Stability of light nuclei

by
Wladimir Guglinski
retired, author of the Quantum Ring Theory
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Abstract
Dr. Wilfried Nörtershäuser of the Helmhotz Center for Heavy Ion Research at the University in Mainz says on the 2009 experiment which had detected a neutron halo in 4Be11 with distance 7fm from the cluster:
“By studing neutron halos, scientists hope to gain further understanding of the forces within the atomic nucleus that bind atoms together, taking into account the fact that the degree of displacement of halo neutrons from the atomic nuclear core is incompatible with the concepts of classical nuclear physics”[ 2 ]
In the case of 4Be11, the halo neutron and the nuclear core are separated by the distance of 7fm, and so such isotope represents the experimental proof that the cohesion of nucleons within the light isotopes cannot be promoted by the strong nuclear force.
Such experimental discovery published in 2009 had been predicted years ago, because according to the new nuclear model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory, published in 2006, the cohesion of the nucleons within the light nuclei is not caused by the strong nuclear force.
Here in this paper the new nuclear model is submitted to a scrutinity so that to verify whether from its structure it’s possible to explain the stability of the light nuclei and to reproduce the nuclear properties as nuclear spins, electric quadrupole moments, and magnetic moments. Nuclear magnetic moments are calculated from two different and independent methods.  In the second, named “method of equilibrium between nucleons”, it’s presented the Lagrangian for nuclei with Z < 8.  The results obtained from them agree each other, and are corroborated by nuclear spins and electric quadrupole moments suplied by nuclear tables.
In this Part One are presented calculations on magnetic moments for the isotopes of lithium, beryllium, and boron. In the next paper Part Two will be exhibited  calculations for carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.  In the paper Part Three the author will exhibit calculations for electric quadrupole moments.
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485 comments to Stability of light nuclei

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. You gave the example of a positive magnetic moment inducing a positive magnetic moment. A negative one inducing a negative one. Therefore, would not a null magnetic moment (that of 2He4) induce a NULL magnetic moment if it could orbit the z axis?

    2. If 2He4 can induce a magnetic moment, then it should induce a magnetic moment in the 5B10 nucleus since the 2He4 would now be orbiting a barycentre that is common to itself and the three deuterons.

    All the best,
    Joe

  • Steven N. Karels

    georgehants,

    Use of heat energy to boil water for purification is not the most efficient use of energy. It would be much better to have a Hot eCat that generates electricity and then uses UV or reverse osmosis or other water purification techniques. The need is now, but we need to be smart on how to use this new technology.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Frank Acland:
    It will integrate the heat of a heat centralized distribution facility.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mention that the low temperature 1 MW E-Cat plant that will be delivered to your partner is going to provide industrial heat. Will this be at your partner’s site, or at the site of a different customer?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Luca Salvarani:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Michel:
    Of course I think that the Indipendent Third Party publication will be signed by the Authors: have you ever seen an anonymous scientific publication ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Do you think the third-party publication will be anonymous or will it be signed by professors and universities involved in the test ?

    Regards,

    Michel

  • Luca Salvarani

    Dear Andrea

    In bocca al lupo per domani!

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear gio:
    I cannot give this information
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • gio

    Dear Ing.Rossi

    another question for you , if you can!
    Is your Usa Partner listed at the Stock Exchange market?

    Warm regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear georgehants:
    you are right, but we did all we had to do: we are manufacturing and delivering our plants and a Third Party Indipendent Test has been done, while its publication I think will be made soon, even if it does not depend on us: as I many times explained, being “indipendent” does not “depend” on us, by obvious definition.
    All we can do is work as much as we can and make all the things that depend on us. About the Attacks against me, please consider this equation: 0 x 1000^n = 0, wherein n is any positive number.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • georgehants

    Dear Mr. Rossi, as you know I have followed your progress from the beginning of your current E-Cat announcements, 2+ years.
    I have defended attacks against yourself and every “scientists” right to not be abused and denied without fair hearing and following only of the Evidence.
    I defend your right to put yourself in a position to gain the most possible from the financial rewards that you deserve from any advancement you make for the benefit of the World.
    BUT every hour that goes by without a complete, undeniable conformation of your technology, delay’s one of the most important uses of the Technology, clean safe, drinkable water for the children of this World.
    I must urge you to forgo all other considerations and put forth the necessary information to allow the fastest possible Research and Development of the LENR advances you have achieved.
    With the very best wishes as always.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Yona:
    I can say that I deliver, after that anything is not up to me, because the plant is no more of ours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Yona

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    So in about a month the 1MW plant will start to work in the factory in the USA?
    And after some time of working the company will reveal its name?

