United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

Read the whole US Patent
Download the ZIP file of US Patent

40,653 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for you response; when you say your team has been enriched quite strongly, does this mean you have added new members to your team, to help you with your EV goals?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is progressing well, our Team has been enriched quite strongly for this purpose,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you give an update on how work is progressing with the charging of your EV with the SKLeps?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Gavino Mamia

    @Piergiorgio
    L’idea del Go-Kart è ottima, anche io avevo pensato al monopattino, credevo in un progetto più semplice da eseguire.
    Ultimamente però sto sentendo e leggendo commenti di scettici, credono ad un solenoide nascosto nel led in live streaming, ed altro…
    In una piccola pista penserebbero ad un impianto nascosto che dia corrente ad induzione.
    Ha ragione Rossi, meglio un’auto EV stock, conosciuta e in produzione, meglio una pista ufficiale per i test.
    A proposito, Dott. Rossi ci può dire qualcosa riguardo all’evoluzione del progetto?
    TRANSLATE
    The Go-Kart idea is excellent, I too had thought of the scooter, I believed in a simpler project to implement.
    But lately I hear and read comments from skeptics, they believe in a hidden solenoid in the LED live stream and more…
    In a small rail they would think of a hidden system that supplies induction current.
    Rossi is right, better a production EV, known and in production, better an official track for testing.
    By the way, can Dr. Rossi tell us something about the evolution of the project?

  • Pj

    @Steven Nicholes Karels

    The approach you’re proposing is for sure appealing. I’m just considering my one easier to implement.

    Modify a Gokart would be less difficult and expensive. Also the demo in a closed and controlled enviroment (the Gokart track) would give fewer arguments to those who think there is a fraud.
    Then it’s easier to invite the right people at the track. They wouls speak each other, exchange opinions, drive the kart themself etc.
    Only as a 2nd step I would implement your proposal, when the attention to the project would be high enough.

    Just my humble opinion of course 🙂

    Ciao.
    Piergiorgio
    Pj

  • Rafal

    Regarding usage of micro-inverters to get DC voltage from some number of SKLep and feed it into grid as an AC voltage.
    Did anyone here knows if micro-inverter’s “built-in MPPT function” would work correctly with SKLeps on DC side? This function works by changing load impedance on DC side and observing how current and voltage are affected. Any idea if this will work correctly? Any plans to do some testing of such setup first?

    Possibly it would be better idea to rather use some kind of VDC converter to raise voltage from 12V/24V/36V/48V (depending on number of SKLeps connected) to few hundred VDC:

    Like this one for example:
    https://www.cnsspele.com/dc-dc-converter/500w-24vdc-to-36-48-64-100-150-200-220-250-300-350-400-500vdc-converter-dc-power-supply

    Produced higher voltage can be connected to one of inputs of typical home inverter (mine accepts 200-850 VDC voltage range).

    One more idea is to avoid any additional DC/DC or DC/AC conversions and charge PV Battery System directly with low DC voltage from SKLeps.
    In such case, it would be perfect to have Battery System which can have more then one charging input (ex. one input from PV panels and other from SKLeps). Unfortunately I didn’t found anything like this yet.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Pj,

    Go-karts may have a 30 km range. I don’t have personal knowledge of this. But I let’s assume this is true, Speed on a Go-Kart track is likely an average of 30 kph. So, the useful time on the track would be one hour. To show SKLep SSM efficacy, you would need to run the unit for 3 – 4 hours. Would a video of that sort be likely to attract interest?

    Compare it to a stock race car doing 150 mph or 260 kph for four hours and covering 600 miles or 1,000 km. I suggest that might have more appeal.

  • Pj

    @Jan Šrajer @Steven Nicholes Karels

    some weeks ago, I proposed to modify an electric race GoKart, replacing the battery with SKLep SSM units and drive it for a full day in a GOKart track.
    An electric GoKart has normally a range of 30/40 km with a full charge (let’s say 1/2 hour range).
    A modified GoKart could have an teoric unlimited range.
    Pros:
    1) Many Kart traks are available around the world. They are quite short and closed circuits. You can put web cameras easily to see live the kart performance.
    Furthermore you could repete the “demo” in many places/countries.
    2) The demo duration of few hours would be enough to demostrate such an unlimited range.
    2) You can invite influencer, VIP, politics to drive the GoKart for a perfect marketing campaign.

