United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

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40,238 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another eCat application

    My wife wanted a closet light installed in the bedroom closet that would illuminate the closet when the door was opened. I went to the local hardware store and found an overhead ceiling light that had a battery and with a built-in motion detector. I came to find that the battery was recharged by removing the light unit (twist unlock) and connecting it to the USB port of a computer. A real pain…

    Why not an eCat SKLep NGU 10W module that would provide all needed power for the ceiling light and motion detector without requiring disassembly or running electrical power to the ceiling light? You could likely sell millions of units.

    Maybe the way to the 10,000,000 10W sales requirement is a common, simple application.

    Thoughts?

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another eCat technology application

    Consider using eCat SKLep NGU technology in deep mines (underground passages). Each NGU unit would provide continuous light for illumination purposes without the need to run electrical power. After a cave-in or an explosion, light would continue in the unaffected but blocked locations. Consider also that each such unit could have a secondary purpose to serve as an oxygen concentrator. It would draw air and concentrate the oxygen which could flow to one or more masks to extend the time of breathable air for trapped minors. Oxygen concentrators remove nitrogen from the ambient air while passing through oxygen. Since there is approximately 5 times as much nitrogen than oxygen in air, this could significantly increase the survival time of trapped miners waiting to be rescued.

    Thoughts?

  • Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    The paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    reached today 126,000 total readings. more than 99% of 1,500,000 papers published on Researchgate,
    and counting…
    Best,
    Prof

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve D:
    1- no
    2- please rephrase the question clearly
    3- depends on the kind of application
    4- ?
    5- please rephrase
    6- rephrase
    7- other sources can be combined with the Ecat
    8- yes
    9- no
    10- no
    11- depends on the fluctuations entity
    12- depends on the load variations entity
    13- depends on the kind of applications
    14- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steve D

    Dear Andrea Rossi, 

    I have a list of questions if you don’t mind to clarify an apparent link between the activated ecat and the ageing ecat and also the implications of your reply of 2024-01-20 …the non stop streaming poses problems that are “different” from a “normal use”.. I finish drawing a conclusion.

    1) With the 100K Hrs life expectancy and shelf life in mind, while in storage does the idle / shut down ecat age?

    2) Prior to order dispatch is the ecat firstly activated whereby it is already ageing upon end user receipt?

    3) Upon ecat delivery the user needs to do no more than to connect a valid load to activate the ecat thus (re)starting ageing?

    4) Where 3 is true (or go to 5)

    4a) ZPE alone enables spontaneous activation of an idle /shut down ecat when a load becomes connected and ageing does not occur unless under load?

    4b) The ecat is always ZPE active to enable detection of a load followed by the powering of it. Active internal electronics do not cause ageing, this occurs only under load?

    5) Upon ecat delivery the user follows a required activation procedure of which a valid load connection is only one of several steps thus (re)starting ageing?

    6) Does “normal use” describe ecat applications where a local electrical presence is the key “difference” such as for an electric vehicle or solar installation compared to the isolated ecat live stream?

    7) Some time ago if I recall correctly you said to the effect that the ecat supplements or works in conjunction with, but not replace other energy sources. Is it also correct to say that other energy sources supplement the ecat?

    8) Is there a temporary requirement for external electrical energy to firstly activate a shut down ecat because only an activated ecat can detect a valid load presence and (begin to) harvest ZPE which then solely provides the energy to maintain ecat SSM activation and drive the load while it is connected?

    9) With no access to local battery / energy, does this mean the ecat live stream is not able to be easily reactivated from shut down and would require intervention?

    10) In the previous live stream the output power was below the 10W rating of this isolated ecat. Does the low power reduce the possibility of a shut down?

    11) Fluctuations of ZPE field density can cause an ecat shutdown?

    12) Variations of load particularly outside operational range can cause an ecat shut down?

    13) Is activation electricity applied to the ecat 

    a) via dedicated input cables?

    b) via the load cables then after which the load can be connected (within a time period set by a charged capacitor)?

    Conclusion. 

    Local electrical activation energy starts the ecat which enables harnessing of ZPE to power the ecat and load.

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your current work give you any ideas on how to shrink the E-Cat by a further order of magnitude while maintaining the same output, or how to increase the power density? Has there been any progress?

    Best Regards
    Wilfried

  • Andrea Rossi

    JJ:
    Yes, we are working also on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, this is a crucial point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    In the paragraph 2.4 “Zitterbewegung Lagrangian” of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is written that the high density of the electrons clusters can be reached if the Stationary Action condition is equal to zero.
    Is this threshold of electrons density still a necessary pre-condition to make the Ecat reach its function ?

  • JJ

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Since there were safety problems in the past, new safety certificates are now probably also required for the E-Cat?

