United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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30,847 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Franco:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Obviously it depends on which kind of pulse you are taking about and the related power, as it is for any existing electric device.
    The Ecat SKLed does not have any particular difference from any other appliance about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert

    Dear Andrea,
    Has the ecat SKled or skl been tested against an electro magnetic pulse device? If so, will it still function afterwards? Even if a restart is required?

  • Franco

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    the use of SKLED in greenhouse cultivation is very interesting; it would be desirable for SKLed to be equipped with an AI input for control via PLC (dimmerable input), or, alternatively, it should be equipped with Internet of Things technology ( IoT)

    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 and 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stunning updates,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I checked today the stats of your papers on Researchgate here
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and here are the records smashing results:
    Total Readings: 70020 ( of which 64631 only for “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions” )
    Reccomendations: 4730
    Total Research Interest index: 1296
    Citations: 22
    And counting…
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the purpose of the AI system you will test next week:

    1. To improve the stability of the SKL?
    2. To make a more regular electrical output from the SKL?
    3. To help with charging of batteries?
    4. To increase the COP of the SKL?

    Best of luck with the testing!

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • George

    Dr Rossi,
    is it correct to say that the reference 22 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    contributes to explain the plausibility of long range electron-nucleon interactions ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. SKL
    2. this depends on what we will see during the weekend of the next week
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  • ernest dallafior eernie1

    Koen,
    Don’t people realize that it is a lot easier to build shelters, perhaps underground, here on earth rather than on the moon or Mars? If the time comes that it is certain we would need such shelters we have the technology to shelter many more than we can transport to those dangerous places. During the cold war many shelters were constructed just in case of a disaster.
    Instead of “Oh woe is me” lets get out there and use the technology to preserve our species if you think it is necessary. Otherwise stop scaring vulnerable people.
    Calming regards.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Regarding your answer to Mara: Do you mean an important test is upcoming for the Ecat SKL or for the SKLed next weekend?
    2. Is there any chance that you also might present (maybe only as a prototype) the Ecat SKL at November the 25th?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    Wouldn’t it be much easier to power a brushed DC motor and an inertial wheel with the SKL, then convert the kinetic energy into the mains using a conventional three-phase generator?

    If you compare the simplicity of a conventional generator with the complexity of a pure-sine inverter, you can be sure in terms of efficiency and durability that the former will win over the latter.

    If you need artificial intelligence to generate power, then I’m afraid complexity is a disadvantage.

    The knowledge required to develop LED lamps was undoubtedly practiced by people working under the glow of incandescent lamps. The inventors of the incandescent lamps worked by candlelight.

    I see a lot of people who want to control their lights via Bluetooth, and that the smart people who produce these techniques sometimes have to rely on the breakdown service workers when their car’s spark plugs are worn out and their mechanic hasn’t replaced them in time.

    Sparkling greetings,

    Koen

  • Gerard McEk

    @ Koen Vandewalle
    Koen you may be right that there is no way back, but the environment scientists think we might be be able to change the tide when we can limit our CO2 exhaust. I just hope they are right, but what I think is that just a simple reduction will not do. It might work if humans totally stop exhausting CO2. That was my thought when I replied to Ron.
    Nevertheless it will take quite a while (not before the end of this century) before metropolises, which are mostly at near to sea level, are being endangered by the rising sea.
    Regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mara:
    Absolutely yes: next Saturday I will receive components for an elaboration of the artificial intelligence that should give us a strong contribution and accelerate its presentation: the tests will be made next Saturday and Sunday. I am optimist, but the experiment is very difficult, Very intriguing, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    @Ron, Rodney, Ernest, Gerard,

    If we compare the current climate changes with those of the past, there is now an important difference: namely that billions of people, manu militari or by buying up land, want to get to a livable part of the planet.

    Currently, a competition seems to have emerged among some prominent countries to create autonomous and self-sustaining biospheres in inhospitable places, such as the Moon, a space station or the planet Mars, to enable permanent habitation.
    To this end, the best brains are brought together to realize the necessary developments with communal and private resources.

    These are not dream projects, but a serious attempt to facilitate life in inhospitable terrain, as is increasingly emerging on our own planet.

    In other words, people are engaged in a good way, taking into account the limitations of people as individuals and as a group. The management and future plan of our planet does not appear as such in the news reports, if only to avoid encouraging panic and speculation from lesser people.

    However important and grand as new energy technologies such as ECAT may be, they are at least but also at most an important part of a complex development towards a new world in which the relationship of dependence between humans and wild nature will have to be broken.

    After all, there is no going back.

