Strong Nuclear Gravitational Constant and the Origin of Nuclear Planck Scale

U.V.S. Seshavatharam
Spun QA Engineer, Lanco Industries Ltd, Srikalahasti, AP, 517641, India
Prof. S. Lakshminarayana
Department Of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, AP, 530003, India.
It can be supposed that elementary particles construction is much more fundamental than the black hole’s construction.
If one wishes to unify electroweak, strong and gravitational interactions it is a must to implement the classical gravitational constant G in the sub atomic physics.
By any reason if one implements the planck scale in elementary particle physics and nuclear physics automatically G comes into subatomic physics.
Then a large arbitrary number has to be considered as a proportionality constant.
After that its physical significance has to be analyzed.
Alternatively its equivalent “strong nuclear gravitational constant GS can also be assumed.
Some attempts have been done in physics history [1–5].
Whether it may be real or an equivalent if it is existing as a “single constant” its physical significance can be understood.
“Nuclear size” can be fitted with “nuclear Schwarzschild radius”.
“Nucleus” can be considered as “strong nuclear black hole”.
This idea requires a basic nuclear fermion! Nuclear binding energy constants can be generated directly.
Proton-neutron stability can be studied.
Origin of “strong coupling constant” and “Fermi’s weak coupling constant” can be understood.
Charged lepton masses can be fitted.
Authors feel that these applications can be considered favorable for the proposed assumptions and further analysis can be carried out positively for understanding and developing this proposed “nuclear planck scale”.

83 comments to Strong Nuclear Gravitational Constant and the Origin of Nuclear Planck Scale

  • Andrea Rossi

    1- Physics: “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” ( Norman Cook, USA); literature: “War and Peace” ( Lev Tolstoi, Russia)
    2- ” The Concert” ( 1999)
    3- USA
    4- When the 1 MW E-Cat will have been approved by the Customer after 1 year test
    5- The 1 MW E-Cat that has been manufactured by the Team of IH ( see point 4)
    Warm Regards,

  • Rodneynano

    Andrea Rossi,
    1- Best book you ever read?
    2- Best movie you ever saw?
    3- Best place you ever have been?
    4- Best professional day of your life?
    5- Best work you ever did?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Brant Erholm:
    I am interested in all the development of energy technologies and this is a positive development for the industry.
    Warm Regards,

  • Dr Rossi:
    What do you think of all the attempts to replicate the Rossi Effect?

  • […] un comentario de Andrea Rossi sobre los avances e integración de la fusión fría, esto es lo que dijo sobre […]

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    To the readers of JNP:

    It is ready the PART FIVE of the series of five articles of mine published in Peswiki, concerning the calculation of magnetic moments with my new nuclear model.

    The theoretical calculations are agree to the experimental data supplied by nuclear tables.

    The article is in this link:

    In the article are calculated the magnetic moments for the nitrogen and oxygen isotopes (also for some 14Si and 20Ca isotopes)

    I am introducing some changings in the article PART TWO, in order to explain some fundamental questions (for instance, why a deuteron induces different magnetic moments in 3Li6 and 3Li7:


  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Rosemary Ainslie:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,

  • Rosemary Ainslie

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply. I am DELIGHTED to see your progress. And I wish you God speed. We are ALL of us longing for implementation.

    With the very kindest of regards,

  • Andrea Rossi


  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Steven N. Karels…. Google Cyclone steam engine. They are very close to setting a steam engine powered auto speed record…..perfect match for the hot cat.

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    We are respecting the scheduled path.
    Warm Regards,

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Steven N. Karels:
    Maybe, but now I have to be focused on the industrial plants to produce heat and electric power.
    Warm Regards,

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Stefano:
    Selected persons, I mean real potential Customers, scientific journalists, scientists , and so forth, will be invited to visit our plants in operation.
    Warm Regards,

  • Stefano

    Dear Andrea Rossi. I wish you all the best for your ecat. I have one question. It is not clear to me the strategy for promoting the ecat. You said that the real validation will be operated by the market: when people will see the ecat working they will want to buy. I do not understand how this could be achieved whether the pilot costumers of the ecat are secret and nobody can interact or ask direct questions to them. Kind regards. Stefano

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Perhaps a better implementation for an eCat in an automobile is a steam-driven car. The inefficiencies of converting eCat thermal energy to electricity would be eliminated. The problems with the old steam cars were the heavy boiler and the external combustion engine. You are addressing the “boiler” with your Hot eCat design. I understand that you have a closed-cycle process (i.e., little, if any, water is replaced) The efficiency should be very good with the high temperature you achieve in the Hot eCat. Perhaps this is an area to consider when your current workload diminishes? You could still generate electrical power using a generator or alternator for instrumentation, radio, etc.

