United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

Read the whole US Patent
Download the ZIP file of US Patent

40,511 comments to United States Patent US 9,115,913 B1

  • Giulia

    Dr Rossi,
    Are the inverters included in the price of the Ecats ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you confirm the streaming of the EV powered by the Ecat NGU within this year ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    I think you are pursuing the correct strategy, either under a technological and the commercial point of view.
    All the best,
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    M.Lucas:
    We prefer not, because the situation is fluid, we receive many pre-orders that turn out to be fake. We prefer to communicate the result when it is certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • M. Lucas

    A live counter with all pre-orders would trigger an order boom. This would be linked everywhere on social media. The goal would be achieved in a few weeks

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another eCat application – fire fighting boats (aka fireboats)

    “the NYC fireboat is “the most technically advanced fireboat in the world.” At 140 feet long and with a 36-foot beam, the vessel has a top speed of 18 knots and can pump up to 50,000 gallons per minute (gpm), reportedly the highest volume of any fireboat ever commissioned.” Almost 9 MW of power is required.

    Conceptually, the four engines could be replaced with electric motors to provide propulsion and/or water pumping.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dott AT:
    Impossible, as I already explained many times: we would give the possibility to the competitors to copy our technology before reaching the power to defend us.
    We have a precise strategy and we will follow it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Dott AT

    Dear Dott. Rossi,
    I think there is a quick way to reach 1 million preorders. Just send and sell a thousand or less ecats, even to a greater price, and after that anyone will buy more, would like to become an affiliate partner, and spread the world to any of his Knowledge.
    Just my opinion.

    Best,
    Alessandro

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another application for eCat technology.

    Recalling my days as an engineer, I would use rentacars when I went on business trips. The cars mostly sat in a parking lot othrr than trips between my motel, the place of business, and restaurants. And I didn’t like having to fill up the rentacar just before returning to the reantacar agency (or pay elevated costs for them refueling.

    Electric Vehicle (EV) rentacars could have a low power eCat unit that would charge the rentacar while it was parked. If used for a long trip, superchargers are available. It might be a nice feature for an EV rentacar.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your support to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    What you are doing has an importance that it seems few have really understood: to reach the O.U. have been invested with no avail thousands of billions in the last half century, but thanks to your team we are talking to see possibly in one year from now cars and appliances work with certified products derived from your invention. I wonder if the greatness of this achievement is understood in all its greatness.
    Thank you for your work,
    Roberto

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another eCat application.

    “Tugboat diesel engines typically produce 500 to 2,500 kW (~ 680 to 3,400 hp), but larger boats (used in deep waters) can have power ratings up to 20,000 kW (~ 27,200 hp). Tugboats usually have an extreme power:tonnage-ratio; normal cargo and passenger ships have a P:T-ratio (in kW:GRT) of 0.35 to 1.20, whereas large tugs typically are 2.20 to 4.50 and small harbour-tugs 4.0 to 9.5. The engines are often the same as those used in railroad locomotives, but typically drive the propeller mechanically instead of converting the engine output to power electric motors, as is common for diesel-electric locomotives. For safety, tugboat engines often feature two of each critical part for redundancy.”

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A suggestion on how to demonstrate the 3kW NGU technology.

    1. Use a 3kW pure sine wave inverter or a EG4 6000XP all-in-one inverter – to convert the DC from the NGU unit to AC. If a 3kW sine wave inverter is used, then match the output of the NGU unit to the input requirements of the inverter, e.g., 48VDC. If the 6000XP inverter is used, then match the NGU output to the PV input requirement for a single PV, e.g., 200VDC. Note the voltage and the current requirements to output 3kW.

    2. If the chosen inverter has a display, use that as part of your overall presentation to show average voltage and/or power input parameters. Alternatively, add a DC power meter to show voltage, current, power, and energy.

    3. The inverter output can have either a 120VAC output or a split-phase 120/240 VAC. The output should have at least 2 ports, each capable of handling 15 Amperes at 120 VAC.

    4. Run each output through an inline power meter – there are available units that have a connector on the input and the output of the unit and they can display parameters such as voltage, current, power, energy, and frequency. One in-line meter for each output. This should also be displayed.

    5. For the load, I suggest four submersible pumps each consuming 720W of electrical power, two running off of one output, and the other two running from the other output. This would add up to 2,880 Watts of consumed power. The four pumps would be in a nearby pond with the water output placed upwards forming 4 fountains. A water head of 30 feet or so would be nice. If available power is present, add some color changing fountain lighting to enhance the artistic presentation. Pumps are available with a 200 feet power cord.

