United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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40,876 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Harold

    Dear Andrea,

    Good to hear that the date for the October EV test is set!
    When will you announce this probably already historic date to the public?

    Simply because it makes things easier to plan ahead.

    Kind regards,
    Harold

  • Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Do you do the integration of the E-Cat into the car in partnership with the manufacturer of that vehicle?
    All my support and thank you if you can divulge this information.
    Best regards
    Raffaele Bongo

  • Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    How stupid I have been ! You are absolutely right, anyway I can correct wishing to all our Readers of the Southern Emisphere
    Happy Winter Holidays !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    He,he,he…thank you for your concern: yes I try not to loose the main contacts…luckily I am privileged by an outstanding health.
    I wish you too !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    May I ask the following question?
    Since you have so much important work to do, I was wondering if you still have time for normal life activities such as friendships and shopping and personal interests that are not related to your invention?
    Sometimes those things are necessary to keep a person healthy.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  • Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for you answer.
    Also remember that for us in the southern hemisphere, it’s cold winter, not summer holidays. And we need the ecat for cheaper heating.
    Best regards
    Patrick

  • Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Patrick

    Dwar Dr Rossi,
    Have you set the date for the test in October yet?
    Best regards,
    Patrick

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Today the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    reached 122000 total readings,
    and counting…
    Best
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    To all our Italian Readers:
    Buon Ferragosto !
    To All our Readers:
    Happy Summer Holidays !
    Andrea Rossi

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I made a previous post involving the lateral acceleration experienced by the occupants of a vehicle during a turn. My posting was meant to make you aware of the effect on high lateral acceleration on the driver and any passengers.

    When combined with high speed, and a closed track, turns will generate lateral acceleration, even with sloped pavement. Some tracks have reported drivers experiencing dizziness because of lateral accelerations caused by turns and high speeds.

    An alternative is to quickly slow down when approaching a turn, and then accelerating out of the turn. This, in turn, may cause brake overheating and brake wear.

    So, something for you to consider.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    UDI Shomer:
    No,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Jean Paul Renoir

    Dr Rossi
    Is still valid the scheduling of the Ecat powered EV test within this year?
    Best
    JPR

  • Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, I asked ChatGpt the following information:

    To measure the remaining electric charge of a lithium-ion battery in an electric car, you can use the following methods:

    1-Vehicle Charge Indicator: Many electric cars have a dashboard indicator that displays the estimated percentage of remaining charge. This is a simple and convenient way to get a general idea of the battery’s state of charge.

    2-Manufacturer’s App: Some electric car manufacturers provide mobile apps that allow you to monitor the battery’s state of charge and other parameters. These apps offer detailed information about the battery’s status.

    3-OBD-II Diagnostic Tools: Certain OBD-II diagnostic scanners can provide data about the battery’s health and state of charge. Mechanics often use these tools to analyze overall vehicle performance.

    4-Voltmeter: If you have access to the battery terminals, you can use a voltmeter to measure the battery’s voltage. However, voltage alone may not give an accurate indication of the remaining charge, as voltage can be influenced by factors like temperature and discharge current.

    5-Ammeter: In some cases, an ammeter can measure the current flowing out of the battery while the car is running. This can give you an estimate of the battery’s state of charge based on current and usage time.

    6-Cell Balancing Tools: For certain lithium-ion batteries, you can use cell balancing tools. These tools measure the voltage of each individual cell and provide a more precise indication of the battery’s state of charge.

    7-Professional Diagnostic Tools: Authorized service centers or specialized mechanics can use advanced diagnostic tools to gather detailed data about the battery’s status and the vehicle’s electrical system.

    Keep in mind that the remaining battery charge is just one factor affecting an electric car’s actual range. Temperature, driving habits, and other variables can significantly impact the real-world driving range.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Udi Shomer

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does your company (Leonardo Corporation if I’m not mistaken?) has any plans of going public within the next year?
    Best regards,
    Udi Shomer

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    It is well known that 80% emotion and 20% facts work in communication. Therefore, I suggest to take this into account when streaming the project day, even if it might be a bit time-consuming.
    I suggest streaming in 4k 60fps on YT, whereby the format is composed of 4 times 1080p transmissions.
    At the top left, technical data of the two vehicles is shown continuously in real time, side by side. Perhaps smaller streams from the on-board cameras of the two vehicles can also be shown. At the top, a headline should make clear in a few words what the video is about, e.g. Livestream E-Cat in EV by Leonardo Corporation Oct/15/2023.
    At the top right is the actual video stream with sound. I suggest that a moderator and a camera accompany the whole day.
    The two lower areas are used to insert cameras or pictures, depending on the context of the presentation.
    Data that could be inserted at the top left:
    Time
    Battery charge status
    Temperatures of batteries
    Speeds
    Distances travelled
    Total driving times
    Power output of the E-Cat

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,
    Numerous suggestions have been put forth regarding the execution of the demonstration. I’d like to propose a simple yet highly effective approach that would also help reduce the overall duration.

