United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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27,888 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jack

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the Ecat continue to be made in the USA ?
    Jack

  • Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    you may find the linked article interesting at some point over the next year .

    My best wishes to your, Team Rossi’s, and your wife’s health.

    Sincerely,
    Mason

    Link>> https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/21349200/climate-change-fossil-fuels-rewiring-america-electrify

  • Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    one question, If i remember well in the very first version of the ECat one of the components was Gaseous Hydrogen, than, for a more stable process you changed it with LAH?
    Thanks, Giuseppe

  • Donald G Chandler

    Dear Andrea

    It might not be directly relevant to your work, but there’s a stunningly beautiful animation of hydrogen atom wave function solutions evolving through quantum state transitions here:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3vFLcg10N0

    Enjoy if you have a moment.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- we changed voltages, depending on the amperage
    2- n.a.
    3- no
    Good holidays to you too,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Also.
    There are many other ways to recover and utilize heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eernie 1:
    This is a key, very important, point.
    NO, I do not mean either Cooper pair or EPO’s.
    In ref. 14 of my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is proposed an electron model wherein the spin is interpreted as the component [+/- hbar/2] of the free electron intrinsic angular momentum VECTOR hbar along the external magnetic field.
    This interpretation is in agreement with the well known ESR -Electron Spin Resonance- experimental data: see reference 14 in my paper, par. on ESR.
    According to this interpretation, we cannot exclude the possibility that the intrinsic angular momentum may be aligned to the external magnetic field in particular environments. See also this important link from a declassified US Air force document:
    https://web.archive.org/web/20101026063702/www.foia.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-091008-049.pdf
    This said, I’d define “Bosonic” a free electron with intrinsic angular momentum hbar parallel to the external magnetic field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    To one of my questions you answered that the output voltage of the E-Cat was adjustable by the operator.

    1- Can you specify what was the voltage you chose for your test?
    2- For what reason this particular tension?
    3- Does the electrical efficiency vary when you change the output voltage?
    Good holidays
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  • Dear Andrea,
    When you mention Bosonic electrons do you mean Cooper pairs(spin 1/2+1/2=1) or EPO’s(spin 1/2-1/2=0)?

  • ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    you have mentioned in the past that the skl will replace the sk.
    Does it mean that the skl will heat air and liquid with a heat exchanger?

    Best regards
    Ulrich

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    My convinction is that all the energy generated by the decrease of entropy from the clusters of electrons that reach a coherence of phase goes to the electrons not in phase, independently from particular peaks. The 4.372 x 10^-7 m peak is a possible indication of the formation of the pico-metric aggregates as per par 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    See also in the same paper ref 2,3,4,14,12.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fred:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- the residual heat is the percentage of the energy from the plasma that has not been turned into electricity
    2a- confidential
    2b- confidential
    2bii- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dawn:
    Jogging, playing tennis with my wife, making long excursions in the mountains, and reading.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert

    Dr Rossi:
    I discovered that while reading your paper on Researchgate it is very useful to watch at the same time the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  • Jack

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suggest to the readers of this blog the following bookfor their Summer holidays:
    “Cold Fusion- Advences in Condensed Matter Nuclear Science”, by Jean-Paul Biberian, published by Elsevier- January 2020
    All the best,
    Jack

  • Dawn

    Dear Andrea,
    Dr Rossi,
    How are you spending these holiday days ?
    Cheers
    Dawn

  • Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    May I ask some other questions about the device?

    It might help get a handle in the processes involved but I quite understand if you want to avoid details.

    1. Regarding the heat produced in the SKL ecats: Is the current thermal output related
    1a. to the heat required for the cathode to operate correctly?
    1b. the waste heat from the unused energy in the plasma?

    2. Regarding the Fuel/Catalyst/Charge used:
    2a. Is this using the same ratio of components as your patent: i.e 30% LAH, 20% Li, 50% Ni?
    2b Could you give us an indication of the amount of fuel used?
    2bi. The approximate order of amount of LAH In grammes?
    2bii or if this is not possible is it more or less than 1g?

    I fully understand though if these are details you want to keep for the later presentation..

    My apologies for strange question numbering. I was trying to consolidate the points but it might look confusing.

    Best Regards to you and all your team. I hope you are able to relax and enjoy some of the good weather in these weeks.

    Stephen.

  • Fred

    Dr Rossi,
    Did the last, and sole, test you made with the 4 kW Ecat SKL suggest you any modification, after your post-test inspection ?
    Fred

  • Stephen

    Dear Andrea
    may I ask some questions relating to your recent points.

    1. if it is this coherent chain of electrons that are under magnetic resonance and Larmor precession producing the 432 nm peak seen in the SK.?