    6. Add a clock, analog or digital, to show elapsed time/date and display it on the internet.

    7. Maybe house the inverter, NGU unit, and power meters on a glass table, showing no hidden wires, etc.

    8. All components, other than the NGU unit, are off-the-shelf, and relatively inexpensive. Or contract this out to a certified independent party.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Karels, Steven

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another application for eCat Technology

    “The lunar regolith, the layer of loose material covering the Moon’s surface, has a fascinating chemical composition. Let’s delve into the major elements that make up this lunar soil:

    Oxygen (O): Constitutes 41-45% of the mass in lunar rocks and soils. It’s the most abundant element on the Moon.
    Silicon (Si): An essential component, mainly found in silicate minerals like plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine.
    Aluminum (Al): Another significant element, contributing to the structural properties of the regolith.”

    With sufficient electrical energy, the lunar regolith can be processed to provide Oxygen, Silicon (for glass), and Aluminum.

    A SpaceX Starship has a capacity of 150 short tons. With orbital refueling it can reach the Moon. 150 short tons is equal to 136,078 kilograms. 1kW of power can be provided by 2.5 kg of NGU technology. So, about 50 MW of power could be landed on the moon in one Starship delivery. Given enough time and power, vast amounts of oxygen, glass, and aluminum could be in situ produced.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Helen Olstad:
    We will discuss the specific situations of our Clients when we will be ready to deliver. In general, if you need a power of 10 kW, as you say, you will need an assembly of 100 x 100 W modules, which means a generator of 10 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Helen Olstad

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I will try to ask more precisely:

    Let’s assume that the photovoltaic system has 20 PV panels (500 Wp each), a total of 10 kWp.

    1) How many 10 Watt ECATs will I need to effectively illuminate these 20 PV panels?

    2) If the 10 Watt ECATs are unsuitable for PV panel illumination, what other ECAT model would You recommend and how many pieces (for 20 pcs of 500 Wp PV panels)?

    Have A Nice Day

    Helen

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    I did not say that the previously posted lines are not correct !
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you saying that the preciously posted lines (below) are not correct?

    There are several issues with using NGU technology to illuminate a solar panel for the purpose of producing electrical energy:

    1. The conversion efficiency (light-to-electrical power) is around 20%. This number varies but it is under 40% and likely more than 15%.
    2. The Sun, being very far away from the solar panel, illuminates the solar panel surface uniformly. A close-up light source would have difficulties in uniformly illuminating the solar panel.
    3. The illumination must have light energy in the wavelengths that the solar panel will respond to. Longer wavelengths than ultraviolet and shorter wavelengths than mid and far infrared.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    The last 2 lines of your comment are correct.
    Thank you for your insight, anyway.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    To JONP readers,

    It is not clear to me the AR intends to illuminate solar panels.

    There are several issues with using NGU technology to illuminate a solar panel for the purpose of producing electrical energy:

    1. The conversion efficiency (light-to-electrical power) is around 20%. This number varies but it is under 40% and likely more than 15%.
    2. The Sun, being very far away from the solar panel, illuminates the solar panel surface uniformly. A close-up light source would have difficulties in uniformly illuminating the solar panel.
    3. The illumination must have light energy in the wavelengths that the solar panel will respond to. Longer wavelengths than ultraviolet and shorter wavelengths than mid and far infrared.

    If the process that AR proposes to use is illumination of a solar panel powered by NGU technology, then the optical power produced by the NGU unit must (roughly) be about 5 times higher than the equivalent electrical power from the NGU unit. For example, a 10W NGU electrical output would need to illuminate the solar panel with at least 50W of optical power.

    Likewise, the illumination must be uniform over the solar panel to achieve optimum results. As an example, if the surface of a solar panel is in sunlight but it is in partial shade, from a building or the branch of a tree, then the output will decrease. If several solar panel outputs are tied in series (a PV string), then the output current of all of the solar panels in the string will be limited by the solar panel that has the most shadow on it.

    I do not believe that the NGU unit internally generates optical light and converts it to electrical power via an internal PV cell. The supporting rationale is that AR has stated that the NGU does not produce significant heat. Such an internal PV conversion would generate lots of heat.

    I suggest that the supplementation to the solar panel will be done on the electrical (output) side of the solar panel. This would utilize the existing inverter component to convert the DC power to grid-ready AC power. In such a system, the NGU power will be supplementing the solar panel produced power so that the inverter was generating the most power it could both during daytime and nighttime operation. Basically, constant power being produced, 24 hours per day. If done, this would make solar panel power a Baseload power source – constant power, 24/7 for many, many months.

    I do not expect AR to confirm this hypothesis. We will need to wait for the solar demonstration before the implementation is described, or not described.

  • Andrea Rossi

    W.Schultz:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Gerard McEk

    @Helen Olstad
    Hi Helen, could you tell why you want to illuminate the solar panels with use of the Ecat?
    My believe is that if you would use the electrical output power of the Ecat directly, the total efficiency would be a lot higher in comparison to the by you proposed way of Ecat -> light -> solar panels -> electricity.
    Maybe you want to convert the output to AC during the night? In that case I advice to switch over the DC output of the solar panels to the Ecat at the input side of your solar converter.
    Please ensure that your converter specification would accept the Ecat’s output specification.
    Regards, Gerard McEk

  • Helen Olstad

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I will try to ask more precisely:

    Let’s assume that the photovoltaic system has 20 PV panels (500 Wp each), a total of 10 kWp.

