Patent WO/2009/125444

International Patent Publication


Pub. No.: WO/2009/125444
Publication Date: 15.10.2009
International Application No.:  PCT/IT2008/000532
International Filing Date: 04.08.2008
Chapter 2 Demand Filed: 03.11.2009
IPC: C01B 3/00 (2006.01), C01B 6/02 (2006.01)
Applicants: PASCUCCI MADDALENA [IT/IT]; Via Ezio, 24 1-00192 ROMA (IT) (All Except US).
ROSSI, Andrea [IT/IT]; (IT) (US Only).
Inventor: ROSSI, Andrea; (IT).
Agent: CICOGNA, Franco; UFFICIO INTERNAZIONALE BREVETTI DOTT. PROF. FRANCO CICOGNA VIA VISCONTI Dl MODRONE 14/A 1-20122 MILANO – ITALY (IT)

Priority Data: MI2008A 000629 09 04 2008 IT
Title: METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT NICKEL AND HYDROGEN EXOTHERMAL REACTIONS
Abstract:

A method and apparatus for carrying out highly efficient exothermal reaction between nickel and hydrogen atoms in a tube, preferably, though not necessary, a metal tube filled by a nickel powder and heated to a high temperature, preferably, though not necessary, from 150 to 5000C are herein disclosed. In the inventive apparatus, hydrogen is injected into the metal tube containing a highly pressurized nickel powder having a pressure, preferably though not necessarily, from 2 to 20 bars.
Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RS, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW.
African Regional Intellectual Property Org. (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI) (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG).
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)

103 comments to Patent WO/2009/125444

  • pberna

    Gentile Rossi

    Intanto mi congratulo per l’eccezionale impresa!

    1) Mi piacerebbe sapere se l’interpretazione della/delle reazioni dell’E-CAT possano essere ricondotte alle teorie classiche di interazioni tra coppie di particelle isolate o se occorre richiamare i concetti di coerenza elettrodinamica espressi dalle teorie di Preparata/Del Giudice e di altri, in cui le reazioni nucleari avvengono solo se la densità di particelle supera una soglia critica e se la temperatura è inferiore a una temperatura critica. Sul concetto si trovano video interessanti qui:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1jTkczZ95ok&feature=related
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haRCj7c7MXM&NR=1
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUOK_iLMYBg
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jgbckFkkgis
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GjfQUUmfaM
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8lRyoYq3VA
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBjV0KnLIiM

    2) Se fosse possibile mi permetto di suggerire che l’inaugurazione dell’impianto da 1MW possa essere videoripresa, e che il video possa essere pubblicato su youtube. Che la sua gioia e la sua soddisfazione sia anche la nostra !
    Complimenti ancora !

    Paolo

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Gino:
    Any commercial question will find space after the start up of our 1 MW plant in October. Just, contact me in november for commercial issues.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Gino

    Dott. Rossi
    Buon Giorno
    Sto seguendo la sua nuova tecnologia da diverso tempo e credo molto in essa.
    Per un’eventuale commercializzazione del suo prodotto E CAT in talia nord est (risiedo a Trieste) ed anche Slovenia e Croazia mi tenga presente.
    Arrivederci e Buon Lavoro!

  • Mauro Valerio

    I will do

    Wish a lot of success!

    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Mauro Valerio:
    Please contact us in november for commercial issues.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Mauro Valerio

    Buongiorno Sig. Rossi
    Per la commercializzazione futura dell’E CAT in Svizzera, non solo Ticino ma anche Svizzera interna mi tenga in considerazione.
    Sono Italiano, fascia di confine, conosco bene le normative elvetiche.
    Seguo lo sviluppo dell E Cat dal 15 Gennaio, credo molto in questa nuova tecnologia.

    Cordiali saluti
    Mauro valerio

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Lucio Catullo,
    We are working also for this kind of market. Contact us in november for updates.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Lucio Catullo

    Hello, Mr. Rossi
    I am a normal Italian citizen. I am interested to purchase his e-cat (to heating and hot water) my home. Is it possible? When? How can I do? I inform you that I live near Milan, in iIaly.
    Best regards
    Dr. Catullo Lucio

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Giorgio Filosto:
    The Ni powders must be made in a very presice way. Nothing is casual.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Giorgio Filosto

