United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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40,464 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight and your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your opinion and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gavino Mamia

    Dott. Rossi
    Penso che anche un piccolo monopattino elettrico sia una buona dimostrazione di come funziona Ecat.
    Usando un’auto, molti scettici penserebbero che un motore a combustione interna nascosto o qualcosa di simile, dovrebbe fare un test molto lungo, giorni, piste costose e anche conducenti (anche un’auto elettrica).
    Un monopattino elettrico non ha spazio per nascondere nulla, un test di 24 ore sarebbe più che sufficiente.
    Se vuoi te ne presto uno dei miei :-)))
    Attendo sempre con impazienza ogni evoluzione.
    Buon lavoro
    TRANSLATE:
    I think even a small electric scooter is a good demonstration of how Ecat works.
    Using a car, many skeptics would think that a hidden internal combustion engine or something similar, would have to go through a very long test, days, expensive tracks and also drivers (even an electric car).
    An electric scooter has no space to hide anything, a 24 hour test would be more than enough.
    If you want I’ll lend you one of mine :-)))
    I always look forward to every evolution

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For a electric vehicle dynamically recharged by SKLep SSM technology I would love to see a Tesla Model 3 Performance at the Nardo Technical Center in Italy. It has four lanes with respective neutral speeds of: 100 km/hr; 140 km/hr; 190 km/hr; and 240 km/hr.

    Assuming a remotely monitored and controlled vehicle, programmed to continuously drive the Nardo Ring at the highest neutral speed. Because of the high speed, we can assume a energy consume rate of 200 W-hr/km. In one hour at 240 km/hr, the vehicle would travel 240 km. The required power would thus be about 48 kW. This could be achieved by 480 100W SKLep SSM units.

    Alternatively, the vehicle could be driven by a human drive with planned stops to change drivers.

    The nominal Tesla battery voltage is around 350 VDC, so some electronics would be needed to generate the higher required voltage to charge the Tesla battery while in operation from the SKLep SSM units.

    If the expected battery range of the Tesla Model 3 performance is around 500 km, then the SKLep SSM unit could be shown to be successfully powering the Tesla Model 3 Performance in a few hours, say 8 hours. Perhaps let it continue for a full 24 hours and set a world record?

    Thoughts?

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Good idea on an ev racecar continuosly charged so that it could almost never have to stop for a pitstop. A much simpler setup would be an E-Cat powered robo-vacuum (with only the propulsion wheels powered) operating in a 10 ft by 10 ft square, in constant movement like the Energizer Bunny.

    Iggy

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working on it: the plan is to install an Ecat SSM assembly in a position to recharge permanently the existing batteries. Eventually, go to run around some race-track, to keep record of the endurance.
    So far this is a dream, not a demo, but we are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your response to the question from Sergio today regarding an electric car charging demo is very interesting.

    Can you tell us a little more about your plans for this demo?

    Thanks very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    Thank you for your information and suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dr. Rossi,

    Today, the Biden administration will propose new emission standards that effectively insure 2/3 of new passenger cars be all-electric in 9 years. Similar rules would apply to medium duty trucks, buses and heavy trucks. In the way of this rapid change are the supply of batteries and availability of charging stations.

    Dr. Rossi, you may not be ready with a 1kW SSM or a completely SSM powered EV, but you stated that the SSM could charge EV batteries, and that would reduce the need for additional batteries and charging stations.

    Respectfully,
    Greg

  • Andrea Rossi

    Richard:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sergio:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sergio

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you planning to make a demo with an electric car fueled by the Ecat SKLep ?

  • Richard

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    I remember the time when sigma testing was a big issue in this blog about a older version of the e cat.
    Is this still needed for the newer models?