    Warm Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Yona and Andrea:
    By ship about 20 days .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Yona

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    Does the shipment of the 1MW is in ship?
    and how much time it will take to shipping that to USA?

    Warm Regards

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Enrico Billi wrote in April 28th, 2013 at 3:09 AM

    They already got very interesting results but on the border line of the apparatus accurancy. I am fascinated by this experiment because it is small but have deep implications with our knowledge of physics, may be better than LHC.

    Dear Enrico,
    I am sure that big surprises are wainting for the physicists.

    And one among them I am sure is about the radius of the proton, to be measured in 2014/2015 from the muon-proton scattering

    Look at the exchange of emails between me and John Arrington, of the Argonne National Laboratory, published here in April 16th:

    Reply by John Arrington:

    ===========================================
    Date: Tue, 16 Apr 2013 09:30:47 -0700
    From: johna_6@yahoo.com
    Subject: Re: Proton Size Smaller Than Physicists Thought, Puzzling New Measurements Suggest
    To: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com
    CC: epja@itkp.uni-bonn.de; helayel@cbpf.br; jyeston@aaas.org; prc@aps.org; apr-edoffice@aip.org; nature@nature.com; cjp@fzu.cz; ver@cisp-publishing.com; pnj@bauuinstitute.com

    Dear Wladimir,

    I said that I was not aware of any significant deficiencies in the current models describing the structure of light nuclei. The size of the proton is an almost entirely unrelated question. So no, I have not changed my mind.

    I also said that there wasn’t much point discussing such matters if you were only going to base your arguments on half-read press releases and blog posts. I haven’t changed my mind on that either. Even in the short news release you refer to, they explain that we are discussing a discrepancy between techniques which result in extracted RMS radius values of either 0.88 fm or 0.84 fm. In either case, your referee’s statement that the radius is “about 0.8 fm” is still correct.

    Finally, I suspect that the good people at various worldwide publishing offices aren’t interested in receiving copies of every personal correspondence you send.

    Sincerely,

    John Arrington
    ===========================================

    My reply to John:

    ===========================================
    From: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com
    To: johna_6@yahoo.com
    CC: epja@itkp.uni-bonn.de; helayel@cbpf.br; jyeston@aaas.org; prc@aps.org; apr-edoffice@aip.org; nature@nature.com; cjp@fzu.cz; ver@cisp-publishing.com; pnj@bauuinstitute.com
    Subject: RE: Proton Size Smaller Than Physicists Thought, Puzzling New Measurements Suggest
    Date: Tue, 16 Apr 2013 17:52:40 -0300

    Dear John

    In the muon-proton scattering to be made in 2015 and 2016 the experiments will get the proton’s radius much lesser than 0,84 fm.

    Regards
    Wlad
    ===========================================

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in April 28th, 2013 at 12:40 AM
    Wladimir,

    1. Does a neutron (zero charge, non-zero magnetic moment) that moves in a classical orbit generate a magnetic field (and magnetic moment)?

    RESPONSE:
    Yes, this is considered in the paper.
    Look at the Table 1, Fig. 31, page 42, the values of the magnetic moments induced by a neutron orbiting the central 2He4, in 3Li7.

    2. Does a 2He4 (non-zero charge, zero magnetic moment) that moves in a classical orbit generate a magnetic field (and magnetic moment)?

    RESPONSE:
    Yes, but as the 2He4 is central, it does not induce magnetic moments within the nuclei.

    The only exception, as I said, is the 5B10 (Fig. 39, page 51), because the deuterons and the central 2He4 gyrate about a point situated between the 2He4 and the 3 deuterons.
    Such anomaly of the 5B10 explains why (in spite of it has 3 deuterons with aligned spins in the side Ana) the multiplication factor does not occur in 5B10. But I did not consider it in the present paper.
    The structure of 5B10 is studied in my paper Part Two, where it is considered that the central 2He4 gyrates about that point situated between the 3 deuterons and the z-axis.

