United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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37,135 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    +/- 1 V, but with a good and certified rectifier the ripple derived from the conversion of AC into DC should not be an issue,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dan Woodward

    I have preordered one miniSKLep with DC in and DC out. (have also preordered a 100 watt version). For the miniSKLep, I will construct a rectifier to filter the output of my transformer to achieve ten volts. What is the maximum ripple that the miniSKLep can tolerate?

    Dan Woodward

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve Albers:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Greetings Andrea,

    Nice to see you are reaching out to Elon Musk on your Twitter page. I wonder if you might also contact Tesla via their contact page and invite their technicians to visit you and see the E-cat in action? Here is their contact website.

    https://www.tesla.com/contact

    Best wishes,

    Steve

  • Andrea Rossi

    Daviid- UK:
    You are over and over estimating us, but we are grateful to you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Rod Carbuncal:
    Good point !
    Sunday November 20 around 11 A.M. Rome time we connected in series a Multimeter Peak-Tech 3430 to the circuit to know exactly the fourth decimal of the Ampères, because, as you see, the UPS arrives only to the third decimal. The Peak-Tech is probably the most precise multimeter of the world in commerce and in the microAmperes scale has a resolution +/-1%, so it arrives to the sixth decimal with very high precision.
    The multimeter has worked for some minute. The operation of connect and disconnect the multimeter has taken 2 seconds. During this operation the cable and the lamp have been slightly moved. We will make the same operation on December 5 at 11:30 Rome Time
    The streaming, obviously, has never been stopped.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Good insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jean Pierre

    Dear Andrea. Electrical charging cables running along the ground to an EV from peoples’ houses or other buildings present a possible trip hazard for pedestrians. They would also be unsightly were there to be many of them in one small or inconvenient area. Outside parking is very common in many places these days and also necessary in some cases.

    Provided the EV had a special device that would be capable of receiving EM radiation and delivering charging current to the batteries within the EV, do you think that the following situation would be practicable?

    My house has its garage attached to its gable end and has a grid-connected 13A 240 V a.c. socket just inside of the garage doors. A short, concrete and level driveway is immediately outside these doors.

    If a suitable number of SKLeps had their inputs correctly connected to this socket, and an underground cable from their output were to pass just under the concrete driveway and terminate at a recessed and waterproofed inductive device in the center of the driveway and under the EV, can you see any problems that would make for an impracticable solution for tidy charging of an EV using the SKLeps?

    The EV receiver should be right over the inductive transmitter. I would carve out two,short shallow, concave depressions where the car wheels should be for maximum energy transfer. Just drive into them.

    I wish to buy a 100% EV . I do not use my existing ICE car every day, so charging time for an EV is pretty irrelevant. At my age this would be my last car and so the depressions in the concrete would never need changing. Also the car normally lives outside the garage.

    This idea could be incorporated into the streets close to the curb outside of long rows of terraced houses and fed from a local , suitably -powered, central bank of SKLs connected to a grid position. The tripping and unsightly problems would be eliminated, and local authorities would be used to set it all up. Correctly positioning the vehicles in this case would need some more thought,however.

    All the best. Jean Pierre

  • Rod Carbuncal

    Hey there, Roddy here.
    Just seen a post on LENR forum. It shows that the SKLep has moved in the video and leads are connected at different angle.
    Please explain,
    Thx,
    Rod

  • Daviid - UK

    Dear Andrea, it appears that Albert Eistein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 and actually presented with the award in the year 1922. It would be fitting and appropriate if this same Nobel prize was in the near future awarded to yourself, and curiously unjust if it was not.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Riccardo Pompili:
    It depends on many factors, but still this is a useful suggestion.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your suggestion, I passed it on to the IT guy,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,
    I suggest to insert some words such as “Peak” that explains away the ambiguity between the given power spec and the product of the current and voltage specs, to improve the product sheet, although in other respects it is already good.

    regards, /pekka

  • riccardo pompili

    dear Andrea,

    It’s impressive to see how far did you get with your e-cat project, I’m following you since 2009… you did great.
    I’ve already place my order and, as many others your followers, I’d really have liked the idea of having my own energy from the e-cat off grid but I understand that so far it is not possible to have it. However, I came to believe this is not a bad news… a form of portable energy that can “feed” itself without any connection with the universe hardware could be misused in scary applications; beside the fact that it seems contradicting,in my my understanding, the harmonious view of the creation as a wed of infinite interconnection.
    Leaving aside my naive speculations and coming back to the grid connection issue, I’d like to suggest a way to partially overcome this problem without contradicting the principle of “interconnection”: I imagine a micro grid that can serve 20 or more houses powered by an Hydrogen cell generator, with ground connection, to supply the “background” energy necessary (how much should this be assuming the 20 houses consumes 30 KW a day each?) to make the domestic sklep ecats works; and another generator powered by the e-cat to produce the hydrogen fuel needed to make the grid run.
    Could this setting works and be economically viable?

    with much admiration

    Riccardo

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stats detailed update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    My answer stays,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since there is interest in electric cars and now electric trucks, you may have already considered the idea of Electric Vehicle recharging stations.

