United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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31,791 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Blufin

    Hello Dr Rossi,

    World Gas Conference 2018 – happening right now in Washington DC
    still time to attend.

    https://wgc2018.com/

    Best

  • Michael S.

    Dear Andrea,

    In terms of social impact maybe a rugged small autonomous Ecat for subsaharan Africa would be really effective. I here join the interest of Raffaele Bongo.

    Actually 70-80% of the subsaharan population does not have acces to electricity. Smokey and smelly and thus health endangering Kerosine lamps are used for dim lightning. Charging of phones happens with solar batteries and generators, car or motorcycle.

    Over 80% of subsaharan population use firewood and charcoal for daily cooking and heating. It is responsible for 50% of deforestation and has therefore a huge impact on the African environment (draughts, desertification etc). See also :

    https://www.globalcitizen.org/fr/content/charcoal-africa-power-good-bad/

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8272603.stm

    NYTimes: Africa’s Charcoal Economy Is Cooking. The Trees Are Paying.
    https://nyti.ms/28YCpNN

    A small 1,5-2kw autonomous Ecat could give heat for cooking and shelter, give light (via glasfibers or electricity) and some electricity to charge a mobile phone and maybe also let work a small fridge or computer or small waterpump.

    Autonomy could maybe reached with a strong battery which gives power to start & and let function the Ecat and is recharged by it via I guess an inverter. If really needed because the electricity harvest from the ecat is to meager, a Solar panel could be added. Another idea could be a “starter” battery which can be shared, and smaller Nicad batteries for normal functioning one reaction is underway.

    Actually small solar panel kits are beeing marketed successfully in rural Africa ( http://www.mobisol.rw/rwanda/ ). These kits are basically composed of solar panel 250w, Ncad battery, a few 4w led bulbs, a few Usb slots. Payement happens via mobile money in monthly instalments and can be enforced because a simcard which monitors the installation can also shut it down in case of non payement. Its a great system but it does not adress the charcoil/cooking/heating issue – which the Ecat would. But these distribution companies do exist and it would be easy for them to switch over to Ecat since they are not manufacturers but system developers, assemblers & distributors.

    My question:
    1) could such a device be developped ? If there is 10% electricty generation presently possible and a serious cop over 20 it seems feasable…
    2) could it work without solar panel ?
    3) could light be harvested via glasfibers for interior lightening ?
    4) What kind of battery would be needed ? Lipo is quite expensive…

    Such device should, at least partially, be developed and built there in order to understand the needs, and allow expertise and a local industry to develop.

    All the best to you and your team in this critical next step which is the go to market of the industrial Ecat.

    Michael S.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will depend on them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the information and for your permanent sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    May I again say “WOW!” to your current development accomplishments and achievements? Your results are off the chart, your research results and progress are increasing exponentially! I think you might be interested to know that while my 7 year old granddaughter stayed with us for an overnight this week, we viewed several current Netflix and Kid stuff TV shows, MOST OF WHICH FEATURED FUSION REACTORS! The dialog even informed the young viewing audience that the fusion technology would revolutionize the world, and help achieve “green” technology objectives and goals. Your work is the ONLY SOURCE that has made mainstream publications to inform the creators of these TV shows about LENR, so I think you are to be congratulated on your persistent efforts! You are escorting new energy resources into our economy, and even the kids will know what this means!

    Unbelievable progress with the gas turbine, and the concept to retrofit the SK 100 to power such a device. I am enthusiastic about the testing you talked about, and look forward to your comments about the result on the blog.

    While you were chatting with users the last couple of days, I researched gas turbines (jet engines, etc) and found several useful descriptions of this type of device. I am including an educational (for real, not a joke this time!) video for anybody that wants a simplified, short, introduction to gas turbines.

    Greetings also to Iggy, your posts over the last many years have been interesting.

    Cheers to your entire team!

