United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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27,595 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me first apologize for mistakingly using the word ‘enthalpy’ instead of ‘entropy’ in a previous question.

    Congratulations with your new 95% electrical efficiency achievement!

    I hope you allow me some questions about reaching such a high efficiency in the SKL.
    1. I would guess it should make it easier to increase the maximum power, because here is no need to extract the heat. Is that right?
    2. Assuming that the heat production limits the maximum output, this would mean, you are now able to produce 19 kW of electricity and 1 kW of heat?
    3. If not, should this new development not open at least the possibility of increasing the electrical output power to that level in the future?
    Thanks and good luck with testing!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Sorry for missing your former comment.
    Yes, that could be an important application.
    Thank you for the suggestion about the 3D film.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    No.
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    The connections complexity did not change.
    f) something else
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Maxwell equations are a system of partial differential equations where are employed electric field, magnetic field, charge density, and current density. These all can be derived only from the electromagnetic four potential, by which the hexadecimal system of the Clifford algebra integrates all these concepts. The electromagnetic four potential integrates different mathematical concepts highlighting geometrical meanings otherwise hiddenin the complexity of the ordinary algebra.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    is the new design reducing the thousands of connections required or, on the contrary, the connections increase with the efficiency ?

    Another question, if I can: is the new design mainly affecting:

    a) the reactor shape
    b) the control unit
    c) the wiring
    d) a mix of the above
    e) something else

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  • Brice

    Dear Dr. Andrea,

    In a previous message I proposed a quantum dot film to convert the blue- and UV-light into visible light, but there might be another possiblity…

    There is going to be an energy technology which could hit the market that’s interesting to you. NovaSolix (http://www.novasolix.com/technology) is a company which is most evolved in the technology of solar panels based on ‘rectennas’. While regular solar panels – with a theoretical efficiency of about 33% – make use of photons, this technology uses the EM wave function of light just like regular transistor radios do, having efficiencies of 45 up to 90%. They exist of nano carbon tube antennas in the range of the wavelength of light with extremely fast switching rectifying diodes – in the range of 100 – 1000 Thz – to harvest the electrons (DC). NovaSolix claim that they can produce their solar panels on foil at 1/10th of the cost per Watt of regular solar panels.

    If you could combine this technology with yours, then it would transform the rest light and the rest heat of your reactor into electricity, making your reactor even more energy efficient. In best case you don’t need to cool down your reactor anymore! It would be nice to wrap such a kind of solar panel foil around your reactor!

    Can you find back the 20% of IR-radiation in the measured spectrum of the SKL?

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,
    I sent the following to JONP, but since you were busy answering, my comment remains pending.
    Best Regards,
    Koen

    Koen Vandewalle
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.
    August 24, 2020 at 3:35 AM
    Hello Andrea,
    nice to read that you have also experienced that doing nothing can often help to make great progress.

    Is it possible and useful to make very small devices that generate a few tens or hundreds of Watts?

    Isn’t it desirable to make a more graphic “artist impression” of your theoretical description? A 3D film that visually demonstrates the functioning and interactions of the electrons.

    I think this would enable the dissemination of this science to standard skilled people, among others, allowing for faster implementation at various business levels.

    I live in Flanders, a region that has been a supplier of high-quality vegetables (cauliflower, beans, cabbage, carrots, leeks …) for decades, but for four years it has been raining far too little due to climate change, and the yields have been halved or still worse. To survive economically we therefore urgently need a new cheap energy source to get water to us. Five years ago people still laughed about climate change, but now it is very serious here too. The once so fertile soils are now much too dry. The so-called renewable energy sources they are now building hardly add anything when you consider the totality of the energy we need.

    We are really waiting for you.

    With best regards,

    Koen.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- yes, with benefit of inventory
    2- more tests are necessary, but so far we did not notice degradations
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonimous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    About your answer to Physicist on 2020/8/23 at 9.37 a.m.
    How can the Maxwell equations be derived?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    The newest version is in process of R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tom Conover

    Hi Andrea,

    Hope you are doing well! Your experiments are always mentioned this log, I was wondering if the presentation is hopefull soon.

    What’s up with the newest version please?

    Yours Truly,
    Tom Conover

  • Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    My congratulations on the very rapid confirmation of 95%+ electric efficiency for the latest SKL variant. Folks at ECW are very excited about this tremendous achievement and look forward even more to the September testing and your subsequent presentation.

    There are a few Physicists at ECW who believe strongly that the reaction at work in yielding the SKL’s tremendous energy output will also cause it to self-destruct (eat itself) over time.

    (1) Are you satisfied that the SKL is durable for extended run times and will not materially degrade?
    (2) If so, what has led you to that conclusion (i.e. detailed inspection of SKL reactor internals before/after extended runs).

