United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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40,876 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Dott AT

    I totally agree with Manuel Cilia. Once stable ecat ssm out, there will be obviously no need for solar panels… and for many other energy sources.

    #ecatsklep-nevergiveup

    Best regards.

  • Cathy Johnson

    Dear E-Cat enthusiasts,
    there was a misunderstanding in the ECW article which resulted in another misunderstandings in the comments there and here.

    Dr. Rossi mentioned the efficiency of the existing solar power SYSTEMS, not the efficiency of the solar PANELS.

    Photovoltaic power systems (also called solar systems) consist of the following main parts:
    – Photovoltaic panels
    – inverter
    – (usually also) battery

    If you connect several E-Cats to the free DC input of the inverter (pay attention to the minimum starting voltage: usually 180-200 V), this will slightly increase the efficiency of the entire SYSTEM.
    For example, in countries with expensive electricity (EU), the payback period will be reduced from 5-7 years to 3.5-4 years.

    The whole idea is complicated by the fact that there are no DC-to-DC step-up converters on the market that will increase the voltage from 12V DC to 200V DC.
    This is a detail that Dr. Rossi to arrange with the manufacturers of DC-to-DC converters even before the launch of the E-Cats, if they are to have a smooth marketing in the photovoltaic power systems sector.

    Note: No one wants to connect 15O MINI E-Cats in a complicated scheme with 200V output.

    Customers want 10-15 pcs 100 Watt E-Cats with 200 V+ output, which is simply not possible (10×12=120V).

    Note: Connecting all E-Cats in series is impractical, because if one of them fails, the entire set of all E-Cats will likely fail.

    Dr. Rossi completely ignored or misunderstood this detail in the JoNP discussion mentioned a few weeks ago.

    Have A Nice Weekend

  • Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The Ecat can multiply the energy generation of solar systems.
    As I said, the rationale of this effect, upon which we are working with the Ecat SKLep-Nevergiveup can be found here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for your insight. We will make an important demo with this application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • I am not sure why you would want to increase the performance of a solar panel if you can provide steady 24 hour power supply with the Ecat or am I missing something here.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Assume you wanted to augment an existing PV solar system. We model the PV solar system output as a constant between the hours of 9 AM and 3 PM (local time). Assume the average output during that time is X kW. The solar energy delivered to the inverter would be 6 * X kW-hrs. In our model, the PV solar system outputs nothing during the hours between 3 PM and the next day until 9 AM.

    Suppose you added a switch that could take one of two strings and feed the selected input to the inverter. And you wanted to keep the input power to the inverter the same regardless of which source was selected.

    One string would be the PV solar system, which outputs X kW during the 9AM to 3PM period. The other string input to the switch would be a combination of a battery and the SKLep SSM units. The SKLep units produce a constant output of Y kW.

    During the active time of the PV solar system (9AM to 3PM), the switch channels the PV solar energy to the inverter. During this time, the SKLep units charge the battery. The battery is of sufficient capacity to accept and discharge 18 * Y kW-hrs of energy.

    During the non-solar time (3PM until 9AM of the next day), the SKLep units and the battery provide energy to the switch and, combined, provide X kW to the inverter. So, the input to the inverter is always X kW of power.

    Solving the equation, Y = 0.75 * X.

    For example, if the PV solar system produces 8 kW of electrical power going to the inverter during the 9AM to 3PM period, this will yield 48 kW-hrs of energy.

    Y will be 6 kW of power being generated by the SKLep units.

    During the 9AM to 3PM period, the SKLep units will charge the battery with 6 * 6kW-hrs of energy.

    During the non-solar period of 3PM to 9AM the next day, the inverter will receive 6kW of power from the SKLep and 6 * 6kW-hrs/18 hrs from the battery being discharged.

    Or, 6kW coming from the SKLep units and 36 kW-hrs/18 hrs (or 2kW) coming from the battery.

    In this analysis, the inverter would see a constant level of power being fed to it. The inverter would not need to be upgraded but there would be a factor of 4 increase in the amount of energy released into the grid or the household.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Harry:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Harry

    Hi Anonymous,
    Excellent idea, some kind of demo that shows an increase in power when the ecat is connecting would be perfect.
    Do you agree Dr Rossi ?
    Kind Regards,
    Harry

  • Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I wonder if the use of electronic chips in the E cat 100 Watt improves safety and reliability in a high-speed car?
    Any damage immediately makes the Ecat 100 Watt unit unusable.

    One possible solution is that using external AI units based on solid electronics could solve the problem. do you agree with this statement?