    Best regarts, Richard

  • cesare

    @Steven Nicholes Karels,
    thank you for the countless applications of SKLep SSM technology that you have proposed so far and for those that you will still pose.
    Your engineering imagination is directly proportional to the potential of the SKLep SSM that you highlight every time.cesare
    Best regards, cesare

  • Karen

    Too many strange ideas from users, but if this Power source is true, the future is clear… Every small appliance will be provided with autonomy power source + eventually a super capacitor.
    Lcd tv/monitor 10ecat,light bulb 1/2 ecat, fridge 15ecat, electric cars 50km/day 50ecat.
    Actually is possible also convert gravity force in rotation, with an unbalanced mechanism. So in space will be possible to create a force from a rotation powered by ecat + motor. But maybe ecat technology cannot works in space 😀

  • Andrea Rossi

    Daviid-UK:
    Thanks also to the Twitter Ads the consolidated pre-orders are improving,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Daviid - UK

    Dear Andrea, at a highly critical time in the world, with oil and energy having become weaponised economically, the readership must be keenly awaiting news on the E-Catsklep distribution. Is it permissible to suggest that orders are either A) closely approaching 1 million unuts or B) have already sailed past this mark, and distribution is now underway?.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Maxwell:
    Normally not, but it also depends on the type of motor,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Klas

    @ Steven Nicholes Karels

    Here is my idea on the application of SKLep SSM technology for domestic power production:

    1. Interconnect required number of 10W SSM Powercells to create modern solar panel equivalent power assemblies,
    e.g. put in serial 4pcs of a subassembly, 12 pcs 10W in parallel, to form a complete 48V/480W solar panel
    equivalent power assembly suitable for modern hybrid and microgrid inverters.

    2. Have installed a desired number of assemblies and start power production by using
    existing local solar infrastructure (certified products and competence) while applying local solar regulations
    and local green power subsidies, when available.

    3. Use the experience of the solar community to handle different application conditions.

    Regards
    Klas

  • Robert Maxwell

    HI, Dr Rossi
    Does the SKLep SSM have trouble with electric motors during the startup of these motors.
    And can the use of Soft Starters on the electric motors help during the startup of the motors.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    JONP Audience,

    I thought I might submit some thoughts on using SKLep SSM technology as an electrical energy source, much as Solar Panels are used.

    1. If you live off-grid (no connection at all with the electric supplying company) AND you live on a island that you rule, then SKLep SSM modules coupled with a solar inverter will provide what power is available from the SKLep SSM units. In other words, no government oversight…

    2. If you live off-grid where there is a sovereign government (not you), then you will most likely need a shut-off switch on the SKLep SSM units that would instantly kill the produced power from the SKLep SSM units. Think of a firefighter attempting to put out a fire at your structure, and he/she wants to not be electrocuted. This might be done by a single high voltage/high current weatherproof emergency switch mounted on an exterior wall, etc.

    3. If you want to also share grid power with the power also produced by the SKLep SSM units, then you will need some type of protection system so that when the grid power goes down, the SKLep SSM produced electrical power does not flow to the electrical grid. This is to prevent you from electrocuting lineman working on the grid power lines. If you have such a system, then everything will work well while the grid power is available, but when a grid outage occurs, then the SKLep SSM power will also shut-down and you will be in the dark during the grid outage.

    4. If you want to use SKLep SSM produced power when tied to the electrical grid both during the times when grid power is available and when grid power is off, then a more complex system is required. In this case, you might want to add battery storage. Adding the battery storage complicates the overall system design. In this case, you want to minimize grid power flowing into the home or building, as the Grid company charges you for the energy you take from the grid. You also may have electrical loads such as motors that the SKLep SSM modules may not be able to handle because of the power factor or inrush current required. Batteries (or capacitors) may be the solution. Additional devices such as Gateways can perform the High-Level Management functions. The design complexity increases as does the overall costs.

