Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism

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by
retired, author of the Quantum Ring Theory
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In the book Quantum Ring Theory I had proposed a double-field model for elementary particles (composed by two concentric fields), therefore a field model fundamentally different of the mono-field model considered in the Quantum Electrodynamics  (QED).
The inner field, named principal field Sp, gyrates and induces the outer field, named secondary field Sn.  In the book, published in 2006, it was considered that the outer field Sn gyrates.
In this model, the outer field Sn is responsible for the electric charge of the particles as the electron, the proton, etc.
Later in 2010 I changed the  double-field model, by considering that the outer field Sn does not gyrates.  However, in 2014, after a long discussion with the reader Mr.Joe in the Comments of the Journal of Nuclear Physics, he drew our attention to two key points:
1. An outer field Sn induced by the rotation of an inner field Sp must have rotation.
2. A mono-field model violates the monopolar nature of the electric charge in the even-even nuclei with Z=N, because they have null magnetic moment, but as all the nuclei have rotation then the even-even nuclei with Z=N would have to have non-null magnetic moment (because the rotation of the positive charge of the proton would have to induce a magnetic moment). Therefore QED violates the monopolar nature of the electric charge in the case of the even-even nuclei with Z=N.
3. A double-field model in which the outer field Sn gyrates would have to induce a magnetic field in the case of even-even nuclei with Z=N, if we consider the field Sn in the classical sense of Euclidian space.  But the space considered in Quantum Ring Theory is not Euclidian, in order that the rotation of the field Sn never induces magnetic fields, and this is the reason why the even-even nuclei with Z=N have null magnetic moment.
Here we will analyse these questions in details.
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538 comments to Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism

• Italo R.

Dear Dr. Rossi. You have written:
“…also to prepare the industrial production of the other versions; the roots are the same…”

You mean, I suppose, another plant using Hot-Cats instead of low temperature E-Cats.

If it is correct, I think that this new plant could be dedicated to production of electric energy.
Am I right?

Hot Regards,
Italo R.

• Andrea Rossi

Patrick Ellul:
This year will be spent mainly with the R&D and tests with this plant also to prepare the industrial production of the other versions; the roots are the same.
Warm Regards
A.R.

• Patrick Ellul

Dear Andrea,

The 1MW plant at the customer is made up of the normal (low temperature) e-cats.

When do you think you will have a hot-cat operating at a customer and what is the current hold-up for this to happen?

Best regards,
Patrick

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
Substantially, I would say yes, with some different particular.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

Do the types of control systems you use in the 1MW plant in the photographs you published also work for Hot Cats?

Many thanks,

Frank Acland

• Andrea Rossi

Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
Thank you for your kind words; for the domestic E-Cats we are working very hard.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Robert Curto:
Let’s work humbly to make our technology consolidated by means of the R&D and tests on course. After that we’ll see all the possible integrations.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Mark Saker:
Yes, electric power generation is one of the main R&D fields we are going through. We are oriented toward the classic Carnot Cycle, even if we are totally open to new commercial breakthroughs related to other systems.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Mark Saker

Dear Andrea,

I haven’t heard much mention of electricity generation in a while now you are concentrated on the 1MW plant. I wonder if you can answer the following question…

Have you ever managed to generate electricity from an e-cat (either via connecting to a turbine or other forms of electricity generation, perhaps thermoelectric). Even if it was a small test on your own to confirm it could be done?

Has there been any advancements you can speak of with regards to electricity generation now you have additional help? I know you were looking into jet engines

Thanks

Mark

• Robert Curto

consumption by fuel in 2035
Click on:
Fuel Fix US energy production will surpass consumption
They expect Renewable Energy to be 8% by 2035.