    Grateful greetings,
    Koen

  • ernest dallafior eernie1

    Rodney,
    People talk about eliminating ICE vehicles by 2050. There are presently 1.5 billion ICE vehicles in the world today and only 4 million electric vehicles. Who would be affected the most if we eliminate the ICE cars? No doubt the poorer part of the worlds population who depend on obtaining used vehicles for their requirements. Third world countries are the prime depository of them today and manage to keep them operating well beyond their projected life span. This indicates to me that unless you junk all the ICE vehicles, they will be with us for many years after they are no longer made. Which means that fossil fuels will be required to operate them. Good luck trying to keep someone or some country from producing the fuel for this market. Let’s sock it to the poor again!
    Feedback regards.

  • Mara

    Dr Rossi:
    I think in this period you and your team are focused mainly on the presentation of the Ecat SKLed on November 25th; are you also working on the development of the SKL ?
    Mara

  • To Mr. Stringer:

    2021-05-06 10:09 Ron Stringer

    “Dear Dr. Rossi,
    “I am looking forward to the effects the e-cat will have on displacing fossil fuel use in the future. I have become somewhat (yes, only somewhat) optimistic for humanity’s future on this basis. We have shown a frightening ability to act against our own best interests!
    “Nonetheless, it will take some years for fossil fuel use to be reduced to tolerable levels, perhaps on the order of a decade? You probably have some modelling on this, but I can’t see it happening a lot sooner. During that period, if experience is a reliable teacher, governments and fossil fuel companies will do their best to extract and burn every molecule of carbon they can. Getting the most out of soon-to-be stranded assets will seem a reasonable business case.
    “Moreover, the amount of carbon in the air will continue to increase. You are familiar with the notion of “tipping points” I am sure, the point at which a system irreversibly changes from one state to another. There are several critical tipping points which we are dangerously close to, if not already past. The Amazon basin, the Arctic and Antarctic ice, the Atlantic meridional overturning currents; if any of these change states the world will face new levels of danger and suffering.
    ” …………… ”

    In my opinion, Mr. Stringer, you need to be aware that two studies have been published very recently which have added further to our knowledge of recent ice ages, and have reported: A) that 125,000 years ago, at the peak of the previous ‘interglacial’ (the peak of the melting phase of the Ice Age Cycle), arctic temperatures were higher than they are now; B) that there were trees growing on Canada’s Arctic Ocean coast line (Today, the closest trees are 400km south of that, so will have to spread north another 400 km to get there, which is likely to take at least another couple of thousand years; and C) sea levels then were more than 20 feet higher than they are today, (as of today they have risen already by more than 400 feet since the most recent peak in ice accumulation 20,000 years ago. And some people are fretting about a few more inches? )

    In believe these are facts you would do well to take into account in your assessment of the causes of rising temperatures and melting glaciers. The above data are all for 125,000 years ago, the peak of the melting phase of the previous cycle. We obviously have quite some way to go before we reach the levels of the previous cycle which you of course realize occurred 124,800 years before the start of the industrial revolution.

    At the peak – 20,000 years ago – of ice accumulation of the most recent Ice Age Cycle, where I am sitting right now was covered with 3000 feet of ice – the accumulation and compression of perhaps 50,000 feet of unmelted snow. ALL that ice had melted several thousands of years before the start of the industrial revolution. The same applies in the rest of Canada where in some places the ice accumulation was as much as 12,000 feet deep. Again, it had ALL melted multiple thousands of years before human activity could be imagined to have had any effect on global climate.

    Since the peak of the ice accumulation, 20,000 years ago, the average rate at which the ice front in eastern Canada has receded (Toronto, a location whose data I am familiar with) has been between 200 and 300 metres per year: that is ON AVERAGE. OVER 20,000 YEARS. These days most glaciers are receding at a rate 90% or 95% more slowly than that AVERAGE, at about ten metres per year. The ice front had receded 700 miles all the way north to Toronto as of 12,000 years ago, having been 5,000 feet deep there at the peak.

    These are just a few of the more prominent facts I am familiar with which indicate that the melting phase of the Ice Age Cycle has probably at least a couple more thousand years to run before the accumulation phase of the cycle starts again. And no matter how hard anyone tries to sit like King Canute, hoping to prevent further melting, it is plainly obvious it would be a waste of time. It is also clear that the West Antarctic Ice sheet melted in the last interglacial – and most probably in every one of the interglacials in the preceding approximately 19 ice age cycles before this one.

