Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

.

by
U.V.S.Seshavatharam
Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,
Hyderabad-35, AP, India
Email: seshavatharam.uvs@gmail.com
.
S. Lakshminarayana
Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Email: lnsrirama@gmail.com
.
.
Abstract

During Ni-H collisions, proton (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel nucleus and electron (of the hydrogen atom) combines with the Nickel electronic shell and forms Copper with no emission of alpha or beta or gamma rays.
or mole number of such Ni-H atomic fusions, as hydrogen atom is losing its identity, binding energy of electron is converted into heat energy of ~1.3×106 joules.
As the temperature of the system increases, more number of hydrogen atoms may fuse with more number of Nickel atoms liberating more heat energy.
Selection of the target cold fusion atom seems to follow the condition: selected stable atom’s Z+1 is a new stable element with odd atomic number.
Fineness of the Ni powder may help H atoms to fuse with ease causing more number of Ni-H fusions.

.

1,178 comments to Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion

  • Albert Ellul

    Dear Ing. Rossi,

    Are you still planning to roll out the domestic e-cat-powered heater one fine day? If this is the case, would it be powered by the e-cat X?

  • Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to
    http://rossilivecat.com/all.html
    to find comments published on this blog in other posts than this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Martin from Belgium:
    I am answering to your comment lost in the spam, eventually arrived by email.
    1- will be the COP of the E-Cat X higher than the Lugano Hot Cat? Yes (F9)
    2- which power will have the serial E-Cat X? That has to be decided, probably we will produce different models (F9)w
    3- will it be possible to regulate it to get different temperatures depending on the necessities? Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Adalberto:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Adalberto

    Dear Dr Rossi Andrea:
    I read with great attention your US patent and I agree with the readers that said it is a mesterpiece. Now nobody will be allowed to say you did not make a peer reviewed publication, because an USPTO patent is the most important peer reviewed publication ( and the most difficult to achieve), because the peer reviewing made by the examiners of the USPTO – always experts of the specific matter – does not just qualify the paper for publication, but grants it the Federal protection of the invention from the government of the USA.
    Congratulations, Dr Rossi.
    Adalberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I will give the data when the preliminary R&D will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With your new eCat design, do you have any estimate of the maximum working temperature that is possible — 2,000C or 3,000C?

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the E-Cat X works as you hope, and the old Hot Cat becomes obsolete, will you be able to incorporate E-Cat X reactors into large high temperature plants.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • Andrea Rossi

    Akum:
    Now, at 08.20 a.m. of Saturday September 5th, the 1 MW plant is working well and stable but at 3/4 of its power, because we are making maintainance to a reactor. The “voice” is good, we are relatively calm. I am working on a new patent and studying again the book of Prof. Norman Cook. He signed my copy with a dedication to me!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the links: should before the enormous work made by my Team somebody go to CERN to talk about LENR, the reaction would have been as if Dracula was shown crucifix and garlic; today they are experimenting on the matter. Isn’t it also an achievement by us ?
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  • ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    I send you two interesting news. A seminar and a video.

    Seminars on the 14th October 2015

    The anomalous heat effect on D/H loaded Palladium

    https://indico.cern.ch/event/440482/attachments/1149027/1648508/abstract_CERN_14oct2015.pdf

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=49&v=htgV7fNO-2k

  • Akum

    Hi Andrea
    Could you please give us an update on the 1MW test progress?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Yes and I hope you are also well.
    If the E-Cat X will work as I hope, the old Hot Cat becomes obsolete, because the E-Cat X is more advanced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Yes, we found how to do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Mr Rossi

    I am curious, how reactive to a load change are the Ecats: e.g. if the load in the factory fell can the Ecat ramp down the heat quickly and vice versa?

    Thank you

  • Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you’re well.

    Can you tell me if work is still progressing on the “normal” 10kw Hot-Cat or whether you expect the E-Cat X to replace it?

    Thank you

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I do not see any conceptual roadblock, just I deem it totally useless, because modules of 250 kW are more than enough to pile up all the power is needed even in big plants.
    Yes, the E-Cat X is also the result of a better understanding of the E-Cat. I hope, because we still have to consolidate it, even if I am very optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    Do yo see any conceptual or structural roadblock thinking to an E-Cat of 1 MW or 1 GW? I mean a single reactor.
    One other question: The E-CatX is a consequence of the better understanding of the concepts behind E-Cats?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  • Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, if you and your Readers want to know about:
    Reforming the Energy Vision REV
    Google:
    http://www.area-alliance.org
    Click on New York AREA
    Click on:
    NY A-R-E-A

    Robert Curto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Camie Bradtke:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Loretta Pryzgoda:
    Thank you for your kind words for our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Castrogiovanni:
    The modules of the industrial plant in operation in the factory of a Customer are 250 kW modules. From here to modules of 50/100 kW the step is not high indeed.
    The answer is: yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Monti:
    Very important: it is very important that CENR, wherein LENR were taboo before our work, now is taking them in serious considerations. This is another important achievement that without the work of my Team would not have been reached.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • monti

    Hello Dr. Rossi.

