– alternative/replacement of old windmills
– electricity supply for cities/companies

In a 20 foot container could be installed: 3 rows with 250 SKL each. Each row will supply 1 MW, the 3 rows will supply 3 MW. I left empty space for inspection and support equipment.

The thermal energy that is irradiated from the skl´s would be 750 kwh/h.

What kind of technology would practical / economic to get rid of the heat or better recover the heat ?

Dear Andrea,
Congratulations on 4KW SKL. Assuming it works in the SSM mode here are a back of envelope calculations on how it can improve Tesla Model S with 100 KW battery pack.

Tesla 100 KW

100 KW battery
625 kg
0.4 m³
390 miles range
0.9 90 percent
80 Miles per hour on average max speed
4.3875 Hours to deplete the battery
22.79 KW per hour battery depletion

Assume we replace a 100 KW battery with 40 KW battery plus 10 eCat SKL pack to charge the battery as needed to keep it at 90%.

40 KW + 10 SKL pack
250 kg + 10 kg (SKL) = 260 KG
0.16 m³ + 8 liter
156 miles range on a battery only
90% 90 percent
80 Miles per hour
1.755 Hours to deplete the battery only

Total saving in weight 365 KG, no need to charge Tesla every second day. One would need to recharge eCat pack every 12 month or so, since average user does not use the car 24/7. Large savings in electric charging and smaller batter costs. Some of the cost savings to be offset by the eCat SKL 10 pack.

Physicist:
See reference 14 in my paper on Researchgate:
“Electron Structure, Ultra Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, by G. Vassallo and A.O. Di Tommaso ( Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, 29:525-547, August 2019 ): the spin value +/- h-bar/2 is interpreted as the component of the electron’s angular momentum h-bar parallel to a magnetic field while the electron, like a tiny giroscope, is subjected to Larmor precession. This particular , semi-classical interpretation of spin does not exclude the possibility that the electron’s angular momentum may be aligned , in particular conditions, to the external magnetic field, so that electrons behave as elementary particles with whole spin h-bar.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

On your new eCat-SKL test, the following is a Ragone Plot calculation of your test:

Assumptions
1. 5 kW total output power (4 kW electrical, 1 kW thermal)
2. Test duration: 7 hours
3. eCat SKL mass: 1.0 kg

Total Power: 5 kW
Total Energy: 35 kW-hrs

Specific Power: 5 kW/kg
Specific Energy: 35 kW-hrs/kg

Summary: Even in this relatively short duration test, this is about double the output of a modern lithium-ion battery. If the measurements were valid, this is not produced by a chemical reaction. (Note: I have not figured out how to include a picture in this posting).

Raffaele Bongo:
The energy has been dissipated by a resistancein a dissipator.
Thank you for the suggestion: maybe it works, who knows ? Maybe applying it to a tennis-programmed robot, considering that to be better than me is not that difficult
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Hello A. Rossi
The E-Cat ran for 15 hours at 4 Kw. You have therefore produced 60 kWh of electricity. This more energy than my wife needs to charge her car battery.

Can you reveal what was the use of the electrical energy produced during the test?

I suggest you, to be unbeatable in tennis, to mount this version of the E-Cat on your racket ……

Have a good holiday and good tennis
cordially
Raffaele

Frank Acland:
When we make a prototype it is impossible avoid to make things by hand, because only if I work that way I can invent things and know them intimately, so that I can intervene easily to make any changement I think can improve the system. I need to know any single particular and any single connection to understand shortly and make changements shortly if something goes wrong, or simply to understand during a test what can be improved, or understand where is the problem. This is my way to make inventions and work of them when from a theoretical idea the job becomes experimental. It is obvious that once a prototype passes to serial production everything is made in a robotized context, wherein 10 000 connections can be made in minutes and with precision.
The path is: INSPIRATION-PERSPIRATION-MULTIPLICATION
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Dear Dr Rossi,
Will the 10,000 connections present a problem in the manufacture of the E-Cat SKL or can
that be accomplished with some sort of mass produced printed circuit board or computer chip?
Best regards,
Iggy

1. On which date or for which event will you update the ECAT.com website?
2. Is the SKL suitable for domestic use, i.e. no trained operator needed?
3. For the people on the waiting list who long ago ordered a Home ECAT with 10 kW, can they now buy 2-3 SKL (of 4 kW) when it is their turn on the delivery list?