    Kind regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    ELVIRA Jean Claude:
    Yes, I suppose that the Ecat system can be coupled with yours.
    We will contact you when ready to deliver to discuss the particulars.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Bonjour Dr ROSSI

    Je pense que vous vous souvenez de moi…aussi je me permets de vous demander conseil …J’ai une maison individuelle à la campagne de 140m2…j’ai la géothermie par le sol avec une pompe à chaleur…j’ai des panneaux photovoltaiques sur mon toit…j’ai installé un cumulus d’eau chaude thermodynamique…je consomme par an 9304 kwh…j’en produis 3300/an …
    Ma question : combien de modules ECAT me faudra-t-il pour être autonome? je ne suis pas expert dans le domaine de l’électricité (ancien sidérurgiste à la retraite)…merci de me donner une réponse même approximative…j’espère ne pas vous avoir trop dérangé dans vos travaux si importants pour l’humanité entière…
    Jean-Claude ELVIRA (qui suit votre blog tous les jours et depuis très lontemps)

  • Anonymous

    Some actual science about electron:

    Rice University scientists have discovered a first-of-its-kind material, a 3D crystalline metal in which quantum correlations and the geometry of the crystal structure combine to frustrate the movement of electrons and lock them in place.

    https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/1032741

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    Understood; the answer is within this year,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank

    2) Fotovoltaiko and ecat

    Thank you for the answers.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for this information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    1- within March
    2- What do you mean PV ?
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Frank

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    could you please give us a time plan for the coming demos of the ecat ngu?
    1) LED-lamp
    2) PV
    3) electric car (within this year?)
    Best regards
    Frank

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Antartica consumes about 100 barrels of fuel oil per day – about 42 US gallons in a barrel. This results in an annual CO2 emission of 28,000 metric Tonnes per year.

    Since most of this consumption is for energy or heating (the remainder being used to fuel land vehicles), eCat technology should be a very cost competitive application. The fuel barrels are transported by air or by cargo ship. This is an expensive activity.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight an your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Michael 5:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Michael S

    Hello Andrea,
    If developing the electricity producing Ecat Lep Ng appears more complex and will demand maybe à few more years of development, why not allready put on the market a simple heat generating device ? Along the same thoughts as with ecat lep a small module of 2-3kw which could be added to obtain the desired power.Ot could be produced in huge numbers and should therefore be very cheap. This should be possible quickly, from what I remember from your past comments the heat producing technology beeing more mature and would allready adress the huge market of heating.
    The climate clock is ticking…

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Concept for eCat SKLep NGU technology used with EG4 6000XP Inverters.

    The EG4 6000XP Off-Grid inverter is an all-in-one inverter designed to accept Photovoltaic (PV) power from strings of solar panels, accept grid power, and/or generator power.

    Most residential homes in the USA require split phase 120VAC/240VAC power. To support the 120/240 split phase configuration, two 6000XP units are required, with communication between them.

    Each 6000XP unit can accept PV power inputs of up to 500VDC and 8.5 AMPS for each PV input. Start-up voltage is 100VDC.

    What is proposed are four eCat SKLep NGU units. Each NGU unit will contain 19 100W NGU devices. Each device nominally produces 12VDC at 8.33 Amps for 100W of power. Therefore, each NGU unit will produce 19 x 12VDC or 228VDC at 8.33Amps or 1.9 kW of power.

    Each NGU unit will likely be wall mounted and output the power via standard PV cables. An emergency shutdown capability will be required by Code. This could be internally down within the NGU units or via an external device.

    Each 6000XP unit will receive 3.8kW of electrical power and 7.6 kW for the two 6000XP units that make up one 120/240 split phase inverter system.
    Along with each 6000XP, there will also be a 48VDC Battery System.

    The Battery System will handle peak load situations such as motors and air-conditioners.

    Multiple parallel 6000XP units can be configured up to 16 6000XP units.

    The NGU units will provide constant power 24/7 as opposed to PV solar panels that only provide power during daylight, and only maximum power a few hours per day and are subject to shadowing, clouds, rain and snot effects.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Thank you for your kind opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jan Šrajer

    Mr.Rossi
    I think that the delay in the presentation is caused by wider external contexts and not the essence of the research E-catSKLep.

    All the best. J.Š.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting Documentary about
    the life and work of Nikola Tesla.

    https://youtu.be/tzD8sFvH4PA?si=OPOFp9foun2lZ83S

    Regards
    Sam

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Paul is right. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Paul

    @Jean Paul Renoir
    I think the obvious answer is the E-Cat is not working well enough for these demos.

  • Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you explain the exact reason why you had to delay the EV test and suspend the live streaming ?
    Best,
    JPR

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your moving links about Paul Dirac: he discovered what we todat call the electron’s Zitterbewegung and his lecture about the electrons shown in this link is extremely interesting: the ZBW is at the base of the theoretical bases of the Ecat, as explained in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a 1975 Paul Dirac Lecture.

    https://youtu.be/2GwctBldBvU?si=0MkMYI4BnP_ngCAG

    Regards
    Sam

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Wilfried

    @ Angelo V.:

    The risk of radioactive substances from these batteries being deliberately or accidentally released into the environment or even into food is not economically manageable. That’s why I don’t think these batteries will work.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Recent news has reported charging problems on Tesla Electric Vehicles (EVs) due to the extreme cold conditions causing problems with supercharging the Tesla EVs.