  • Dear colleague Rossi, A. Einstein said: “Great spirits have always struggled against fierce opposition from mediocre minds.” Go ahead, I have great confidence in you! When we celebrate the great event of presentation of ‘Hot cat to the public?
    now there’s a song about E cat

    Caro collega Rossi, A. Einstein diceva: ” Grandi spiriti hanno sempre lottato contro la feroce opposizione da menti mediocri.” Vai sempre avanti, io ho grande fiducia in te! Quando festeggeremo il grande evento di presentazione dell’ Hot cat al pubblico??
    adesso c’è anche una canzone che parla di E cat

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Rosemary Ainslie:
    We are on our way to respect the scheduling we already anticipated.
    Warm Regards,

  • Rosemary Ainslie

    Dear Andrea,

    I have been busy on my own projects and have lost touch with your development. Could I impose on you to tell us where you are with your development? Do you envisage that any version of the E-Cat will be up and running in the near future? I believe you saw late 2012 – early 2013 as being on the table? Or is this time line extended a little?

    Kindest regards
    Rosemary Ainslie

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestons, we will take care of them when we will work on this kind of application. Now we must focus on heat and electric power production. I am used to apply all my strength in the specific issue I am dealing with in the specific moment in the specific spacial fraction.
    Warm Regards,

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let us assume an eCat with a COP of 12 (8.33%) and an thermal direct-to-electric efficiency of 35%. Using the electric output to control the eCat leaves ~26% of the energy as usable electrical energy.

    A survey of electric vehicles shows a usage of about 100 kWh/100 miles. So an assembly of 40 10kW eCats could provide 100 kWh/hr of electricity. Assuming a driving speed of 75 mph leaves a spare capacity of about 25%. This could be used for battery charging, air conditioning, radio, etc.

    While the 40 10kW eCat units would produce a significant amount of heat this is roughly comparible to the amount of heat an internal combustion engine produces which is primarily disappated by the radiator.

    Presumably, the eCat could be turned off when the vehicle is parked and the battery charged from the electrical grid. This would depend on the eCat start-up time and the planned trip duration.

  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Daniel,

    What I had in mind on the automobiles was a different architecture than what is currently in use. For electric cars, we currently have two approaches – pure electric and hybrid, where a gasoline engine provides charging to a battery that runs the car.

    What I was suggesting is to have a continuously operating eCat that charges a battery when the car is parked at work or at home. When at home, any excess charge could be diverted for residential usage. This differs from the gasoline hybrid that only runs when needed to charge the battery.

    If the eCat average COP can approach 12, and the direct thermal-to-electicity efficiency can exceed 15%, then a solution might occur. This could result in a smaller sized battery that has less environmental impact – smaller battery means less impact in fabricating the battery.

    During the car operation, the battery is charged and the extra power from the eCat thermal direct-to-electric will run the car. Hills, accelerations additional energy would come from the battery. Then it resumes the charging mode. Ideas?

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, best applications are where Customers want thermal steady energy. Same thing for electric power, that soon we will deliver with the Hot Cats.
    About cars I am very convinced that we will not see applications to cars before 10 years. A car maker I had a meeting with and with whom I have an NDA alive explained to me why it will take 20 years before seing this tech on the cars, and he has been convincing. We are focused on thermal energy production ( and manufacturing 1 MW plants for this purpose) and on electric power generation, for which we have advanced R&D in course.
    Warm Regards,

  • Andrea Rossi

    Dear Martin:
    I wish you a wonderful Birthday!
    Yes, I think you will receive the gift from me, as well as our Readers.
    Warm Regards,

  • Martin

    Dear Andrea,

    In Holland we always give eachother presents for christmas. For me it is always double presents Because it’s my birthday! I would like to have three presents!
    So I hope you have some new information, pictures or video of THE hotcat!

    Best regards Martin

  • Steven N. Karels


    I still believe that hydro-electric power will be better than the Hot eCat in electricity generation as the flowing water provides the energy to be converted to electricity. But hydro-electric power is limited and cannot easily grow.

  • @Robert,

    1. Don’t forget that the E-cat (also the Hot E-cat) consumes 1/6th of the energy it produces. So, the gas driven Hot E-cat also consumes energy and produces CO2, but, of course, far less than with other conventional technologies.

    2. If the E-cat can be started-up and shut down in only 1 (one) hour, than I think it could co-operate with renewable energy sources like wind and solar power.

    3. In the beginning, people were very enthousiastic and wrote that the E-cat would replace everything and also in a very short period of time. I personally did not agree with that point of view, because I knew it would take more time, and also that the E-cat would not replace everything. But I think the realistic truth is that it is a very good candidate to take an important part of the energy-mix, not only because it can take an important part of the base-load, but also because I think it can co-operate with variable and renewable energy sources like wind- and solar power stations. (And I think Dr. Rossi agrees with this point of view).