    Thoughts?
    Piergiorgio

  • Stephen

    @Marco,

    The circumference of the Earth is about 40,000 km.

    If they can do the 2,400 km per day then they could do the equivalent of driving around the world in about 17 days.

    Now that would be some record for the record books… the first car to drive around the equivalent distance of around the world with out refueling.

    It’s a long drive though, so to give relief to the drivers, maybe invite Elon and or other big name manufacturers owners, bosses or technical officials to take turns behind the wheel. Hard to ignore that it’s real if you are sitting there driving the thing.

    Just a fun idea that’s not completely unachievable I think. If drivers take turns.

    Looking forward to this event, however it goes though.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  • Jan Šrajer

    To Steven Nicholes Karels
    I think like this: The average energy consumption of an electric car is 20kW/h at a speed of 130km/h.
    So a 20kW auxiliary power source E-catSKLep would be able to charge the accumulator batteries while driving.
    Warm Regards

  • Marco

    Ecat 30g=10watt
    Volume 30*30*3.14*30=84780mm3
    Cost 25$
    84780mm3=84.78cm3=0.08478dm3(liter)
    Electric car at 100kmh needs = 30kw?

    30kw=30.000watt
    30000watt = 3000ecat
    3000ecat=90000grams
    90000gram=90kg
    3000ecat*0.08478liter=254,34liter
    3000ecat*25$=75000$

    You can drive 24h a day 2400km a day.

    I overestimate all.
    Andrea you’ve broken the world.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Jan Šrajer,

    Your proposed design generates 20 kW of electrical power. Ignoring inefficiencies, this limits the speed of the car. If we assume a reasonable energy efficiency of 300 W-hrs per mile then the average speed will be limited to about 65 mph. A 3-day event (72 hours) would have the electric vehicle travel about 4,680 miles. Since most electric vehicles have a maximum range of 400 miles of less, you would demonstrate an effective range of 10 times the battery capacity. I would suggest that a single 24-hour day would be of sufficient duration to show the intended benefit.

  • Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Steven Nicholes Karels
    I will be happy to add to your ideas. I would organize an endurance race for 3 days. The drivers would alternate after 3 hours and the electric car would be equipped with independent recharging using E-catSKLep 200 x 100W, configured to a voltage of 480V and a current of 40A. A control module would have to be manufactured for this.
    Warm Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Weleda

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    62 days of lighted lamp without any power source: any comment is useless,
    Cheers
    W.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    HOW LONG DO 24 HOURS OF LE MANS DRIVERS DRIVE FOR?
    Driver changes are crucial to succeeding at 24 Hours of Le Mans – teams must rotate through three drivers during the race.
    During the 24 hours, no driver can be in the car for more than 14 hours, and drivers tend to drive for between 45 minutes and four hours. Changeovers occur as teams plan pit slots for fuel or tyres.

    Since it is unlikely the demonstration will be competing at Le Mans, and fuel replenishment is not an issue, then tire lifetime will be critical as well as driver safety. The ring track in Italy makes the most sense to me as the constant speed of 250 kph (about 150 mph) can demonstrate a driving range much greater than the EV’s internal battery relatively quickly. And a constant speed with zero sensed lateral acceleration should minimize tire wear and driver fatigue.

    For example, a Tesla Plaid has a battery range of 390 miles (likely less at high speeds), so the internal battery capacity would be exhausted in about 2 – 3 hours. Driving for 8 hours with one pit stop for a driver change and tire inspection would demonstrate the SKLep SSM capability nicely in a relatively short period of time. In 8 hours (less pitstop times), we would see about a range of 1,200 miles.

    Alternatively, measure the initial EV battery charge state, run the test for 4 hours (about 600 miles), and measure the EV battery state at the end of the test.

    A much more exciting test than watching an LED for a month.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jon Darrell:
    No, there will be the drivers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jon Darrell

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    will the mentioned electric car drive on the circuit without a driver during the demo?

