# Tools and concepts in particle cosmology

by
U.V.S. Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE
E-mail: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
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Prof. S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
E-mail: lnsrirama@yahoo.com
With reference to the current physics concepts, implementing the gravitational constant in atomic and nuclear physics and studying its consequences is beyond the scope. 10 dimensional String theory is also not in a position to couple the nuclear scale and planck scale. Role of dark energy or dark matter is very insignificant in understanding the basic concepts of unification of fundamental interactions. Considering the atomic and nuclear physical constants till today cosmic acceleration is not yet verified.
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Project summary

Within the expanding cosmic Hubble volume, Hubble length can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. Product of  ‘Hubble volume’ and ‘cosmic critical density’ can be called as the     “Hubble mass”. The three proposed assumptions are: 1) within the Hubble volume, each and every point in free space is influenced by the Hubble mass, 2) ‘molar electron mass’ can be considered as the rest mass of a new heavy charged elementary particle and 3) atomic gravitational constant is Avogadro number times the classical gravitational constant. This is a new approach and may be given a chance in understanding the four fundamental cosmological interactions. Approach may be different but involvement and encouragement may bring this subject into main stream.
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### 332 comments to Tools and concepts in particle cosmology

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Gediminas:
Yes, but you must write kWh, not kW/h. From the concept of energy unit, which is, basically, a quantum of work made in 1 hour: in equation, 0.746 kW = 1 HP, wherein 1 HP ( Horse Power) is the average calculated power of a horse and corresponds to the energy that a horse makes in 1 hour. If you talk of energy produced per hour by means of a system, then you must write kWh/h. The writing “kW/h” is a non sense.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Neri B.:
1- standard model along the “Models of the atomic nucleus” of Norman D. Cook and “Nuclear Models” of Greiner-Maruhn
2- all of them
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Neri B.

Dear Andrea,
regarding the theory i would like to know if you were able to explain the effect with the standard model or you needed to involve a “new” physics? If so do you have some experimental data to prove your new physics?
Another question: whom did you work with to elaborate your theory? I mean not the names but the roles…theoric physicians? nuclear engineers? chemicists?
Neri B.

• Gediminas

Dear Andrea,

I have old question about your new gas e-cat. How much thermal energy does your Ecat intend to produce from 1 (one) m3 of natural gas ? According ecat cop 1:6 calculation it should produce 50-60 kw/h ?

Greetings from Lithuania !
We are patiently waiting and praying for Your success.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear R. Ryysak:
Probably that could be possible, provided a certified operator is assigned to the plant. In this case is not a domestic application, but an industrial application that makes an energy distribution to households.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• R. Ryysak

Dear Mr. Rossi,

what about intermediate solution between industrial and domestic units – if homeowners from village purchasing together industrial unit for whole village, is this allowed? This will be not more dangerous then industrial usage, there can be even dedicated person for managing unit, unit itself can be located in dedicated building for safety.

Best regards,
Rein

• Seshavatharam UVS.

2 April 2013

Dear Dr. Eric Ashworth,

Your in-depth idea is very interesting and thanks a lot to your micro-analysis. I would like to bring to your kind notice that, whether it is ‘ether’ or ‘dark energy’, there exists some strange nuclear matter. From particle physics point of view – the existence of dark energy, dark matter and ether seems to be very intriguing.

Please try to define the physical properties of ether and estimate the rest masses of proton and electron. Thus I request you to please extend your valuable idea to unification.

I feel lucky if I am a part your ongoing excellent research work.

Regards,
U.V.S. Seshavatharam.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Georgehants:
Being LENR quantum explications are necessarily to be taken in consideration.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Deart Tom Conover:
The main reason is that we need a safety certification also for the domestic units. Then we will organize consequently, taking in due account the defense of the IP.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Tom Conover

Dear Mr. Rossi,

Similar to Mr. Gherardo’s question, is it true that only commercial units will protect your IP (Intellectual Property), making it impossible to sell the home units using certified installers and certified homeowners until after the commercial units are installed? The snakes would steal the secrets from home devices too quickly?

