United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

Read the whole US Patent
Download the ZIP file of US Patent

40,907 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another possible application of the SKLep technology.

    Consider the railroad system.

    Instead of locomotive engines pulling long lines of railroad cars, each railroad car had its own propulsion unit, with a battery and a suitable SKLep system to provide AVERAGE power needed to the battery while the battery provided PEAK power.

    Such a system could have individual cars, controlled by computer, to self-navigate and communicate with other such cars to maintain spacing.

    When an accident occurred, only one car would leave the track, instead of multiple cars.

  • Claudio Varotto

    Good morning Dr. Rossi. In light of the developments highlighted with the last few posts on your blog I am making changes to the draft wiring diagram for the use of the preordained Sklep units.
    Since I intend to use as energy storage a supercapacitor unit of about 5 or 6 Kw this would allow me to exceed the night energy demand by drawing from the power reserve since I could operate in deep discharge ( 99% ). This, by disconnecting the Sklep units from the hybrid inverter. would allow me to shut down the Sklep units for the duration of the entire night. According to what is often announced in the blog, the theoretical lifetime of the units would amount to 100,000 hours of actual operation, and thus, in accordance with this, my setup could extend the life expectancy of the modules by a variable percentage depending on the duration of the idle period. Dr. Rossi can you confirm to all of us what is stated in the blog? Thank you for your reply and I wish you all the best for the success of your activity.
    Claudio Varotto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    There is no term, we will wait all the time it will take to collect pre-orders for 1 million units.
    The pre-orders collection proceeds.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • R0bert

    Sehr geehrter Herr Dr. Rossi,

    wie hoch schätzen Sie den Fall ein,
    daß die ersten ECatLep erst 2024 ausgeliefert werden?
    Wie entwickeln sich die Voranmeldungen?

    Über Beantwortung würde ich mich sehr freuen.

    Robert Bobik
    Margaretenstraße 136/23
    1050 Wien
    Österreich

    In english:

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    will the delivery of the EcatLep last till begin of 2024?
    How is the developing of the preorders?

    Best regards
    Robert

  • Klas

    Ellen Ramcke:
    I agree, the article is quite informative and also easy to read with
    the help of https://translate.google.com/?sl=auto&tl=en&op=websites.

    Looks like using this unit could be a cost-effective and flexible way to adapt an E-Cat SSM assembly
    to fit the input of a specific grid inverter. I am now looking especially at micro-inverters from Enphase and APsystems.

    Rgds
    Klas

  • Andrea Rossi

    Albo70:
    Tomorrow we’ll publish the date of the Ecat SKLep streaming kickoff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • albo70

    Dear Andrea today is 23 there are news on te SSM Streaming?

  • Ellen Ramcke

    Hello Klas,
    our post:
    2023-02-22 11:31 Klas

    Ellen Ramke:
    If you search e.g Amazon.de for ICQUANZX 1200 W 20 A DC
    you find several different DC converters that could do the job.

    That is exactly the device I need. Thank You very much.

    I will build it in a series with 4 parts so that I have 48V input. At 25.6 … 29.2V I will reach approx. 15Amps at the output for the battery. I limit the loading voltage to 29.2V, the current to 15Amps. This means that I achieve an optimal adaptation of the performance to the Skleps in every charging situation ..

    Here is an interesting article (sorry German):
    https://www.tueftler-und-heimwerker.de/spannung-erhoehen-mit-dc-dc-konverter-step-up-converter-1200w-20a/

    Energy balance
    I need 8.5 … 10 kWh / day. The Skleps deliver permanently 400 Watt, that is 9.6KWh / day. That’s enough. The battery has 8.5 kWh capacity. I can use 6 kWh of it. The MAX performance is 5kW. That is enough for many devices in the house

    best regards Ellen

  • Dear Harald Becker,

    please contact me.