    So my prediction is that, when Mr. Rossi’s inventions have been fully distributed throughout the economy, and atmospheric CO2 levels fall, the melting cycle will continue. Why wouldn’t it? And when it does I predict people desperate to hold on to their discredited views will claim: “Ah, tipping points”. But the reality is that, if there are such tipping points they would have been triggered also in each of the previous nineteen interglacial melting cycles prior to the present one.

    If you are interested in the causes of the past 20 ice age cycles (Jupiter, precession and changes in earth’s axial tilt) you might want to Google ‘Milankovitch’. In the 1920s he was the first to elucidate the underlying cyclical factors, each with its own period, responsible for the combined cycle in accumulation and melting of ice at high latitudes. You might also want to check out the fact that, for the overwhelming majority of the past billion years, there has been no ice at either pole. Also, you might find of interest what the sediments at the bottom of the Black Sea reveal about all this, and about the date of, and causes accounting for, ‘Noah’s flood’ (hint: it had nothing at all to do with unusual rainfall) all of which factors are interrelated.

    Have fun.

    Rodney.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    Both the Ecat SKL and the Ecat SKLed can be operated either with DC or AC current.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I know that you do not want to reveal too much about the latest SKL version until an official presentation sometime next year, but can you say whether or not the SKL still requires AC input to control the reaction, or can DC input now be used to control/modulate the SKL reaction? (Prior statements indicate that the SKLed can run with only DC input, I was wondering if this was similar for the SKL as well).

    Best,
    George N

  • Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    for some applications (including greenhouse lighting) of the SKLed it could be practical and market conform to have an iOS/android app to control the functions of the SKLed remote like: on/off, choose lamps, timer for each lamp and dimming via Bluetooth and/or WLAN.

    with my best regards

    Ulrich

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    ernest dellaflor:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Chuck Davis

    @Iggy Dalrymple, The countries without oil production capability will be highly receptive to the ecat generator and I believe that the demand for ecats just in those countries alone will be greater than the manufacturing capability and the media will spread the information of the spectacular benefits of the cat along with the political pressure to try to save the environment will overcome any resistance in the oil producing countries. The presentation of the SKL will make the name ecat familiar to everyone on the planet and will usher in a new era, the ‘Rossi Era’, the genesis of the planet!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • ernest dallafior

    Dear Andrea,
    In my reading of historical events that caused mass extinctions and other disasters on our planet since life began, only one was attributed directly to atmospheric gas content. That was when CO2 fell below 120ppm and plant life was destroyed. Volcanic activity, meteorite impacts, solar emissions, axis tilt, polar flipping and orbital changes are cited. My point is, if you want to be afraid of pending disasters, CO2 abundance is likely not a factor. Enjoy life, it is a gift of nature.
    Happy regards.

  • Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    do not think about CO2. If the E-cat SKL works and is available everything will fall into place.
    No more coal, gas, petrol, diesel, fuel in the long term.
    Agriculture of the future will be vertical farming. So no one needs this amount of fields and meadows. Forest areas will be multiplied. Even city-states like Singapore will be autarkic in food and energy.
    Just get a move on with your E-cat SKL.
    Best regards
    Ernst

  • Seraphine Chabot

    @Ron Stringer,
    You bet Andrea Rossi is expert of pyrolisis: see
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Cheers
    Seraphine Chabot

  • Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mentioned to Frank Acland that it was premature to speculate whether the SKL electric generator would be available for home use. A large home SKL gen-set might meet with massive opposition from the energy establishment. Perhaps a better strategy would be to introduce a small generator suitable for powering a single essential appliance such as a fridge or freezer? Or an even more stealthy approach would be an appliance with a factory installed SKL gen-set. To assuage the “Big Energy” watchdogs it could have an electric plug to power the controller.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  • Gerard McEk