    Carissimo Andrea Rossi,
    Vorrei ringraziarla per il suo lavoro, per il modo in cui lo sta portando avanti e per l’attenzione e la profondita’ cheriversa in ogni suo intervento. Mi sto interessando molto a tutto quello che riguarda il suo catalizzatore e non vedo l’ora di poter vedere le trasformazioni che si produrranno nella nostra societa’ e nel mondo quando il prodotto del suo lavoro sara’ alla portata di tutti e ovunque. Non sono un ingegnere ne’ un fisico, ma vorrei porle una domanda: la reazione che e’ alla base della sua invenzione si osserva solo ad una data dimensione delle polveri di nichel o la reazione si osserva con varie dimensioni di essa e varia solo il rendimento?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Prof. Palmisano:
    Thank you very much: I will remember your precious address.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Francesco Palmisano

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I’m an italian engineer living and working in Malmö, Sweden.
    I’m enjoyed about your discovery and I hope you can turn it as soon as possible into marketable technology. I heard that your discovery raised attention in the swedish scientific community. I’m very proud of this: If you need any kind of support here in south Sweden, please let me know. Lund University of Technology (LTH), my alma mater, is a place where innovation is a leading driver.

    Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Davide Cicci:
    Thank you, and do not worry: we are preparing a war machine for the diffusion of this tech, it will be impossible to stop it. Indipendently from me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Davide Cicci

    Hello Mr.Rossi,
    i’m not a scientist or an engineer, i’m just a simple citizen interested in science, especially in energy production. Your discover is amazing (and finally confirms that cold fusion exists and our physic knowledge is somehow wrong or incomplete) and i really can’t understand how the medias are not covering it in any way (except for Radio24).
    If i were Mr.Berlusconi, i would have taken a plane to Bologna and given in your hands some millions of euros to make your technology spread as fast as possible, but he seems is more interested in having hot sex with minors…(sadness).
    All i want to say is that i really HOPE your discoveries won’t disappear in the secret rooms of some big corporation. PLEASE, never sell it! Do your business, make yourself rich, but release it. We need it, in Italy of course, and everywhere.
    This technology could change the world forever. You’re writing the future history. Thanks for all your work, and i hope my children (and myself too) will have, one day, one of your boxes, powering their homes.
    It’s time to forget about the oil.
    People like you make me proud being italian.
    Keep going!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Vasile Dorobantu:
    Thank you very much for your attention.
    We have not in program other public demos before the start up og the ! MW plant next October. Now we are focused exclusively on the manufacturing, while the R&D we are making with the University of Bologna is not public, so far.
    Personally, I am in the USA in this period to direct the manufacturing.
    For all the commercial issues, please contact
    stsalikoglou@gmail.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Vasile Dorobantu

    Dear Dr.Rossi,
    I would be interested to visit your functioning reactor at Bologna University. To whom do I have to address in this matter. Also, if anything can be all right, after the visit, whom do I have to contact for a future collaboration in delivering the device.
    Best regards,
    V.Dorobantu

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dr Dorobantu,
    I am sure of this.
    Good luck also to you,
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Vasile Dorobantu

    Dear Mr.Rossi,
    Thank you for answer. May be , some day, I will have access to the main article of how your cell works. Do you think it will happen soon?

    Good luck!
    V.Dorobantu

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Dr Vasile Dorobantu,
    You are right, your questions are correct.
    Actually, the dynamic of the tunnelling effect is not based only upon the statistics, but there are other factors that make possible to overcome the Coulombian barriers. Pressure plays a key factor, but I cannot give you information regarding how the reactor works internally. You correctly observe the limitations put by the first principle of thermodynamics. Perfectly right. As for the efficiency limitations put by the carnot Cycle, you obviously refer to, we have the same efficiency limitations, once the steam is produced.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Vasile Dorobantu

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    I have made some calculations regarding your invention. From the date I have accessed , it is no doubt that such an energy cannot be gained without taking into account the cold fusion. It is true that from 0.1 g of Ni, fused with the same number of protons, you can get 3.83×〖10〗^7 J, or 10.634 kW. So, there are some things, besides the missing information, which do not match:
    The energy of the protons are not big enough to surpasses the Coulomb barrier, so ,the only accessible phenomenon is tunneling. Calculating the tunneling probability, you have to use more than 20 times hydrogen, as you declared (0.01 g).
    The temperature, inside the cell, you said, is in the range: 150-5000 0 C, which is much, much smaller than one resulting from calculations. What was the temperature you have measured at a certain input electric power?
    Declaring that you have got more energy than the input energy violates the Thermodynamic principles. It has to be taken into account the energy used to make nanoparticles of Ni, preparing H, the efficiency of transforming water vapors into electric energy, etc.
    I would be content if you, Mr. Rossi, would submit some answers, or to say where I have to find the “illuminating” article, one which not violates known ( and verified) Physics.
    All the best,
    V.Dorobantu