They have never even heard of E-Cat.
Will E-Cat be ZERO 20 years from today ?
I don’t think so.
If E-Cat is less expensive then any of the others, has ZERO emissions,
has ZERO waste, where will they put their money ?
I will only give you one guess !
Robert Curto
Ft. Lauderdale FL
USA

• Giannino Ferro Casagrande

Egregio e stimatissimo signor Andrea , mi complimento pure io per le foto che avete postato , in relazione al lavoro del mega impianto per la ditta Statunitense che darà il via , si spera presto , a tutta una serie di E-Cat , grandi e piccoli . Riconosco pure , dalle foto , il tecnico informatico che ho avuto il piacere di conoscere quando siete stati a Pordenone . Rimango pure particolarmente soddisfatto per il problema che Le avevo si da subito esternato al riguardo “ l’ELEMENTO “ di pericolosità , pure evidenziato dal TOM CONOVER . Sono sempre in attesa dei due E-Cat che ho in ordine ed anzi con questa mia vorrei poter aggiungere altri due in ordine !!!
Saluti cordiali da Giannino di Udine ;-))

• Andrea Rossi

Andrea Calaon:
I didn’t make the photos, so I do not remember well, but maybe.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Calaon

Dear Andrea,
were the pictures of the plant assembly taken around April 2014?
Thank you for the pictures!
Warm regards
Andrea Calaon

• Andrea Rossi

Barty:
Maybe in future.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Dear Mr. Rossi,

maybe you heard of the rumors that Apple is planning to develop electric cars.
Do you think they know of the possibilities of your technology?

Thanks for you work!
barty

• Andrea Rossi

Observer ( Paul):
Now I understand what you wanted to say in your former comment; what you see in the photo is a work on course, the plant was not completed; the situation is much more complex and the position of the piping has precise reasons; nevertheless, thank you for your suggestion, that will be taken in due consideration: your experience is precious.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Tom Conover:
Thank you. Now we must make that magnificence continue to work well for a long time, to make it a real breakthrough. We are in front of an enormous work of tests and R&D; I am very hopeful, thanks mainly to my Team.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Tom Conover

Dear Andrea.

The photographs are wonderful! Your team members look very happy. Thank you very much for these gifts. I am also glad to hear that you have removed the element of personal danger from the naysayers, who’s chatter has grown very distant lately. 🙂

100°C Regards

Tom

• Observer

Andrea,

Not to be critical, but in the one photo with you standing in a walkway, an insulated pipe runs down the length of the walkway and appears to cross the walkway path in the back ground of the photo. The storage container seems to have plenty of head room. Placing a false floor in the storage container would increase routing options for both plumbing and conduit, and provide emergency drainage if anything sprung a leak.

Paul

• Andrea Rossi

Eernie1:
Thank you,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Curwin:
It is our registered trade mark.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• curwin

Andrea,

The drawing of the cat silhouette & red dot shown in a couple of the photos is very pleasing somehow. New company logo or just a bit of fun?

• eernie1

Dear Andrea,
Thank you for the photos. They are indeed a wonderful gift and appreciated. I fully understand your position on information disclosure and as I have previously stated, I would have done the same if I were in your shoes. I would just caution you to be wary of other interested parties since some of them may not have your interests at heart.
All the best regards

• Andrea Rossi

Eernie1:
It is necessary to complete the tests of the 1 MW plant operating in the factory of IH’s Customer. The final results could be positive, but also negative. For now we have just to work.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

John:
I wanted to make a gift to our Readers. Obviously on course of the tests that we are making something will change, but the scope of the photos is not to disclose particulars that we deem critical.
The plant is much more complex than appears in the photos, but they give an idea of the thing, though. No more photos will be produced until the tests will be finished.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Paul:
What do you mean? We have not to step over plumbing and cabling with the plant in operation.
Maybe I am not understanding. Can you rephrase? When the plant is operating all the doors are closed, nobody has to stay inside. We monitor everuthing from the computers.
Warm Regards,
Andrea

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
a) No, the activity of manufactiring in the photos is taken inside a factory in Raleigh
b) Yes, to make it easier our Team gave a name to every reactor. Some names are very funny.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Peter:
It was that the photo has been taken during the assembly, many hi-tech parts are missing in the photo.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Peter

Wow! The new 1 MW plant is a beauty! I like the red color!

Is there a lot of more free space inside the container now (room for a small work shop?) or is it just that the photos were taken during assembly?

By the way, do you still use a genset to power the new plant or can it run from the grid?

Best regards,
Peter

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

Thank you sharing these very interesting pictures! A couple of questions if you don’t mind:

a)Is all the activity we see in the pictures taking place inside one large container?
b) Two of the units shown have names written on them: “Cindy” and “Wendy” — does each reactor have its own name?