    Tom

    The link below is not from Back to the Future, but from:
    Learn Engineering, Published this on YouTube on Jan 11, 2015.
    Title “Jet Engine, How it works”. It has had 7,477,131 views.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjiUUJdPGX0

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you do your public E-Cat presentation, will we find out the identity of any partners or customers?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Cecil:
    Well, thank you!
    As you said, such models are not rigorous and have only the scope to supply a model based on analogies that can help to understand. To be rigorous mathematic is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    J:
    Tektronics TBS 1052B Digital Oscilloscope
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    When possible, now it’s is under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We are very curious to know who is your partner.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  • J

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give me the manufacturer name of the oscilloscope you used during the convincing test made with the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24 2017?
    Cheers
    Juanita

  • Cecil

    Your definition and model of Color Charge is genial. I never found anything similar and surely it is not rigorous, but it works: it is in the andrearossish style, aimed to simplify difficult things. Obviously the result is not rigorous, but it works as a simple model for a very difficult and anti-intuitive issue. This is the way your brain works, and it is very interesting.
    All the best,
    Cecil

  • Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your reply to Micky Kovacs June 24th I find very interesting. I know nothing about Gluons but am I reading you correctly. From what I believe every structure no matter whether micro or macro exists because of a gravity value, I realize you may not agree on this. The gravity value produces a mass defect which on the sub atomic quark scale produces gluons between the quarks (the electro magnetic effect, I believe, is the event horizon of a structure). Could the gluon be a fleeting micro electro magnetic effect being on the micro scale?. You say you think that gluons are virtual particles and they very well could be because energy, I believe, replicates itself on all levels i.e. it runs to a base formulae that produces various effects with regards the specific interaction. I have not read up on the sub atomic level but I believe virtual particles require an interaction between two binary structures between which a gravity value exists of a magnitude that is dependent upon the two interacting structures and their event horizons. Ken Shoulders provided an interesting statement with regards EVOs. He said that the EVO is capable of shooting off its own mount which I interpret as a total destruction of the structure and that, I believe, eventually occurs at the absolute ‘End Set’ i.e. the inner most position of a gravitational system. Thereby virtual particles could in theory transform a neutron into a proton by a partial destruction. My own thoughts with regards LENRs relies upon two minor electro magnetic effects of two structures and from which a major electro magnetic effect is produced by an interaction between these two minors that produces virtual particles from the ionization of the hydrogen gas. I have always considered gravity to be the force of fusion and therefore the magnetic electro effect could be the force of fission. Could be totally wrong and, if so, would like to be corrected. I do believe that the JONP is a vital tool with regards the sharing of ideas.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lilly2.0:
    First and foremost, I never said or wrote that I was sure to present the industrialized Ecat within the year 2018: I always said and wrote that I was hoping to.
    Second consideration: are you sure the delay of some week is important?
    Third consideration: I understand you are Italian from your email address, so let me say that quello che dicano o scrivano i nostri detrattori conta come il due di picche quando la briscola e’ a fiori ( translation: I don’t give a heck about the externations of our enemies ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Lilly2.0

