United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

Read the whole US Patent
Download the ZIP file of US Patent

40,511 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    1- yes, albeit the tests are continuing
    2- Yes, this year
    3- being a modular system, there is no difference
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Jitse

    Good morning Andrea Rossi,

    Your response see Max’s blog February 29:

    1/ Does it also mean that the technical problems have been resolved?
    2/ Is there a time frame when I can expect the demo version for our project?
    3/ Which version of the Ecat units 0.5 kWh or higher is the fastest?

    With regards

    Jitse

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    The manufacturing depends on the threshold of pre-orders, not on the demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dr. Rossi,

    If you could please clarify…

    You replied to Max that if you were to reach the 1 million unit order threshold you would immediately start mass production, and in your reply to Harry confirmed that you have solved all production issues and finalized the product design.

    You also replied to me that NGUs will not be available before the EV demo occurs.

    If that 1 million unit threshold is met before the EV demo would you then stockpile the NGUs, making them available only after the demo?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  • Andrea Rossi

    Harry:
    Correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Harry

    Hi Dr Rossi,

    So I understand from your answer to Max, that you have solved all production issues and finalised the product design.

    Kind regards
    Harry R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Max:
    We would start immediately the mass production,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Max

    If you were to reach the 1 million unit order 250 Million USD Today would you begin production immediately or is the product not ready yet?

  • Jean Paul Renoir

    Dr Rossi,
    with the Ecat NGU will the price per Watt remain the same ?
    Best,
    JPR

  • Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dear Andrea,
    Just an idea: fly the drone simultaneously with the EV demo. For example so that one drone follows the car, while another drone flies nonstop so that people can see it continuously. The drone brings in credibility quickly, within 1-2 hours, while the EV shows the practicality aspect of the invention to ordinary people. It would seem to me that, psychologically, such double demo would be very strong, more than either of them alone.
    regards, /pekka

  • Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried:
    We are studying.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  • Wilfried

    Dear Andrea,

    if you are thinking about using it in drones, does this mean that the power-to-weight ratio of the NGU is significantly better than before?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  • Dr. Rossi,

    You mentioned that the EV demo might happen in September. Can you say if ECat NGUs will be available before the EV demo occurs?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Are you thinking to employ the Ecat to power drones ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion: I pass it on to the responsible expert on the matter,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Once the Ecat has been configurated for a due Voltage, the tension cannot be changed and the load must be fit for it.
    To increase V you can put Ecats in series, and to increase the Amperage you can put them in parallel.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the envisioned 100W NGU units, a few questions:

    1. Is there a user available control to adjust the open circuit voltage?
    2. If an open circuit output voltage is less than 12 VDC, will more current be available to be consistent with 100W or will the current be limited to approximately 8.33 Amps and the total power will drop?
    3. If the output voltage can be adjusted by the user, how close must the voltages be for two or more units to be run in parallel?

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The below referenced Position Reporting system

    Satellite Reporting System – Garmin inReach Messenger – configured to report GPS position every 2 minutes. Internal battery lifetime is rated at 3 to 6 days. Unit weighs 4 oz.

    The same unit could also be mounted on top of the EV to provide independent, real-time GPS measurements of the position (and speed) of the EV during the test in September.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are thinking to September,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestive insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    eCat NGU Demonstration Using a SkyHynter Model Airplane

    Test Concept:

    Equip a model airplane with an eCat NGU unit(s) to fly for several days continuously, while it reports its position by satellite communication.

    Flight path could either be Return To Base (RTB) or a closed series of navigation waypoints, repeated endlessly. RTB is a flight more where the model airplane circles around the takeoff point at a certain radius and altitude.

    SkyHunter Specs

    Specifications

    Brand Name: SonicModell
    Item Name: Full-Scale Skyhunter
    Wingspan: 1800mm (70.86")
    Length: 1400mm (55.11”) (adjustable)
    Wing Area: 36dm/3.9ft2 (Main wing Area)
    Max Flying Weight: 3.0-3.5kg
    Color: White
    Material: EPO with Carbon Fiber
    CG: 1/3 of the wing from leading-edge

    The Skyhunter can reach a top speed of 94 km/h and can fly for up to 60 minutes on a single battery.

    Satellite Reporting System – Garmin inReach Messenger – configured to report GPS position every 2 minutes. Internal battery lifetime is rated at 3 to 6 days. Unit weighs 4 oz.

    All additional needed components, GPS receiver, Transmitter/receiver, all-in-one flight system, telemetry transmitter/receiver, cameras, are relatively inexpensive and light weight. Add navigation flashing lights for nighttime flying.

    With a takeoff weight limit of 3.5 kg, you should be able to place up to 4 – 8 100W NGU units onboard. It is likely that fewer 100W units will be required.

    Proposed Test Flight

    Launch in an open area away from the city or nearby airports. Keep model airplane within transmitter-receiver control. RTB or do nearby waypoints at a few hundred feet above the ground.

    Select a weather window when low surface winds are expected and no storms.

    Launch model airplane and verify satellite communications is operative. Let it fly for 3 days, continuously recording Satellite position data.

    Thoughts?

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you an idea about when we’ll see the test with an EV ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    I interpreted the question of Steve D supposing @ 100 W, but if the power demand decreases in proportion, the resistance Ohmage can be increased.
    So, in this case, the answer is Yes.
    The answer is bound to the integrals deriving from the Ohm’s law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe you misunderstood Steve D second question.