Many thanks,

Frank Acland

• eernie1

Koen,
Every day the E-Cat is delayed is worth billions to the oil industry. To them a few million dollars spent to achieve this purpose is chicken feed. The suppression of a product introduction is a common tactic in the auto industry. As an example, the introduction of seat belts and other safety features were delayed for financial reasons, causing needless loss of life.
Delaying the introduction of a better product until the existing inventory of shelf product is depleted is a common practice. If I were an owner of fossil fuel of any kind, this delay is a welcome event.
Regards.

• Paul

Andrea,

I congratulate you on your E-Cat 1 MW plant design.
May I suggest, in the next generation, you use a raised grating floor in the shipping container so you do not have to step over your plumbing and cabling.

Paul

• eernie1

Robert,
Before the patent expired, a black market generic drug would be manufactured in limited quantities and could be obtained through foreign sources. When the IP(patent)expired many companies then began producing the drug much cheaper and in unlimited quantities.

• John

Dear Andrea,

Why publish the photos now, when there’s still possibly a year of testing to go? Can we expect some more news or updates in the near future?

Best Regards,

John

• Andrea Rossi

Mark Saker:
These photos, published on my personal website, have been made months ago in Raleigh’s factory, during the final phases of the manufacturing .
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Frank Acland:
These photos have been made in the factory of Raleigh during the manufacturing of the plant.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Andrea Rossi

Italo R:
These photos have been taken in Raleigh during the manufacturing of the 1 MW plant.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• Italo R.

@ all:

Here there are various pictures and informations about the 1MW plant in Usa:

http://andrea-rossi.com/

They are great!!

• Frank Acland

Dear Andrea,

Are these pictures of the plant you are currently working on? http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/

This is from what is described as your ‘official’ web site — are you running this site?

Many thanks,

Frank Acland

• Mark Saker

Dear Andrea,

Is this the new 1MW plant?

http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/

How old are these photos? Did you agree to have them published?

Looking Good!

• Koen Vandewalle

Dear Eernie1,
Did you mean: A way to keep some revolutionary stuff off the market is to buy the IP and let time pass ?
That happens with other value and businesses.
We cannot be sure that this is untrue.

In the 80’s, the Motorola 68000 was a fantastic product, but slow and unefficient if you compare it with todays Intel (and others) processors. Anyway it did not keep them from selling the product at their time.

There is no strategy to win the unbegun war. First you have to start the war.

Kind Regards,
Koen

• Andrea Rossi

Robert Curto:
That’s right.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Proton’s radius to be measured by MUSE Project (2015-2016)

Published in ZPenergy, going directly for the archives of the History of Physics
http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3603&mode=&order=0&thold=0

• Robert Curto

eerine1
You stated:
Generic drugs accelerated because there was week IP protection or no protection at all.
When a drug company develops a drug, they get a patent on it which is good for 20 years. When the patent expires, any company can make a Generic drug which must be exactly like the original.
Robert Curto
Ft. Lauderdale FL
USA

• Andrea Rossi

Eernie:
Thank you for your opinion. I already made my point on the issue, but what you say will be taken in due consideration.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

• eernie1

Dear Andrea,
I fully agree that, in your personal situation, the loss of protection for your IP would be detrimental to the task of your industrial partners for collecting development funds. However if the necessary information for development was not encumbered by protective legal measures, there would be a mad dash by many groups to take advantage of this in order to take part in the ensuing market for the devices if the information can show unequivocally that the device is feasible. Big corporations, big governments, big educational institutions would pour in funds to capture a segment of this market or for their own use, when unconstrained by requirements to adhere to provisions of a legally protected IP. As examples, the development of aircraft, nuclear power and generic drugs accelerated because there was weak IP protection or no protection.
If I were in your situation, I would probably do exactly what you are doing. However I was never accused of being altruistic.
Regards.