    Mr Rossi:
    I want to inform you that your decision to delay the presentation of the product from December 2018 to January 2019 is strongly criticized from your detractors.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    We are making tests. Our delta T is much higher.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your answer, now we know that you are working with turbines. In a gas turbine fuel is injected and ignited giving a pressure boast. I doubt just heating air can give enough pressure.
    The ideal gas law states that pV=nRT meaning if you double the temperature in K from 300 to 600 the pressure will double. If the temperature is 1500 K (1227 C) the pressure will only be 5 bars.
    Another possibility is to use a steam turbine.
    Siemens i Sweden are making different types of gas and steam turbines.
    https://www.siemens.com/global/en/home/products/energy/power-generation/steam-turbines.html#!/
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  • Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestions, I will study them, but our design is more oriented toward the gas-turbine concept, because it is the design that better can use the very high energy density we have in the Ecat SK, so dense that it is difficult to make a heat exchanger able to keep away the heat fast enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Beckett-Leonard:
    1 yes
    2 premature
    3 premature
    Thank you for your kind attention to the hard work of our team, I hope God will help us to succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robin Whatcott:
    Thank you for your attention of our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 Actually I have been unclear, you are right. What we are testing is a gas turbine, that sometime I call ( probably uncorrectly) gas engine because also a turbine can be considered an engine
    2 A gas turbine can make mechanical force too, albeit indirectly
    3 it is surely possible
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe it is unclear what you are testing.
    1. Are you testing a 100 kW Ecat SK in a gas engine (a cylinder based motor), a gas turbine or both?
    2. Will the upcoming important test be done in combination with an engine to make mechanical power?
    3. Will this mechanical power be converted to electrical power by a connected generator?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  • Robin Whatcott

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the very convincing test you made in Stockholm on November 24 2017. I saw it on youtube and the Ecat QX has been tested in a very convincing way, even if the spectrometer did not work. The calorimetry has been flawless beyond any possible doubt.
    Best regards,
    Robin

  • Greg Beckett-Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Your current testing of the SK in a gas turbine is very exciting. I can imagine replacing the burner in one of the combustion chambers with an ECat, keeping the others being fueled as normal.
    I have a number of questions:
    1 is your partner very happy with your progress?
    2 are you able to run the turbine with just ECat power from one chamber?
    3 is your partner able to help produce further SK modules to fit the other chambers?

    I am immensely impressed with your genius and hard work (and of your team); your products are desperately needed by humanity NOW.
    God speed your efforts.
    Greg Leonard

  • Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    As I understand you are working on a modified combustion engine, and heating air in the cylinder that will expand.
    For best efficiency you must then turn on/off the E-Cat SK several times per second, which might be difficult.

    A better method is to use a modified combustion engine with injectors. You can then heat the cylinder continously with the SK and and with a precise timing inject water into the cylinder. The water will instantly become steam and push the cylinder.

    Bruce Crower has built a 6 stroke engine, that is an ordinary 4-stroke combustion engine but added 2 more strokes where water is injected and by the heat that already is in the combustion chamber boils to steam.

    http://autoweek.com/article/car-news/inside-bruce-crowers-six-stroke-engine

    I think the ideal laboratory test engine for you would be a 2-stroke diesel engine with fuel injection. The SK heats the cylinders continously and water is injected instead of diesel. A diesel engine is better than a 2-stroke gasoline engine for water injection because
    of more precise injectors. (Of course a 4-stroke diesel engine will also work but a 2-stroke will be more efficient per revolution when water is injected).

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good point. yes, a turbine makes noise, but there are insonorization system that can be studied.
    I did not measure the noise yet, but I think we are around 70 dBA at 5 m, without barriers
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr. Rossi

    I saw in the 60s a gas turbine in operation. it made a strident noise almost unbearable.
    Is your SK reactor prototype generating a lot of noise?

