United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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32,484 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations in having completed one-year duration testing of single and multiple E-Cat SKL’s.

    Do the one-year tests complete the testing required before the presentation?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Dr. Rossi,

    Are you aware of the Viva Technology Fair? They have a focus on startups and include breakthrough innovation challenges such as this one:
    https://challenges.vivatechnology.com/en/challenges/innovation-challenges

    I have never attended but it could be an interesting venue for you if it comes close to your presentation date.

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  • Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for this suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    I am not the source of those specifications.
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Don’t worry, we all make mistakes now and again.
    Maybe the Ecat SKL will be able to help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    This is my mistake. Modern technologies produce desalinated water at a price of $ 2 per 1 cubic meter.

  • Dear Andrea,

    Are you the source of these specifications?

    https://e-catworld.com/2021/03/02/claimed-plasma-electric-generator-specifications/

    Also, as you work with plasma, the following link on my Don Smith page:

    http://gratisenergi.se/donsmith.htm

    might interest you:

    Radiant Energy Induction Using RF Pulsed Plasma – 4,684 kB

  • Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    Batteries for EV consist of more than 100 cells, each with a voltage of approx. 3.7 volts.
    If each cell is equipped with a separate complete wiring harness with diodes from an E-Cat SKL, it should be possible to charge these by charging only slightly above 3.7 V. If these cells are connected in series, the diodes will probably prevent feedback to SKL?
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal

  • Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    $2/?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    LED
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    What type of lightbulbs have you been powering with the SKL?

    1. Florescent
    2. Incandescent
    3. LEDs
    4. Any others?

    Bright regards,
    Patrick

  • VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    DEAR DR OF ROSSI, MODERN TECHNOLOGIES PRODUCE DESALED WATER AT THE PRICE OF $ 2. CAN THE USE OF SK-L SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE THIS PRICE?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- the characteristics will be disclosed at the presentation
    3- one year
    4- one year
    5- one year
    6- 120
    7- not yet, but we are close to decide
    8- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Wilfried,
    The description of the electron that Andrea has referred to comes from Quantum Field Theory where space contains four fields, electric, magnetic gravitational and Higg’s. Mass such as the electron and other particles are formed by the various movements(perturbations) of the field waves such as spin.
    Circular regards.

  • Dear Peter,
    I am happy that your faith can allow you some comfort with regards to immortality. However my life experiences along with my scientific inquiries do not allow me to accept a belief in a prime mover that contains so many human traits.
    I offer another possible scenario for immortality based on scientific reasoning, involving a statistical platform.
    The probability that any individual has existed in his or her present form and undergone their life experiences is one because it happened. But since time is an infinite quantity, the probability that this experience, no matter how high the probability that it will not be duplicated is less than infinite. Therefor we are destined to be duplicated with infinite variations an infinite number of times in our existence. As a famous actor has stated,” I will be back”.
    I am not trying to be sarcastic, what I believe allows me comfort as much as yours.
    Believable regards.

    ,

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Recently some questions were asked about whether or not both E-cat SK and SKL were to be presented. You expect only to present the SKL because it fulfills all functions a SK has plus some additional, is what I understood from you reply. Some questions about that:
    1. This implies that you expect that the SKL can produce heat to the same cost as heat produced by the SK. Is that correct?
    2. In the past you said that the SKL is much more complicated than the SK, you spoke also about ‘many additional connections’. It is strange that more complicated devices (SKL) are still less costly than the more ‘basic’ devices (SK). Besides, to generate heat with the SKL, you also need an additional electrical heating element, which’s probably cheaper than a steam heating coil. Can you explain?
    Then some related questions:
    3. How much time is the SK in operation at a a customer without refueling now?
    4. What is the longest duration a SKL has run without refueling?
    5. What is the longest duration a cluster of SKL’s been running?
    6. How many SKL’s did this cluster have?
    7. Obviously I can’t wait until the Ecat is being presented. Has a date for this event already been determined?
    8. Of course I understand that producing electricity at 90% efficiency is far more attractive than producing heat. To the current market price electricity is 3 times more valuable per kWh. But that may change when the Ecat SKL starts to dominate the energy market. Was the value/kWh the main reason to develop the SKL?
    Thank you for answering all these questions!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, This new motor has some exciting benefits. Perhaps it will be more compatible with the ecat!
    https://www.yahoo.com/finance/news/firms-backed-robert-downey-jr-111359049.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The fact that you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL turning on lights like Tesla did in Chicago is very fascinating,
    Ad majora,
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Light.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Rod

