needs modification. Not clear aspects with gamma radiation release during both transmutation process (during Ni to Cu to Ni transformation – positron appears and annihilated with electron forming severe radiation – gamma quants. Not described the type of energy involved into the process and its influence on additional heat release. I mean hydrogen, adsorbed in Ni, nanostructure of Ni powder, (any surface, defects can accumulate surface energy of special type and promote process). I think Rossi also use fullerenes additions, as they can generate and accumulate electrons that can further participate in various reactions as well as increase electric tension – additional energy. Why power density of the device do not changed while fuel consumed. Moreover, Li vaporized and cannot find in the working zone of the fuel. How then it can work?
    Why Alexander Parhomov, who repeated Andrea Rossi experiments, did not find any changes in the same fuel composition? Moreover, in inner surface of ceramic tube outside the fuel he find a lot of Ca, forming by nuclear reaction Al+O=Ca.
    What kind of current he implement to heat fuel – may be with high frequency and voltage, or may be induction heating (practically the same) promoting the processes. And the main question, what about “strange” radiation, appearing in practically all LENR processes. He does not mentioned it. At the same time its formation that leads to LENR effects and fuel transmutation (nucleus transmutation is a side effect), therefore the isotopic composition of different researchers is different and we found different nucleus outside the working zone).
    How he can receive electricity following his theoretical model? It can only be produced if the LENR excess heat happens at the account of the chaotic pulse movement of electrons. Then just by applying a magnetic field to it, you can order the movement of electrons and get a current.
    c) Positive aspects. On the other hand Andrea should not open all his Know-How. He does a lot and shares his knowledge with other scientists all over the world. Thanks to him and his information Parhomov and others designed the similar devices and conformed LENR effects. He promotes novel knowledge all over the world. And we also should take into account that we only on the way understanding LENR effects.

  • Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear colleagues,
    Thank you very much for your comments in the frame of the JNP forum with expressing yours scientific view on LENR problems. But over time, it turned into a question-answer system (only Rossi should be responsible for answers), and most of the questions are quite simple. It looks natural at first glance, after his statement on novel ECat SKL design, capable of generating electricity in addition to heat. I guess this situation is not fully satisfied those, who engaged in scientific issues and I believe that Andrea too – he would like to receive from us assistance, but not only demands and requests. as Koen Vandewalle accurately pointed out in the comments yesterday, that the blog of JNP transforms into «the blog about the progress of Ecat development”.
    In order to come back to scientific direction of the journal I would distinguish three main groups of questions, rather requirements for Rossi, try to analyze them, as well as try to answer from the point of view of an ordinary scientific researcher who is not a member of the Rossi team, (I know the LENR issues more or less as conducted experiments myself, which can partially be attributed to LENR), and therefore I can be more substantive.
    Conditionally, I could divide them into three groups:
    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.

    Further I will dwell on each of these groups of questions.

  • Roberto

    “They” are the two engineers that are working in Padova (Italy) on parts of the ITER. The broadcasting was on RAI TG 24 several days ago
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Probably you are right.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alex

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I studied yor paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    watching at the same time the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Doing this, I discovered many things. I tink it is one of the most important publications of the last ten years.
    Looking carefully at the plasma, I think that there are different charge potentials inside it, between the center and the perimeter of the plasma sphere.
    Did you search in this direction?
    Cheers
    Alex

  • Gerard McEk

    @ Roberto:
    I cannot imagine ‘they’ said this. Who are ‘they’?
    Anyway Andrea is right, they use Tritium which is radioactive and very dangerous for most lifeforms because it can form radioactive water. I guess it must be 30,000 million, not billion, although hot fusion has cost humanity maybe 50 billion already. Besides, the reactor will become also radioactive once they get it running, if that will happen ever. Also, the process is very inefficient. You need extremely cold nearly next to extremely hot and a lot of power to create the required environment. They should not force nature.
    It is better to use the process developed by SAFIRE. See safireproject.com and their last presentation, very interesting and entertaining, I can recommend! Or, maybe even better, the ECat SK Leonardo. Let us hope it arrives soon!
    Regards, Gerard McEk

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because I need more time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gina Frusciante:
    I still am optimist about that,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    No comment, but I’d add a point 5: what about tritium ?
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It depends on the systems,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    We are working strongly to present a product as soon as possible.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eric Schlinger:
    1 yes
    2 yes, but the pre-orders are not binding until a specific proposal has not been accepted
    3 all
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1 preMATURE
    2 enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Several years ago we registered our interest in buying E-Cat Home units at your site ecat.om.
    1. Can you confirm that this means we are standing already in the cue for E-Cat SKL ( home version)
    and will have offers from you when it is available.
    2. Can you inform how many requests for E-Cat Home you already got during all these years?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  • Eric Schlinger

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1 will the sales of the Ecat SLK started only after the R&D and certifications will heve been completed ?
    2 is it opportune to start orders to be in a waiting list ?
    3 which Countries will be served first ?
    May God bless your work for the humanity
    Eric Schlinger

  • Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    From 2011 on, but only from time to time, I visit your JNP to follow up how your hard work (and that of your team) proceeds. Some months ago I was happy to see that you already planned a new presentation (in februari of this year 2020) to present to the world – if I’m right – your fifth generation of E-Cat (1: E-Cat; 2: Lugano Hot Cat; 3: E-Cat Qx; 4: E-Cat SK and fifth: 5: E-Cat SKL), the E-Cat SKL that generates directly electricity without the need to transform heat in a Carnot cycle. Of course, this again is an enormous breakthrough once more!

    As many people become cynical about our capacity to tackle climate change, I hope you still plan this presentation to be ‘strong and global’? So that hope can come back in the world? (In Belgium, most parties seem to agree now to go on with two of our youngest nuclear power plants for the next 10 years beyond their normal lifespan, of course, in combination with new projects to expand our renewable capacity in (mainly off-shore) wind and (on shore) sun. But, like in the rest of the world, the expansion of the lifespan of our old nuclear power plants can’t go on endlessly, so we really need your technology in the near future. Therefore I hope your next presentation will be ‘strong and global’, so that hope comes back in the world!).

    As we need your technology so badly, I wish you and your team all success with the new E-Cat SKL (if I’m right the fifth generation of your E-Cat?) and,finally, the world-wide recognition you deserve for your very hard breakthrough work. The world needs it and also needs to know that there’s technological hope to tackle our environmental problems…

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel De Caluwé
    (Belgium)

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The 70% efficiency you mentioned in previous postings regarding electricity production, does that include conversion efficiencies to output nominal AC power (e.g., 120VA, 60 Hz)?

  • Roberto

    Dear Andrea:
    Last week has been introduced in the news the R&D on course for the ITER in Italy.
    Thay said that:
    1- the first industrial application will be at the end of this century
    2- the nuclear fusion is safe and clean because uses only clean raw material, like hydrogen and helium
    3- the temperature inside the plasma will be 200 000 °C, but no problem because between the plasma and the walls of the reactor there will be a magnetic field that will completely insulate the walls
    4- the whole will cost 30 000 billions , but it is nothing respect the profits once it will work
    Your opinion ?
    Roberto

  • Gina Frusciante

    Dr Rossi,
    You still think will be able to make a presentation within february 2020?

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