    Claus Bürger,
    RightEnergy / Germany.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the link: it is not related to us,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I thought you might find this article interesting.

    https://www.quantamagazine.org/physicists-use-quantum-mechanics-to-pull-energy-out-of-nothing-20230222/

    Perhaps it’s a glimps off through the key hole of the door that the ECAT technology opens up.

    But even if unrelated I’m pretty sure it’s a subject you find interesting.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ellen Ramke:
    Sorry, I missed a point of your comment that is quite confusing: I superficially responded just as if you had sent us a pre-order of 8 units, but several Readers of the JoNP have alerted me of a particular quite alarming: you wrote that a Swiss dealer has sold you 8 Ecats, but we do not have any dealers yet, so who is the “autoproclamé dealer” that has taken an order from you ? We do not accept orders and we accept only pre-orders received by the forms published in our websites
    http://www.ecatorders.com
    http://www.ecat.com
    http://www.ecatthenewfire.com
    where it is clearly written that the pre-orders will be turned into orders only if Leonardo Corporation will reach a target of one million units pre-ordered.
    Therefore, if somebody, pretending to be a dealer of Leonardo Corporation, sold you the Ecats, you must be aware of the fact that we did not give any dealership license to anybody , that we want not to receive orders or money from anybody until we are ready to deliver the Ecats.
    If anybody asked you money to place an order, it is a fraud.
    Everybody can send us pre-orders as I explained above, and anybody who sends us a pre-order has to pay nothing until we will be able to deliver him the Ecats.
    At that point, he will be invited to turn the pre-order into a regular order, at the conditions described in the pre-order form.
    Anybody who sent us a pre-order can cancel it anytime, if so he wants.
    If somebody collects pre-orders on behalf of his friends or acquaintances, to reach a quantity of pre-orders that allows a discount, this is acceptable, and we have some cases like that, but every person that makes a pre-order through him must read carefully our pre-order form and must not pay money until he receives from us confirmation that his pre-order has been turned into a regular order.
    Warm Regards,
    Dr Andrea Rossi, CEO
    Leonardo Corporation

  • Klas

    Ellen Ramke:

    If you search e.g Amazon.de for ICQUANZX 1200 W 20 A DC
    you find several different DC converters that could do the job.

    I myself recently successfully tested ICQUANZX 1200 W using a 11,4V LiPo pack as input while charging
    a 12 V lead battery with 14,5 volt at a specific current.
    This unit could be a valid option in several situations.

    Regards
    Klas

  • Andrea Rossi

    Eng. Ellen Ramke:
    You need 3 units in series to get 30 V; which is your needed peak power ?
    I suppose 8 units will not be sufficient. Anyway the total number of units must be a multiple of 3 and consider that each unit has a power of 100 W, so to know the total number of units you need you must divide your peak power of W by 100
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ellen Ramcke

    Dear Andrea,
    thank you very much for your outstanding work.
    I am happy that the system is now available.
    I have already ordered 8 pieces of SKlep from a Swiss dealer.
    I’m ready for the SKlep. I’m an electrical engineer. I have completely converted my house to an autonomous power supply. The central storage medium is a lithium battery (currently powered by a solar panel).
    Specification battery:
    Nominal voltage: 25.6V
    End of charge voltage: 29.2V
    To charge the battery with SKlep I need a DC-DC converter with adjustable voltage and adjustable current limit.
    Do you have a suggestion?
    Usually this is a lab power supply but it must have DC in
    Thank you
    Ellen

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Klas,

    Thank you for your information.

    I am hoping that by simply adjusting the output of the SKLep SSM (voltage control), I can reach a point where the three SKLep units, operating in series, will provide 300W of power to the Enphase IQ7A micro-inverter.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    You, as anybody who already made preorders, are and will be able anytime to modify your pre-order, conserving the priority date, as well to cancel the pre-order, without any prejudice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bob belovich:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I can understand your reluctance to market ecat technology to governments. However, there are large numbers of government divisions, agencies and branches on planet earth. All of them share an interest in providing services to their respective constituencies. While currency issuing governments can spend in their currency whatever amounts are directed by their laws and legislatures they usually require contracts on their terms. Smaller government units may spend smaller amounts but may be willing to accept the terms offered by Leonardo Corp.