    Regards
    wlad

  • Andrea

    Dear Andrea,
    how long does it take to ship the E-Cat plants from your factory in Ferrara to their destination in the USA?

    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Pekka Janhunen:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes, several
    Warm Regasrds,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your clarifications about the delivery of the plants. We are having a discussion about this over at E-Cat World.

    Just to be sure what is going to happen:

    1. Are all the plants to be delivered at the same time to your USA partner?
    2. Are they being shipped from Italy to the US?
    3. Can we have many photos?!

    Thank you!

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  • Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for your answer. Indeed, at least if the COP is high, 350 C already allows for about similar electricity production efficiency than fission plants. There is a saying: “Better is the enemy of the good”. It means: something which works well enough is much more valuable than something “better” which does not work.
    regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Pekka Janhunen:
    1- yes, up to 350°C at the wall of the heat exchanger we have a solid stability. At 350°C we can have good efficiencies, though.
    2- no
    3- no
    4- no
    We are coupling soon E-Cats to power systems. We have to complete the tests and the safety certification issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Concerning your reply to Franco “Yes, we are very close to produce electric power, with the stability we reached at 350 °C.” Could you tell, what is currently the bottleneck that limits the temperature at 350 C in this application? Is it 1) the HotCat itself, 2) turbine issues, 3) HotCat-turbine coupling issues, or 4) you could make the temperature higher but at the expense of making the COP lower.

    (In the above, by “COP” I mean the HotCat’s COP, not the COP of the entire system which if infinite if one produces electricity.)

    regards, pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Franco:
    Yes, we are very close to produce electric power, with the stability we reached at 350 °C. We are delivering Hot Cat prototypes aimed to produce electric power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Brian:
    We are delivering, this month, to our USA Partner three plants, one industrial plant of 1 MW which is a low temperature heat producing plant, one prototype of Gas fgueled E-Cat and one prototype of Hot Cat plant. The prototypes are to study them and study their industrialization, while their certification is in course. The duty of the 1 MW plant is industrial heat production. The delivery will be made this week.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Brian

    Mr. Rossi

    I had previously understood that the plant being delivered to your partner this month was a hot-cat? Was I misunderstanding? Are there two plants being delivered?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question
    Brian

  • Franco

    Dear ing. Rossi,

    could you give an small update about tests (planned time ago) regarding the Hot-Cat coupled with a turbine to make electric energy?
    Have you reached now a satisfactory system efficiency in order to operate in SSM?
    What about the steam temperature and pressure obtained from the Hot-Cat reactor during these tests?

    Best Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear georgehants:
    Important things are on their way to happen, but our job is not to entertain, our job is to make sound working plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear John:
    Yes, it will be done.
    Warm Regdrds,
    A.R.

  • John

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Would you release some pics of the perfected 1KW two-staged hot cat on April 30th as well?

  • georgehants

    Dear Mr. Rossi, while waiting for “the report” it is very quiet and frustrating on the Cold Fusion websites.
    Please put up a good picture or announce something positive regarding the Cat’s to keep us all involved.
    Many thanks.

  • Enrico Billi

    Dear Guglinski,
    that you don’t know anything about it doesn’t surprise me, usually few people knows about this experiment. They test the optical properties of vacuum polarized with high magnetic fields and probe it with polarized laser beams. Before the experiment was developed inside the Legnaro National Laboratory between Padova and Bologna. You can check their previous results in the annual reports.

    http://www.lnl.infn.it/~annrep/index.htm

    They already got very interesting results but on the border line of the apparatus accurancy. I am fascinated by this experiment because it is small but have deep implications with our knowledge of physics, may be better than LHC.
    Best Regards,
    Enrico Billi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Tom Conover:
    The new configuration is an evolution of the system.
    Yes, it will be possible to reduce the dimensions that way. Our Design Team is working on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. Does a neutron (zero charge, non-zero magnetic moment) that moves in a classical orbit generate a magnetic field (and magnetic moment)?

    2. Does a 2He4 (non-zero charge, zero magnetic moment) that moves in a classical orbit generate a magnetic field (and magnetic moment)?

    All the best,
    Joe

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the new product ( 1KW, Tom & Jerry :-) ) superscede or relace the hot cat product?

    Is the 1KW unit small enough to manufacture in a xy or xyz grid pattern to reduce cost and size of mass production?