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the kind of load by which the Ecat SKL reaches its highest efficiency ?
    Rod

  • Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Welcome back !
    I totally agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    I am reading of some issue with inductive loads. When i was young and was studying “elettrotecnica” at the ITIS, i remember the “rephasing capacitors” (in italian condensatori di rifasamento), since capacitive reactance contrasts inductive reactance and can transform an inductive load in a resistive load. If the ECAT is not disturbed by a capacitive load (as many apparatus are disturbed only by inductive load, and a battery is assimilable to a very high capacitive load), you can try to put a very high capacitive block in parallel to the Ecat. Have you tried yet? Is the ECat disturbed by a capacitive load? If not, the capacitive block can be oversized. Furthermore, have you tried to feed the inductive load with a battery in parallel to smooth out the peaks?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  • Peter Forsberg

    Regarding immortality the E-Cat is not necessary. The Bible read: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

    This is called the gospel – the good news

  • Anonymous

    Where is the relativistic Lagrangian announced in the introduction of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paerticle_interactions ?

  • Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I consider your approach to model the electrons exclusively as an electrical loop to be revolutionary. From my layman’s point of view, this goes strongly towards string theory. Perhaps string theory just hasn’t caught on because it doesn’t use the right math and the strings themselves haven’t been optimally modeled. The pure energy does not need space in my opinion. But when the energy is in a certain structure, it spans a space. This is exactly what happened with the Big Bang. First the space is spanned, then the energy “condenses” into particles and finally into atoms.
    I think it is wrong to show the universe in size comparison (tennis ball, orange …) for the time immediately after the Big Bang, as there may be no space beyond the surface of this size comparison. We only do this because we cannot imagine an existence without space, space is “only” dimensional, like time, energy and maybe also spirit. Einstein found E = M * C ^ 2, but it should actually be M = E / C ^ 2. The energy is synonymous with being. When energy is mapped to speed in a certain way, mass is created. This makes it clear that it is the speed of light that actually defines our universe as the speed standard. Therefore everything in our universe is based on the speed of light. If God had chosen a different c, we would probably be in a completely different universe. Now more than ever I am convinced that the end of the universe will be the decay of space, in the same direction as the expansion, from the center. It is interesting to think that the space decay will spread out spherically from the point of the Big Bang at the speed of light. Where the space has already disintegrated, there is then no vacuum or empty space, no, there is no space at all. This is just as difficult to imagine as it was to imagine the time before the Big Bang.

    Most likely, however, you will spend your days developing the E-Cat. But maybe my description will give you an impetus to exchange ideas with other competent physicists.

    Despite the “esoteric” texts, don’t let the E-Cat distract you, because the world has to be saved NOW!

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Martyn Aubrey

    Idea for switched battery charging by the Ecat.

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said that the Ecat SKL can effectively power resistive loads such as charging batteries, but it is not yet ready for directly powering inductive loads such as electric motors.

    Considering electric vehicles, one possible simple solution could be to divide the vehicle drive battery into two switchable halves.

    Each half-battery of cells would provide the full working voltage and current output, but for only 50% of the time.

    In normal cruising mode, one half of the cells would provide power to the drive motor as usual, whilst the other half of the cells would be charged by the electrical output of the Ecat.

    The Ecat would be electrically isolated from the drive motor.

    As the charge in the active cells falls, the Ecat output would be switched over to charge those depleted cells, with the other fully charged cells then powering the electric motor.