    I have mentioned ecat technology to local government officials here in Ohio who expressed openness and interest. Perhaps taking small steps to inform local governments about ecat availability may help reach the pre-order threshold.

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    first I ordered E-CAT SKLed, then SKLep and finally mini SKLep. Now all orders have been changed to SSM.
    Do I actually have to constantly reconsider my needs and update orders, or can I re-decide within a certain range at the time of the delivery announcement? What would be the scope of the decision, for me as a private user? The orders are not binding for private users.
    What scope for decision-making do I have with regard to my priority for the original order of SKLed lamps?
    I would prefer to be able to choose freely up to a certain kilowatt limit shortly before delivery, also between the models offered.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Good morning Dr Rossi
    Without any input connection (P/S or battery), does the SKLep SSM power on when it senses
    an output voltage (load)?
    Thank you : Mario

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the today’s stats of the full readings of the paper here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total readings 115000
    higher than the 99% of the 15 million readings of a single paper made on Researchgate.
    And counting…
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    Power generator,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Mez

    Hello Dr Rossi
    When 10W SSM becomes marketed/advert it will describe as?
    1) Power cell
    OR
    2) Luminaire
    OR
    3) Something Else (What please?)
    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regard
    Mez

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    We are still far from that kind of application,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    a little time has passed. Are there any initial thoughts about a 1W E-CAT that might fit into a smartphone or smartwatch?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    A switch can obviously be installed, as an optional,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Harald Becker:
    We did not yet make experiments like the one you suggest; will do,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Klas

    Steven Nicholes Karels:

    You need to introduce some current limiting.

    Here is a simple circuit for your making:
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1pLFgj_5K2RQkaggl1UTozq_gyZW4FpGa/view?usp=sharing

    or when you prefer more sophisticated solutions:
    Check Amazon for DZS Elec DC-DC BuckBoost Converter Module 5.5-30V 12v
    and you will get several options.

    Regards
    Klas

  • Harald Becker

    2/19/2023
    Dear Dr.Rossi,
    for house connections, alternating current with 3 phases (380V AC) is standard in Germany in order to be able to use larger consumers such as instantaneous water heaters (21kW). Therefore, it is important to be able to use Ecat SKLep (SSM) for this. This should probably work if Ecat SKLep (SSM) are connected to high-current (380V AC) inverters. The inverters take the power from Ecat SKLep (SSM), from a battery storage system and, if necessary, from the public grid.
    The Ecat SKLep (SSM) don’t know what the inverters do with the generated electricity. Has a test been taken in the meantime? If I get any information, I thanks in advance.
    Best regards
    Harald Becker

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    If you want to put a switch to avoid plugging and unplugging an E*Cat device, is it necessary to provide a simple switch on a wire or is it imperative to have a double pole switch?
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The off-grid E-Cat SKLep with its output is not far-off the output from a 5 Watt, 5 Volt, 1 Amp grid-tied iPhone charger, all the E-Cat requires is some interfacing electronics to manage / optimise battery charge level and battery life, for full charging or say continuous trickle feeding for an optimal partial battery charge level.

    Everyone who uses a smartphone will recognize the utility of a small lightweight phone charger that can be carried about with them and used off-grid, even if not as powerful (first generation charger) as some grid connected chargers, a portable E-Cat charger can charge while on the move, no more worries about being any place in the world far from a grid connection with a dead smartphone.

    A smartphone can be viewed as a type of standard candle, everybody who uses one understands that they require to be charged on a frequent basis, more frequently with heavy use, and inevitably more frequently as the smartphone ages, a rundown battery leads to a dead smartphone leaving the user in limbo disconnected from family, friends and the ever more interconnected world, a large number of users on seeing a YouTube demonstration of a smartphone being powered by an off-grid E-Cat charger for extended periods of time will recognize that the off-grid E-Cat charger is unlike anything they have ever seen before, that it is radically different from a battery, that it generates electricity, that they want one.

