United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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40,649 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Engineer48

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Will the SKLep grid or SSM have some form of wireless control system? Such as WiFi or BlueTooth to allow various operational parameters to be easily adjusted via our phones?

    If there is no current wireless comms, maybe have a think about adding it in future versions? As these chips are less than $0.20 in large quantities, there would be little impact on the cost vs the ability to easily control and tailor many operational parameters.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Recall my application proposes to use three 100W SKLep-SSM units which are tied in series to produce 36VDC at 300W to drive an Enphase IQ7A micro-inverter. My testing with prototype substitute power supplies (for the yet to be provided SKLep units) show that the IQ7A can output a maximum of 357W of AC power (it has a 97% conversion efficiency).

    1. May I assume that each 100W SKLep-SSM unit will lower its output voltage to maintain a maximum output of 100W? Or will the unit shutdown?

    2. Using the new SKLep-SSM devices to create the 100W SKLep-SSM version, can you tell me the external dimensions of the 100W unit (still 7cm x 7cm x 9cm)?

  • Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    The power and schematic of the Ecats assembly, obviously, must be contingent with the kind of load you want to connect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • DrLG

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Let me rephrase my question since I did not word it well….I was making a conclusion, not rephrasing something you posted.

    I conclude from your posts that if you connect a battery that is in a low charge state to the ECAT SSM, the ECAT will not charge the battery since the current draw will be too large and the ECAT will turn off, even with the output level of the ECAT set to the nominal value of the battery voltage.

    Is this true?

    Regards
    LarryG

  • Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    I did not say that a battery cannot be recharged by the Ecat SKLep SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    It turns on automatically when you connect the load, like a battery,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr. Rossi
    I asked chatGPT to ask you a question that I submit.

    What are your future plans to develop the commercialization of your invention?

    Can you clarify for me that the latest version of your invention does not have an on/off button and it is always on.
    All my support for your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele Bongo

  • DrLG

    Dear Dr. Rossi.

    A battery is a time dependent load during charging…when fully discharged, the battery can have extremely low impedence, accepting a large current. As it approaches full charge, the charging current drops.

    Please confirm my understanding of your recent post that you cannot charge a battery directly from the ECAT SSM. Eg to charge a 5V nominal battery, set the voltage to 5V, and connect the battery. But the effective load will be too small, and the ECAT will switch off.

    Best Regards
    LarryG

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    1. yes, and A will be = 1
    2. yes, and A will be = 0.6
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    senpai:
    1- the Clients will know that they cannot overcharge; if not when they will connect another overload, again the Ecat will turn off: when it is turned off he cannot know the intentions of the Client: we have not been yet able to make our A.I. clairvoyant…
    2- no
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • senpai

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    you wrote to Ulrich Kranz:
    >>The Ecat returns in operation automatically as soon as a proper load is connected.

    1) How does the Ecat sense/recognize/measure that a proper load is connected when it is switched off?
    2) If it uses some of its own power, would that count into the assumed 100.000h of operation time?

    Thanks!

  • Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    I am really excited about the new SSM unit – hope to get my hands on one really soon!
    Couple of questions:
    1. a load of 10 ohm resistor would cause the voltage to drop to 10V and deliver 10 watt
    2. a load of 20 ohm resistor would keep voltage at 12V and deliver 7.2 watt
    regards
    Greg Leonard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    It uses radioactive materials to exploit the energy from the emitted radiations: looks quite dangerous,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Rossi
    Do you know about patent GB 763 062 Harold Colman and Ronald Seddon-Gilespie from year 1956 ?

    Warm Regards J.Š.

  • CC

    It is interesting to compare the efficiency and the related costs between the Ecat SKLep SSM and the best available solar panels: a solar panel with a power of 6 kW generates an yearly average of 0.9 kWh/h of energy, in a geographic area with a normal metheorological situation, like, for example, New York, Paris, Rome, Tokyo (source: PGIS, Photovoltaic Geographical Information System)
    CC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gavino Mamia

    Dr. Rossi,
    Will the future Ecat SSM live stream have two shots like the already online version?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    The Ecat returns in operation automatically as soon as a proper load is connected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the release of the SKLep SSM 12V-10W datasheet which I hope will result in many pre-orders.

    The Mini SKLep starts when a load is measured that is no more than 10 watts.

    If the 10 watts are exceeded, the Mini SKLep switches off.

    When the load is below 10 watts again.