Many thanks for your valuable time and patience in answering our questions.

Physicist:
ZBV is generated by an elementary by an elementary charge e that rotates at speed c ( as a Fermion it maintains obviously a speed inferior along its normal trajectory, as discovered by Dirac- see ref 9 in my paper on Researchgate )along a circumference equal to the electron Compton wavelength.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

You have said that you invested ‘big money’ to build your latest SKL. Also you stated that not all the connections were made by hand soldering. Was your financial investment in this latest test in equipment to make these many connections possible without doing it all by hand?

my congratulations for your big success testing the new e-cat skl. With a power of 4 kwh and a volume of 20*20*20 cm it will replace all the heavy batteries in e-cars.

Enea Romagnoli:
Prof Sergio Focardi and I tried to turn instable isotoper into stable isotopes of the same atom, but without success. At the beginning we were convinced we made something, but eventually we discovered we had just made measurement mistakes. I do not think it is possible with LENR. based on our experiments and on the more mature theoretical system that has been published on Researchgate: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Brice:
More patents are coming up.
Premature to know when the commercialization will start, that will also depend on our Partners. But the incentives are strong.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

As I understand, your older types of LENR-reactors were based on a nuclear process creating energy, transmutations and some thermalized gamma rays, while your current plasma reactor works by long-range particle interactions generating energy. They both share the same fuel, but is it enough to secure and cover your brilliant inventention by only one patent? Or are there more patents coming up?

I think your current reactor needs probably another extra year to improve and determine its reliability (Sigma 5), isn’t it? How much time do you think will go into commercialization?
1) about half a year
2) 1 year
3) 2 years
4) over 2 years

On page 5 of this document you write this deduction:

“The capture rate of protons by Nickel nuclei cannot depend on the mass values of different isotopes: in fact they possess the same nuclear charge and the same distribution of electrons in the various atomic shells. In practice, starting from Ni58 which is the more abundant isotope, we can obtain as described inthe two above processes, Copper formation and its successive decay in Nickel, producing Ni59, Ni60, Ni61and Ni62. Because Cu63, which can be formed start-ing by Ni62 is stable and does not decay in Ni63, the chain stops at Ni62 “

The request I made to you comes from these words you wrote 10 years ago.

Do you think it is interesting to investigate whether starting from unstable isotopes it is possible to arrive at stable isotopes?
With the specific knowledge you have accumulated in this sector, you are the right person!
I can’t suggest more because I am just an electrochemist passionate about every science!
Enea

The new ECat SKL is self sustaining. But at the start some energy is needed. The propotype you tested has a battery or you used external power (e.g. a PSU) to start it? How big (Wh, V) a battery should be to be able to start the ECat?

According to the Univ. of Washington’s link above,

” Compared to the other high-quality rechargeable battery technologies (nickel-cadmium or nickel-metal-hydride), Li-ion batteries have a number of advantages. They have one of the highest energy densities of any battery technology today (100-265 Wh/kg or 250-670 Wh/L). ”

Aside from the issue that Li-Ion batteries are rechargeable, 250-670 Wh/L doesn’t compare to 4.3 Million Wh/L. Wow!

( Assuming I haven’t made more errors. )

If the E-Cat can be ‘recharged’/(or charge replaced) in a few hours or at most 1 day, “The Masterpiece” seems to have several orders of Magnitude greater Energy Density.

Dear Andrea,
In discussions at ECW we were wondering where the heat is being dissipated. Can you tell us what contributes to most of the generated heat:
1. a) the reactor or the b) controller?
2. Does the SKL now require more controller circuits than before?
Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

Dr Rossi:

Did you see this important paper of Dr Parkhomov ?

http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/200/9(1)74-93e.pdf

All the best

Angelo

Dear Andrea,

two applications of the new E-cat skl:

– alternative/replacement of old windmills

– electricity supply for cities/companies

In a 20 foot container could be installed: 3 rows with 250 SKL each. Each row will supply 1 MW, the 3 rows will supply 3 MW. I left empty space for inspection and support equipment.

