United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

 

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31,138 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. It will be unlikely that the pre-orders for the SKLed will exceed the 1M as long as people can’t be sure the extraordinary lamp it true. If there were a customer willing to pre-order 1Million SKLed’s, but would require some serious tests to verify the miraculous claims, would you be willing to do that under NDA? This would allow you to start production in relatively short terms.
    2. You told us a while ago that you were testing your lamp in a grow house. Were, are these tests successful?
    3. Any major progress with the Ecat SKL yet?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Is it your current thinking that the E-Cat SKL could produce enough electric power that it would not be necessary to produce an E-Cat that makes only heat? In other words, do you see conventional electric heaters being powered in the future by one or more E-Cat SKL modules?

    Wishing you continued good luck with your R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  • Dear Andrea,
    I see that possible positive COP plasma devices are supposedly scheduled to be marketed in the near future by a few sources. An old saying that is brought to my mind is” the most value in a new product is generated not by the best but by which is introduced first”.
    Have you considered this?
    Wary regards.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because it shows from an indisputably independent top level phisicist how many crucial weak-points are in the standard model of the mainstream. It invites us to make “epochè”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Neal Chaves:
    We do not put any fan, just passive sinks. The heat produced is irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dr. Rossi,

    How much heat is produced by the SKled at full output? With conventional high output LEDs fan cooling is required.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain why you call this video, “The Muon Anomaly and Quantum Electrodynamics” by Dr. Alexander Unzicker (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvz4MRpq6xs) a “gold standard”?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    George:
    We will consider this possibility,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. I agree on the fact that the video of Unzickers is very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the link in your response to Prof, a very interesting YouTube video by Unzicker’s Real Physics – “The Muon Anomaly and Quantum Electrodynamics”, the video highlighting Oliver Consa’s historical detective work in his papers – “Something is Rotten in the State of QED” and “The Unpublished Feynman Diagram IIc”.

    To understand how we got to where we are today in physics it is worth reading up on the history, the arguments, the disagreements, how experimental results were interpreted to fit the theory of the time only for the theory to be later found inaccurate and replaced by a more popular and divergent theory, theories being created to fit experimental results of the day, and experimental results being viewed and interpreted through the constraints of the prevailing theories of the day. Because it’s a history that spans over the last hundred years nobody questions how we got to where we are, all very interesting.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Chuck Davis

    Gene Quong, That is probably how the martians depleted their water supply!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  • George

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    When you will reach the target of sales that will allow you to start the deliveries of the Ecat SKLed will you also start the sales of the Ecat SK and SKL ?
    Best,
    George

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    More than fifty thousand hours of experiments, work, study and interactions with my Team and consultants, have generated a dramatic evolution.
    The matured theoretical system is here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the quantum tunneling effect still the underlying theory (Rossi and Norman Cook) behind the harvesting of energy from your newest designs with the SKLED et al?

    Thank you for your dedication to research and the skled et al.

    Sincerely,

    Thomas Conover

    ——–

    http://experimentalmath.info/blog/2015/10/interview-with-andrea-rossi-lenr-energy-pioneer/

    Interview with Rossi
    1. What originally inspired you to investigate low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) energy, and to pursue it for many years?

    AR: I have actually been working in the field of alternative energies since I was 20 years old, mainly because I was very shocked at the first oil crisis following the Yom Kippur war in 1973. So I vowed to work with the aim of making oil less necessary. I was fascinated by the Fleischmann-Pons work in 1989, and ever since then I have been trying to make something useful with LENR.

    In 1990, after the Fleischmann-Pons demonstrations, I tried my own experiments in my factory at Milan, Italy (where I was developing means to derive energy from organic wastes). I did not have any success in replicating the Fleischmann-Pons experiment, but I was totally fascinated from the idea, so I tried other systems to achieve a similar effect. I think that the real importance (and merit) of the F&P experiments has been the idea to make energy from nuclear effects by means of quantum tunneling.

    2. What are your primary motivations at the present time? Providing low-cost energy? Stopping global warming? Others?

    AR: My primary motivation at the present time is to provide low-cost energy that is able to help resolve environmental problems. Initially, however, the main “social” reasons to pursue this work were not related to global warming, because this issue has been raised only recently (although it surely concerns me and is an added reason to pursue this work), but instead was to search for a cheap energy source that hit two targets with one bullet: cheaper energy and reduced global pollution (since the use of traditional fuels is the source of most of the global pollution induced by human activities). This has been the philosophical motivation of my work.