    IE: Is this a driverless (autonomous) EV?

    Have A Nice Day

    Jon D.

  • Giannino FERRO CASAGRANDE

    Jean Paul Renoir. TU SI CHE SEI INTELLIGENTE !!! ORAMAI ABBIAMO RISOLTO TUTTI I PROBLEMI !!!!! E , PREMIO NOBEL PER ANDREA !!!

  • Jean Paul Renoir

    Sixtyone days, 24 hours per day, with a 1 W minimum light turned on without any power source, but the Ecat : this is a fact we all can see watching the live streaming of Youtube and Twitch.
    JPR

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bob Fastnacht:
    The lifetime depends only upon the time during which the Ecat is operating, independently from the load consume.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bob Fastnacht

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let’s assume I purchase a 1kw ecat and its only load is 500 watts. Let’s also assume the 500 watt load alternates between on and off every hour for the life of the ecat. Will the 1kw ecat be expected to last twice as long as a 500 watt ecat that also has a 500 watt load alternating on and off each hour?

    In other words are partial loads spread evenly over time so no individual cells are depleted more quickly?

    Regards,

    Bob

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It depends on the thermocamera; the emitted heat is irrelevant related to the energy balance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Claudio Varotto

    A Gavino Mamia. ancora una volta sono d’accordo con te. Non dobbiamo assolutamente fare un mero calcolo di interesse economico nella scelta di supportare questa tecnologia. È quasi certo, infatti, che i primi destinatari dei moduli del Dott. Rossi sosterranno un costo maggiore rispetto a quelli che seguiranno. Spero solo che i vari governi non considerino gli acquisti che faremo alla stregua di qualsiasi altro bene dal punto di vista fiscale. Cordiali saluti

    To Gavino Mamia. once again I agree with you. We absolutely must not make a mere calculation of economic interest in choosing to support this technology. Indeed, it is almost certain that the first recipients of Dr. Rossi’s modules will bear a higher cost than those who will follow. I only hope that the various governments do not consider the purchases we will make in the same way as any other asset from a tax point of view.
    Warm regards.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have mentioned previously that the surface of the E-Cat SKLep SSM has been measured at points as being several degrees above room temperature. Is there sufficient heat release over external surface areas to show up on a thermal image camera?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Klas

    @Bob Fastnacht

    Why not sell back the overcapacity to the grid?
    Perhaps this simulator can be of some help?
    https://e-catworld.com/2022/11/26/financial-simulation-of-e-cat-in-a-domestic-grid-system/

    Regards
    Klas

  • Gavino Mamia

    Dear readers, I abolished the idea of saving through the Ecat some time ago, the Government will take care of applying various taxes and duties.
    The Ecat dream for me is the possibility of having cars that recharge themselves, therefore more comfortable, appliances that use non-polluting energy.
    The energy generated by the Ecat will still cost us a lot of money, perhaps even more than in the past, the only one to benefit from it will be the planet.
    Indeed, in reality the human being, since the planet has existed for billions of years and will still exist for other billions, however, man will not survive pollution and climate change.
    The earth in a few thousand years will erase all memory of human presence.
    So the Ecat will save the human being from extinction, the costs will be a dutiful pledge

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bob Fastnacht:
    The control system should turn on the modules depending on the demand of the load; the lifespan depends on the operational time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bob Fastnacht

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Forgive me if this question has already been asked. If I select an ecat for my home that will provide most of my electric needs, there will be times when I won’t need the full capacity. Will your ecat alternate between which individual “cells” will be used to meet demand? If so, this would make me more likely to purchase a unit that would handle the demand even on peak days. Of course I am assuming this would make the unit last longer.

    Regards,

    Bob

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My comments on the SKLep SSM are not meant to discourage use but to place them in economic perspective. The advantages of the SKLep SSM technology are (allegedly) maximized in constant output power over longer periods of time (e.g., 11 years). Their current cost of $2.50 USD per output Watt means that the optimum use is for baseload (continuous, long-duration) electrical production (or continuous heat provided by resistance applied to the electrical energy).

    Short term or variable use increases the cost accordingly. At their current cost, they are competitive with solar panel energy production. They appear to be very competitive with other current energy production sources (gas, nuclear, coal).