  • cesare

    @Alessandro Ferrari, let’s try to follow Steven Nicholes Karels in replacing solar panels with SKLep SSM modules that emulate the DC energy supplied by the sun to the solar inverter, but, in Italy, what kind of problems could we have with the G.S.E.? Good Easter,
    Cesare

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    The paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_sk_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached today 118000 total readings, more than the 99% of 15 million papers on Researchgate
    Happy Easter,
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this inspiring music and for your kind wishes, that I am delighted to exchange with you and your family,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Alessandro Ferrari,

    My thoughts were to use the SKLep SSM units to provide the average energy needed and the Powerwall unit to handle transient and peak loads, while being recharged during the lowest loads of the day. SKLep SSMs may have problems with motors (transient loading). There are less expensive AC-coupled battery systems than Tesla.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    An Easter Song.
    https://youtu.be/4Gae-n0Pb7Q
    Regards
    Sam

  • Andrea Rossi

    To all the Christian Readers of the JoNP:
    We wish you all
    HAPPY EASTER TO YOU AND YOUR FAMILIES !!!
    To all the others:
    HAPPY APRIL HOLIDAYS !!!
    Andrea Rossi and all the Ecat Team

  • Alessandro Ferrari

    @Steven Nicholes Karels
    The problem I see with combining a Tesla power wall with the e-cat is the price.
    As far as I know a Tesla power wall 2 (13.5 usable kWh, 7kW peek / 5kW sustained) costs about as much as 4kW of additional e-cats.
    I think buying more e-cats is cheaper.
    You can just let them off when they aren’t needed.
    This way you get a longer e-cat life too.

    Wish you a good Easter,
    Alessandro

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Tesla Powerwall may be used with or without solar panels. It can accept electrical energy, from the grid or from solar panels, and store the unused energy in internal batteries. The stored power may be used to power the house (the load) when grid power is not available.

    I suggest replacing the solar panels with SKLep SSM modules that emulate the solar provided DC power to the solar inverter. The AC electrical power that the solar inverter produces is fed to the Tesla Powerwall but is done so on a continuous basis, both day and night.

    The other benefit of the Tesla Powerwall is that it can handle peak power demands such as those that come from a motor, as in an air-conditioning unit. I understand that the SKLep SSM units do not handle such transient loads well.

    In such a proposed configuration, multiple SKLep SSM 100W units could be tied in parallel and/or series to provide power to a Tesla solar inverter, which, in turn, connects to the Main Panel. The Tesla Powerwall(s) would also connect to the Main Panel. A Tesla Backup Gateway would be placed between the Mani Panel and the Utility Meter (from which Grid power is obtained). The number of required Tesla Powerwall units would be sized on the home’s power requirements.

    The advantage of this approach is that home power would still be available even when grid power is lost. In addition, the number of SKLep SSM units is reduced to that required for the average daily power consumption and not the peak power consumption.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insigt,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo Bardelli:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Caro Dot. Rossi, la mia domanda è :quando gli E-Cat in uso sono tanti, fra questi e la
    scheda convertitore DC – AC , non pensi sia necessaria una scheda di controllo del corretto
    funzionamento di questi E-Cat ?
    Questa, migliora tra l’altro il collegamento fisico parallelo e serie.
    ENGILS SYNOPSIS
    IS A CONTROL BOARS SUPPLIED IN CASE OF MULTI-UNITD ASSEMBLIES ?

    Grazie.

  • WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    Subject: Comparing the Ecat to the Tesla Powerwall 2– Application, Physical Design, Specs

    ** Starting off– Look at the PW2 datasheet: Internet search: “Powerwall_2_AC_Datasheet”. Included within are Performance, Mechanical, Environmental Specifications as well as typical system layouts (high level system diagram).

    ** PW2– What it is: “Tesla Powerwall is a fully-integrated AC battery system for residential or light commercial use. Its rechargeable lithium ion battery pack provides energy storage for solar self consumption, time-based control, and backup.” — Think of it as a wall mountable, cascadable, scalable, home/business electricity backup system that works with or without solar, with or without the grid and contains primarily batteries, inverter and control system.