    Example, a 10x10x10 grid for a 1000kw footprint? Snap together like stacking egg cartons …

    Thank you for your comments and your commitment to good works!

    Tom

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Enrico Billi wrote in April 27th, 2013 at 3:18 AM
    Dear Guglinski,
    i would like to know if you keep yourself updated about experimental results of PVLAS experiment. This experiment have been started in the Legnaro National Laboratory (Padova Italy) several years ago and now have been moved to Ferrara Section of INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) to test predictions and measure real properties of quantum vacuum.
    Did you compare the results of your theory with their experimental results?
    i leave here one of the latest pubblications on arxiv.org: http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.4918

    Dear Enrico,
    I had never heard about PVLAS experiment.
    I will look at the link

    Regards
    wlad

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in April 27th, 2013 at 4:07 AM
    Wladimir,

    1. Why is there a null magnetic moment for the 8O16 nucleus? While it is true that the individual magnetic moments of the deuterons sum to zero, a magnetic field generated by the orbiting deuterons is still present and should have a magnetic moment like any magnetic field that is generated by electric charge moving in a loop.

    RESPONSE:
    Dear Joe,
    if your argument should be right, then should be IMPOSSIBLE to exist any nucleus with null magnetic moment existing in the nature.

    Suppose that a deuteron D-1 with magnetic moment µ= +0,857 moving about the z-axis with orbit radius R induces a magnetic moment µ= +A.
    Then another deuteron D-2 with magnetic moment µ = -0,857 moving about the z-axis with orbit radius R induces a magnetic moment µ= -A.
    Then the total magnetic moment induced by D-1 and D-2 is µ= +A -A = 0.

    2. Do you think that the inclusion of dineutrons within the nuclear model of QRT could play an important role?

    RESPONSE:
    I had never thought about it.
    And I dont know why the nuclei should have to need dineutrons within them.
    As two neutrons do not exist in nature, why would they exist within the nuclei?

    Regards
    wlad

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Pekka Janhunen:
    It will cover all the technology safety.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You said, “The safety certification for the Hot Cat is going on regularly, no obstacles.” Does this HotCat certification cover substantially also your mouse-cat systems, or is the mouse-cat different enough that it will require its own certification process which hasn’t started yet?
    regards, pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear gio:
    you are wrong, the Professors are totally indipendent from us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Frank Acland:
    1- Yes
    2- No, it is in a factory of ours.
    Thanks to you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. The model of the 1MW plant that is scheduled for delivery on April 30th — is it a low temperature electric driven plant?

    2. Also, your R&D facility in Ferrara — is it at the University of Ferrara?

    Thanks so much!

    Frank Acland

  • gio

    Dear Ing.Rossi
    you do not know where the publication of tests will be made by the Professors, but i think you know when will be made.
    I will try to explain better my opinion.
    I think the professors have a dead line to make the publication, for example 60 days from the end of their tests.
    Am I wrong ?

    Warm regards

    gio

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Franco:
    1- no, certification in pregress also for the gas-cats
    2- yes, to our USA Partner
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Franco

    Dear ing. Rossi,

    from time I didn’t read anything about G-Cat (Gas-Cat technology). Are these reactors full operating and certified so they could be in production?

    Have you sold some “low temperature 1MW plant” (to be delivered in future) equipped with these G-Cat reactors instead of E-Cat (Electric-Cat)?

    Best Regards

  • Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. Why is there a null magnetic moment for the 8O16 nucleus? While it is true that the individual magnetic moments of the deuterons sum to zero, a magnetic field generated by the orbiting deuterons is still present and should have a magnetic moment like any magnetic field that is generated by electric charge moving in a loop.

    2. Do you think that the inclusion of dineutrons within the nuclear model of QRT could play an important role?

    All the best,
    Joe

  • Enrico Billi

    Dear Guglinski,
    i would like to know if you keep yourself updated about experimental results of PVLAS experiment. This experiment have been started in the Legnaro National Laboratory (Padova Italy) several years ago and now have been moved to Ferrara Section of INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) to test predictions and measure real properties of quantum vacuum.
    Did you compare the results of your theory with their experimental results?
    i leave here one of the latest pubblications on arxiv.org: http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.4918
    Best regards,
    Enrico Billi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Victor:
    The safety certification for the Hot Cat is going on regularly, no obstacles. I think within several months we will reach it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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