The thermal energy that is irradiated from the skl´s would be 750 kwh/h.

What kind of technology would practical / economic to get rid of the heat or better recover the heat ?

I wish you a restful vacation.

Ulrich

Dear Andrea,

Congratulations on 4KW SKL. Assuming it works in the SSM mode here are a back of envelope calculations on how it can improve Tesla Model S with 100 KW battery pack.

Tesla 100 KW

100 KW battery

625 kg

0.4 m³

390 miles range

0.9 90 percent

80 Miles per hour on average max speed

4.3875 Hours to deplete the battery

22.79 KW per hour battery depletion

Assume we replace a 100 KW battery with 40 KW battery plus 10 eCat SKL pack to charge the battery as needed to keep it at 90%.

40 KW + 10 SKL pack

250 kg + 10 kg (SKL) = 260 KG

0.16 m³ + 8 liter

156 miles range on a battery only

90% 90 percent

80 Miles per hour

1.755 Hours to deplete the battery only

Total saving in weight 365 KG, no need to charge Tesla every second day. One would need to recharge eCat pack every 12 month or so, since average user does not use the car 24/7. Large savings in electric charging and smaller batter costs. Some of the cost savings to be offset by the eCat SKL 10 pack.

And NO RANGE anxiety… Huge plus.

Regards,

Gennady

Toussaint Francois:

Premature to know.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dear Andrea Rossi

Congratulations for this huge acheivement!. One question please with this new improved 4 KW SKL will this be the one to be massively commercialized ?

Warm Regards

Physicist:

See reference 14 in my paper on Researchgate:

“Electron Structure, Ultra Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, by G. Vassallo and A.O. Di Tommaso ( Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, 29:525-547, August 2019 ): the spin value +/- h-bar/2 is interpreted as the component of the electron’s angular momentum h-bar parallel to a magnetic field while the electron, like a tiny giroscope, is subjected to Larmor precession. This particular , semi-classical interpretation of spin does not exclude the possibility that the electron’s angular momentum may be aligned , in particular conditions, to the external magnetic field, so that electrons behave as elementary particles with whole spin h-bar.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

It is not yet an achievement, as I said clearly in the disclaimer. Further information will be given during the presentation.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Steven N. Karels:

Thank you for your insight

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dear Andrea Rossi,

On your new eCat-SKL test, the following is a Ragone Plot calculation of your test:

Assumptions

1. 5 kW total output power (4 kW electrical, 1 kW thermal)

2. Test duration: 7 hours

3. eCat SKL mass: 1.0 kg

Total Power: 5 kW

Total Energy: 35 kW-hrs

Specific Power: 5 kW/kg

Specific Energy: 35 kW-hrs/kg

Summary: Even in this relatively short duration test, this is about double the output of a modern lithium-ion battery. If the measurements were valid, this is not produced by a chemical reaction. (Note: I have not figured out how to include a picture in this posting).

Dear Andrea,

congratulation for this huge achievement !

Now our quest of the SKL parameters is over, but it was worth it.

Can you tell us the voltage and current measured in your last tests, as well as the weight of the new SKL configuration ?

Best Regards,

Riccardo

Sam:

YES !

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Koen Vandewalle:

10000 connections do not imply 10000 ballerinas !

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Sam:

The microscope is necessary for soldering, not for testing.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Raffaele Bongo:

The energy has been dissipated by a resistancein a dissipator.

Thank you for the suggestion: maybe it works, who knows ? Maybe applying it to a tennis-programmed robot, considering that to be better than me is not that difficult

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dr Rossi,

Again about par 2 of

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

which are the condition to reach the balance between Coulombian force and the Lorentz force ?

Physicist

Bernie Morrissey:

Thank you for your kind wish,

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Steven N. Karels:

Less than 1 kg

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Ivan Samec:

The volume is 4 liters, the weight is 1 kg

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Drachenlord:

For security reasons.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Hi, Dr. Rossi.