    Thanks in advance for your reply and general openness to our many questions.

    Bill Conley

  • Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    I prefer to stay away from politics.
    What I can say is that we are working at the maximum of our possible efforts to present our Ecat SKL.
    We will do it, be sure, whatever it will cost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Yes, we made a strong progress, due to a new idea, surely coming from the theoretical system supposed on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    The idea came out while I was doing nothing during the holidays and the experiments we are doing now confirm it works.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. Maybe we are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    As electrons are not created there is no harvesting of them, this means moving about existing electrons, so electromagnetics, in the past electron flow in the charge created problems, but also revealed itself as an opportunity, this implies any large electron flow is in an external circuit driven by electromagnetics from changes in the charge, implying the output from the creation of individual electron-proton aggregates is largely electromagnetic and can be collectively harvested.

    To reduce the photon output and increase the electromagnetic output to a high degree means very accurate control, and also a very good understanding of the physics involved, a practical understanding of the electromagnetic four-potential, and also the structures of the electron and hydrogen.

    Hopefully in time this understanding and a working E-Cat will be accepted as the experimental proof of a new electron model, many physicists will no doubt try to adapt the existing physics with even more fixes, but perhaps a new younger generation of physicists will take a fresh look and be willing to build on the basis of a new model towards something more fundamental.

    The E-Cat may be just the start, hopefully leading to development of a wide variety of new cost effective technologies that in time will benefit all parts of the world. I look forward to this future.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I asked you before whether it is theoretically possible to achieve an efficiency of over 95%. Your answer was that it would be very difficult to achieve. Now you’ve outdone yourself. A 15% increase in efficiency suggests that you now understand the process very well and that you have made the entire process of generating energy much more precise. Am I correct in my assumption if I believe that the service life (maximum total amount of energy that can be drawn) of the new E-Cat SKL will increase by significantly more than 15%?

    Best wishes
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I said that in the Ecat SKL the electrons, as a consequence of the zero point energy, the dV/dT with high dV, their zitterbewegung, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect change phase and form clusters of electrons in phase: consequently they go in a lower ENTROPY status losing thermal capacity and freedom degrees, transfering a gain of energy to the electrons not in phase.
    I also said that this is my opinion and that my opinion coild be wrong.
    Enthalpy has nothing to do with all this.
    Your electrons accounting doesn’t make sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr. Rossi,

    It is highly likely that on Wednesday, January 20th, Joseph R. Biden will become the 46th president of the United States. This will give America a more polite and dignified government, but a worse energy and agricultural policy. Biden thinks we can replace oil, coal, and natural gas with windmills solar schemes, and deadly biofuels, which is not physically possible. The attempt at this nonsense will cause more environmental damage and drive up the cost of food beyond affordability. I keep telling people that FOOD = ENERGY & ENERGY = FOOD! Bad energy policy causes mass starvation.

    If you can have your device independently tested before inauguration day, and if it is proven to work efficiently, then you can avert a global man made disaster that will come on top of the COVID-19 disaster and resulting global economic recession/depression. Even famous Left Wing moviemaker Michael Moore finally realized that the only good renewable energy scheme is hydroelectric power. His film, “Planet of the Humans,” makes that case very clearly and is available for viewing on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=Zk11vI-7czE&feature=emb_title

    All I can say is that you could literally save the world and millions of lives if you can actually produce a workable device and prove it in a timely manner that the big establishment media can believe. If you could have General Motors and Ford test your device and publish the results, that would do it.

    Sincerely, Christopher Calder

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Thank you for rephrasing, now I understand. The answer is:
    3. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that energy that the Ecat SKL produces comes from electrons that move into a lower enthalpy.
    I am not a physicist so the following may be pure nonsense, but maybe you can explain:
    You said that the amount of energy released by an electron, getting its lower enthalpy may be in the order of 1 eV.
    An Ecat producing 5 kW constantly during 1 year will the require 10^30 electrons moving into lower enthalpy, each releasing 1 eV energy. The reactor of 100 cm^3 can contain 10^26 atoms as a maximum (totally filled with e.g. a solid metal). Knowing that, I cannot understand from where you can get so many electrons tat are required to move in lower enthalpy in a closed reactor.
    Thanks if you can.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    Sorry for my vague question #3. I wanted to know if the September tests might be delayed because of the R&D work on
    to potentially increase the electric energy percentage.

    Thanks again.