    If and when their price per Watt is reduced, they will be more competitive with peak load applications.

    Thoughts?

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Wilfried,

    The issue with your analysis is “an average of 200 km per day”. An average means that some days the drive will be longer and some days shorter. For the longer distance days, then you will need to recharge. On the shorter distance days, you do not benefit because the EV battery can only store a certain amount of energy.

    If the EV battery can support say 400 km range on a full charge and the car is driven at 100 km per hour, you will have only 4+ hours of charging time from the onboard SKLep SSM device. So, additional charging stops will be needed on long distance trips.

    So, if the scenario is for only 200 km per day, then an EV with an internal battery that supports 200 km range and a home charging unit would suffice. Home charging units cost less than $5,000 USD.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Thank you for your meaning,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Wilfried

    @ Steven Nicholes Karels

    Let’s assume you drive an average of 200 km per day, then your EV needs 50 kWh or less for this.
    You can charge these 50 kWh in 24h per day, because the E-Cat should be integrated into the EV in such a way that it constantly charges the battery. This means you need 50 kWh /24 h = 2.08 kW, rounded 2 kW.
    For 2 kW you need 20 E-Cat SKL SSM at 100 W.
    The cost for this is 20 * 250 USD = 5000 USD.
    This is extremely cheap for never having to charge again or, in the very worst case, having to take a short break to drive to the next fast charging station.

    Best Regards
    Wilfried

  • Jan Šrajer

    Mr.Rossi
    I would also like to explain how I meant it with ZPE – zero point energy and the speed of light: obtaining energy from ZPE is possible even without a vacuum, thanks to a phenomenon called zitterbewegung. Under certain conditions, it is possible to vibrate electrons (zitterbewegung) by means of electric and magnetic forces, which interact at the moment of acceleration, which for a moment exceeds the speed of light. However, we do not observe this. We only see plasma. Energy arises from this phenomenon, while the law of conservation of energy is not violated. Speeds greater than the speed of light cannot be observed.

    Warm Regards J.Š

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I think using an ensemble of SKLep SSM 100W units for a demonstration is a great idea.

    I believe it makes no sense as an add-on to electric vehicles. Typical energy consumption of an EV is around 300 W / mi. At 70 mph, you will need about 20 kW of electrical power generation. At $2.50 per W cost of the SKLep, this would add about $50,000 to the price of an EV. It is much cheaper to charge an EV at a charging station. The exception might be long-distance trucking (Semis).

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gennady,
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Annina H.:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    Of course,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Mario

    Good morning Dr Rossi
    100w SKLep SSM only.
    Do you foresee to add a reverse current diode for paralleling more units ?
    Thank you : Mario

  • Annina H.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    another year? EVs? The market is much bigger what belongs to heating.
    You have just to assemble 20 or even only 10 ecat ssm 100Watt. Then plug in a simple electric heater for costs of under 100€.
    This demonstration is simple and just a short video will do it.

    No more expensive heat pumps are necessary! No more expensive installation of heating pipes! No more expensive maintenance, services and repairs are nessecssary.
    Not even more jacks are required. Every old, non isolated, cheap house will be ecofriendly.

    Please realise it soon. Please before the next winter.

    Best regards
    Annina H.

  • Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    I was reading below that you are working on EV to be powered by eCat. And expectation that it will bring more orders to get you to the 1 million. I would suggest that if you are ready to bring your product to the market, there are easier ways. All you need is a blitz marketing effort. You could hire a decent marketing firm that will arrange media releases, presentations, writeups in various publications, etc. This will get you your 1 million preorders in no time. The earlier eCat comes to the market, the world will be better off for it.

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I don’t know,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    On the contrary, we hope the EV will facilitate the collection of pre-orders,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and readers,

    In regards to electric vehicles, here is a data on a 1200V GaN FET device that can be used in power supplies, converters, inverters etc.

    See Link below:

    https://www.transphormusa.com/en/news/1200vgan_devicemodel/

    Joseph

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Will deliveries of the pre-orders start before you are done with the EV?
    Kind regards,
    Koen

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>