    The Tesla Battery system has four battery modules with each module about 12″ in width. Two of the Tesla modules are about 68″ long while the center two modules are about 73″ in length.

    “The ideal Tesla battery temperature range is 60F (15.6°C) to 80F (26.7°C). The Lithium-Ion battery found in Tesla electric vehicles functions optimally within this temperature range, allowing you to travel further per charge.” – Internet

    Assume an addition was added to the bottom of the Tesla Battery System that contained multiple eCat SKLep NGU units. Further assume each unit was on a metal (conductive) square approximately 6″ x 6″ in size. On each plate is a microcontroller, a 10W NGU unit, a small rechargeable battery to run the microcontroller, and a power resistor. The microcontroller is assumed to contain a temperature sensor. The microcontroller turns the NGU unit on and off based on sensed temperature. When the NGU unit is on, the small rechargeable battery could be charged and the power resistor heats the metal square.

    These squares are attached to the bottom of the Tesla Battery System and then covered with an insulation layer on the exterior (bottom) side. A total of 92 such units would cover the Tesla Battery System. These units in total would produce up to 920 Watts of thermal power to warm the Tesla Battery System.

    With a specified NGU operating lifetime of 100,000 hours, the NGU “heaters” would outlive the likely life of the Tesla EV as the NGU units would only need to be active when the Battery System temperature was too cold.

    No NGU electrical power is provided to the Tesla Battery System so there are no Battery System electrical interface issues.

    This would reduce the amount of Tesla Battery System energy needed to pre-conditioning the Tesla Battery System prior to supercharging. Tesla Pre-conditioning reduces the range of the Tesla EV but is reduces the supercharger charging time.

    Cost for one Tesla EV so equipped would increase by around $2,000 to $3,000.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    ENI’s subsidiary AGIP NUCLEARE bought my technology of 1978 in the year 1980 and has the right to make of it what they want,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Eniline, a subsidiary of the Italian oil company ENI, has made an agreement with Ryan Air to supply 100,000 tonn of bio-fuel for aviation: I think it is a technology you patented in the year 1978: thoughts ?
    Best,
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Thank you for the information. That is a nuclear device that uses the heat emitted to generate electricity with the Seebeck Effect.
    It has nothing to do with our technology and we prefer not to connect radioactive materials with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Angelo V.

    <> from https://world-nuclear-news.org/Articles/Nuclear-battery-Chinese-firm-aiming-for-mass-mark
    Dear Ing. Rossi what do you think about this news, if confirmed: do you think this new technology will eventually be a major competitor of yours, or do you think your E-Cat NGU would benefit in some way? Do you think the cost of producing energy could be a factor in yours advantage? Or could you focus more on the power generated for the same mass (or weight)?
    Don’t you think that the time factor is becoming more and more important?
    Best regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Walter

    @Koen Vandewalle
    It could be even more: 15 €ct/kwh=150 €/MWh: (sorry, i found this news just in german)
    https://www.iwr.de/news.php?id=38518
    Neues Atomkraftwerk Hinkley Point C – Strom kostet zum Start über 15 Cent pro Kilowattstunde

    And the chance that it will be even higher once it is accomplished is possible.
    Best regards
    Walter

  • Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It may be a bit premature to speculate on the maximum estimated amount of energy that the E-Cat NGU and its accessories will produce during one lifecycle. Nevertheless, I suspect you have goals regarding the price per MWh.

    Do you expect more or less than $10 per MWh?
    That is approximately equivalent to the cost of oil in the 1960s.

    The spot price of electricity in Europe generally ranges between 40 and 100 € per MWh. I assume that long-term contracts with major producers are priced much lower.

    I am asking this to get an idea of whether the E-Cat NGU will be more of a panacea or a welcome addition to existing energy sources.

    Kind regards,

    Koen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your idea,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Imagine – a person had an Off-Grid Inverter at his primary residence that accepted Grid power, had battery back-up, and solar and/or eCat DC power input(s). Such Off-Grid Inverters are plentiful and are relatively inexpensive.

    Imagine also an eCat power “suitcase” that could provide, say 1.6 kW of electrical power, either DC, single phase (120VAC), or 2-phase (240VAC) electrical power.

    While the resident was living at home, the “suitcase” would provide DC power to the Off-Grid Inverter. The Off-Grid Inverter would provide power to the residential home and/or charge the batteries as needed. In the event of a Grid power black-out, the Inverter would provide all needed electrical power to the residential home via the battery back-up and/or the “suitcase”. When Grid power was available, the Inverter would prioritize the DC input power (solar or “suitcase”), then the battery back-up, then the Grid as the source of needed electrical power for the residence.

    When the resident went to his cabin in the woods or was in his recreational vehicle (trailer or mobile home), he takes the “suitcase” with him to provide remote power. A 1.6 kW capacity should be capable of supporting remote electrical needs such as a small air-conditioner and/or a small electric stove, lights, etc.

    Using this approach, the “suitcase” would always be functioning (other than when being transported). This maximizing its economic savings or return on investment.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Walter:
    That would be possible.
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

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