United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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30,071 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    We hypothesize that a voltage pulse with a very short, critical rise time generates these clusters, as a consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect, that triggers a simultaneous variation of the ZBW phase catalyzing the formation of coherent systems.
    See also in the paper you cited the reference 16.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This is a question it’s impossible to answer to, it depends from the evolution of this cursed pandemic and which will be the travel and other restrictions. I hope the global vaccination on course will resolve the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • CC

    Dr Rossi:
    About your theory on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions:
    how is it possible the formation of coherent electrons clusters?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    CC

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With the new COVID-19 variants hitting Europe, do you foresee a delay of the Ecat SKL demonstration?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you operated the plant at full capacity yet?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I prefer to reserve this information to the presentation.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It pleases me to hear that after about 10 years you are again actually using an Ecat! Ten years ago you told us that you were heating your premises with the first generation Ecat, which was. for me the reason to pay more attention of your work. Can you tell us what exactly is now the practical use of the (array of) Ecat(s) SKL?
    May the light of the media soon shine on the Ecat!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  • Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Is it feasible to implement an SKL at home without a connection to the grid?
    1. Can one, or a few SKLs, run the electricity in a home for normal (erratic) use?
    2. What happens if you suddenly switch on the oven and a hairdryer?
    3. Can you safely switch them off?
    4. Can the SKL run in (near) idle mode (for my doorbell)?
    5. Is it necessary to have the electricity grid or a battery wall as a back-up to balance shortages and excesses?

    Thank you for your replies!

    Brice

  • Brice

    To Greg:

    I agree with you and you gave nice examples. I also believe that it will take a decade to convert to the SKL, probably more.

    What I rather mean is that the impact of the headlines of the newspapers after the presentation of the SKL could be completely different. If you permit me to exaggerate…: “Brilliant inventor made a device that makes hydrogen cheaper for the industry”. Nobody will read this except the readers of this forum. Compared to this: “Brilliant inventor made an energy device that saves the climate with cheap and abundant electricity for everyone”. If the focus is closer to the climate and the common man then it will attract much more the attention of the whole world, important investors included. Running a small project would be nice, why not running a few houses with SKLs?

    My second point was to consider ethical grounds in giving priority to projects that can combat the greenhouse effect, pollution and poverty (win-win-win). Making ‘green’ projects ‘greener’ or running another indoor ski resort with the SKL in Dubai may get low priority compared to converting polluting brick factories close to communities in India.

    Kind regards,

    Brice

  • Jitse

    dear Andrea Rossi,

    100 individual glass fibers for controlling the 100 E-cat units can be used to reduce the mutual interference.
    The Faraday cage for the E-cat units and control units is also a good means against mutual influence (and protected against hacking).

    Kind regards, Jitse

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I am sorry, but this is not close to my opinion and to what is written on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    , but, you know, I could be wrong.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    I envision the Ecat SKL plasma ‘breathing’ in and out, stimulated by the special pulses from the controller, the plasma contracting to low entropy and relaxing/expanding to higher entropy, from very coherent (through AB effect / magnetism) to less coherent. Meanwhile, energy is resonantly transferring from proton to electron through the ‘long range’ mechanism, the lost proton energy is replenished by the vacuum, and the relative few electrons that don’t make it to a state of coherence escape out, carrying away the energy that the lower energy, coherent electrons gave up.

    Anyway, considering the expected voltage fluctuations dV/dt from such a situation, I wonder if you are making use of diodes in your Ecat. If I remember correctly, there are roughly five thousand ‘connections’ you did by hand for each of the controller and the Ecat, and now I am imagining that many of those connections involved diodes.

    Is this more or less true, or am I out to lunch at a fast food dinner?

    Thank you if you can answer (or not!)
    Mark

  • Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- initially yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am using it. When I will feel ready to make the presentation, I will make it. Need more experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your comments about the SKL plant sound encouraging. What remains to be done in order for it to be ready?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    a,b,c,d: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    As earlier mentioned, the importance of cheap hydrogen for the steel industry is obvious. The E-Cat (as a source for hydrogen) then piggy-back on a large established industry. Piggy-backing has its advantages being a shortcut to large volume business. However, it leaves out the E-Cat from small and private stakeholders. May I ask:
    1. Is it your preference to target the large established industry?
    2. Is there a plan (timeline and procedure) how to get the E-Cat to small and private stakeholders?

    Best wishes,
    Calle H

  • Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- give the power to the grid is already possible, but I think the world needs synergy from all the potential sources of energy
    2- no
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    Referring to earlier discussion, the importance of having allies instead of enemies speaks for itself. However, it is not understood that there would be enemies producing electric power on a small or medium scale. For example, governments in many countries encourage private home roof solar power by giving subsidies which is understood as being allied with the government. May I ask:
    1. Could a solar power supplier be an allied (joint interest getting power to the grid)?
    2. Could governments see the E-Cat as an enemy?