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Lucio Martini:
    I have no idea about the marketing, for which I invite you to contact
    stsalikoglou@gmail.com
    1 g of Ni gives about 2 MWh. Of course, theoretically should be much more, but this is the real production we got, because of course only a minimal part of mass is turned into energy in the real battlefield.
    Thank you very much for your kind attention,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Lucio Martini

    Thank you Mr. Rossi for his kind response to my note of 31/01/2011. You and Prof. Focardi been brought, by themselves, towards a new world. From my heart I wish you to be able to complete the new prototype 1MW. About prototype of 12kW, the one presented in Bologna will be marketed still this year? Also about how much energy this prototype is expected to derive from a gram of Nickel? Forgive the questions that I hope will not interfere with your work and accept the assurances of my respect (I am a retired engineer colleague). Thank you for your attention … GOOD LUCK.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Mr Lucio Martini:
    By October 2011 I will inaugurate the first plant of 1 MW with our Customer. As the inventor of the method and the appatatus, I have taken all this time because the importance of this step doesn’t leave space for disappointments. The responsibility of the success of this plant weights totally upon my shoulders, and it is a big weight. So I have to act very conservatively.
    Warm regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Lucio Martini

    Dear Mr. Focardi I seem to have read but can not remember where, that you are going to realize a new prototype with the power of 1MW, and that as early as next February, in U.S.A. . I really hope that the news is true and even more than you succeed in this important step. Thank you for your attention..

  • Lucio Martini

    Egregio Ing. Andrea Rossi,
    I think the main reason why the news has not been disclosed on national media, despite the fact that to assist us in the experiment were: “RAI 3, La Repubblica and Il Sole 24 Ore “;in addition to other; perhaps better but is less important the fact that you do not want to “distract” the public by the news “REALLY IMPORTANT” such as “Ruby case”. This news “IMPORTANT” eclipse what is really happening with that is that Rossi and Focardi, we are entering a new era,
    WE ARE ENTERING IN A NEW ERA. (Sorry for my poor English)
    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    A VERY INTERESTING PAPER FROM THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOSCOW HAS BEEN PUBISHED ON THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS, CONFIRMING OUR INTERNATIONAL EFFORT TO SELECT PAPERS USEFUL TO OUR WORK.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Joan: we do not promote our blog; his success is due only to the content of the posts and the articles of the Journal Of Nuclear Physics.
    Regards,
    A.R.

  • This blog seems to recieve a good ammount of visitors. How do you promote it? It gives a nice unique twist on things. I guess having something authentic or substantial to give info on is the most important thing.

  • I love your blog. I’ve added it to my favorite bookmarks and subscribed in a reader. Looking forward to reading more posts by you. Thanks.

  • I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.

  • I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post..

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gent. Sig. Zamagni:
    La ringrazio per il Suo intelligentissimo commento, che condivido in pieno.
    Non occorre aggiungere altro.
    Per quanto riguarda i nostri impianti in corso di realizzazione, presto verranno resi pubblici.
    Cordiali saluti,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Antonio Zamagni

    Mi scuso se scrivo in italiano, ma il mio inglese è pessimo; seguendo il blog, ho comunque visto che altri messaggi sono stati postati in italiano, pertanto mi auguro di non infrangere alcuna netiquette.
    E’ un pò che seguo questo sito, sia per curiosità, sia per il tema trattato. Mi augurerei di poter vedere quanto prima un risultato concreto e tangibile di quanto è stato più volte ipotizzato nella teoria delle formule e dei trattati.
    Nel frattempo rimango in attesa.
    Ho notato che da qualche giorno è presente questo “patent” inserito dal Sig.Cucumber.
    Fermo restando che l’argomento è tanto delicato ed importante che dal mio punto di vista ciò che conta è arrivare ad un risultato, al di la di chi ci arrivi per primo, beh, devo comunque ammettere che i 2 “patent”, se confrontati, sono proprio simili.
    Chi, quindi, si può ritenere essere lo scopritore e quindi, con ogni probabilità, colui che con maggior probabilità potrà raggiungere quanto prima un reale risultato pratico? Secondo me l’unica cosa sensata da fare è il confrontare le date di registrazione dei patent.
    Direi che, con questo sistema di confronto, la bilancia penda tutta a favore del Rossi.
    Mi chiedo, allora, a cosa serva fare questo tipo di competizione; non si rischia forse che eventuali e future risorse o attenzioni pubbliche, si potrebbere un domani sperperare o “affievolire” di fronte ad un inutile ed assolutamente evitabile conflitto tra addetti ai lavori circa la paternità di un’idea, e che quindi la stessa realizzazione dell’idea ne verrebbe compromessa?