    ** Notable Specs for the PW2:
    Dimensions: 45.3×29.6×5.75 inches.
    Continuous Power: 5kW
    Usable Energy: 13.5 kWh
    Warranty: 10 Yrs

    ** Derived Specs for the PW2:
    Volume: 4.45 cu ft. (based on exterior dimensions).
    Continuous Power Density: 1.12 kW per cu ft. (actually, higher since enclosure & inverter consume space)
    Usable Energy density: 3.0 kWh per cu ft.

    ** Comparable Specs for the Ecat:
    Continuous Power Density: 2.47 kW per cu ft. (Cube-packed, Hexagonal close-packed would be higher)
    Usable Energy density: 65,000 kWh per cu ft. (based on 3 yr Warranty)

    *** Analysis:
    1) The external form factor (shape & dimensions) of the PW2 are nice for wall mounting.
    2) The Ecat has comparable (or better) Power Density vs. the PW2
    3) The Ecat’s Usable Energy (kWh) completely dwarfs the PW2’s.
    4) The Ecat per-watt-cost is higher than the PW2, but it removes the need for solar and thus nets out to being comparable.
    5) The Ecat warranty is shorter than the PW2 but it’s possible that assemblies of Ecats (with bypass and blocking diodes to allow redundancy) could expect longer lifetimes.
    6) Cascadability is a good thing– it allows easy upgrades and a path to gridless operation.
    7) The “Typical System Layout” is great to have in a datasheet.

    Best Wishes for meeting your preorder goal (soon),
    WaltC

  • Giuseppe

    @Edwin J: I agree with you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Edwin J.:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Edwin J.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The live streaming on Youtube and Twitch continues uninterrupted; as of today enough days have been spent to exclude that the Ecat SKLep SSM is powered by any kind of battery.
    It is very important.
    Are the pre-orders increasing after the combined effects of the live streaming duration and the advertising on Twitter ?
    Best
    Edwin Joule

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information and suggestion
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Relabel the E-CatSKLep as the E-Cat Super Battery and it may qualify for incentives from the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA).
    Iggy

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    More on the electric turbofan.

    Current prototype requires a 90 hp engine (equivalent of 67 kW motor), runs at 5,600 rpm, weight of 175 lbs, produces 1,500 lbs of thrust, with a 24″ diameter aperture.

    Scaling it up to a 96″ aperture, (4X in each dimension), Thrust will be in excess of 100,000 lbs, and about 7 MW of electrical power will be needed. Assume a jet transport has two engines, so the total electrical generation requirement will likely run around 15 MW (including instrumentation and cooling/heating).

  • Andrea Rossi

    Francis:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team: by the way, today is day 22 from the startup.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Francis

    Hi Dr Rossi !
    The live streaming of the Ecat SKLep SSM contemporary on the Youtube channel and the Twitch channel, broadcasted by means of different and independent computers and cameras is very convincing; a battery would have been exhausted after several days: this is a veritable self sustaining mode.
    Best
    Francis

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Why not ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I viewed a Youtube video on an electric powered turbofan design. The design is patented.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lrnu0-vL504

    Inventor claims a factor of three improvement over current turbofan designs. One of the things lacking is a long-term electrical source. Perhaps SKLep SSM could provide that energy source?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another SKLep SSM application

    Cement Production Plants

    The annual production in the US alone is about 80 million metric tons of cement.

    The average electrical energy consumption rate is about 135 kW-hrs per metric ton of produced cement.

    US cement production plants tend to run continuously, months at a time, only down when maintenance is needed.

    Potential US-only marketplace is 1,230 MW of electrical supply.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    RL:
    We are working in that direction too,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • RL

    Good day Mr Rossi,

    I too find the application variant of the E-Cat SKlep SSM as a battery replacement very smart. About 40% of the batteries sold are primary batteries.
    18650 cells would be interesting for me.

    The battery type 4R25 996 Lantern seems to be compatible with the E-Cat SKLep SSM.

    Have you already gained knowledge or experience with the use of the E-Cat SKlep SSM as a replacement for standardised battery types and would you like to share it with us?

    Best regards and a happy Easter to the entire team.
    RL

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