    Best wishes,
    Calle H

  • Greg Leonard

    Brice:
    It will be years, possibly a decade, before the planet is converted to e-cat. In that time it will be necessary to assist current infrastructure (as it is wound-down) to become less polluting. That will certainly require hydrogen to help produce fuel for existing internal combustion engines. Another prime application of hydrogen will be to add to the natural gas in the pipelines leading to our homes – I guess the majority of homes in the UK have gas-fired boilers for radiators and hot water. In the past, hydrogen used to be added to Coal Gas in our pipelines ( I think up to 40%). I am sure there will be a level of H2 which can be added safely to the natural gas infrastructure – this will cut carbon emission be that percentage.

  • Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    In your reply to Frank Acland, you say that you are very close to an acceptable performance for SKL.
    Do this also includes:
    a: Reliability and
    b: Operational stability?
    c: May you thereby determine with +/- 10% certainty a fixed operating time for each unit?
    d: When several SKLs are connected, will the operational reliability and operational stability of each individual unit, be unaffected by a malfunction of the neighboring unit?
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    All the applications you suggest merit attention. I did not say that water electrolysis is anexclusive target. Ain’t making any discussion in this sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am trying to understand the debate on hydrogen. I can imagine that you have now found a reliable partner who needs affordable electricity to produce hydrogen.That is not really wrong, of course.

    On the other hand, on the day of the public presentation of the E-Cat SKL it will raise the eyebrows of journalists who will not understand that the SKL was mainly not used against our most polluting fuels. Why not consider a pilot project that offers as much of an alternative as possible to pollution in the atmosphere and in polluted cities? Like a small micro-power stations?

    Why not give absolute priority in the massive roll-out of the SKL to projects that can prevent shale gas and charcoal from being mined further?

    Poor countries like in Africa or in Asia are causing deforestation by by burning wood. Cheap electricity would be a great solution there.

    This would be the SKL at its best. This will be of great benefit to mankind and it will have a greater possitive news impact.

    What is your opinion?

    I wish you the final breakthrough of the SKL this year!

    Brice

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think we are very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How close to acceptable (in your eyes) is the performance of the SKL Plant at the moment?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Answer for dummies and trolls: just google “Zero Point Energy”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ruby

    Dr Rossi:
    a soi disant nuclear engineer has written in a blog that, referring to the “space charge” cited in par. 2.1 of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the Heisenberg uncertainty principle should have nothing to do with the space charge: what do you answer ?
    Ruby

  • CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the wavelength corresponding to the reduced Compton ?
    CC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    P:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • P

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    Have you and your team received any inquiries from the HYBRIT project? http://www.hybritdevelopment.com/
    Best Regards
    /P

  • Dear Andrea,
    I agree about hydrogen, not because I would necessarily believe it to be a good fuel for cars, but because there is permanent need for renewable hydrogen in making ammonia for the fertiliser industry and as chemical reduce agent in making steel without CO2 emission. The latter application is pursued by Swedish-Finnish concern SSAB-Rautaruukki, by the way. There are probably also other similar industrial applications, because hydrogen is one of the chemical reducing agents, as is carbon, but I happen to know only about these two.
    regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rudi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rudi

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    you mentioned the production of hydrogen. Is there already an investor who want to produce efuel with this hydrogen/E-cat?
    If the energy is cheap (like from E-Cat) then a little more loss in comparison to hydrogen is indifferent.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOawGXRRJFY (english subtitles)
    The advantage of efuels is the immediate conversion of the existing cars to renewables. Also it is possible to produce petrol and Diesel autonomous in countries without oil reserves.
    Best regards
    Rudi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    There is a strong and world shared pressing on the extended use of hydrogen. I think to give to this powerful wave a tool that can resolve a big problem can help strategically the eventual development . I did not say this is the sole target. I think this is a strategically important target. Not necessary, but important. A powerful ally is better that a powerful rival.
    That’s all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    In your answer to Gerard McEk you indicated that E-Cat electric power for electrolysis of water into hydrogen, is an important target. One may believe that electricity from a local generator such as the E-Cat is a much more versatile means for providing safe and cheap energy than the highly safety intensive and equipment expensive hydrogen. May I ask:
    1. is it a target to encourage the development and use of hydrogen by providing cheap E-Cat electric power?
    2. is it so that the cheap hydrogen can power a fuel cell generating more heat and power than what the E-Cat provides, i.e. another incredible invention by Dr. Rossi?