    Kind regards, Jitse

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I am glad that you turned the Ecat’s focus on the implementation of supposedly all the existing solar systems around the world: that would be a really game changer.
    Will you make a demo withthis application ?

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats of your papers I found now on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 134000 (of which 123870 only for “Ecat SK and Long Range Particle Interactions”)- more than 99% of 1500000 papers on Researchgate
    Research Interest Score: 2613- more than 99% of 1500000 papers of Researchgate
    Citations + Mentions 85
    Recommendations: 10041- more than 99% of 1500000 papers of Researchgate
    Most Readings by Cathegories: Theoretical Physicists, Electronic Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Researchers
    Most Readings by Seniority: Professors, PhD students, Seniors
    And counting…
    Best,
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Your today’s comment has been erroneously sent in the spam: can you resend it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Klas

    Dear Greg Leonard,

    If/when the data of the PowerCell would be officially confirmed in practical installations, all present
    national regulations for exporting to the grid have to be completely revised anyway.

    Due to the present and dramatically increasing need for sustainable power, and after a period of surprise and turbulence, I expect most governments to present quite favorable conditions for the residential (and industrial) production of E-Cat Power.
    In fact, we might even see a race on the matter.

    Regards
    Klas

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Greg Leonard,

    I have not tested it but I do not think that adding one or more SKLep SSM units in series in the PV string will work.

    I know that PV strings have problems when one of the PV panels is shadowed. The shadowing of one panel restricts the available current in all the PV panels in the same string.

    Therefore, at night, all the PV panels are effectively “shadowed” and the SKLep SSM units in series will be current limited by the PV panels that are in the series string with the SKLep SSM units.

    Likewise, the SKLep SSM units are likely current limited. For example, an SKLep SSM 100W unit at 12VDC runs at about 8.3 Amps. A 320-Watt PV panel in full sunlight likely has a voltage of 40 VDC. So, the PV current would be 8 Amps. When the sun is low or clouds are present, the voltage and amps from the PV panel drop. This would restrict the current flowing through the SKLep SSM unit(s). Since the SKLep SSM unit’s voltage is limited to 12 VDC, the added power will be reduced.

    A more detailed analysis should be run with the characterization of the specific PV panels used in your system.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    You are right, but I think you can ask for an upgrade.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    I assume you mean that, because, an existing PV system will already be grid connected –  all you need do is to add a few eCats in series to an existing PV string, and you will have extra power during the day as well as some power at night.  My PV system has 14 panels in two strings (6 and 8), and an SMA inverter with spare capacity.  Just need to calculate the number of eCats to add to each string – and stay within the voltage and power limits of the inverter.
    The extra problem I have is that, as an early adopter, I am paid about 71p for every unit generated.
    The contract is valid only as long as I don’t change the system!!
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The Ecat SKep Nevergiveup can increase strongly the efficiency of the existent solar power systems and the theoretical rationale of this can be found in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Your answer to Ben is quite stimulating: can you explain better ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    I am positive,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Ben

    You sure that the Ecat can improve all the solar panels around the world with substantial COP ?
    That would really be a momentous game changer,
    Best
    Ben

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    OK.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    The mystery man who
    helped to build the Modern World.

    https://youtu.be/p8M8VN_cUgM?si=32iIvbrh0XqelOcC

    Regards
    Sam

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    please also make sure that the history of the development is well documented with all successes and setbacks. I am already looking forward to the cinema blockbuster “E-CAT – the lifetime story”.

    Best Regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    As I understand it, the complexity of a Solar Inverter would not be necessary for an eCat setup. The Solar Inverter has to match varying voltages as the day progresses (clouds, height and brilliance of the sun etc).
    A dedicated eCat converter should be simpler and cheaper.
    Get one of the big guys, like SMA of Germany, to produce them for Leonardo Corp.
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sergio Lopez:
    Yes
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Sergio Lopez

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Could the new Ecat multiply the efficiency of average solar panels ?
    I think this could be the most important sector of market for your creature,
    Best,
    S.L.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A point design of SKLep SSM 100W units coupled with a Tesla Solar Inverter.

    Consider using a number of eCat SKLep SSM 100W units to power a residential home using a Tesla Solar Inverter, 3.8KW.

    A Tesla Solar Inverter has four inputs, nominally for four strings of solar panels connected in series. Replace the solar panels with eCat SKLep SSM 100 modules.

    The input specification for each solar panel string is 60VDC to 600VDC at a maximum of 13 Amps.

    I would propose to use four strings of SKLep SSM 100 units with 9 100W units per string.

    At 12VDC output per 100W units and 9 units in series would yield an input voltage to the Tesla Solar inverter of 108VDC. The input current would be 8.33 Amps.