    Equip each car with a transmitter that displays the real-time charge level of their respective batteries.
    During the demonstration, project these charge levels onto a video display along with a timer (hh:mm:ss). Additionally, showcasing the corresponding speed values would be beneficial.
    The key advantage of this system lies in its ability to eliminate the need for waiting hours to compare the two cars. Instead, you would immediately observe the distinct battery charge values, which would begin to diverge – one gradually decreasing, while the other remains predominantly constant.

    My Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • DrLG

    Dr. Rossi, you and your team probably have put a lot of thought into what speed to run the EV ECAT test at. Please consider this scenario in your analysis and speed selection:
    1) Run the cars at fastest safe speed. This will deplete both batteries at fastest rate, but since the ECAT EV will get some of its power from the ECATs, it will not be fully depleted when the control car has to stop. This minimizes the time to control car stopping. It is also less efficient (more energy per km needed) when running at faster speeds.
    2) Once the control car is forced to stop, slow the ECAT car down so the driving energy consumption is less than the charge rate.
    3) At some point the ECAT car will again be fully charged.

    This would probably reflect real world implementation of the ECAT into EV vehicles, just very dramatically….at high acceleration or short bursts of high speed, a lot of the power will come from the batteries, which will get recharged when the car energy consumption falls back to a level lower than the ECAT supply rate. Same for many applications with batteries…surge energy demands are supplied by the battery which gets recharged during lower power periods.

    But it will make the ECAT “energy bunny” side by side comparison more dramatic, and you need all the “flash” you can get in this demo.

    Best Regards
    LarryG

  • Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    He, he, he…
    It is very difficult, because the work we are doing now is made by details that cannot be made public, but I sympathize your feelings: keep you less anxious with the magnificent food of Sardegna in one of your wonderful restaurants close to your amazing beaches.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • DrLG

    Dr. Rossi, is there a vehicle scale at the track so you can measure both vehicles before and after the demonstration?
    Regards, LarryG

  • Gavino Mamia

    Dott. Rossi
    sono ancora vivo, ma l’ansia di questa attesa mi sta uccidendo.
    Perché non ci da ogni tanto qualche news per alleviare questa attesa?
    Buon lavoro a Lei ed a tutto il suo team.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    “Stellantis Announces Allocation of BEV-centric STLA Large Vehicles to Cassino Assembly Plant”
    https://www.stellantis.com/en/news/press-releases/2023/march/stellantis-announces-allocation-of-bev-centric-stla-large-vehicles-to-cassino-assembly-plant

    “Stellantis to make fully electric cars at Cassino plant in Italy”
    https://www.reuters.com/business/sustainable-business/stellantis-make-fully-electric-cars-cassino-plant-italy-2023-03-09/

    Question: Would one of these Italian manufactured EVs be a suitable candidate for testing the Ecat SKLep?

    Interestingly, the Cassino Assembly Plant has a 1.6km test track.
    https://www.alfaromeo.co.uk/magazine/where-the-passion-is-built – The track can be seen to the right of the photograph.

    https://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/fiat-auto-plant-and-test-track/view/google/ – Satellite view of the Fiat test track.

    Best wishes for the demonstration of the EV powered by Ecats in October.

    Supportive Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  • Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    It is now past Day 150 for YouTube E-Cat SKLep SSM Livestream, 24 hours per day 7 days a week = 3600 hours, well beyond any battery life. Congratulations on your achievements so far, looking forward to the next milestone event in October.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your speculations, but we will give these data during the test,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Analysis of the lateral acceleration of the EV during the demonstration

    Speed (or velocity)

    Assume 100 miles per hour based on a typical battery range of 200 to 300 miles and a run time (max to discharge) of 2 to 3 hours.

    Lateral acceleration (a) = velocity squared / radius.

    100 mph = 44.7 meters per second.

    Gravitational constant = 9.8 m/second squared

    Case 1. Assume the 1,600 meters is the circumference of a circular track.
    If so, then the radius = 254 meters
    a = 7.9 m/second squared or 80% of one g.

    Case 2: Assume 1,600 meters is the diameter. The radius = 800m.
    a = 2.5 m/second squared or 25% of one g.

    Case 3: Assume 1,600 meters = the radius of a circular track.
    a = 1.23 m/second squared or 12% of one g.