    Thank you if you wish to answer.
    Calle H

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Maybe both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    dV/dt with high dV
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lilylover:
    Thank you for your insight and enthusiasm for the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- premature
    2- maybe
    3- so far this appears to be unavoidable
    4- yes
    5- skepticism is a problem for the skeptics, not for me
    6- no, the plasma is inside a closed body that is not transparent
    7- we accelerate electrons in parallel respect the axis of the plasma cloud to observe the deviations from the straight line of the axis: if there are no deviations, means the plasma has not a prevalence of negative or positive particles
    8- yes
    9- yes
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    There is a strong pressing in the world toward the use of hydrogen as a universal fuel. The Ecat could allow the electrilysis of water at an extremely low price. This is why it is important as a target.
    Answers:
    1- see above
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am a bit confused about your answer to Norma, in which you confirmed that a main focus of the usage of the Ecat SKL is on the production of hydrogen. Obviously you need some hydrogen in the Ecats, but I would think that’s only small quantities.
    I would assume that producing electricity would make mass production of hydrogen unnecessary.
    The only reason I can think of is that you have (or one of your customers has) the intention to produce electricity centrally with Ecats SKL.
    1. Is that a right assumption?
    2. If yes, may another focus be putting Ecats in cars?
    3. Or local in domestic or industrial power stations?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  • Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    Welcome to 2021, the year of the eCat!
    I have some more nosy and scattered questions for you, if it is appropriate for you to answer

    1 ) Is the upcoming demonstration planned to be patterned after the Quark-X conference demo in Stockholm?

    2 ) In what country do you intend to have the conference?

    3 ) Do you anticipate that the date and place and attendance size of the demo will depend on the Covid-19 regulations for gatherings in that country?

    4 ) At the demo, will the measurement of electricity output – rather than heat output – make it easier for you, both setup and time wise?

    5 ) Do you intend with the upcoming demo to provide enough rigour in a setup that might change the mind of a reasonable skeptic regarding energy generation?
    Or will it be geared more for informing those who already believe in an energy producing Ecat?

    6 ) Presumably the plasma ball of the Ecat SKL will be much cooler than that of the Ecat SK. The Ballerina plasma of the Ecat SK was my personal favourite part of your last (video-streamed) presentation. Can you presently observe the Ecat SKL plasma, and if so will you arrange for the audience to somehow view it?

    7 ) What happens when you fire high energy electrons tangental to the plasma, as you once briefly alluded?

    8 ) You have mentioned industrial plants of partners. No doubt this refers primarily to the plants where functioning Ecat SKLs will be used. But to be clear, does it also include plants where Ecat SKLs will be manufactured, as Gerard McEk has enquired ?

    9 ) Are you happy with the rate of enquiries from industry about the Ecat SKL?

    Thank you for any answers you can provide!
    Mark

  • LilyLover

    E-Cat SKL is an energy generation device the size of a typical microwave-oven generating about 5 kWh per hour of electrical energy based on advanced Physics tapped by Eng. Dr. Andrea Rossi. E-Cat SKL or Energy-CATalyzer, Sven Kullander, eLectric was a name adopted to honor late Dr. Sven Kullander whose contributions along with that of Dr. Hanno Essén were useful in E-Cat SKL’s development. This Lego-like stackable device can be scaled to meet any level of desired output, produces no pollution whatsoever, and is safer than gasoline, and more energy dense than any other fuel known to date. Moreover, this is cheaper to buy and maintain at less than 1/1000 of the cost of any other energy source and is fully recyclable. Rich countries and investment parasites, whose income depends upon controlled energy prices are resistant to this invention but are forced to adopt for the fear that the rest of the World may leave the late-adopters in the dust. This energy democratization will foster a bountiful and humane society. This technology can make vertical farming and converting desserts into food production centers possible. This antidote to climate change is so green that, ironically, even the green activists oppose this because it will render their “activism” futile. This technology makes desalination of seawater, metallic transmutations to plentiful gold, and cheap anti-missile defense a reality. While the E-cat “lifts all boats” and benefits the general society, some countries, whose prosperity depends upon prosperity-differentials, are vehemently against this overall progress of humanity and are in bed with the oil giants to preserve the existing power dynamics in favor of the few rather than allow general prosperity to prevail. E-Cat SKL is a lot more than an a free-energy device — it’s a free freedom device for upliftment of humanity. If you love it, you are a good human. If you hate or oppose it, you are evil. Philosophy simplified! Enjoy the upcoming abundance, courtesy of Eng. Dr. Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat SKL!!!
    `LilyLover

    *****
    *****
    Hope you approve this 200-word summary for quick introduction of the E-Cat.

  • Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    in some comment you stated that the SKL plasma is in some way correlated with the natural phenomenon of the Lightning Balls. Do you have some idea how it starts or what triggers it. Of course without disclosing anything releated to the Ecat.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

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