    Recharging Electric Vehicles (Cars, Trucks, Buses, Emergency Vehicles) seems like a possible application for multiple Kilowatt SKLeps.

    The electrical output of a set of multi-kW SKLeps can be used to maintain a bank of Batteries as well as supply a percentage of power ‘directly’ to recharge electrical vehicles.

    https://www.seattletimes.com/business/electric-truck-stops-will-need-as-much-power-as-a-small-town/

    The design of an prototype recharging station, as the saying goes, is “Just Engineering”.

    Nevertheless, it seems like a good solution to the problem of how to recharge electric vehicles.

    Joseph Fine

  • >0.2 W is not 2 times higher than 10 W indeed !

    0.2 W is 2 times higher than 10W/COP=10W/100=0.1 W, is what I meant.

    r:/pekka

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats of your publications on Researchgate I found right now on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 121000 ( higher than the 99% of all the publications of Researchgate
    Recommendations: 8261
    Citations + Mentions: 56
    Research Interest Score: 2153 ( higher than 99% of Researchgate 15 million publications )
    Most Readers Geographic Areas: USA, EUROPE
    Most Readers Institutions: Universities
    Most Readers Disciplines: Theoretical Physics, Electronic Engineering, Artificial Intelligence
    Most Readers Seniority: Post Doc, Professors, PhD Students, Senior
    And counting…
    Best,
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    6
    I prefer not to answer in positive or in negative to all the other points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    0.2 W is not 2 times higher than 10 W indeed !
    0-0.2 are the limits of an integral.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,
    In the data sheet you have:

    “Operational Input Power Pin 0-0.2 W”

    The upper limit (200 mW) is 16 times higher than the product of the max input current (1 mA) and nominal input voltage (12 V). It is also 2 times higher than the output power (10 W) divided by the minimum promised COP of 100. Does the 0.2 W represent a peak value? If yes, I suggest writing “Operational Input Peak Power” in the datasheet, so that the potential buyer does not wonder why the power is not equal to the product of the current and voltage.

    regards, /pekka

  • Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    what is the reason for the necessity of a grid connection to operate the SKLep?

    1) Regulatory in terms of licensing and certification.
    2) Technical reason
    3) Contractual reason
    4) Operational reason (control, service, optimisation)
    5) Several of the reasons 1 to 4
    6) Confidential

    If it is confidential, you could exclude one of the reasons as a small hint 🙂 ?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve Albers:
    The instrumentation for the measurements is the same we use for the input, the output is described in the datasheet you can find here:
    http://www.ecatthenewfire.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the reason that the mini-SKLep is a circular shape is because the active area which converts Zero Quantum Energy to electrical energy is circular?

  • Greetings Andrea,

    Thanks for all the recent information on the SkLep. I wonder if I could ask about the output measurements for either a single or multiple SKLeps. Can you say what instruments were used and anything about voltage, current, or load resistance?

    Take care,

    Steve

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Julian:
    We use a certified multimeter Peak Tech 3430 that has a high precision to the single microAmpère if the uA gate is chosen. The complete measurement is
    A = 0.000255 V= 10.0000 and it is stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Julian

    Dr Rossi,
    Which instruments did you use to measure the microAmperes of current consumed by the Ecat SKLep shown in the live stream we can watch on
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    In the display of the PSU we can read 0.000 A, but we cannot see the following decimals.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Julian

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    today the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    reached the stunning number of
    Total Readings 111000
    With this number this paper has more readings that the 99% of the 15 millions papers published on Researchgate.
    And counting…
    Prof

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Jean Paul Renoir,

    In the major US cities, Tesla charging sites are almost always busy, so the utilization is very high. Along major roadways and smaller cities, the demand is infrequent.

    The capacity at the Tesla V3 Supercharger is 250 kW. At $2.5 USD/W, that suggests a minimal cost of $625,000 USD per charging column. At that cost, it makes sense to only outfit the high-demand stations.

    The alternative is to add SKLep-based Baseload electrical power generation systems (or replace old fossil fuel burning stations) with Gigawatt capacity power generation plants. The Baseload plants run continuously, 24/7 for months, although there is a transmission loss to the end user. They too must detect and synchronize to the Grid power.