    If so, can you disclose the intensity and frequency of this noise?
    All my encouragement
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- we are making tests
    3- same as in 2
    4- yes
    5- not yet. I am still stydying. This week in the USA will be made another series tremendously important tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Micky Kovacs:
    Color charges are quanta related to the strong forces interactions between quarks and gluons. Obviously the definitions of the colors ( red, blue, green ) are conventional and have nothing to do with the colors our eyes perceive and their wavelength. Colors are used because are a good model to show how colors can mix forming new waves or making them resonate and cancel each other. Being gluons virtual particles ( I disagree with new considerations that aim not to consider gluons virtual particles ) I use to visualize colors like storms of waves in the quarks fields that make variations in the quantic stata of protons and neutrons, changing their isospin, that anyway is conserved in the strong force fields.
    I understand it is not easy to make a model, without using the language of mathematics. Think to bullets ( quarks ) pushed and pulled by their isospin ( that has the same mathematical structure of the spin ) across a stormy liquid glue ( gluons ) turning protons into neutrons and viceversa, conserving the isospin of the multiplet to maintain the structure of the atom. A multiplet is a system of subparticles that change quanta like the isospin turning the same particle into different particles, in our case turning a proton into a neutron and viceversa.
    This is the model I propose to “see” it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Your answer to Frank Acland on the SK conversion engine is a gas engine verses a gas turbine. Correct?
    Per the description within the link provided:
    1) Does the E-Cat SK act as the ‘hot-tube ignitor’ within the air cylinder?
    2) If so, does it expand the air on demand as quickly as a fuel gas explosion?
    3) If so, will it cool quickly enough to be ready for the next cycle?
    4) Are there multiple cylinders like that of a gasoline engine?
    5) Can you expand further any details?
    Wish you well in these new pursuits.
    Brokeeper

  • Andrea Rossi

    James:
    So far, the Ecat QX is ready, the SK is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • James

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As things are now, is it most probable that to be presented first will be the Ecat QX or the SX?
    Thanks,
    James

  • Micky Kovacs

    Dear Andrea:
    do you know what is the color charge in Physics?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Now we are retrofitting.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- it depends on the assembly
    Thanks for the wishes!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions if I may:
    1. I guess your answer to the question of Frank is related to Pam Leibfried’s question about ‘enormously’ smaller that the 1 kW Ecat QX, meaning enormously smaller than 100 QX’s (and not one QX), right?
    2. Another question: Is it relatively difficult to integrate a single 100 kW Ecat SK in the ‘burning room’ of the gas turbine?
    3. Would it be possible to put more 100 kW SK’s in that ‘burning room’ space?
    4. What is the nominal power of this turbine when it is gas fired?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    May you win your next tennis game with your wife, tomorrow and success with the SK development!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    As you know, large electrical utility companies use gas turbines for their peak load time of the day or during extreme temperature weather. They use hydro, nuclear, or coal for their base load.

    Once you have perfected the mating of your SK with a gas turbine, do you anticipate:
    1- Retrofitting the SK to existing utility owned gas turbines?
    2- Or must the turbines be custom built to accommodate the SK?
    Regards,
    Iggy

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So is your engine something that operates on this principle?

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_engine

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- it is a modified gas engine
    3- yes
    4- yes: the next week we will make another crucial test
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    About the E-Cat SK 100 kW:

    1. Are you working on it at the moment as your focus?
    2. Is the gas turbine you mention a jet engine, or are you making steam?
    3. When you say the it is ‘enormously’ smaller than the QX 1kW, do you mean it is less than 1/10 of the size of the QX you showed at the Stockholm demonstration?
    4. Are you satisfied with the control you have of the SK so far?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pam:
    Enormously.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Moe:
    Yes, I knew it from the book Ecat The New Fire of Vessela Nikolova.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • moe

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know that ENI is using in Italy the technology you patented in 1978 in Italy and that is described in the site
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Moe

  • Pam Leibfried

    Dies the Ecat SK 100 occupy less space than 100 Ecat QX of 1kW each?
    Thanks,
    Pam

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We have installed one reactor and the COP has been >1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- Yes
    2- Yes
    3- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    I am sure your emphasis is on the 100 kW Ecat SK, but:
    1- Are you still working on the 1 kW Ecat QX?
    2- Are you working on the 10 kW Ecat SK?
    3- If the Ecat SK series will not be ready in time, will you serve the first wave of customers with assemblies of 1 kW Ecat QX?
    All the best,
    Jim R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The coupling of a reactor with a turbine seems very promising for the electric propulsion of land vehicles
    Can you tell us how many Quark SK 100s have you installed in this reactor that you are testing and have you ever reached a COP greater than 1?
    Thank you for your answers
    All my support for your team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

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