    Bill

  • Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    A spinor field that encodes the electromagnetic fields and the derivative of a scalar field emerges from Maxwell equations and has a gradient in space-time Clifford algebra with physical meaning: the microscopic four-current density field.
    See ref 12 int my paper cited in your comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Physicist

    Physicist
    about your answer to Gloria and the reference to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the application of the “Lorenz gauge” in Maxwell’s equations denies the status of real physical entity to a scalar field.
    Physicist

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- I think we will reach over 95%
    2- It is already going through a series of tests
    3- affecting in which sense ?
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We cannot create electrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The latest E-Cat SKL is described as generating 4 kWh/h of electric energy (plus emitting about 1 kWh/h thermal energy).

    Within your latest E-Cat, for the source of electrons, are electrons created or are the electrons pre-existing?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    Regarding your response to Bud; I assume you mean that you have ideas to push the SKL electric/thermal ratio beyond the current 80/20 and not the 50/50 he mentioned. Of course this is great news assuming the increase is more than trivial. A few questions regarding this new work:

    1) What do you think the electric potential proportion is with these changes (85%, 90%, 95%)?
    2) How long do you think it will take to test your new higher electric ratio SKL device?
    3) Do you anticipate this affecting the September third-party testing schedule at all (I sure hope not)?

    Thanks for your answer and for all your fantastic work.

    Bill

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bud:
    I had ideas during the holidays that now we are experimenting and probably we will be able to increase the percentage of the electric energy, decreasing the thermal energy,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bud

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the energy from the Ecat SKL still 50% electric and 50% thermal ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Bud

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I’m reading the book “Leonardo” by Carlo Vecce.

    It is an extremely complete book on Leonardo Da Vinci, 516 pages, written using only very accurate historical and bibliographic research.

    Not fantasy or personal suppositions, but historical facts only.

    In addition to talking, of course, about Leonardo, his works and his genius, it is a book that describes in detail the characters of the time, recreating with extreme care the stories, environments, customs of that time.

    A very detailed description of how people lived then, arts, crafts, interpersonal relationships.

    It’s fascinating, a kind of time travel.

    From all this emerges naturally the figure of Leonardo, shaped by the environment that he himself helped to shape with his genius.

    It’s a really interesting and engaging read.

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Since you now expect to start 3rd party testing in September does that mean that the reliability issue has been resolved?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sam

    Here is a link to Bill Gates that studies the Atlantic Codex, like you do

    https://youtu.be/zwGdnCNi8Ss

  • Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    I find this paper very intelligent:
    http://condensed-plasmoids.com/condensed_plasmoids_lenr.pdf

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    Yes, and with these blades you can see at a glance that electro-magnetic field, charge, current and mass are parts of the same entity: this is why there is also a citation of the “Occam’s Razor” in Ref, 12 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for rephrasing.
    The answer to 5 is here:
    5. yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    It is really surprising what you can discover analyzing the papers of this real Giant. For example: compare the cry of the soldier with the red hat at the center of the “Battle of Montecuccoli” with the “Cry” of Munch , and you will discover that the second is equal to the first, wherein the style of Leonardo anticipates the forms of the impressionism. I studied carefully the whole “Atlantic Codex” , of which I possess a perfect reproduction of the entire codex, and I discovered his studies on the energy saving in the transfer of water: there are many papers related to the research to obtain a COP 1 efficiency that he was convinced was not impossible…
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Questions about Leonardo da Vinci
    500 year old heart study finally
    being answered.

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8644125/Mystery-heart-strands-drawn-da-Vinci-solved.html

    Regards
    Sam

  • Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Thanks for your responses. It’s good to hear it is going well.
    Regarding the question 5.

    It was more if you are still planning to produce and sell something like the original SKL .

    It seems to me that the SKL 2 and the original SKL are both well sized devices but for different applications.

    The SKL 2 is great for vehicles, domestic use and likely industrial use where larger power demands are likely and the kinds of heat use and control can be configured depending on the use.

    The Original SKL perhaps a few hundred W sold as a stand alone 10cm side cube or smaller passively cooled device could be ideal for personal use or as a plug in unit for electronic devices such as TV’s, computers etc or even larger applications where a small easily handled plug in and use operation is more optimum.

    They are both great devices in my view both optimum for there particular usages. But I would quite understand why you would prefer to concentrate ion one.

    But if I understand the answer to question 4 the implication is that the point above is still not discounted.

    Thanks and Best Regards to you your team and your e-cats 😉

  • Gloria

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the electromagnetic four potential obtained in the hexadecimal blades of space-time Clifford algebra ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gloria

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Unbelievable. I can only thank all the Readers of Researchgate that dedicated their time to know about the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    I was just reviewing
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and read the updated statistics on Researchgate:
    Full Readings 51000 ( fiftyonethousand )
    Recommendations 2758
    Citations 21
    Total Reseach Interest index 799.8 (!!!)
    …and counting…
    Congratulations
    Prof

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