    The four strings would provide a total of 3.6 kW of power. The Tesla Solar inverter has a conversion efficiency of 98% so the output on the 240VAC line would be about 3.5 kW.

    Running that 24/7 would result in about 85 kW-hrs per day.

    This point design results in the following:

    1. The input voltage to the Tesla Solar Inverter is 108 VDC – well in the allowed input range of 60 – 600 VDC.
    2. The input current per Tesla Solar Inverter string is 8.3 AMPS – well within the specified maximum of 13 Amps. 
    3. The series voltage of the eCat SKLep SSM is 108 VDC – well within the maximum series voltage limitation of 200 VDC.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There are several US start-up aircraft companies that are developing all-electric aircraft for taxi and cargo applications. The common feature is the use of Lipo batteries (or equivalent).

    The other common element on these aircraft is the large amount of power required during take-off, whether it be Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL) or Conventional Take Off and Landing (CTOL). Likewise, relatively little power is consumed during the cruise mode.

    The other common feature of these electric aircraft is their limited range, as compared to fuel-based aircraft.

    This suggests the possibility of SKLep SSM technology to provide the real-time charging of these types of aircraft during the cruise portions of their flights. Batteries would be used during the critical take off and landing portions of the flight.

    Nor would there be a requirement for fully charging the batteries during the flights. It would be reasonable to assume some level of charging support at the airports they fly into and out of or a centralized charging area for air taxi applications.

    While not a complete solution, your technology could supplement the energy usage in this class of aircraft.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Peter Thomas:
    Thank you for the link and for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That’s the issue we are dealing with and working for,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your reply to Christen below you confirm that you have been able to reproduce the recent fault.

    Have you yet been able to maintain an effective defense against the conditions that caused the fault, so that it does not reoccur?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  • peter thomas

    Dear Professor

    Below may be of some casual interest https://newatlas.com/physics/ligo-squeeze-light-surpass-quantum-limit/
    PS. Perhaps use of E-Cat as a form of home heating as proposed some years ago – in a more stable and less demanding environment than a vehicle – may still be a preferred option.

    Warm regards and His Blessings to yourself and your Team

    Peter

  • Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your attention; by the way, I confirm that it is technical.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    what emerges from your answers is that you are now very calm and positive. As far as I’m concerned this is the most important thing, it means that you have control of the situation; equally whether the problem is truly technical or is induced by other opportunities.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia,
    Believe me, I really sympathize you and all our Readers sharing with you the same feeling.
    We are doing our best to be as fast as possible. I think that within this year we will resolve the problem with the non EV connected Ecats, and will restart the streaming. With the EV more time will be necessary and, honestly, presently I am not able to have a guess about when we will be able to fix a date.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gavino Mamia

    Doctor Rossi,
    every morning I get up with the hope of reading a post of yours in which you communicate that you have found the solution to the ECAT technical problem.
    But then I stay disappointed and in a bad mood all day.
    Are you still very far from the solution?
    Good job to you and your entire team.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Christen:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Christen

    Mr Rossi, have you been able to reproduce in the lab the failure that led to the interruption of the tests?

    Bes regards and success in your objectives.

    Christen

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Consider an alternative demonstration of SKLep SSM technology

    Equip a Dragonfly Heavy Lift Drone with SKLep SSM modules and Lipo batteries.

    It has a cargo capacity of 30 kg.

    Power requirements are 45.6 VDC and about 110 Amps or 5kW. 500 of the 10W SKLep would weigh about 15 kg.

    With a horizontal speed of about 50 mph, you could circumnavigate the Earth in about 500 – 1,000 hours, depending on winds and route selection.

    Add some more SKLep SSM units for satcomm and telemetry packages, you would still be under the 30 kg carrying capacity.

    I would envision flying over the ocean for most of the journey. I would suggest you avoid Russia, Ukraine, and Israel airspaces.

    Around the world in 80 days or less (ref: Jules Verne)

    Thoughts?

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Wilfred posted “If you now have to work on the E-Cat Core anyway, wouldn’t it make sense to tackle the next stage of downsizing (increasing power density) at the same time?”

    If this is a very trivial change, then you MIGHT possibly consider including this change in your redesign. However, I would recommend against any changes other than that change(s) required to resolve the current problem.

    Engineers love to make changes. But each change must be thoroughly tested and there are unforeseen cross-effects which might occur. Program Managers despise multiple simultaneous changes as it increases program risk and schedule uncertainties.

    Fix the problem – then make improvements. 47 years of engineering experience speaks.

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