• Andrea Rossi

Eernie:
Thank you for your continue and appreciated attention.
We already have work on course for the purposes you described. It is not a matter of NDA ( NDAs give to intellectual property the same protection that an umbrella gives under the Niagara Falls), it is a matter of agreements for the expliotation of the technology. Nobody is going to make huge investments in a technology without a well protected intellectual property.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Joe wrote in February 15th, 2015 at 9:33 PM

1. ———————————————
In QRT, do non-rotating particles exist? (These would obviously be lacking gravitational fluxes n(o).)
————————————————

Joe,
I think any elementary particle without rotation cannot exist

2. ———————————————
Perhaps there exist two varieties of F(g):
i) strong
ii) residual

In the case of (i), at very short distances, F(g) is responsible for binding quarks together.
In the case of (ii), perhaps a lack of perfect coherence (“friction”, as you call it) in the gravitational fluxes n(o) of strong F(g) causes an amount of gravitons g to be continually left out to extend into the immediate environment outside the nucleons. The density of these gravitons g within these outer fluxes n(o) would obviously be smaller, and therefore residual F(g) would take on the usual characteristic of a smaller force than strong F(g).
————————————————

It’s a very interesting suggestion, Joe

I did not propose a model of quarks because there are no experiments involving quarks, and so there is no way to compare the theoretical model with the results of experiments

Unlike, there are many expeiments measuring the nuclear properties of the nuclei, and so a theoretical model can be confronted with the results of the experiments

regards

To: randolf.pohl@mpq.mpg.de; aldo@phys.ethz.ch; t.w.haensch@mpq.mpg.de; franz.kottmann@psi.ch; graf@ifsw.uni-stuttgart.de; skarsten@phys.ethz.ch; paul.knowles@unifr.ch
Subject: the puzzle of the proton’s radius
Date: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 16:09:59 -0200

To:
Dr. Randolf Pohl, Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany
Dr. Aldo Antognini, Institute for Particle Physics (IPP), ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Theodor W. Hänsch, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich
Dr. Franz Kottmann, Laboratory for Particle Physics, Paul Scherrer Institut Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Thomas Graf, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge, Stuttgart, Germany
Karsten Schuhmann, Institute for Particle Physics (IPP), ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Dr. Paul Knowles, Département de physique, Université de Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland

Dear Professors

Regarding the puzzle of the proton’s radius, in the page of the Paul Scherrer Institute it is written the following:

“Very interesting proposals explain the discrepancies by physics beyond the standard model. Other explanations suggest a proton structure of higher complexity than assumed today which only reveals itself under the influence of the heavy muon.
http://www.psi.ch/media/proton-size-puzzle-reinforced

A model of proton with higher complexity is proposed in the book Quantum Ring Theory-QRT, published in 2006 by the Bauu Institute Press.

According to the model proposed in QRT, the rotation of the three quarks of the proton induces a flux composed by gravitons with the speed “c” of the light. In the book it is named flux n(o).
The rotation of the three quarks take the shape of a ring, and the flux n(o) crosses the ring formed by the three quarks.

The flux n(o) becomes stronger when the proton interacts with other particles, because there is an overlap between the flux n(o) of the proton and the flux n(o) of the other particle. A free proton has the radius in order of 0,8 fm, as measured by the experiments of proton-electron scattering. The shrinkage in the proton’s radius depends on the mass of the other particle, because the intensity of the total flux n(o) crossing the ring of the proton depends on the mass of the other particle.

Therefore, when the proton interacts with heavier particles, the flux n(o) becomes stronger, and this is the reason why the radius of the proton has shrinkage.

In the article ANOMALOUS MASS OF THE PROTON published in the book QRT, it is calculated that the radius of the proton within the nuclei is 0,275 fm. From this radius of the proton it is calculated the electric quadrupole moment of the deuteron, and the result is the same obtained from experiments.
The paper ANOMALOUS MASS OF THE PROTON is also published in the blog Journal of Nuclear Physics:
http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=516

As the muon is very heavier than the electron, then from this higher complexity model of proton we have to expect that in proton-muon scattering the experiments will measure a proton radius very shorter than 0,8 fm. I expect a a proton’s radius between 0,3 fm and 0,6 fm.

In the case the experiments to be carried out by the MUSE project confirm my prediction getting a radius between 0,3 fm and 0,6 fm, I hope the theorists will realize the need of considering seriously my heavier complexity model of the proton, formed by a flux of gravitons crossing the ring formed by the rotation of the three quarks.

Regards