    Note: for passenger vehicles the lateral acceleration is recommended to be less than 10% (at high speed) and 17% (at low speed).

    Conclusion: This is not a ride for non-professional drivers to be a passenger.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    These data will be delivered during the test,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In a previous post, you stated:
    “1600 m, about 1760 yards.”

    1. Is this the diameter of the track or the total length of the track?
    2. If the unmodified EV will exhaust it battery system in 2 – 3 hours and the typical range is 200 – 300 miles, does this mean the average speed will be 100 mph?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nichole’s Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some suggestions on the EV demonstration.

    I understand that you have exclusive access to the racetrack between 7 AM and 7 PM local time.

    1. I suggest that both EVs be at the same State of Charge some hours before the demo start time.
    2. Then charge each EV to 100%, recording the charging time and the total amount of energy supplied. This could be done simultaneously or sequentially.
    3. Allow time to connect the SKLep SSM unit to the special EV including time for testing and verification.
    4. Begin the demonstration testing with one minute (approximately) separation between cars – to avoid claims of drafting.
    5. Each car is to run the same average speed.
    6. At the end of the demonstration, perform post-testing and examinations on both EVs.
    7. Then disconnect the SKLep SSM unit from the special EV and verify the configuration change by examination and testing.
    8. Drive the special EV (now without the SKLep SSM Unit) until energy exhaustion.
    9. Document everything.

    Thoughts?

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    An article comparing gas
    to electricity charging cost.

    https://www.vehiclesuggest.com/study-reveals-evs-are-costlier-to-charge-than-gas-cars/

    Regards
    Sam

  • Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    We will use the standard of the specific geographic area,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • manuel cilia

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Has the Mw units increased their total output voltage above 240Vdc, of course the ideal voltage for these larger units would above 550Vdc so as to operate the large scale grid scale inverters. Many of the larger scale DC-DC converters also require DC voltages above 550Vdc.

  • Heinz Sause

    Hello Dr Rossi.
    which plugs or sockets will we users find on the 10 watt or 100 watt E-cat Skl?
    The standards of the connectors on the photovoltaic modules
    I would like it
    .I wish you worldwide attention.
    kind regards,
    Heinz Sause

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Udi Shomer:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • cesare

    Location: Binetto, Bari, Italia

    Autodromo del Levante is a 1.577 km (0.980 mi) motor racing circuit in Binetto, Apulia, Italy.[1]
    It was inaugurated on 10 June 1989.[2] The circuit has 9 turns.
    The circuit was mainly used for national events, such as Italian Formula Three Championship, Italian Superturismo Championship and Italian GT Championship.

    https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autodromo_del_Levante

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    it worries me a little that you have already announced the route by giving the length.
    Today is a very evil time and you are fighting the excessive power of the CO2 industry, the military and the secret services all over the world. I don’t want to scare you, but please consider attacks. You need enormous security measures for your life and the protection of information. In Ukraine you can observe what is possible with drones, for example. Please make it clear publicly that the e-cat will go ahead even if there is an attack with devastating effect.

    I wish you and the whole world that it will be a great success.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Udi Shomer

    Hello Dr Rossi,

    Some suggestions for the best YouTube creators/influences to cover your October event.
    Please have your team reach out and invite them, their effect will be enormous.

    In their “About” page on the YouTube channel they will have a Business Email, as well as other ways to contact them like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram.

    1. Fully Charged Show
    1 million subscribers
    They cover electric cars, renewable energy, and anything related to electrification.

    2. Munro Live
    380k subscribers
    Run by “Monro and Associates”, one of the most prominent benchmarking/engineering firms for autos.
    They cover electric cars from a technical point of view.
    They may not have the highest number of subscribers, but they are extremely influential and followed by CEOs and prominent people.

    3. Undecided with Matt Ferrell
    1.25 million subscribers
    Covers technological breakthroughs in renewable energy, batteries, nuclear, recycling, etc

    4. Tom Scott
    6 million subscribers
    Covers an array of topics, but is very curious and open minded and travels regularly around the world.

    5. Marques Brownlee
    17 million subscribers
    Does tech reviews for gadgets, but is intelligent, curious and open minded and recently reviewed his Solar Roof/Battery set-up, so he is into renewable energy.
    He has a sub-channel focused on electric cars called “Auto Focus”.

    6. Bjorn Nyland
    300k subscribers
    Famous for unbiased reviews of electric cars as well as range tests.

    7. DIY Solar Power with Will Prowse
    840k subscribers
    Does “Do It Yourself” batteries and solar generator guides and reviews for people who want to be self sufficient or “Off Grid”.
    (I know its not solar, but the E-Cat can replace solar panels within the same set-ups).

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