    Beh; questo è almeno il parere di un disilluso lettore.

    Grazie dell’attenzione

    Antonio Zamagni

  • Andrea Rossi

    Thank you very much, Mr Manninger. Fortunately, the real judge is the market: to copy a paper is easy, to say to have invented something is easy, but to sell and make a plant you need the plant. That’s not easy and that’s the real difference between a wannabe and a technology maker.
    Anyway, I appreciated very much your comment.
    Warmest Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Christofer Manninger

    How can we compare the patent of Andrea Rossi, wich has been made in the year 2008, with the patent of Piantelli et Al., wich has been made in 2010?
    It is clear that the patent of Andrea Rossi is an invention, while the patent of Piantelli et Al. is an attempt to copy it.
    Besides, Andre Rossi, as we can read from posts, has built an industrial and working plant; what about the power production of the Piantelli apparatus? Is it possible to know something about it?
    It seems like competitors just copy the form, ignoring the substance, of Rossi’s invention.

    Chris

  • Andrea Rossi

    In fact my Attorneys told me that I am shielded by the fact that my patent application has been made more than one yesr before. We’ll stop any infringement in Courts all over the world.
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    You are absolutely right: Ni hydride pits were invented in the fifties of last century. This is why I insist that what makes the real difference between my patent’a apparatus and the others’ is (besides the date) the fact that we produce real power, ready to be useful for industrial applications.
    Regards,
    A.R.

  • Cucumber

    I hope you are not feeling attacked by me.
    if this is the case, I’d like to ask you to accept apologizes from my side.
    Nevertheless please let me know what did you find offensive in the previous mails.
    thanks

  • Cucumber

    you know, my role is to give clues on who has the highest probability to hit a practical application, when, and if the story can be convenient, useless or harmful for customer business and eventually reputation.
    No matter of discussion if the phenomenon is real or not… (as you know nickel hydride pits were invented in the ’50s of last century).
    thanks

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear “Cucumber”:
    I have been attacked.
    I will fight back.
    Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Cucumber

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    I do not know what do you mean with term “gang of wannabes”, I’m only a specialist in intellectual property based in Switzerland; from time to time I’m also asked to dig into new potential breakthrough developments from investors or rarely intelligence for metal mining corporations, nothing more.
    I’ve never done experiments nor I’ve contacts or relationships with the group of Piantelli altough I did meet other people in the field many years ago.
    In addition to what done as job, I’m also curious and very excited by novelties in an area that I’m following since early ’90s when work duties are not too heavy,
    mostly through literature and patents analysis.
    Said that I do not understand at all your attacks nor I feel to deserve them…
    Having many conflicting interests in this sector force me to stay anonimous, but if needed a direct private contact can repair this comprehensible concern from your side.
    However given the attitude of your previous answers I do not think it is worth to go ahead.

    I wanted to thank you anyway for the quick replies to my questions.
    I whish you great achievents.
    Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Here is another anonimous cover from the gang, that now became also a patent infringer.
    As everybody can see, you continue clownesquely to hidden yourself behind the courtain of fake names, and everybody has understood perfectly who are you, while I fight, as usually in my life, putting myself in person in front of the foe.
    Yes, my patent covers all the world. You will know this better from my attorneys, in the opportune sites.
    The patent infringement from your side is clear: my patent has been deposited in August 2008, more that one year before your application. We will defend our priority in all the Countries of the world, be sure. Anyway, fortunately,the patent is one thing, the technology and the know how to make an industrial plant are a completely different thing. To copy a patent, adding some ridiculous specification, is a work that a wannabe can do easily (then it becomes matter for attorneys). But to copy a plant is very difficult. We are building industrial plants, while your laboratories apparatuses, I mean the ones made by the guys you refer to when you say that “these persons (at least some of them) are in the field since decades” ,all their apparatuses simply never worked, in the sense that they never produced industrially usable energy. Please, they who are interested to this issue, can go to study a very interesting article published on the magazine “NUOVO CIMENTO” , vol. 109 A, N.12 (NUOVO CIMENTO is the official magazine of the Italian Physics Society). The article has been written by well known physicists, like Antonino Zichichi et al., and refers to a test made by the apparatus of Piantelli. The paper is long, elaborate and we asked to Nuovo Cimento the Authorization to publish it on our Journal: in the meantime everybody can go to read it directly on Nuovo Cimento; the paper, substantially, reports that no excess heat has been produced . Now, it’s time for the wannabes to pass from chatters to facts: make a real reactor able, as my one did for years, to give energy to a factory, I mean megawatts, not watts. My reactor has been tested from some of the most important scientists of the world and from major industries in the power production sector, and after the tests they have bought from Leonardo Corporation, the Company who is filing a suit against you for patent infringement, real reactors, not chatters and wannabe stuff. Copy them, if you are able to . Form now stop chatters on this issue, at least from me. I have real work to do, and you “patent” is matter of work for Leonardo’s attorneys, not for me.
    Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Cucumber