To Sture Andersson, You replied:

“I cannot say, where I am”.

Why can’t You say, where You are ?

Is it a mystery ?

Must it be treated as a secret?

Why must it be a secret?

RAIner Winkler

Dear Dr. Rossi,

for a simple consideration of costs:

A) What is the volume and weight of the newest control module?

B) How many tens or hundreds of CPU or FPGA are needed for the newest control module?

CPU – Central Processing Unit (computer processor)

Best Regards

Ivan Samec

Dear Andrea Rossi,

What is the mass of your eCat-SKL latest variant?

Dear Andrea,

Congratulations on your great success testing your E-cat SKL. I am sure the independent tests will be great success.

Thanks for lifetime of work.

Bernie Morrissey

Hello A. Rossi

The E-Cat ran for 15 hours at 4 Kw. You have therefore produced 60 kWh of electricity. This more energy than my wife needs to charge her car battery.

Can you reveal what was the use of the electrical energy produced during the test?

I suggest you, to be unbeatable in tennis, to mount this version of the E-Cat on your racket ……

Have a good holiday and good tennis

cordially

Raffaele

Hello DR Rossi

Do you think you will be

under the microscope again

with 3rd party testing?

https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-05/cold-fusion-machine-gets-third-party-verification-inventor-says/

Regards

Sam

10000 ballerinas, each with their own will and their own dance rhythm.

I wish the conductor of the orchestra good luck making them dance.

Kind Regards,

Koen

Hello DR Rossi

Came across this video on Henry Ford.

Is this similiar to how you use your team

to achieve success?

https://youtu.be/C-QrnxOdB2I

Regards

Sam

Ulrich Kranz:

Thank you for your kind sustain, but remind the disclaimer. The apparatus still has to be verified by a third party.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Frank Acland:

When we make a prototype it is impossible avoid to make things by hand, because only if I work that way I can invent things and know them intimately, so that I can intervene easily to make any changement I think can improve the system. I need to know any single particular and any single connection to understand shortly and make changements shortly if something goes wrong, or simply to understand during a test what can be improved, or understand where is the problem. This is my way to make inventions and work of them when from a theoretical idea the job becomes experimental. It is obvious that once a prototype passes to serial production everything is made in a robotized context, wherein 10 000 connections can be made in minutes and with precision.

The path is: INSPIRATION-PERSPIRATION-MULTIPLICATION

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dear Dr Rossi,

Will the 10,000 connections present a problem in the manufacture of the E-Cat SKL or can

that be accomplished with some sort of mass produced printed circuit board or computer chip?

Best regards,

Iggy

Dear Andrea.

1. On which date or for which event will you update the ECAT.com website?

2. Is the SKL suitable for domestic use, i.e. no trained operator needed?

3. For the people on the waiting list who long ago ordered a Home ECAT with 10 kW, can they now buy 2-3 SKL (of 4 kW) when it is their turn on the delivery list?

Many thanks for your valuable time and patience in answering our questions.

Kind regards,

Rudyswiss

Physicist:

ZBV is generated by an elementary by an elementary charge e that rotates at speed c ( as a Fermion it maintains obviously a speed inferior along its normal trajectory, as discovered by Dirac- see ref 9 in my paper on Researchgate )along a circumference equal to the electron Compton wavelength.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dr Rossi: what is that generates the Zitterbewegung ?

Dear Andrea,

You have said that you invested ‘big money’ to build your latest SKL. Also you stated that not all the connections were made by hand soldering. Was your financial investment in this latest test in equipment to make these many connections possible without doing it all by hand?

Kind Regards,

Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

my congratulations for your big success testing the new e-cat skl. With a power of 4 kwh and a volume of 20*20*20 cm it will replace all the heavy batteries in e-cars.

Stay in health

Ulrich

Marco:

To start is enough a 12 V battery, or any power source with input 110/220 V, output 12 V.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Enea Romagnoli:

Prof Sergio Focardi and I tried to turn instable isotoper into stable isotopes of the same atom, but without success. At the beginning we were convinced we made something, but eventually we discovered we had just made measurement mistakes. I do not think it is possible with LENR. based on our experiments and on the more mature theoretical system that has been published on Researchgate:

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Sture Andreasson:

I cannot say where I am.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Brice:

More patents are coming up.

