United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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37,134 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • DrLG

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    1) Please consider adding an ” hours of continuous operation” to your stream.

    2) I believe there is a high probability that the headlight lamp will fail before the test reaches 100,000 hours. Quick google suggests normal usage of a car is ~800 hours/year, so if the lamp is used all the time, it will only last 12000 hours if it fails after 15 years.

    3) Please tell us your plan on how to restart the test if the light fails before the ECAT fails.

    Regards
    LarryG

  • Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1- normally yes
    2- it depends on the specific situations, but in any case is an energyamplifier
    3- yes, unless the specific system activates a backup from the grid
    4- see above
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Thanks if you can answer.

    1) Do you confirm that the Mini sklep only has 2 input wires and 2 output wires?

    2) Do you confirm that the MiniSKLep can be considered an energy amplifier, which supplies the same output voltage as the input voltage while respecting the maximum 10W that can be supplied or the maximum 0.833A that can be supplied to the load?

    3) Do you confirm that once one of the 2 constraints listed above has been overcome, the SKLep is turned off by the AI?

    4) Am I imagining well?

    Regards Maico

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    You’d need the inverter at the output,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    can I connect 10 SKLep with AC input and AC output directly in parallel to run a 1 kW fan heater, or do I need an additional inverter for this?

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  • Roberto

    Dr Rossi:
    I watched
    https://www.twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    and clicked to watch the video of the 100000 hours straight streaming on course. Excellent. Also very interesting the link to the report of the US Department of Defense responding to a troll that tried to disparage your work and I suggest the readers of this blog to go through it, because it is very, very interesting.
    Ad majora,
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Norman:
    Of course yes ! We can’t forbid Clients to make what they want with the unit they bought.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Norman

    Dr Rossi,
    Notwithstanding the NDAs, when the deliveries will start will made public the success with normal clients, that don’t have NDAs, like me ?
    Best
    Norman

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would envision the need for an SKLep System Controller unit for residential and similar applications. The objective is to maximize the operational lifetime of the SKLep units and to minimize the electrical power going out to the Grid.

    Why minimize the power going out to the Grid? If everyone sent excess power to the electrical grid and a large percentage of residential customers did so, the utilities would have too much power being generated and it could disrupt the Grid. In addition, the cost to the electrical customer of energy consumed is much higher than the reimbursement received for excess generated power going to the Grid. So, it makes economic sense to reduce residential electrical power consumed while maximizing the number of years before SKLep units need to be replaced (end of operational lifetime).

    So, for applications where three or more separate SKLep combination of units drive the Grid, I suggest a System Controller.

    The System Controller would monitor the AC current at the residential Main electrical box and attempt to minimize the AC current running between the Grid and the residential electrical system. It could do this with a simple AC current measuring loop encircling one of the Grid phases coming into the residence.

    The System Controller would activate or deactivate specific groups of SKLep units – say by controlling the power going to them, so that the net AC power entering the residence is minimized.

    The System Controller would also remember the amount of time each set of controlled SKLep units had been activated and control them in such a manner as to increase the operational lifetime of all the SKLep units by leveling the amount of time each grouping of SKLeps had been powered. This would result in increased number of months and years the SKLep units were in use, given their projected 100,000 hour lifetime.

    Perhaps Andrea Rossi’s parent company could offer such a unit or another firm could offer such a device? Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    In the datasheet that you can find on
    http://www.ecat.com
    and
    http://www.ecatorders.com
    you can read it in a version easier to understand,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    OK, I understand: A< 0.00 means that the consume of current is less than1/100 of A; so, why don't you write it ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    9.9 V
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Greg Leonard

    Question:
    What is the lowest input voltage needed to start the Mini SKLep?
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  • Klas

    @Tom Conover

    For converting and syncing E-Cat output to your grid AC you would also need at least one grid inverter.
    Personally, I would go for several microinverters.
    Steven Karels has published here more on this matter.
    See also my comments from Oct 18.

    Klas

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tony:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I mean that the consume of current is inferior to 1/100 of A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    When you write A < 0.00 what do you mean ?