    p.s. I fully agree that the difference might be in facts and working harware rather than paper.
    However this kind of paper can have a real big impact on further developments, funding, licensing etc.
    additionally I wanted to apologize for using a nick since I cannot disclose my name in blogs on that topic (the institution in which I operate does not allow it).

  • Cucumber

    these persons (at least some of them) are in the field since decades, but of course, let’s see what attorneys will decide and if something will be granted.
    Whithout a patent it will be very hard to make business out off energy related stuffs.
    Mr Rossi did you apply also to US? What do you mean exactly when you write “Wannabe”?

    thanks in advance

  • Andrea Rossi

    This patent is partially a copy of a patent deposited 2 years ago from Andrea Rossi. This, of course, will be matter for attorneys.
    It will be more difficult for this group to make a reactor able to work industrially, making energy reliably, day by day, being turned on and turned off, making regularly tenths of kwh/h of energy. That is more difficult to copy, because is not a piece of paper. And that will be the demonstration of a difference between the patent of a real and working technology and a patent without a reliable application: a wannabe patent.
    Differences are in the facts, more than in the words.
    With all respect,
    Andrea Rossi

  • Cucumber

    This new patent application from Piantelli group looks very serious and a lot of tech. details are provided…..

    which is the difference between the Rossi and the Piantelli applications?

    METHOD FOR PRODUCING ENERGY AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

    Publication number: WO2010058288 (A1)
    Publication date: 2010-05-27
    Inventor(s): PIANTELLI SILVIA; PIANTELLI FRANCESCO [IT] + (PIANTELLI, SILVIA, ; PIANTELLI, FRANCESCO)
    Applicant(s): PIANTELLI SILVIA; BERGOMI LUIGI [IT]; GHIDINI TIZIANO [IT] + (PIANTELLI, SILVIA, ; BERGOMI, LUIGI, ; GHIDINI, TIZIANO)
    Classification:
    – international: G21B3/00; G21B3/00
    – European: G21B3/00
    Application number: WO2009IB07549 20091124
    Priority number(s): IT2008PI00119 20081124

    Abstract of WO 2010058288 (A1)

    A method and a generator to produce energy from nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, comprising the steps of a) production of a determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters of a transition metal, b) bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters and controlling its pressure and speed, preferably after applying vacuum cycles of at least 10-9 bar between 35 DEG and 500 DEG C for degassing the clusters; c) creating an active core for the reactions by heating the clusters up to a temperature that is higher than the Debye temperature TD of the metal, preferably a temperature close to a temperature at which a sliding of reticular planes occurs, in order to adsorb in the clusters the hydrogen as H- ions; d) triggering the reactions by a mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, electric or magnetic impulse on the active core, causing the atoms of the metal to capture the hydrogen ions, with liberation of heat, preferably in the presence of a gradient of temperature on the active core; e)removing the heat maintaining the temperature above TD, preferably in the presence of a magnetic and/or electric field of predetermined intensity. The active core can comprise a sintered material of micro/nanometric clusters, or a clusters powder collected in a container, or a deposit of clusters onto a substrate of predetermined volume and shape, with at least 109 clusters per square centimetre of surface, obtainable by means of methods such as sputtering, spraying evaporation and condensation of metal, epitaxial deposition, by heating up to approaching the melting point and then slow cooling, such methods followed by quick cooling for freezing the cluster structure.

  • Hey du wircklich schönen Blog hast du. Ich selber habe auch vor kurzem eine eigene Webseite hochgeladen, eine Suchmaschine. gerade noch zu finden auf beta.jerome.de . Währe schön von dir wenn du mir sagst was du von ihr hälst bzw. was noch verbesserbar daran ist. Ein Redesign kommt erst im laufe des Monats noch dazu. Dankeschön – 345zhf4

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