    2. If it is other electrons excluded from the coherent ones that is responsible?

    3. Is all the energy in the SK initially radiated from the cluster through this peak?

    4. Do we see any change in entropy as a result of the energy emitted in the 432 nm peak?

    5. In the SKL are the electrons not included in the coherent structure taking the energy instead of this emission line?

    6. Or is it more complex ?

    I hope they are ok questions

    Thanks

    Stephen.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Those electrons configurations can generate, in presence of protons, compact neutral aggregates at a scale of 10^-12 m, between the atomic size and the nuclear size, made by a coherent chain of bosonic electrons with protons located in the center of the ZBV orbits. A critical threshold of the density of electrons is important for such a phenomenon and depends on the temperature of the cathod.
    In this kind of environment the creation-annihilation of virtual particles is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Physicist

    Dr Rossi,:
    Always related to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    does the environment you described in your answer to Romina allow the production of resonances ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I do not believe so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I have just one question, which I hope you can answer:
    Can you tell if you believe that hydrogen/protons somehow is being converted into energy in the SKL reactor?
    Thank you if you can answer!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Sorry, but I need you to answer these questions to allow me to answer:
    1- what do you mean when you write “serving humanity and protecting your work against commercial exploitations ?
    2- why do you put in contrast “serving humanuty” and “commercial exploitation” ?
    3- what do you mean with “commercial exploitation” ?
    4- what do you mean exactly with “ill use” ?
    There are many ways of interpretation of your definitions, this is why I am not able to answer.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Patrick

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    for the past few years we followed – as laymen – your progress and work but most questions are about technique and the workings of your inventions.
    My question is of another order: what is your goal in terms of serving humanity, and protecting your work against commercial exploitation, and have you protected yourself and your work against ill-use?
    I hope you stay well and safe for the coming years and wish you all the best and hope for an answer that serves humanity.

    “There is no religion higher than truth”

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    In the cited reference 14 is proposed a “fundamental connection” between Aharonov-Bohm equations and an electron, based on a geomatric interpretation of the electron wave-function phase.
    This approach suggests me that it is possible to create electron condensates exploiting the Aharonov-Bohm effect, caused by the dependence of the electron wave-function phase from electromagnrtic potentials, so that a voltage pulse with a due rise time may generate a variation of the Zitterbewegung of the electrons, an increase of the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the formation of clusters of electrons in coherence of phase, generating lower entropy and a consequent decrease of thermal capacity and freedom degrees, with energy transfer to electrons not in phase.
    This is my opinion. It may be wrong, but the Ecat experiment may suggest it could be correct. This also could explain the absence of ionizing radiations and the energy gain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    See carefully the references 14, 7,9,2 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-CatSK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Romina

    Dr Rossi,
    about your answer to Phisicist, regarding the par 2 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    : which is the connection between the ref 14 and the theoretical system at the base of the Ecat ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Romina

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your progress, evolving from the E-Cat basis of 10 years ago to the current design, through experimentation and study, gradually developing an understanding of the underlying physics, and now based on empirical and theoretical knowledge and a dedicated team the design and construction of a technological marvel.

    The fact of success at first try providing a working proof of the theoretical basis and the calculations based on that theory supporting the design, a basis that mainstream physicists will likely find difficult to accept, hopefully in time when you launch a product, the very existence of working E-Cat’s will force physicists to reconsider longstanding beliefs.

    E-cat developments will gradually over time transform the energy industry, hopefully an understanding of the underlying theoretical basis will produce just as large a transformation in the world of physics.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    This depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anomymous:
    Moreless yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Did I understand well that of the 10,000 connections you made in the Ecat SKL about 5,000 are due to electronic soldering and about 5,000 to mechanic connections ?

  • ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    how many SKL´s can you control wit one controller?

    Best regards

    Ulrich

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    The technologies to recover heat are so many…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Angelo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I am stunned ! I’d never imagined my paper could reach such a level of interest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I never said there are ten thousand ballerinas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of August 4 2020:
    Emissions: Drop in or drop out ?:considering fuels and energy carriers for a decarbonized economy
    Rod Walton

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea. So you say that there are not ten thousand ballerinas.
    Then we have to reason differently: The original ballerina may have had a spectrum that was not entirely useful for conversion to electricity. By stimulating each zone of the ballerina differently, will the full ballerina become more suitable for conversion? I think 80% electricity and 20% heat points in that direction.

    An incredible achievement.

    But isn’t this “too good”? Modern combustion engines do not even use the energy that is generated as efficiently. Nobody seems to mind.

    Or will the price still be acceptable for the new system? I am a little concerned about your statement that you have invested a lot of money in it.
    Or should we look at it as a very expensive investment to make one, but what then becomes very cheap when the technology goes mainstream?

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another Tesla application – the Tesla Semi. https://www.tesla.com/semi

    There are nearly 2 million semi trucks in operation in the U.S. Worldwide, even more.

    300 or 500 mile range at 2 kW-hr/mile = 600 or 1,000 kW-hr battery capacity.

    Tesla’s major restriction is manufacturing enough batteries.

    Assume a relatively small battery pack to accommodate transient conditions, e.g., 60 kW-hr.

    At 80 mph and 2 kW-hr/mile requires 160 kW-hr/hr of electrical power generation.

    40 of the 4kW eCat SKL modules would suffice to give “infinite” range – refueling once per 6 months or one year.

  • Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Here are the new stats of your publications on researchgate I found on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions:
    Full Readings: 50007
    Reccomandations: 2632
    Total Research Interest Index: 767.6
    Citations: 21
    Your paper is one of the Physics publication most read among the 15 millions publications on Researchgate
    Congratulations !
    Prof

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