  • Tony

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi,
    I like your answer to Gerard McEk, and I too think he is right about sharing the results of the tests with the big buyers,
    Cheers
    Tony D’Alessandro

  • Andrea Rossi

    F. Dangel:
    You are wrong,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • F.Dangel

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    why so carefully with the information to the COP in the data-sheet?
    Just a COP of >100 – while it is in reality >100000 ?
    Best regards
    F.Dangel

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    I confirm the datasheet that we published,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    So far yes, but the height will be soon strongly reduced for the assemblies,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Dr. Rossi
    I notice in the datasheet that the 10w version is a cylinder 30mm thick, does this mean that the 100watt will be 300mm tall(10x30mm) and diameter of 60mm, or is the 100w version a completely different product.

  • Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am glad you made a new data sheet for the ECat Mini SKLep.

    I have a few questions.

    Table of ECat Mini SKlep characteristics

    Input Output Output Output
    Row Voltage Load Resistor Voltage Current Power
    1 12V 14.1 ohms 12V 0.833A 10W
    2 6V 14.1 ohms 6V 0.4165A 2.5W
    3 6V 7.05 ohms 6V 0.833A 5W
    4 12V 100 ohms 12V 0.12A 1.44W
    5 12V 7.05 ohms 0V 0A 0W (ECat shuts down)

    Question 1
    Is row 1 correct?

    Question 2
    Is row 2 correct?

    Question 3
    Is row 3 correct?

    Question 4
    Is row 4 correct?

    Question 5
    Is row 5 correct?

    Warm Regards,

    Dan Galburt

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I cancelled from your comment the usual mumbojumbo, that comes from the ignorance ( in the Latin sense, from the verb “ignoro, ignoras, ignoravi, ignoratum, ignorare = I do not know” ) of what we published [ see the answer to the troll made by the US DOD ( if you want you can find the link under the video published on Twitter: https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3 )], but the following questions are useful and I deem them to be worth the time to answer:
    1. When the target of orders for at least 1 million units will be reached, anybody will buy how many Ecats they want and do with them what they want
    2. Once the point 1 will be fulfilled, every Client will be able to reorder how many units he wants, but, obviously, will not maintain the priority of the original pre-order, otherwise the deliveries to the Clients that made the following pre-orders would be delayed indefinitely. We accept to maintain the original priority to the updates of the pre-orders until we reach the target to deliver, but eventually any order will have the priority of the date of itself.
    3. We will have with our big buyers an NDA that will allow what you are asking for only with the agreement of all the parties under NDA. I agree with you that this possibility could be useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. Your comment is the # 63000 of this blog

  • Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Once the 1M SKLep’s are reached would you allow people to buy a single mini SKLep to test its properties and check it with your claims, before ordering many of them?
    2. When they are convinced it works and order the pre-ordered larger numbers, would you still respect their position of the pre-order list in order to deliver?.
    3. You have said that you would allow big buyers to do their testing first. Would you consider to publish their findings? (I believe that if these are positive, it would largely increase the order portfolio for the SKLep).
    Thank you if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Correct, assuming your peak power is 3 kW
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Daviid-UK:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Daviid - UK

    Dear Andrea, it is reported here in the UK that the honest people of Germany are turning to wood as a less expensive heating fuel source, and there is a new and expanding business is cutting down trees for firewood. Is this a perinent and crucial time to begin the E Cat advertising campaign in Germany, if indeed it has not already started?. Germany is a large, powerful and important country, and unlike some nations, may not be under the thumb of oil interests, and is thus perhaps an excellent place to advertise.

  • Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    My home uses 2-3 kW of electricity. Do I calculate your price correctly for (30 * (US$ 249) = 7470 US$) to purchase parts to link together a 3kW ECAT Generator? Thank you for helping me with the mathamatical calculation. I have already tempered my home with my geothermal HVAC system. Thank you for your interaction with our inquiries!

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

  • Andrea Rossi

    Guido:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    H.Schilling:
    This depends on the necessities of the Client; all I can say is that the livespan watch runs only when the Ecat is running and does not depend on the amount od energy that is made use of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    Besides EV charging that I mentioned on 10/30, another potential, high-value application for the Ecat-SKLep can be found in the typical home’s utility room– specifically, the HVAC unit and hot water heater.

    According to directenergy.com, Air Conditioning and Heating make up 46% of the typical home’s energy use. HVAC is the 1st largest user, in the home, of energy. The 2nd largest user within the home is Water Heating at 14%. Together they total to 60% of the home’s energy demand.