Premature to know when the commercialization will start, that will also depend on our Partners. But the incentives are strong.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dear Dr. Rossi,

I’m still overwhelmed!

As I understand, your older types of LENR-reactors were based on a nuclear process creating energy, transmutations and some thermalized gamma rays, while your current plasma reactor works by long-range particle interactions generating energy. They both share the same fuel, but is it enough to secure and cover your brilliant inventention by only one patent? Or are there more patents coming up?

I think your current reactor needs probably another extra year to improve and determine its reliability (Sigma 5), isn’t it? How much time do you think will go into commercialization?

1) about half a year

2) 1 year

3) 2 years

4) over 2 years

Enjoy your vacation!

Brice

Did You made the 10000 connections, and run the test in Sweden?

Dear Andrea

Here is the reference you asked for:

1)

https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/FocardiSanewenergy.pdf

Signed by S. Focardi and A. Rossi

On page 5 of this document you write this deduction:

“The capture rate of protons by Nickel nuclei cannot depend on the mass values of different isotopes: in fact they possess the same nuclear charge and the same distribution of electrons in the various atomic shells. In practice, starting from Ni58 which is the more abundant isotope, we can obtain as described inthe two above processes, Copper formation and its successive decay in Nickel, producing Ni59, Ni60, Ni61and Ni62. Because Cu63, which can be formed start-ing by Ni62 is stable and does not decay in Ni63, the chain stops at Ni62 “

The request I made to you comes from these words you wrote 10 years ago.

Then Parkhomov with the reference:

2)

http://www.unconv-science.org/pdf/e2/parkhomov2-en.pdf

only looked at this phenomenon with regards to stable isotopes.

Do you think it is interesting to investigate whether starting from unstable isotopes it is possible to arrive at stable isotopes?

With the specific knowledge you have accumulated in this sector, you are the right person!

I can’t suggest more because I am just an electrochemist passionate about every science!

Enea

Dear Andrea,

The new ECat SKL is self sustaining. But at the start some energy is needed. The propotype you tested has a battery or you used external power (e.g. a PSU) to start it? How big (Wh, V) a battery should be to be able to start the ECat?

Regards, Marco.

Dear Readers:

Please go to

http://www.rossilivecat.com

to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Frank Acland:

I ended it, to make a thoroughly check up and make calculations.

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Gerard McEk:

1. the reactor

2. much more and much more complex. Extremely more complex !

Warm Regards, also the the Readers of ECW

A.R.

Dr Joseph Fine:

Thank you, interesting comparision. But, please, remember my disclaimer…

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Sceptic guy:

Around 0.77 x 10^-3 nm

See detailed calculation on par 1 of

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

Warm Regards,

A.R.

Dear Andrea Rossi,

‘Energy Density’ in units of W-h/Liter

https://www.cei.washington.edu/education/science-of-solar/battery-technology/

According to the Univ. of Washington’s link above,

” Compared to the other high-quality rechargeable battery technologies (nickel-cadmium or nickel-metal-hydride), Li-ion batteries have a number of advantages. They have one of the highest energy densities of any battery technology today (100-265 Wh/kg or 250-670 Wh/L). ”

Aside from the issue that Li-Ion batteries are rechargeable, 250-670 Wh/L doesn’t compare to 4.3 Million Wh/L. Wow!

( Assuming I haven’t made more errors. )

If the E-Cat can be ‘recharged’/(or charge replaced) in a few hours or at most 1 day, “The Masterpiece” seems to have several orders of Magnitude greater Energy Density.

Amazing!

Joseph Fine

Dear Andrea,

In discussions at ECW we were wondering where the heat is being dissipated. Can you tell us what contributes to most of the generated heat:

1. a) the reactor or the b) controller?

2. Does the SKL now require more controller circuits than before?

Thank you, kind regards, Gerard