    According to the website Statista, “Apple is a major manufacturer of smartphones worldwide, with the company shipping more than 57 million iPhones worldwide in the first quarter of 2022, 44.6 in the second quarter and 52 million in the third quarter.” also that in 2022 there is 6.25 billion current smartphone subscriptions worldwide, forecast to rise to 7.69 billion by 2027.

    A potentially very large and profitable market for whoever gets in first, either yourself or one of the customers within the first pre-orders, or in partnership.

    Initially, battery charge electronics for each smartphone brand can be sold as accessories to the off-grid E-Cat SKLep, the E-Cat snapping into an enclosing smooth rounded decorative case with its electronics, socket and a decorative cable to match the smartphone, a fashionable lightweight off-grid portable smartphone charger, in time you can licence the E-Cat technology to all the smartphone companies for eventual incorporation into smartphones.

    This is just one of a whole world of possible applications.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Klas

    To Greg Leonard:

    The MT3608 DC booster (Amazon) is a cheap efficient device that will
    do the job.

    Regards
    Klas

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    b
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Klas:
    Thank you for the links: I think the experiments of Nikolas Tesla were close to the concept of the ZPE.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    With a step up is easy to increase the voltage to 14-15 V
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Claudio Varotto

    @ Greg Leonard
    This is absolutely not a problem. There are electronic devices that convert the 12 volt voltage into any other direct or alternating voltage with almost no limitations.
    The burning question is to focus in the most effective way the publicity and subsequent commercialization of the exceptional creation of Dr. Rossi
    Sincerely

  • Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Is the output of 12V set at manufacture?
    One possible application would be to charge standard lead-acid batteries – but that would require a voltage nearer 14.6V
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  • Klas

    Dear Andrea,

    On this month, 131 years ago, Tesla made his famous lecture to I.E.E. in London.
    I think it is still worth reading.
    https://www.pbs.org/tesla/res/res_art05.html

    Also, especially at this moment, the amazing quotes from Tesla about energy.
    https://www.azquotes.com/author/14543-Nikola_Tesla/tag/energy

    What do you think?

    Best regards
    Klas

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You answered: I am not sure I have understood: anyway, putting the Ecats in series you sum the Volts, while in parallel you sum the Ampères; if the load needs a power that does not exceed the power of the assembly, you should not have problems; if you need 375 W of power, you need 4 x 100 W Ecats

    The Enphase micro-inverter will normally attempt to adjust its input impedance to maximize the solar panel output power.

    If I use three SKLEP-SSM units to produce 300W of power at 36VDC, and the micro-inverter attempts to lower its input impedance to increase input power above 300W, will the SKLep(s):

    a. Lower the output voltage to maintain the 100W per SKLep-SSM unit; OR
    b. Will the SKLep-SSM unit(s) shutdown?

    Alternatively, I could add some series resistance between the SKLep-SSM units and the micro-inverter to limit the total power demanded by the micro-inverter, or I could go to four SKLep-SSM units driving the micro-inverter. Because of the cost of the SKLep-SSM unit, I would prefer to stay with the three unit configuration.

  • Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    No, it would not be a problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Would it be a problem add, as an obtional, a switch to turn off and on the Ecat without disconnecting the load ?
    Best CC

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    1. I am not sure I have understood: anyway, putting the Ecats in series you sum the Volts, while in parallel you sum the Ampères; if the load needs a power that does not exceed the power of the assembly, you should not have problems; if you need 375 W of power, you need 4 x 100 W Ecats
    2. the dimensions are the same,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Engineer48:
    Not so far, but it is a good idea, maybe as an optional,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Just connecting another load,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr Rossi

    How do you restart the E-Cat when it has been shut down by an overload?
    Best regards

    Raffaele

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>