    A. The Mini SKLep stays off?
    B. The Mini SKLep cannot be restarted automatically?
    C. What needs to be done to start it again?
    D. The Mini SKLep restarts?

    Best regards

    Ulrich

  • Andrea Rossi

    Claudio Rossi:
    We assume that the persons that ordered small amounts of units ( up to several hundreds ) will confirm the orders, while the individuals or companies that made orders for big amounts have been contacted and vetted; when we discovered that a person or a company does not have the necessary bases, we put them out of the list we consider reasonably granted. This must not mean we cancelled their pre-orders: this just means that we do not count on them to reach the target, therefore if, as we expect, when we will ask them to put the amount due in an escrow account they will cancel the order, they will not affect the patrimony of the 1 million units pre-ordered that we have counted upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    To copy is less difficult than to invent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Loisi Lopez:
    Thank you for your kind answer, and same wishes to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Simon:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. by default, yes
    4. n.a.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Senpai:
    a- no, it just turns off
    b- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for you answer about the maximum current limit, which I now understand would be 10 Amps @ 1 Volt output.
    1. What I assume is that in case we connect a load that would lead to a current in excess of 10 Amp at 1 Volt output, that this would lead to a switch-off because of overcurrent. Is that right?
    2. Can you also tell us what the minimum load must be, or does the SKLep always supply 12 Volt, also when no load is connected to it like a charged battery?
    Anyway, these and and the other values are interesting properties. I can’t wait to apply SKLep’s I ordered.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • senpai

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    the SSM datasheet states
    1) The cell is switched ON when connected to an allowed load Rload. Reaction Time from OFF to ON is < 1 s.
    2) Iout = Vout /Rload .The cell is switched OFF when Rload is disconnected or Ioad exceeds Max Operational Power

    a) Doesn't that mean if I connect a 15W light bulb to a 10W SKLep-SSM that the light and/or the Ecat will continuously switch on and off?
    b) Wouldn't it be better from a user perspective if the power would then be limited to the max. allowed power instead of switching off?

    Thanks for your insights and all the best to you.

  • Simon

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I have several questions concerning how you handle existing orders in context of SSM developments:

    1. Is the grid connected Sklep still a thing, when there is the SSM version?
    2. Is the price tag going to be the same for the SSM version?
    3. Are existing orders automatically transformed into SSM orders?
    4. If 3 is a no – how do you as a customer transform the order into an SSM order?

    Thanks a lot and best regards,
    Simon

  • Alfonso David Troisi López

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I appreciate you taking the time to answer. I don’t have to agree with your strategy but I appreciate very much that you have one. Your work is of huge importance for the world and you will be able to deliver it will mean (to me, of course) that the world has progressed enough to be able to use a clean and friendly source of energy.

    Best wishes to you and your family, your colleagues, and the readers of this world

    Alfonso Troisi López

  • Lib

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In a recent article on Nature, it is reported that in the last decades the number of scholarly articles has skyrocketed, whilst the number of disruptive discoveries has plummeted.

    What is your opinion about this?

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-04577-5

  • DrLG

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Further to Gerard McEk’s question regarding output current for the SSM
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=892&cpage=759#comment-1625882

    Background
    ============
    From Data sheet:
    Output Voltage Vout……………. 1-12 V DC +- 1% (ON), 0 V (OFF)
    Max Operational Power ………….. 10 W
    Operational Current 2) Iout ………Function of Vout

    2) Iout = Vout /Rload .The cell is switched OFF when Rload is disconnected or load exceeds Max Operational Power.

    You have confirmed that at 12V output the max current is “0.8333 ( three periodic )”
    =================
    REQUEST:
    Can you also confirm my understanding/interpretation of the specs that at 1V output, the max current is 10.0 amps?

    Best Regards,
    LarryG

  • Claudio Rossi

    Dear Andrea for a lot of reasons that you mentioned in a recent answer, you have decided that all is tied to the goal of one million E-cat pre-ordered.
    Should this goal be reached (and time passing shows that it’s not so easy) what could guarantee that a part of the orders received wouldn’t be cancelled at the moment of paying and confirm?
    In such a case, to avoid changes in the unit price, more time will pass in a sort of back and forth waiting for reaching one million orders confirmed and paid?
    Or how you think to go on?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you, I appreciate your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Friedrich:
    Soon,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Maxwell:
    We are working on it,
    Peace and Blessings likewise to you and your family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Miriam:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    The link will be put also here:
    http://www.ecatorders.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1- yes
    2B- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Miriam

    I read the datasheet of the SSM: fantastic.
    I can’t wait to watch the live streaming of this masterpiece. Where will I find the link to it ?
    Cheers
    Miriam

  • Robert Maxwell

    HI DR Rossi
    I remember some talking about a eCat the size of D type battery. If you could make one the size and shape of AA battery with the same voltage and amperage capability. This could be a drop in replacement for the AA battery.