    How many 10 Watt ECATs will I need to effectively illuminate these 20 PV panels?

    Have A Nice Day

    Helen

  • W.Schulz

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    will your ecat work also with a balcony PV power plant? (like this: https://www.amazon.de/s?k=balcony+power+plant&crid=3P8DDBHOYG2XC&sprefix=balcony+power+plant%2Caps%2C95&ref=nb_sb_noss_1 )

    How much Watt could a 800 W balcony PV plant produce in the dark of a night with a 100 W Ecat ngu?
    1) more than 100 W ?
    2) or just 100 W ? (so there would be no gain for the use of a PV)
    3) how much W about?
    Best regards
    W.Schulz

  • Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Helen Olstad:
    It depends on the power of the system,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Helen Olstad

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I would still like to ask about this important thing:
    Will the ECATs that will be able to directly illuminate the PV panels be a 10W model, a 100W model or some new model?

    Have A Nice Day

    Helen

  • Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “The Al Dhafra Solar PV project is the world’s largest single-site solar power plant, using almost 4 million bifacial solar panels.”

    Current bifacial PV solar panels generate 460 W to 560 W in full sunlight conditions.

    Whether each solar panel has its own micro-inverter or is used in a string configuration, there is an opportunity for NGU technology to be applied here.

    If you were to develop a nominal 400W NGU unit and merged its output with the DC output of the solar panel using a diode bridge (highest voltage source conducts), you could supplement the solar panel output during nighttime, during sandstorms, or on cloudy days. There are almost 4 million panels there. Almost 4 million 460W to 560W NGU units would generate about 2GW of electrical power.

    More electrical power (from the solar panels) would be available during the daytime (assuming no clouds) and then somewhat less electrical power would be available at night. This would mirror the normal daytime vs nighttime power demand. The output voltage of the NGU units would need to be established slightly below the normal full illumination voltage of the solar panel.

    Thoughts?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers of the JoNP:
    Today has been published the paper “New Scientific Paradigm: Primacy of Movement- Low Energy Nuclear Fusion Chain Reaction (LENR) Is a New Source of Carbon-Free Energy and a Non Mechanical Engine” by Prof. Alexandr Nikitin
    The JoNP

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jane Feather:
    For EVs yes, for the drones we are working,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Nigel Appleton:
    My opinion is that the issues related to connect an Ecat system to the grid will be moreless the same of PV systems,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Helen Olstad:
    1- the Ecat can be connected to an inverter in PV systems
    2- yes
    Thank you for the wishes, sorry to be late in reading your comment: it has been recovered from the spam where it wrongly arrived: anyway, I hope you enjoyed a nice Easter !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    Do you currently consider the E-Cat to be “Production-Ready”– that is, if, tomorrow, you had the requisite 1 million orders you would begin ramping up production immediately?

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  • nigel appleton

    Which are the issues to connect an Ecat to the grid, like it happens with the PV systems ?

    I think the fact that no functional “Ecat” exists, or has ever existed, is the most important factor inhibiting its widespread adoption

  • Jane Feather

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the weight/W of the Ecat will compete in the market of the EVs and the drones ?
    Best,
    Jane

  • Simon

    @Roberto
    There will be big shifts in the energy system because of the ecat. No more need for a grid, which costs more than 10 ct/kwh plus tax just for grid charges in germany. No more import of oil, energy-intensive fertilizer and every industry has cheap energy, housing will be cheaper because no need for steam pipes or even no wiring of homes…
    So let us think the future without a power grid and without electric/smart meters (base charge 10-20 €/month) in the long term.
    If the production of ecat will start and the world know what it can do, every country wants the licence for production. In germany we saw how all prices have risen because of sanctions against russian gas – what will happen to all prices if energy/electricity suddenly will decrease tenfold?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    These issues must be agreed upon with the local grid authority, whatever the power involved,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Which are the issues to connect an Ecat to the grid, like it happens with the PV systems ?
    Best,
    Roberto

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jorge and Harry:
    As explained in the pre-order form in
    http://www.ecatorders.com
    we need to reach pre-orders for at least 100 million Watts combined with all the assemblies to reach the necessary economy scale. This is why we are accepting only non binding pre-orders, instead of regular orders. Everybody who made or will make a pre-order, will be free to turn it into a regular order, or cancel it, when we will be ready to deliver.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  • Harry

    Hi,
    The same question as Jorge, the answer will be very informative as to the current situation.

    Harry R.

  • Jorge

    So, which is the fact that doesn’t allow you to start the deliveries ?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    None of them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>