Thank you for your attention and your remarkable contributions to this work!

Tom Conover

• georgehants

Dear Mr Rossi, you have mentioned that you have a theory as to the origin of your LENR.
May I ask, do you invoke a Quantum explanation or does your explanation remain in the macro World.
Best wishes

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Gherardo:
1- airplanes and cars are well known and very diffused apparatuses, so statistics are possible and certifications are consequently possible. Besides, you cannot drive a car, let alone an airplane, without a license. On the contrary, E-Cats are apparatuses without operation statistics, yet, and a Customer could buy an E-Cat , for example, in Home Depot and carry it home to use it without any license: obviously this is not acceptable by a Certifier until the apparatus is very well known after industrial applications, for which certified and licensed operators are necessary.
2- education is not quite lenghty, is the same as the education you need to drive a car, let alone an airplane
3- yes, this is true
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Gherardo:
1- they used their own instruments
2- no
3- it matters
4- we decided to make this third party test because the proposal has been very honest, not from persons bound to our competitors aiming only to make espionage, as happened in past: some of these past wannabe validators have been discovered during a demo with unpermitted devices hidden under the sweater, or they, after writing open letters to test our device, turned out few months later to make tests in competition with us… This time the proposal was very honest and serious, we accepted, once and for ever before the industrial diffusion, to be subject to a third party indipendent test.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• orsobubu

Giovanni Guerrini,

I was wrong writing “civil war”, it could be easily misunderstood. At first instance, revolutionaries have no interest in using violence to take the power; to the contrary, violence is used by the old ruling classes to defend their privileges. Bolscheviks made the October without any victim, but counter-revolutionaries from all over the world invaded Russia starting terrorism. In this perspective, a revolutionary class of working people, armed with new LENR technologies able to make most of human efforts to survive against competitors and dominate the markets even more absurd, working 8-12 hours a day only to produce surplus value extorted by capitalists, could organize to seize the power and starting a production system really tailored to mankind’s global needs. Then, history shows that bourgeoise owners of the means of production would use any strategy – fascism, civil violence and war included – to maintain the status quo. See French revolution, Hitler, Stalin, and countless other examples.

• Gherardo

Dott Rossi,
you say that a domestic e-cat is not feasible for regulations since should be managed by certified people.
One reader said that householders could get educated and certified like for driving a car or a plane and I guess could be an answer.
If not, is that because:
1) a 24h overlook is needed for the cat
2) education is quite lenghty
3) besides regulations, is better to have some years of testing on industrial before spreading the wings fully with domestic plants?

Mi raccomando, ho un pò di scommesse morali aperte con amici sul suo successo e non vorrei perderle!
Gherardo

• Gherardo

Dott.Rossi,
in past years you strongly opposed to unbound verifications also because using specific instruments, they could gather data that reveal the secret sauce that you are using.
Since you now had third party professors testing the e-cat, which of the following is true:
1) they were limited in what instruments they could use so they could not gather indirectly the sauce recipe
2) you now have a shielded reactor that keeps the secret
3) it doesn’t matter any more

Thanks a lot, Gherardo

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Eric Ashworth:
Thank you for your congratulations for our work.
The answer to your comment, obviously, is supposed to arrive from the authors of “Tools and concepts…”
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Eric Ashworth