    What do u think about the approach of the CERN Experimental and Material physicist Juliana Schell to make PAC
    measurements (the method is briefly described here: http://physik2.uni-goettingen.de/research/2_hofs/methods/pac) on D/H loaded Palladium to find out more about the LENR phenomenon?
    She is speaking about it on the 14th of october (seminar abstract here: https://indico.cern.ch/event/440482/attachments/1149027/1648508/abstract_CERN_14oct2015.pdf)

    Good luck and all the best to u and ur team!

    monti

  • Giuseppe Castrogiovanni

    Congratulation for the goal, a milestone for energy production and the enviroment. I’m following the story from the beginning, the steady progress but also the difficulties.
    Now there is patent protection. Good job.
    I’m asking Andrea Rossi when you feel your device can hit the market in sizes 50 to 100 kW. That size would be useful for heating buildings. Would it be possible in a couple of years?
    Giuseppe Castrogiovanni

  • Lorretta Pryzgoda

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your US Patent: a milestone in the history of this new energy.
    Cheers,
    Lorretta

  • Camie Bradtke

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for your fantastic patent approved and published by the USPTO. Now you have an industrial plant working and a US Patent: priceless !!!
    Camie Bradtke

  • Andrea Rossi

    Alia Capaccino:
    Of course !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Lieselotte Herod:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    AR.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Milton Lederer:
    Thank you also from my Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In this period I think the time I am here ( still 16 hours per day) goes 50% for the 1 MW plant, 50% for the E-Cat X.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    About what percentage of your time these days is spent on dealing with issues connected with the 1 MW plant?

    Just curious! Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • orsobubu

    Andrea, if the application of the Rossi-effect will prove commercially viable, you could literally be remembered forever, whatever the directions of historical development.

    First direction – At least 9/10 of enthusiasts for LENRs technologies, and in particular for the Rossi-effect, argue that they will bring immense benefits to humanity, reducing production costs and opening up new market areas, pushing away the dangers of crises wars and promoting the development of the less competitive economies.

    Second direction – Unfortunately these friends forget that we live in a capitalist production system. Assuming the best of conditions, the free market, so in the absence of protectionist and monopolistic advantages (that would make dangerous indeed the introduction of disruptive technologies) we must consider the fact that the cost advantages will soon propagate to all actors on the market. The deflationary effects would be negative for capital accumulation, because the reduction in necessary worked hours (and thus lower costs) would be reflected in the fall of surplus value extracted on average during the process of exploitation of wage labor. Even the introduction of new innovative sectors made possible by LENRs would be at least offset negatively by the disappearance of old productions with more intensive use of capital.

    A small share of LENRs supporters are excited exactly because of these effects of acceleration of the potential economic crises inside capitalistic societies. LENRs, anticipating the geopolitical breaking of the world order, would facilitate the organization for a revolutionary transition to a higher order communist production model, without the need to maintain class exploitation for the production of capital-money, guided instead by scientific planning and based on full automation and on absence of unemployment rather than anarchy of the competitive market.

    Third direction – Unfortunately, this perspective has a weakness. In this article

    http://www.space.com/30403-mars-colonization-interview-stephen-petranek.html

    the journalist Stephen Petranek illustrates the development plans of various capitalist enterprises which, being aware of the limits of development of world markets, are already planning the systematic exploration and commercial exploitation of outer space, assuming the feasibility of transferring there millions of workers. From a physical and technical standpoint, it is perfectly feasible, and even desirable, but it really seems utopian given the current economic limitations especially regarding energy supplies. Consider the fact that already in the 70s, prof. GK o’Neill linked the possibility of economically maintaining space stations to the need to build colossal orbiting production systems of solar electrical energy transmitted to the ground by means of flows of micro waves. This article

    http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/Fuel-Recycling/Plutonium/

    explains how such a simple shortage of plutonium 238 – due to geopolitical reasons – is today blocking the ability to achieve even modest automated efficient space probes. Introducing revolutionary energy sources as LENRs, available relatively quickly unlike the hypothetical hot fusion technologies (decades or centuries far away), could therefore represent an unexpected loophole to capitalist crises, ultimately determined by the ability to increase indefinitely the markets expansion and the absolute amount of wage labor, because the vastness of outer space would be opened to capitalist exploitation.

    Fourth direction – Nevertheless, thanks to the availability of energy, some human communities in space – and perhaps also on earth – could decide to organize themselves in the communist or anarchist way, a possibility today denied by the necessary interdependence of the global market, perpetually threatened by overproduction crisis.

    What I propose here is the idea that, for those who support the possibility of perpetuating the conditions of capitalist production in the centuries ahead, it is absolutely central that LENRs be adopted before the next round of general crisis similar to past world wars.

  • Milton Lederer

    Dr Rossi:
    Congratulations for achieving the US Patent! Nobody believed you could be able to get it, but you are the most unforeseeable individual I ever knew. When you started to publish in 2010 I thought you were nuts. Now understand you are making a great work. Great. You are marching along your path turning a blind eye to all your enemies and always arrive where you want. Unbelievable.
    Milton Lederer

  • Lieselotte Herod

    Andrea:
    Congratulations for your US Patent: very merited. Bravo.
    Lieselotte

  • Andrea Rossi

    Harley Tracewell:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Candace Hedgpeth:
    I am well and surgery is archeology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Smithg437:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roman Parise:
    In part .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Chadwick Anning:
    Yes. Mostly, I am learning from him.

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Annmarie Blomberg:
    We are already working on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Annette Marchak:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Alia Capaccino

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still in harmony with your Team and with Industrial Heat?
    Thank you,
    A.C.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian:
    Thank you for the precisation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Annette Marchak

    Dr Rossi:
    Will you let us know day by day how the E-Cat X will go after the start of the next test?

  • Annmarie Blomberg

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think you will be able to raise the funds necessary to produce millions of pieces?
    Regards,
    Annette

  • Chadwick Anning

    Dr Rossi Andrea:
    Are you still studying together with Prof. Cook the theory related to the E-Cats?
    Cheers

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>