    Bottomline: SKLep technology, IMHO, should be first used where the demand is continuous with a constant load unless AR can drastically reduce the cost of the SKLep units. If the application is not a continuous, constant load application, then a Controller is needed.

  • Mez

    Dr Rossi
    Is the reason that the miniSKLep is a circular shape at the moment because you first fitted the SKLep inside the SKLed?
    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regards
    Mez

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    This is a very interesting idea,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo Bardelli:
    Thank you for trying to help us, but, unfortunately, the answer is no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Caro Dr. Rossi,
    Posso chiedere se hai risolto il problema della massa che ti preclude il funzionamento a batteria?
    Se c’e ancora questo vincolo di rete, la massa è collegata solo al circuito covertitore che alimenta l’ E-Cat o tutte e due.
    Con una efficiente massa e una batteria , l’E-Cat funziona?
    English synopsis:
    connecting an efficient mass to the battery can the Ecat work ?
    Saluti
    erosb

  • Jean Paul Renoir

    Dr Rossi,
    The columns that recharge the electric cars draw the current from the grid: do you think the Ecat SKLep’s assemblies coud be connected in series between the grid and those columns ?
    JPR

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    With respect to the form-factor of the MiniSKLep, just a few thoughts:

    1) If the form-factor (shape) of the device is rectangular and the connection pads are all on one side of the device, then the device can be added and removed from a slotted carrier relatively easily. (Do an image search (google or bing) on “NB-10L Battery” to see a similar form-factor with multiple connection pads.)

    2) If the slotted carrier has integral bypass diodes, then removing and reinserting MiniSKLeps can occur in a live system with minor perturbation of the output power of the entire assembly.

    3) If the contact pads are all on one side then an LED (on the opposite side) can indicate the fault/no-fault status of the device.

    4) The devices could be inserted and removed similar to the way camera batteries are inserted and removed. This makes removal and replacement a simple one-handed operation that takes only a few seconds.

    5) Also since, unlike batteries, the SKLeps are unlikely to all fail at roughly the same time, it’s desirable to be able to replace single SKLeps in a live system rather than a large stack of SKLeps in a system that needs to be shut off.

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. I confirm my former answer to your comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In response to the question on Status Indicators, you posted:
    “The troubleshooting will be described in the manual and obviously it will be differentiated along the complexity of the assembly.”

    Interpreting what you posted – I believe you are stating that the more complex available assemblies (100W SKLep; 2kW SKLep units) will have status indicators (test points, visual indicators, etc.) while the Mini-SKLep will not have them.

    For users buying individual Mini-SKLep units, the user will be responsible for status indicators, if any.

    Is this an accurate statement of your intention?

    If the above is a correct statement, for example, given a chain of 10 Mini-SKLep units, all tied in parallel to an output buss, then to have individual Status Indicators for each Mini-SKLep – tie each output to an LED indicator, with diode isolation with the output buss?

    This is a lot of work and complexity, which might be better handled within the Mini-SKLep, given that you have a Controller unit within the Mini-SKLep. A simple tri-color LED indicator would be very valuable to have in the Mini-SKLep design.

    Even in more complex units (100W and 2kW) troubleshooting which Mini-SKLep has failed (or has not failed) would be greatly aided by individual Mini-SKLep status indicators.

    This is an area often overlooked by designers. Logistics support, too often, is added later after user complaints force a design change. It is more cost effective to make the change now.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are right, this is an important issue.
    The troubleshooting will be described in the manual and obviously it will be differentiated along the complexity of the assembly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    If one is using an application of multiple Mini-SKLep units (series or parallel), how does one detect when a particular Mini-SKLep has failed?

    1. Will there be a visual indicator (e.g., an LED) that shows correct operation?
    2. Will there be a colored LED that would indicate power applied, correct operation, failed operation?
    3. Will there be test points (other than cabling)?

    Troubleshooting can be quite a problem if you have dozens, or hundreds of Mini-SKLep units interconnected – think of the old serial Christmas tree lights that one had to replace one bulb at a time to find the bad bulb.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jordan:
    Just look at the cover of that book: it is not just a cover, it is an image that contains the key point of the book: look at it carefully ( I mean: study the image and the logic of it ) and read the paragraph 4 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Reagrds,
    A.R.

  • Jordan

    Dr Rossi:
    I bought the book “Unified Field Theory and Occam’s Razor” of Andras Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Paul O’Hara, Francesco Celani, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso ( World Scientific- 2022) and I think this publication is very important.
    Do you think there is something in agreement with the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    All the best,
    Jordan

  • Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for the information and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Dimensions and weight can be changed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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