    According to the same source, the typical HVAC unit requires 3.5kW and utilizes 28-63kWh per day. The typical Water Heater requires 4.5kW and utilizes 13.5kWh per day. Thus 8kW worth of SKLep’s could serve the typical utility room and handle most of the home’s electrical needs. Additionally, since heating and cooling are the source of most of the large seasonal variations in a home’s electricity use, energy demand from the grid, and electricity bills, would become much more consistent, month to month and season to season.

    best wishes,
    WaltC

  • H.Schilling

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    given the fact that the lifetime of the ecat sklep depends of the operational time it would be better to run the ecat at full power or switch it off. The effiency is third rate given the high COP. The input of Watt is always very low.
    Best regards
    H.Schilling

  • Guido

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    On the page https://ecatorders.com/pre-order-the-ecat-sklep-electricity-generator/ it is still possible to pre-order the 100W ecat sized 7x7x9 cm.
    Is this still valid?
    Thank you.
    Kind regards,
    Guido

  • Italo R.

    Dear Readers,
    In these days there is the news that in 3 years a fourth generation commercial nuclear plant will be in operation in Canada with the generation of 50 thermal MW at a temperature of 700 ° C, containing uranium oxide encapsulated in indestructible beads coated with silicon carbide and graphite.

    https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2022/10/27/news/energia_nucleare_quarta_generazione_riccardo_desalvo-371464224/

    The inventor states that it is “intrinsically safe” as the reaction switches off automatically as the temperature increases, so there can never be a risk of melting or even of explosion as it is cooled with helium and not with water. There is therefore no water vapor with possible overpressures.

    They have passed the experimental stage and plan to massively market these generators around the world.

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Harold:
    Yes, if remains constant the voltage: W = A x V
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Harold

    Dear Andrea,

    Sorry for my layman’s question, but does a decrease in MicroAmperes usages means there is an increase in COP?

    Kind regards,
    Harold

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    To All JONP Readers,

    To secure a Mini-SKLep stack of cylinders to a plate, I plan to use a McMaster PN: 3192T56. A plastic clamp with a 60mm internal diameter. It is ideal for securing the stack to a plate. Cost is $5.58 USD for a pack of 5 clamps.

    In my application, I will use three stacks of 10 to 12 Minim-SKLep (100W output) per stack, the stacks tied in series, to give 300W at 36VDC. This is sufficient to drive an Enphase IQ7A or IQ8A micro-inverter. Each mounting plate will be approximately 18″ x 12″ in size. Each micro-inverter can output about 360 W of grid ready AC power at 240VAC.

    Ten such units could be tied in parallel and operate from a single 20 Amp 2-pole circuit breaker and produce about 3.6 kW of electrical power.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    So far we have chosen the white cylinder you can see plugged to the lamp in the video now also on Twitter:
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    maozhijie:
    We don’t know yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    It is not frozen ( see the running watch ), the oscillations now are in the order of microA as our Team can see in the Ecats we are using in our R&D lab with Amperometers that are precise to measure down to the third decimal of microAmperes. The A.I. regulates the oscillations. It seems that after a month of continuous operation the Ecat demands lower oscillations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    For those of us that have placed orders for your products. Will we get a blue box or a white cylinder or something else? Maybe you could share a picture and update your web site. I hope production will be soon.
    Bernie Morrissey

  • maozhijie

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    When do you think the E-catsklep can directly be connected to a DC battery ?

    Maozhijie

  • Gavino Mamia

    In the streaming video I no longer see that fraction of the current consumed, it almost looks like a frozen video, why?

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    Since the current focus is on grid-tied applications for the Ecat-SKLep, here’s a possible home application that would seem ideal for a device like the SKLep– a power booster for the EV charging unit so that overnight charging of electric vehicles can be managed without requiring major upgrades to the home’s electrical infrastructure.

    Currently, in the home, the power sources for EV charging are:
    – 120v 20amp service– this is the most basic level of charging (E.g., Tesla’s Level 1)– it can fully charge an EV in 4 to 8 days (1.4kW to 1.9kW).
    – 240v 32 to 80 amp service– usually a major electrical upgrade (E.g., Tesla’s Level 2)– can fully charge an EV in 6 to 12 hours (7kW to 19kW) (Info sources: lifewire.com, way.com and tesla.com).

    Also, if the SKLep Power Booster were suitcase-sized and portable, then you could take it with you on road trips and recharge the car from any standard 120v power source.

    *In summary*, even without being initially mobile, the SKLep could help accelerate the migration to Electric Vehicles and help reduce the added strain of large-scale EV charging on the nation’s power grid.

    best wishes,
    WaltC

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