    3. Many scientists, when told of your work, are very skeptical that you have developed a new source of clean nuclear energy. What would you offer as the primary scientific evidence that it is truly working?

    AR: Maybe they are right! My own view is that the only way, in the end, to convince people that my technology really works is to produce products that can be bought off the shelf. As long as a product is not on the real market, anyone can say whatever he or she wants and gain credibility. In my view, facts speak much louder and clearer than words. If I tell you that man can fly, we can discuss the possibility ad infinitum, with positivists and negativists producing much sophistry. But if I can show you a working airplane, the discussion is over. So this has been my approach — produce a commercial product.

    4. What do you believe is the best theoretical explanation?

    AR: My theory is that a proton from a hydrogen atom enters, by the quantum tunneling effect, into a nucleus of Li-7 (i.e., a lithium nucleus of atomic weight 7), forming a nucleus of Be-8 (i.e., a beryllium nucleus of atomic weight 8), which then decays in a few seconds into two alpha particles (helium nuclei), accompanied with the release of significant nuclear energy. See the paper by Norman Cook and myself, On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat. The isotopic shifts have been experimentally measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) — see the Lugano experiment report.

    The shift of the lithium isotopes has been reconciled with our understanding of the process, although the shift of the nickel isotopes has not (and I think that there is a problem with the small amount of the sample — only 2 mg out of an initial fuel charge of 1 gram). More analysis is underway. The reactions we assume for nickel and lithium are explained in the Cook-Rossi paper mentioned above. What I can say more is that lithium plays a primary role, with nickel acting mostly a catalyst. The overall mechanism is described in the patent granted to us by the U.S. patent office.

  • Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of May 25th 2021:
    California takes steps to scale up power generation market for hydrogen,
    Rod Walton

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gene Quong:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for the repost and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I do not understand your question.
    You can talk with us when you want, writing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- yes
    2- not necessarily
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    Sorry, I am not going to give further information about these issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Stephen Swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi

    I thank you for the previous clarification.

    So the power consumption of 4watts is by the Ecat itself and the controller.

    The Ecat then supplies power to the LED, is that in a separate circuit?

    ie,
    Ecat-> LED-> Ecat (basically SSM with a nominal boost from the controller when required for consistent quality ?)
    or
    Ecat-> LED-> Controller-> Ecat (basically SSM with a nominal boost from the controller when required for consistent quality?)

    Forgive if my question and assumption is totally wrong.

    My initial point of interest was how much power the Ecat is supplying to the led to produce the 10,000 lumens, without excess heat.

    I appreciate any answers

    regards

  • Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Guessing you need to improve the AI to produce a continuous SSM. Or at the very least minimize the non SSM time.
    Am I right?

    Would it be accurate to say the SKL needs to be operated in stable full SSM to be ready to power an inductive load?

    I’m obviously just guessing here beings we don’t have all the pieces to the puzzle.

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  • Dear Dr Rossi
    Do you think it would be possible to use the LED’s in other products or can I talk to you about it.

  • Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Repost due to link error
    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL”.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html

    In addition to the light spectrum experiments noted by Tom as related to the SKLed, I also saw the Ultrafast switching as possibly a way to increase efficiency in the Ecat SKL. Not necessarily using the exact method proposed, but possibly a small femtosecond laser, or the already existing light source of the plasma.

  • Gene Quong

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_U_ixFO8uw

    This youtube video is very interesting. Proton Technologies should be able to produce H2 as $0.10 per kg.

    A possible application of the E-Cat SKL would be a vertical integrated fuel cell vehicle such as the Toyota Miara where it is used to split water into H2 and Oxygen to replenish the H2 tanks. H2 can be stored in a metal hydride tank at a few atmospheres pressure.

    https://www.fuelcellstore.com/hydrogen-equipment/hydrogen-storage/metal-hydrides

    The only fuel needed to run a E-Cat vehicle would be filtered water. The only emission would be clean water.

    Major cost reductions in fuel cells can be achieved by using Cobalt as a catalyst versus very expensive Platinum.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I suggest you to read this very interesting video, I totally agree with:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvz4MRpq6xs
    It’s gold standard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    The answer to this question is confidential.
    When a company able to buy bulk quantities of Ecat SKLed units contacts us we have a specific procedure. Your supposition is correct, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    I think the link is wrong, please check.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think of the hypethesized fifth force pseudo-discovered by detection of muons at the fermilab of Chicago ?
    Prof

  • Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems likely that for SKLed orders to reach the one million level, a significant number of orders will have to come from commercial enterprises (i.e. businesses). Traditionally, Such businesses are not likely to place large orders unless/until they have been able to examine and test samples/prototypes.