With regards the article ‘tools and concepts’. This subject although abstruse I shall add some personal thoughts that may be worth considering. The subject although complex I believe involves understanding structure and the concept of an aether substance. Question: Why 6 individual quarks?. Answer: quarks represent charged aether and charged aether is with regards to geometric structure because aether when within a structure has a charge. Quarks are necessary to produce a 3-dimensional container to contain none potential aether, a micro aether system of the macro. Each dimension is a product of 2-potentials, a positive and a negative of an aether dimension. 3-dimensions of aether is the product of 3-forces, 2 potentials each force. Diametrical force, radial force and circumferential force. Potential relates to position within the macro structure of 3-forces within which quarks are formed. Thereby 6-potentials form a quark with a charge and 3 micro charges of force potential form a dimension of aether with a force and 3 dimensions of force form a basic structure of 54 potentials. Every stable charge/container is comprised of 2 major dimensions, these being a volume and a size connected by an oscillating radial of communication. Aether of the volume force dimension has a negative potential. Aether of the size force dimension has a positive potential. Every charge spins on its diametrical dimension to remain neutral within its structure. It is the radial force that provides the charge with an attribute of identity (stand alone unit). Basically the 3 dimensions of a charge are ‘time dimensions’ because one cannot exist without the other. Hydrogen proves that a binary system alone is able to support a structure but there is weakness and instability. Matter exists in 2 states as charged and none charged aether. Aether structures are containers for aether without a charge, aether without a charge roams without direction because it has an affinity to empty space. Every charge relies upon a binary system of gravity (gravity is a focal point of empty space containing aether of no potential. This point of gravity is within every charge and thereby equally on the outside of every charge whether being micro integral or of a macro. When charges break down due to environmental attraction between one another, due to a lack of radial activity, the charge of a size dimension moves into the charge of a volume dimension. When 2 opposite dimensions of aether come together, radial dimensions outside of structure are formed (random radial charges of a potential). The size charge expands to volume, volume charge collapses to size that results in a loss of overall volume with regards neutral radial charges produced and subsequent chaos because of no structure. Confined aether of no charge displays a similarity of vibration that creates a state of rejection from the central gravity mass of aether, producing radial dimensions of aether and thereby constructing an organized aether structure. I believe that only by recognising aether as matter that can exist in two states will this difficult yet fascinating subject be better understood, of course I may be wrong. And I would also like to take this opportunity to congratulate Andrea Rossi on his amazing work, tenacity and I am sure eventual triumph in the e-cat saga. All the best regards Eric Ashworth

• Andrea Rossi

Dear John:
We are.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Pekka Janhunen:
Also the Finnish version is right!
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Iggy Dalrymple:
Thank you,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Iggy Dalrymple

Dear Doctor Rossi,

You might enjoy these articles. Both mention NRG Energy, which I predict will be a big customer of your’s. I look forward to my small town being powered by Rossi Hot-Cats.

Natural Gas: Killing Coal And Nuclear, and Maybe The Grid
http://blogs.wsj.com/corporate-intelligence/2013/03/21/natural-gas-killing-coal-and-nuclear-and-maybe-the-grid/?mod=yahoo_hs

The End of Utilities?
http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2013/03/25/the-end-of-utilities.aspx

Sincerely,
Iggy Dalrymple

• Dear Andrea Rossi,
“Sed Melius Nerone Senatus est” – would be nice indeed since in Finnish, nero means a genius
regards,pekka

• John

Hi Dr. Rossi,

Have you shortlisted your honorable guests for the plant visit?

• Andrea Rossi

Dear gio:
He,he,he,he.. Sed Melius Nerone Senatus est!
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Giuseppe:
We used a Galileian method: try, error, retry, error…obviously using intuition during every trial. Some inspiration, much perspiration ( courtesy of Edison). The feeling when we got a positive result is very difficult to be explained and translated in words becomes trivial.
Happy Easter to you,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Rosemarie Ainslie:
1- no, the delivery of the 1 MW plant will be exactly on the 30st of April. Has been fixed.
2- Thank you very much for your kind expressions and Happy Easter to you
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Rosemary Ainslie

Dear Andrea,

Have you delivered that industrial scale Ecat? I’m wondering what would prevent an industrial user supplying energy for domestic use? He need only undercut our utility suppliers to ensure a viable market. Just a thought.

Meanwhile – have a REALLY happy Easter. It’s so timely. The more so as you’ve resurrected our science to experimental proof – where it’s been dying under various toxic ‘assumptions’. Frankly it’s my opinion that your contribution here is even greater than anything Oppenheimer managed. In fact – it’s much more significant – as it promises clean energy. And without it our planet is likely to become very sick.