    4. Concerning electrical cars: In a small country like Belgium, and especially in Flanders, where a lot of people are living at a short distance from each other, we could live with the small actiradius of the electric cars, but I agree, in the rural areas in the US, you need to cope with long distances, and therefore I understand that you are looking at possible futere developments of the E-cat (with direct conversion) to load the battery, but I think Dr. Rossi already wrote that this is far away in the future, because now he works on applications (like producing electricity with the gas-driven Hot industrial E-cat) that are very much needed en already useful at the moment.

    Kind Regards,

  • Robert Curto

    Steven, thanks for you excellent report.
    I also forgot there is a cost to
    buy or lease 1,600

    When the eCat can
    generate commericial electricity, I believe it will be superior to ANY other method.


  • Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems to me the best application for eCat technology is where long-term, steady thermal output power is needed. Do you agree?

    Applications we have discussed such as baseload electric power generation where the load is constant for months at a time. Or electricity generation for Aluminum plants where they run continuously.

    Electric cars require a large variety of output power from idle to hill climbing acceleration. Vehicle batteries are expensive, have very limited range and lose range in extreme temperature conditions. But the average power consumption of the car while cruising on a level road is very little.

    Perhaps, if you can scale down a Hot eCat with a small direct conversion device with reasonable efficiency, you can blend the eCat technology with car battery technology to provide a viable solution. Something like, the car runs off the battery and the battery capacity is sufficient to meet the various load needs of the car during driving. However, eCat is running all the time to slowly charge the battery even when the car is off.

    This would allow long distance driving where most of the time the car is only cruising at a constant speed for hours upon hours. Or for city driving to and from work and the car spends most of its time in the parking lot or the garage. Even so, the problem is in an efficient direct conversion to electricity.

  • Joe


    Your statement that the interaction between neutrons and protons of opposite spin in scattering experiments is 60% weaker than when they are of same spin tells us that QRT allows both types of spin – same and opposite – in its deuterons. If that is so, how does QRT prefer one type (same) to the other (opposite)?

    All the best,

  • Steven N. Karels


    The capitol costs for solar plants generally range between $5,000USD and $10,000USD per kiloWatt. The operating costs are around $0.04USD/kWh.

    Previous posting here suggest that the Hot eCat with turbine can have a capitol cost of around $1,000USD to $2,000 USD per killoWatt. The operating costs are projected around $0.01USD to $0.02USD per kWh.

    However, eCat operation to generate commercial electricity has not yet been publically demonstrated. Until it has been demonstrated, cost comparisons are interesting but not relevant.

    The other point you missed was that there is a cost for land usage or differeting the use of the land. Solar takes a large area to operate. This takes that land out of other usage and there is a cost for that loss.

    Solar is also weather dependent so other than desert locations, it is more limited. There is also a cost because It could be an “eye-sore” whereas eCat is small and unobstrusive.

  • Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, Fluor Corporation will build a 170MW Plant in California.
    There is a huge market for energy in the U.S. (not to mention the other 200 Countries)

    Diaadvantage of a Solar Plant:
    Higher Capital cost then E-cat.

    It needs 1,600 acres.
    E-cat could be installed within the city limits.

    It needs 90 miles of Transmission Lines from Plant to
    San Diego.
    E-cat needs zero.

    It produces power about 50% of the time.
    E-cat never sleeps.

    Solar produces power at X amount per kW-hour.
    E-cat produces power for less per

    Advantage of Solar Plant:
    Zero emissions and waste.
    E-cat zero emissions and waste.

    If someone could:
    Correct any mistakes.

    Supply the Capitol cost of a 170MW Solar Plant.
    Supply the Capitol cost of a 170MW
    E-cat Plant.

    Supply the Solar Plant cost per
    Supply the
    E-cat Plant cost per kW-hour.

    I would appreciate it.

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  • Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in December 1st, 2012 at 2:43 AM

    I still do not see where the attraction is between the neutron and proton within the deuteron.

    The neutron is essentially an electron orbiting a proton, with the electron’s primary field (positive) therefore predominating on the outside of the neutron over the proton’s primary field (negative).

    The proton still retains its secondary field (positive).

    Therefore, only repulsion can be the result of any meeting between proton and neutron – and not a deuteron.

    Dear Joe,
    in the experiments of proton-neutron scattering, they interact as follows:

    When the proton and the neutron have the contrary spins, the interaction is 60% weaker than when they have the same spin
    That’s why there no exist deuterons with spin zero. Only deuterons with spin 1 is formed.

    This question is analysed in the page 207 (Figure 2) of the book Quantum Ring Theory, where it is shown how the two spins interact.

    So, the attraction proton-neutron in the deuteron is due to the spin-interaction.


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