    Peace and Blessings to you and your team.

    Robert Maxwell

  • Friedrich

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    could you already publish the planned start of the ecat SSM live stream?
    Best regards
    Friedrich

  • Dear Andrea,
    The SSM datasheet looks good. Congratulations for reaching this milestone.
    Best regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Troisi Lopez:
    We are organizing a marketing action that will start the same day of the start of the Ecat SKLep SSM live streaming, but it will be necessarily limited from the fact that we will start manufacturing and delivering only after we will receive pre-orders for at least 1 million units: we cannot make pressing by means of a strong marketing action until we will not be ready to deliver.
    Why we will need to reach orders for at least 1 million units ? For the following issues:
    1- we need to reach the guarantee to have the financial structure to manufacture the Ecats with the necessary economy scale to have a competitive price
    2- we received from all the world thousands of pre-orders whose aim is only to make reverse engineering, and we need to have the financial force to
    compete and to defend in Court our patents. As soon as we will start delivering, will immediately start the reverse engineering process
    3- to be effective, a worldwide marketing pressing needs huge investments
    4- to think that if we start delivering, then we will reach just like that 1 million units, is quite naif: the sole thing which will reach huge numbers
    of enthusiasts is reverse engineering, especially in Countries wherein the patents grant the same protection of an umbrella under the Niagara Falls. All this will not help serious investors to sustain this technology, also for the risk that this technology could be, in this case, discredited from commercial, technological and safety-related shortcomings and/or fraud.
    To copy an Ecat is not difficult, to sell it is easy, to make it safe, technologically perfect and so robust under any point of view, so to avoid to be destroyed from the many enemies that such products will unavoidably have, is very, very difficult.
    We are spending a lot of our money to reach our target, without getting cash, and I assure you it is not funny. But it is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi

    Thanks for bringing the Mini Sklep SSM datasheet forward, we look forward to streaming 24/7.

    some questions if I may about the Mini Sklep SSM:

    1) Do you confirm that the output voltage can be set from a minimum of 1V to a maximum of 12V DC?

    2A) If yes at point 1), is there a trimmer on the Mini Sklep SSM to do this?

    2B) If not, does the Mini Sklep have an internal regulator that automatically reduces the output voltage to stay within the maximum 10W output?

    3) Do you confirm that the Mini SKlep switches on as soon as it “feels” a load which at the set or automatically regulated voltage (2A or 2B) does not absorb more than 10W?

    4) do you confirm that there is no switch or electrical contact to “start” the Mini SKlep SSM but does it start as soon as it “feels” a load?

    thanks if you can answer

    Regards

    Maico

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No, because being W = V x A, the max value of A is not a number, it is an integral; anyway, you are correct: if V = 12, then A = 100/12 = 0.8333 ( three periodic )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for publishing the SSM SKLep data sheet.
    Reading it as an electrical engineer, I noticed that the maximum output current (Imax) is not mentioned. Can we assume that this Imax will be reached when the SKLep is at 12Volt and producing 10Wh/h? In that case Imax would be 833 mA.
    Thank you if you could answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Alfonso David Troisi Lopez

    Hello Mr. Rossi,

    Mr. Italo R. wrote on 2023-02-13 16:21 a comment with facts and opinions to which you answered.

    There was a question that he wrote at the end of his comment. Would you be so kind as to take a few moments to answer it?

    Italo R. wrote: “My question is: Why is it not being marketed?”

    Best Regards,

    Alfonso Troisi L.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    The schematic can be the same of the connections of solar PV cells,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Maozhijie:
    Any connection will be possible with adaptors,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Maozhijie

    Dear Dr. Rossi:
    There will be many potential application for E-cat Sklep in the future. Do you supply the customers with finished output interface or only supply the core for DIY.

    DC 12V with round socket and DC5V with USB both are very important application, can the E-cat Sklep SSM be integreted with them.

    Best wishes.

    Maozhijie

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