With the very kindest of regards
Rosemary Ainslie

• Andrea, can you talk a little about the path you followed to find the catalyst for the ecat. Of course, I don’ t want to know what is, but just some curiosity like if it was just luck or if it was an organized project with the right conclusion and, what has been your feeling when you realized in your mind that it was working fine?
Good Easter,
Giuseppe

• gio

Dear Ing rossi

you write that your team is something like the “Senate of the ancient Rome”.

Don’t forget….. “Senatores Boni Viri, Senatus Autem Mala Bestia”:)

Happy Easter Egg Roll.

gio

• Giovanni Guerrini

orsobubu

I think that a revolution made with guns is only a change of master,the true revolution is made by technology and it is an evolution.
Lenr is not the solution at all problems,but is an essential step.I think that capitalism will implode when it will not have the reason to exist.
There are three pillars:
-global information WWW
-free energy (this,now)
-advanced robotics (probably from quantum computers)
www makes the world one thing
free energy takes away the most important resource from few hands with all the consequences
advanced robotics will create a situation in which will be on the one hand a perfect and self supported productive system and from the other side a grate mass of unemployed people without money for buying.
Now,I see that the owners of the productive structure will let it at own destiny,and people will become owner of it.
So people may pursue the realization of their potential,because they will be free and woman will require it at man.(evolution of the species)

… “Considerate la vostra semenza: fatti non foste a viver come bruti ma per seguir virtute e canoscenza”

….I think and I hope… Regards

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Paul:
Thank you, Happy Easter to you and one more time to all our Readers
A.R.

• Paul

Andrea,

Happy Easter!

In the spirit of the resurrection, may all those who have been falsely accused be vindicated.

Paul

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Gian Luca:
As you know, the publication is totally out of our control.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Nixter:
1- no, the spacing is due to maintainance requirements
2- yes, the density will be higher and higher
3- our commercial strategy for the next 2 years is to manufacture industrial plants. The leadership is a team, kind of the Senate of the ancient Rome, not an individual. This is our strength.
Thanks to you, for your attention,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• orsobubu

Giovanni Guerrini,

surely Rossi’s technologies would be fantastic from a revolutionary point of view; but your statement that LENR could be the solution for universal poverty, famine, slavery, wars, exlpoitation and so on is really incomprehensible. Just the opposite is true: without a political proletarian civil war replacing money and capitalism with communism, all the new productivity enhancements will be disastrous for the capital reproduction process, because overproduction and unemployment will ravage the economic system; clear recent examples – among thousands of others – are Tavazzano italian electric facility partial closure and Siemens’ solar activities failure, both due to overcapacity. Without market expansion, capitalism needs LESS energy or MORE EXPENSIVE energy. Capitalistic production system always needs to augment the workers’ number, while highly robotized LENR industries would reduce it drastically, both because it doesn’t need fossil sector workforce and because the technologies triggered by LENR innovations would disrupt other more capital intensive industries. Yes, capitalism needs to improve productivity without end to survive, but – at the same time – this fatal doom requires a contemporary extension of workers’ number to extract more surplus value, at least 2% yearly. The situation in America and Europe is evident; Asia is rapidly advancing towards its limits, Africa is entering the same process, and LENR would dramatically start an acceleration. Then, a historical leap to a superior social system will be mandatory, because only the destruction by general war could restart the perverse machine. So, the political, scientifical and epistemological correct attitude is to support Rossi’s (and his competitors) efforts but – at the same time – prepare and organize for a faster-then-anticipated destruction of the system, preferably by a proletarian revolution if you are a worker, and by an imperialistic war if you are an owner.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Neri B.:
In a certain sense…
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Neri B.

Dear Andrea,
“Are you saying that the mouse can maintain its “inner glow” after just one hot meal?”
“not exactly…”

Maybe the mice spit out the same snakes (EMF electro motiv force) they swollowed before?
Well if this was the case…wow

Congratulations to you and to your co workers in the name of mankind.
Neri B

• Nixter

Dr Rossi,

Congratulations to you Andrea for your imminent status of a proven, credible and respected inventor-engineer. Your achievement is equivalent in scale to any Scientific discovery made in the last two Centuries.