    1) Will SKLed samples be made available to firms contemplating large orders?
    2) If the answer to #1 is yes, when could such samples be available?

    Thanks as always for your kindness in responding.

    Bill Conley

  • Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html”

    In addition to the light spectrum experiments noted by Tom as related to the SKLed, I also saw the Ultrafast switching as possibly a way to increase efficiency in the Ecat SKL. Not necessarily using the exact method proposed, but possibly a small laser, or the already existing light source of the plasma.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Aillas Troice:
    1) yes
    2) yes
    Thank you for your kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    The ambient T operational window is between -20 and + 60 °C (-4 and +140 °F).
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • GEORGE PRAZAK

    WHAT ARE APPROXIMATE MAXIMUM AND MININUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURES THE SKLED WILL FUNCTION WITHIN?WOULDTHIS
    ALSO INCLUDE THE SKL?WOULD STARTUPTEMPS.BE PROBLEMATIC
    ONLY?
    THE WORLD IS AT YOUR THRESHOLD.MAY YHE GOOD LORD BLESS
    YOU AND YOUR DEDICATED TEAM.

  • Aillas Troice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1) Would it be fair to say that even when SKL is not working in SSM, it produces far more energy than it consumes except for the brief startup period?

    2) If the answer to the question above is Yes, would it be fair to say that whether or not SKL is working in SSM is irrelevant for practical purposes because SKL can always supply enough energy to sustain its own operation, even if a battery is needed as a buffer, as a safety measure and a startup energy source?

    Thank you for keeping this community so well informed of your progress. It is truly inspiring.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    The patent of Paulo and Alexander Correa are in the list of the ones we want to replicate. Surely it is of strong interest and it is cited as reference 13 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mary Grace:
    Premature. I am optimist within 2022, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ralph:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Pol Dekyvere

    Hi Andrea,
    herewith a text I copied from “Paulo and Alexandra CORREA PAGD (Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharges).

    One day Barbara, my wife, and I witnessed a demonstration by ” Paulo and Alexandra Correa of ​​this ‘ether engine’ – it was an electrical generating system that could provide electrical power without any external power supply, except for the connections to two ‘orgone’. accumulators’. ‘boxes or to our insulated bodies or an earth line. Since the device was moving a motor and driving a circuit, it had to consume some power; this seems to be provided by the environment. The event took place with an incredible calmness – no explosion, not even a sound, no sudden heat, no bright light, just the silent pulsation of a discharge tube and the gentle spinning of a small rotor. Apart from the motor being driven by contact with our body, the effect was almost disappointingly banal. It hasn’t always been that way. There were times during the evolution of these discoveries when accidental electrical discharges threatened the lives of our intrepid couple. Fortunately, these accidents never deterred them. ”

    If I were to build this device, I would replace the small rotor, which I think is a fast, speed-controlled switch, with an electronic circuit that does the same.
    Do you think this is a good idea?

    I am confident you will be victorious!
    Regards,
    Pol

  • Ralph

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1- Have you been able to reach an ssm using the SKL operated by the A.I. ?
    2- Is it ready for the market ?
    Ralph

  • Mary Grace

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think you will reach your sales target for the Ecat SKLed by this year ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html” …

    I enjoyed reading that the experimentation was able to be adjusted so as to
    allow the creation of any color of light desired for output.

    Warm Regards,

    Tom

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gene Quong:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Thank you for the links and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Not sure if this applies to the work you are doing, however when I read it, I immediately thought about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html

  • Dear Andrea,

    You have said that the E-Cat SKL is suitable for resistive loads such as LEDs and batteries.

    But that there are problems right now for the E-Cat SKL, with inductive loads, as induction motors?

    Does the same problem apply to the E-Cat SKL, with capacitive loads as a capacitor?

    Since you are interested in plasma, I have made my own link page about plasma technology, especially with plasma as an energy source:

    http://gratisenergi.se/plasma.htm

    The link “List of plasma physics articles” may be extra interesting for you?

    Best Wishes, Hermes

  • Gene Quong

    https://globalnews.ca/news/7104460/proton-hydrogen-saskatchewan/

    Eventually, Proton said it plans to build a 500 tonne per day hydrogen facility, with the anticipated cost of hydrogen gas (H2) at 10 cents a kilogram.

    What would the costs of producing H2 with the Ecat SKL?

    Gene

  • Andrea Rossi

    Colby:
    You mean “Zitterbewegung Modeling” of David Hestenes. That is for sure an important publication at the base of our hypothesized theoretical system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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