    @ Ron Stringer:
    Hi Ron,
    I hope you allow me to give my view on this too:
    I believe we should keep CO2 available for plants on this planet. Thus the best way to capture CO2 is to capture it into plants and I think the Ecat SKL is the best tool we have to do that. Let is make fresh water, e.g. by evaporating seawater, using a heating element driven by the Ecat SKL or just producing heat using the Ecat SK. Make zillions of gallons of fresh water and replant the deserts with pants and woods. That’s the way to go I believe. If at the same time large Ecat SKL plants replaces all the power stations and use the electricity to supply the industry with energy. Further we should use the Ecat SKL’s to heat and supply electricity to houses and to drive cars. When that is done, we hardly exhaust CO2 anymore, while plants take the CO2 out of the air. That should lead to a sustainable future for humanity. So let’s put Andrea Rossi to work so he supplies us with Ecats!
    Best regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    Thank you for your insight.
    We can be interested to examine applications of the kind you are suggesting.
    I too hope it is well with you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am looking forward to the effects the e-cat will have on displacing fossil fuel use in the future. I have become somewhat (yes, only somewhat) optimistic for humanity’s future on this basis. We have shown a frightening ability to act against our own best interests!
    Nonetheless, it will take some years for fossil fuel use to be reduced to tolerable levels, perhaps on the order of a decade? You probably have some modelling on this, but I can’t see it happening a lot sooner. During that period, if experience is a reliable teacher, governments and fossil fuel companies will do their best to extract and burn every molecule of carbon they can. Getting the most out of soon-to-be stranded assets will seem a reasonable business case.
    Moreover, the amount of carbon in the air will continue to increase. You are familiar with the notion of “tipping points” I am sure, the point at which a system irreversibly changes from one state to another. There are several critical tipping points which we are dangerously close to, if not already past. The Amazon basin, the Arctic and Antarctic ice, the Atlantic meridional overturning currents; if any of these change states the world will face new levels of danger and suffering.
    So, not only displacing future carbon emissions but actually removing existing carbon from the atmosphere is critical.
    Thank God that the e-cat can be hugely useful in this as well. Pyrolysis, a simple process which I am very sure you are familiar with, can be deployed quickly on a massive scale. Atmospheric carbon can be accumulated into biomass through natural processes. That biomass can then be pyrolised, isolating the carbon for use or storage in a variety of ways. Plant species which grow very quickly (and thus accumulate much atmospheric carbon) can be grown (Lemnacaea, some algaes) to augment natural sources of biomass.
    This method can be deployed cheaply and massively, as it needs very little technical development. Currently the government and industry are spending massive amounts of money and effort to capture carbon at the source of its emission. These efforts are obvious waste – first, they will take decades to develop and deploy at useful scale, and moreover, the e-cat will displace many of the carbon sources.
    Carbon capture and sequestration needs to be a near-future focus for e-cat development.
    Will you make resources available for someone wanting to develop projects for carbon capture and sequestration? Will you ensure that some of the future production of the e-cat is made available for such purposes? I think it is necessary to do so. Even the older models which produce only heat would be sufficient, and are probably essentially ready to go, if put into production.
    Thanks for your time, which I have so abused with this letter. It is not for publication on the Journal, necessarily. I would hope to be able to make a solid proposal for a CCS program on the basis of the e-cat technology soon after it is introduced (obviously an impossibility before that).
    I hope all is well with you and your family and team.
    Ron Stringer

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Premature to talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    I found this paper of Prof Anatoly Kulakov and prof V.M. Tyutyunnik that is very interesting :
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348010143_new_approach_to_the_plasma_quantum_condensate_as_a_new_state_of_matter
    Cheers
    Prof

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You confirmed that you will present the E-Cat SKL in 2022. Will this be a electricity generator that can be used in homes?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- USA and Europe, but the diffusion of the readers in all the Countries of the world has really surprised me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ines:
    No, we all are doing well and all of us have been vaccinated.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ines

    Dr Rossi,
    Has your team been harassed by the Covid so far ?
    Can you tell us how is your health ?

  • Norma

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1- do you confirm that the presentation of the Ecat SKLed will be made on November 25th 2021 ?
    2- Do you confirm that the Ecat SKL will be presented in 2022 ?
    3- Congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most read paper of the world during the last two years: do you know in which geographic area your paper got more readings ?
    Cheers
    Norma

  • Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    You are talking of the so called “grey energy”. The Ecat SKLed is the lamp with the highest existent energy efficiency: as a consequence of this fact the grey energy is proportionally less. The quantity of grey energy reduction will be easy to calculate in the real world if you will compare the Lumens/Watt ratio.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. more lamps
    2. we are working on it
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are willing to answer some questions about the greenhouse test you are performing:
    1. Are you testing it just with one lamp or are you using more lamps?
    2. Is the spectrum of the lamp(s) adjusted for optimal growth performance or the standard 5000K white light?
    It will open a huge market when it is effective, success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    We have received information that shows that modern rechargeable batteries cause large CO2 emissions during production.
    The energy that goes into charging them from e.g. coal power plants are approx. 1 kg CO2 / kWh.
    What is the emission of CO2 to produce an Ecat SKL that provides an energy amount of 1 kWh for 100,000 hours?
    Such a number will be of great importance in connection with finding the right mix of the size of SKL and the batteries.
    Regards,
    Svein. H. Vormedal.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Wagner:
    Good point. I am not able to answer, but, as an experimentalist, as I fundamentally am, I will make also indoor tests and see what happens.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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