    The cycle would repeat when the charge in the newly active half-battery falls to to a predetermined level.

    If greater torque is needed for short term acceleration, the Ecat could be temporarily switched out of the circuit, and the two half-batteries re-combined to provide full power to the drive motor.

    In any case, the car would retain the conventional regenerative-breaking system used in EVs and Hybrid EVs to top up the active battery.

    This charging configuration, or something similar, may provide a short term solution until the Ecat is able to power inductive loads directly.

    Maybe your business partner could advise on producing a suitable battery management system.

    Thank You for your continuing hard work.

    Warm Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Of course !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea
    I am sure technology at that time can devise methods to prevent or repair any adverse effects caused by a falling stone or other deleterious events. Simple solutions, nature does it all of the time.
    Probabilistic regards.

  • Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, This 24kW home battery from graphenano looks promising. That, integrated with a 50 kW ecat would probably suffice to operate an average sized home off-grid. https://www.graphenano.com/en/una-empresa-espanola-desarrolla-una-bateria-con-autonomia-para-800-kilometros/

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight.
    In this specific case, immortality can be stopped by a stone falling on the robot, closing the circle and returning to the stone age… (he,he,he)
    THE STONE REVENGE
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,
    Some thoughts while awaiting your presentation.
    I think the most valuable use of your technology will be in its application to robotics. At the present time robotics are confined to the use of short time battery use.
    In the future huge jumps will be made in this technology in all aspects of society most of which will come well past my and your lifetimes.
    One particular use could be in extending individual human existence by transferring the consciousness of a persons brain into the computer of a robot which has been constructed to maintain itself indefinitely using your power supply.
    Today’s technology in computer memory and connectability is fast approaching that of the human brain. If we can transfer our brain information into a robotic system and maintain its consciousness, we may have discovered immortality.
    Future regards.

  • Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of March 2 2021:
    Financial of Winter Storm Sends Texas Utility into Bankrupcy
    Rod Walton

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight and for the reference to the incoming second edition of “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso,Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang ( Amazon Books ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    1) I don’t think so
    2) The SKL should make also the purposes of the SK
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jean Pierre

    Hi Andrea. A couple of questions if I may.

    1) In the upcoming presentation, will you also be presenting the E-CATSK as well as the E-CATSKL?

    2) If you will not be presenting the SK would you please explain why? The SK was hailed as an amazing achievement by you at one time.

    To present both would be to offer an all-round solution to many of the world’s problems. SK for just heat—–SKL mainly for electricity.

    I hope that you manage to solve the inductance problem within a few months so that motors can be demonstrated as part of the presentation. All the best. Jean Pierre.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The Casimir effect has been proven experimentally to exist, but what is its origin, it is demonstrated at large scale, but is it the same thing at the scale of electrons, there is no doubt forces are at work at the scale of electrons, but is this the same Casimir effect, in time only experiments will narrow the possibilities. The more I read the more I see indication that all forces come from electromagnetic interactions, magnetic field, electric field, physically real electromagnetic potentials, interaction between moving charges and the vacuum structure. Hopefully more reading material is available in the near future, Andras Kovacs indicated at a recent presentation (it’s on YouTube, thanks to MFMP) that the second edition of “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor” will be available in about two months’ time.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- we use PCBs
    2- yes
    3- it is finished, but the evolution is permanent
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. When you say you make your own chips, do you mean a micro-circuit as is commonly used in computing, or is it a printed circuit board (PCB)?

    2. Is it something you outsource to a specialized manufacturer?

    3. Is it finished, or still under development?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Joe:
    I can’t blame you>: the par 1 is the weaker part of the proposed theoretical system, still I wouldn’t discard it yet. The calculations give room to its possibility.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joe

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    do you still think that the possibility that the Casimir force can have a role in the performance of the Ecat ?
    I totally agree about the validity of the part related to the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the ZBW, but I cast some doubt about the paragraph 1.
    Best,
    Joe

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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