    Steve D wrote “Will the ecat operate within a limited range where R > 14.4 ohms?”

    and you responded “if the load exceeds the power of the Ecat system, the system shuts down.”

    If the load resistance increases, then the total power draw will decrease. So, Steve D’s question asks — for a constant output voltage, and the load increases resistance, will the eCat unit continue to provide output at a reduced power level?

    Steve

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve D:
    I never received the questions missing in your former comment.
    Here are the answers to your new questions:
    2) yes
    3) if the load exceeds the power of the Ecat system, the system shuts down

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another application for eCat technology

    Remote wireless surveillance cameras.

    “Generally, most surveillance cameras operate on low voltage DC power, typically ranging from 12V to 24V. The power consumption of a camera is usually specified by the manufacturer and can range from a few watts to around 10 watts.”

    “Estimates vary widely, with some sources suggesting there are over 30 million surveillance cameras in the country” (USA)

    A single 10W NGU unit producing 12 VDC, or two 10W NGU in series producing 24 VDC, could power a surveillance camera and eliminate the need to run wiring to the camera.

    Surveillance cameras typically operate 24/7 and the additional cost would be paid for by electricity savings over time.

    Thoughts?

  • Steve D

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for your answers. I have resent the missing questions?? They set the scene for the subsequent questions.

    2) Removal of the load will cause ecat shut down?

    3) Will the ecat operate within a limited range where R > 14.4 ohms?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steve D:
    The equations in the premise of your comment are correct.
    Answers:
    1- no
    2- impossible to answer because in your comment there is no Q2
    3- same as in 2
    4- same as in 3
    5- The minimum Voltage in the Ecats is 12, the Amperage depends on the ratio P/V
    6- If V = 12 and P = 10, the consequence is A = 10/12
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steve D

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A feature of the Mini is auto adjust current x voltage = 10W for the load range where R = V^2/P

    @1V R is 0.1 ohms

    @ 12V R is 14.4 ohms

    1) Attempt to draw more than 10W with R 14.4 ohms?

    4) Where Q3 is true, was this condition applicable to the previous live stream therefore less than 10W was delivered?

    5) Is there a minimum current to maintain activation which lies somewhere between 12V/14.4 ohms = 0.833A and 0A?

    6) Where Q5 is true can you define the minimum current needed to maintain activation where only small loads are in use?

    Thank you for your answers

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you use microchips in the Ecat NGU ?
    If yes, aren’t you afraid that a lack of microchips could affect the Ecats manufacturing ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Joel:
    1- yes
    2- theoretically there are no limits
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Joel

    Is the Ecat NGU shown on Ecatworld assemblable in many units put in parallel and in series to reach higher power ?
    If yes: which is the max power reachable this way ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Joel

  • Andrea Rossi

    Irina:
    Yes,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Sam,
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Scientists freeze positronium atoms with lasers

    https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-68349448.amp

    Regards
    Sam

  • Irina

    Is it for the Ecat NGU still the plasma, as described in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    , the necessary precondition to obtain the O.U. ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the link: yes, it is of interest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I thought you or your team might find this recently published paper on six flux composite fermions. The maths and discussion is quite involved and difficult so I’m not sure if it can be useful for you or not. But there seem too
    me to be something’s of interest there.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-024-45860-5

    I’m very encouraged to see that serious science is now tackling these topics.

    Best Regards

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Aninymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the application of a capacitance could help the coupling between the Ecat and the battery of an EV ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another eCat application – electric Golf Carts.

    Facts:
    “Today, there are more than 2 million carts in the country. They can be found on golf courses, resort towns, and even on the streets of major cities.

    An electric cart’s range is typically 15 to 25 miles, depending on the type of battery. With a 4 to 6 gallon fuel tank, you might average 100 to 180 miles with a gas cart.

    Gas carts tend to have more power, with their internal combustion engine (ICE) motors averaging 10 (7.5 kW) to 12 (8.9 kW) horsepower. Electric carts typically have 3 (2.2 kW) to 5 (3.7 kW) horsepower motors.

    To answer how long do electric golf carts take to charge, the answer is 7-14 hours for a completely drained battery and between 2-7 hours for a partially drained battery.

    An electric cart’s range is typically 15 to 25 miles, depending on the type of battery. With a 4 to 6 gallon fuel tank, you might average 100 to 180 miles with a gas cart.”

    So, if the NGU can truly accommodate inductive loads, an all-electric golf cart that is not range limited, never needs charging, and has much more power than other electric golf carts, then using NGU technology might be appropriate.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There is a simplification to the New York City charging proposal I previously posted.

    The requirement is for a total of about 8 kW-hrs of energy to be provided each day to the Tesla Electric Vehicle (EV). The Tesla is charged using a Tesla Mobile Connector. The Tesla Mobile Connector can accept a smart adapter cable which is selected for the input AC voltage and input AC current draw.

    I suggest Tesla design and use a new smart adapter designed to accept 120VAC at a power of 400W.

    If this can be done, then 4 or 5 eCat 100W units could be employed to drive a commercially available DC-to-AC inverter that would produce 120VAC at 400W. This would provide power to the Smart Adapter.

    Steve

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>