With your recent talk of a Mouse and a Cat working together, it sounds like two E-Cats are running very close together like conjoined twins. In the past I have noticed that as seen in images of your E-Cats, they were always shown with a considerable physical spacing between the individual units, as seen in the 1Mw plant, most of the total volume inside the shipping container was empty space. Individual E-Cats have been seen operating in a solo configuration only as far as I am aware of, we never observed two E-Cats running in close proximity to each other. Was there a requirement for a specific spacing between the running E-Cats? Or just a matter of convenience for your early prototypes? Will the physical density of your next generation of E-Cats be greater than what we have seen so far?

Can you speak to the issue of what is planned next? After the report, the next deliveries of Industrial E-Cats, and other planned E-Cat deployments, do you and your partners have a roadmap for future paths to be explored that you can discuss here publicly? I used to be able to say that this work was the result of your energy Company, Leonardo, but now we do not know who to refer to when discussing the overall leadership of your E-Cat efforts, when will we be able to give proper attribution to the entity that is currently known simply as “your partners?”

Thanks for your efforts Andrea Rossi,
The world will thank you some day.

• Gian Luca

Gent. A.R.
Spero proprio che la pubblicazione del rapporto della Third Indipendent Party arrivi presto e ci confermi la buona novella.
Vorrei vedere tutti voi ma in particolare Lei e il prof Focardi, prendere la strada per Stoccolma!!!!!!!

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Brian:
I do not know when the publication will be made, but I suppose around the half of April: the peer reviewing is in course since December, when the third indipendent tests had begun, remember? Then a second phase has been made, but the reviewing was already in course and substantially the work has been the same. The last cycle of 120 hours has been a “replica” to make sure the results were real.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Hergen

Dear Mr Rossi,

how many 1 MW plants do you intend to produce this year and to how many customers will you deliver these plants?

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Paul:
not exactly….
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Giovanni,
Thank you very much,
Happy Easter to you as well as to all our Readers!
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Giovanni Guerrini

Caro Andrea,
circa due anni fa scrissi che alle tue spalle vi è un esercito silenzioso che crede in te accompagnandoti anche nei momenti critici.
Oggi mi sento di aggiungere che ciò che ti accompagna è molto di più.
Ogni volto,sguardo,espressione di ogni essere che soffre il freddo,la fame,la sete,la indegna fatica di un lavoro da schiavo sottopagato e con essi il pianeta tutto nella sua complessa e rara struttura di vita rigogliosa,sono il tuo esercito,il vostro esercito,di voi che lavorate nel “non ti curar di loro ma guarda e passa”.
Questo vi rende invincibili,come strumenti consapevoli di quella volontà di vita che risiede in ogni cosa.

Credo che sia giunto il tempo che i demoni possano gioire della propria sconfitta.

Buona pasqua, a te alla tua famiglia ed a tutti i tuoi collaboratori.

Giovanni

• Paul

Andrea,

Are you saying that the mouse can maintain its “inner glow” after just one hot meal?

Paul

• Brian

Dear Mr. Rossi

I hope that you are well.

I was curious about the timeline for the publication of the third party report. It is my understanding that publication in a peer reviewed journal is a very long process, often taking a year between submission to the journal and actual publication. How is it that they will be able to publish so quickly? Will they be releasing the report directly?

Thank you for taking the time to answer my question. I understand that you are very busy.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Paul:
Of course! And after the digestion of the Mouse, snakes return to their original status.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Dear Steven N. Karels:
Thank you! Quite useful.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Steven N. Karels

To all the engineers and those likewise with limited volcabulary (LOL),

deontological ethics
noun
the branch of ethics dealing with right action and the nature of duty, without regard to the goodness or value of motives or the desirability of the ends of any act.